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Topic: History of communism

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  communism. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-07
Thus, the ejido system of the indigenous people of Mexico and the property-and-work system of the Inca were both communist, although the former was a matter of more or less independent communities cultivating their own lands in common and the latter a type of community organization within a highly organized empire.
Communism, in this sense, is to be distinguished from socialism, which (as the term is commonly understood) seeks similar ends but by evolution rather than revolution.
Communism as a theory of government and social reform may be said, in a limited sense, to have begun with the ancient Greek idea of the Golden Age, a concept of a world of communal bliss and harmony without the institution of private property.
www.bartleby.com /65/co/communism.html   (2411 words)

  Communism - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
However, the term 'Communism', especially when it is capitalized, is often used to refer to the political and economic regimes under communist parties that claimed to embody the dictatorship of the proletariat.
There is a history of anti-communism in the United States, which manifested itself in the Sedition Act of 1918 and in the subsequent Palmer Raids, for example, as well as in the later period of McCarthyism.
According to the Marxist argument for communism, the main characteristic of human life in class society is alienation; and communism is desirable because it entails the full realization of human freedom.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Communism   (4359 words)

 History of communism - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The History of Communism as a political system began in the middle of the 19th century, as part of a wave of social change in the post-Enlightenment and emerging Industrial Era of the Old World.
As a political doctrine and ideology, Communism is an implementation of theories proclaimed by Karl Marx — theories which were rooted in a novel concept of a utopian society, and buoyed by the success of the Paris Commune.
Marxism-Leninism is different to the form of Communism in China, known as Maoism, because it involved the rise of the urban proletariat, whereas Chairman Mao saw the peasant class as the grounds for revolution.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/History_of_communism   (3641 words)

Communism in the strict sense demands that both production-goods, such as land, railways, and factories, and consumption-goods, such as dwellings, furniture, food, and clothing, should be the property of the whole community.
Communism in the strict sense is also distinguished from socialism by the fact that it usually connotes a greater degree of common life.
The industries were managed by the community and all the members took turns at the various tasks; all received the same wages, all were guaranteed support for themselves and their dependents, and all enjoyed the same advantages in the matter of food, clothing, and dwellings.
www.newadvent.org /cathen/04179a.htm   (4808 words)

 History of communism
Communism is the spirit of the revolutionary it requires sacrifice of ownership so that everyone becomes equal and everyone is the government,It has never truely existed because of the difficulties nessasary to create it.
Communism is the doctrine of the conditions of the liberation of the proletariat.
Community of women is a condition which belongs entirely to bourgeois society and which today finds its complete expression in prostitution.
www.geocities.com /che_2222/Dcom.htm   (5877 words)

 A Brief History of Communism
Communism was originally the political thought that concentrated on the liberation of the proletariat, or the working class.
Communism as a form of government was first implemented by Vladimir Lenin in Russia 1917 after the Russian Revolution against then leader Czar Nicolas II.
In Communism, the main ideal preaches equality for all in the sense of social and economic status.
www.mtholyoke.edu /~lrlento/communism.html   (448 words)

 Amazon.ca: Communism: a History: Books: Richard Pipes   (Site not responding. Last check: )
This opinionated introduction to communism would be better subtitled "requiem for a misguided ideology." Pipes (The Russian Revolution) focuses much of the book on his own field of specialty the rise and fall of the Soviet Union.
The sections on communism in other countries are much shorter and not as strong, particularly the discussion of Chile, in which Pipes fails to address the involvement of the United States in the 1973 coup that overthrew Socialist leader Salvador Allende.
Communism's survey is quite damning and leaves little room for exculpatory evidence for all the tragedies committed on the behalf of a pseudo-philosopher named Marx.
www.amazon.ca /Communism-History-Richard-Pipes/dp/0679640509   (1837 words)

 Communism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium
Communism as an economic and political ideology that argues capitalism is an evil and must be overthrown by the workers; the Communist party is the leader of the workers in this endeavor.
Communism as a political ideology is derived from the works of Karl Marx, who with Friedrich Engels wrote The Communist Manifesto in 1848, setting forth a program for a revolutionary socialist movement.
Lenin's contributions were important enough to the ultimate history of Communism that Communist theory is known as Marxism-Leninism, to distinguish it from earlier Marxist thought, which had branched into several ideologies, some of which held that peaceful transitions to socialism were possible.
en.citizendium.org /wiki/Communism   (1722 words)

 Talk:Communism - Conservapedia
Communism is responsible for the democide of 100 million plus lives in very recent memory, and one quarter of the planet remains enslaved under it.
Communism is an important part of the history of the 19th and 20th centuries, and is intertwined with the social and demographic trends of industrialisation.
Communism as a political goal is generally a conjectured form of future social organization, although Marxists have described early forms of human social organization as "primitive communism" This article we are discussing just states the death's and how it has been abused not the actual concept an that is NOT an unbiased source.
www.conservapedia.com /Talk:Communism   (12376 words)

Communism is now mainly understood to refer to the political, economic, and social theory of Marxist thinkers, or life in conditions of Communist party rule.
Communism never became a popular ideology in the United States, neither before or after the establishment of the Communist Party USA in 1919.
According to the Marxist argument for communism, the main characteristic of human life is alienation; and communism is desirable because it entails the full realization of human freedom.
abcworld.net /Communism.html   (3010 words)

 Communism in Washington State - History and Memory Project   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Anna Louise Strong was one of the leaders of the Seattle General Strike in 1919 and an early advocate of communism.
Here is a timeline of important events in the history of Communism in Washington state, from 1917 to 2002.
The Communism in Washington State--History and Memory Project is one of several historical projects directed by James Gregory and sponsored by the Harry Bridges Center for Labor Studies.
faculty.washington.edu /gregoryj/cpproject   (1047 words)

 Internet Archive: Details: Bloody History Of Communism
Communism was the bloodiest ideology that caused more than 120 million innocent deaths in the 20th century.
This three-volume documentary displays the terrible savagery of communism and its underlying philosophy.
In short, this is a bunch of lopsided trash that doesn't even get its facts straight, in fact this almost makes the Black Book of Communism appear "fair and balanced." You may be able to get a laugh out of it in a Reefer Madness kind of way, but I doubt it.
www.archive.org /details/BloodyHistoryOfCommunism   (273 words)

 A Short History of Communism.(Book review) - The Historian | Encyclopedia.com
It astonishes that there exists no historiographical rubric of "communism studies." There are historical fields devoted to the study, for example, of imperialism and the Holocaust, the former also a worldwide oppressive force and the latter also resulting in the annihilation of millions.
He seeks to draw the reader into his tale with spicy anecdotes, comparisons, and allusions, though sometimes his writing is too flippant, as when he states that the design of St. Basil's Cathedral in Moscow "tells the onlooker that the Russians are a people the West can never hope to understand" (2).
It is a shame that the author was unable to tie together better an analysis of the nature of communism with a narrative of its travails as an ideology and movement because this important topic deserves--and one hopes it will soon receive--much thoughtful reflection, careful research, and talented storytelling.
www.encyclopedia.com /doc/1G1-158156468.html   (366 words)

Communism, the ideal type of this style of politics, has destroyed the cultural life of Russia, which flourished even under the czars.
Communism can claim the distinction of driving people by the millions to want to escape the homeland of all their ancestors.
Communism replaces natural market forces by bureaucratic decisions which inevitably lead to loss of the wealth of society in general and also result in diversion of wealth to the bureaucracy.
www.primechoice.com /philosophy/shelp/communism.htm   (1555 words)

 The Epoch Times | The West Has Always Been Deceived by Communism
Communism spread like wildfire in the 1800's in Europe and Russia, and hit the 20th century like a wrecking ball.
Xin Haonian, an expert on the history of communism, believes that it is this very ignorance that has kept the United States at a disadvantage when dealing with the former Soviet Union and now China.
Xin is the Director of the Chinese Contemporary History Research Institute and Editor-in-Chief of Huanghuagang Journal, a quarterly publication on Chinese history and culture.
en.epochtimes.com /news/6-6-23/43082.html   (2223 words)

 The Epoch Times | The West Has Always Been Deceived by Communism
Communism spread like wildfire in the 1800's in Europe and Russia, and hit the 20th century like a wrecking ball.
Xin Haonian, an expert on the history of communism, believes that it is this very ignorance that has kept the United States at a disadvantage when dealing with the former Soviet Union and now China.
Xin is the Director of the Chinese Contemporary History Research Institute and Editor-in-Chief of Huanghuagang Journal, a quarterly publication on Chinese history and culture.
www.theepochtimes.com /news/6-6-23/43082.html   (2223 words)

 History of COMMUNISM
The words Communism and Socialism are from the start often interchangeable and they still remain easily confused in modern use.
Seeing ignorance, crime and drunkenness in the community, he blames it not on the workers but on their environment.
Owen's community at New Harmony lasts just two years, from 1825 to 1827, but it is followed in the 1840s by many other similar experiments in north America.
www.historyworld.net /wrldhis/PlainTextHistories.asp?historyid=aa58   (771 words)

 | Notes on Contributors | Labour History, 84 | The History Cooperative
Her labour history research interests include the One Big Union Movement, women in the labour movement and the history of communism in Australia.
Melanie Nolan teaches courses in labour history, history and theory, and crime in fiction and social history at Victoria University of Wellington.
She has published several articles relating to her area of particular interest, the history of occupational health and safety, and is currently working on the history of silicosis in Australia in the early twentieth century.
www.historycooperative.org /journals/lab/84/contributors.html   (696 words)

 Comrades: A World History of Communism - Book Reviews - Books - Entertainment
This travesty of communism's ideological foundations, along with an equally facile treatment of later debates within the socialist movement over their legacy, is the weakest part of the book.
Nor can the deformities of communism be exorcised by reference to the particular problems that confronted its founders: a perfect society cannot be built on the assumption that its success requires perfect conditions.
The flaws lie within communism itself and Lenin's legacy of ruthless dogmatism, a legacy that is still not exhausted among the zealots who have turned from communism to neoconservativism.
www.theage.com.au /news/book-reviews/comrades-a-world-history-of-communism/2007/08/03/1185648131114.html   (1294 words)

 Amazon.com: Communism: A History (Modern Library Chronicles): Books: Richard Pipes   (Site not responding. Last check: )
In a succint 160 pages, Richard Pipes aptly lays down a history of Communism which is meant to serve both as an introduction to and an obituary for this "utopia" envisioned by Karl Marx and others.
To be frank, if Communism does survive after this, the book will only prove its point--that Communism, in theory as well as in practice, has a reckless disregard for both the facts of reality and for human life.
This is unfortunate, as I think it is dangerous to dismiss Communism lightly: while the Cold War is over, it was not easily won (it took close to 50 years), and the Soviets demonstrated that Communism could produce impressive results in some domains, such as space exploration (not to mention chess and the Olympics).
amazon.com /Communism-History-Modern-Library-Chronicles/dp/0679640509   (1970 words)

 Russia | Moscow | Travel | Chechnya | Communism | Cold War | History   (Site not responding. Last check: )
As with most countries, Russia's history is a long and confusing one.
Communism is a kind of political system (so is democracy) in which all property is publicly owned and each person is paid and works according to his or her needs and abilities.
Stalin became the USSR's communist dictator (a ruler with absolute power) and a particularly dark period in Russian history began.
www.kidzworld.com /site/p4425.htm   (407 words)

 Cost of Communism. History.
Communism has claimed the lives of more than 100,000,000 people in less than 100 years...
These millions of innocent people were annihilated by social engineers of enthusiastic socialist states, who were being aided, abetted, and admired by numerous leftists in the West.
Without this help of the leftists, the human cost of Communism would have been much smaller and the forces of freedom would have won the Cold War much sooner, finishing off the Communist ideology.
astronauticsnow.com /history/cost_of_communism/index.html   (226 words)

 The American History of Communism: The First Thanksgiving   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The communism that he espoused had already been tried by English colonists in the Americas some 250 years prior.
These colonists discovered that communism was an inefficient economic system and were forced to abandon it as an act of self-preservation.
Unfortunately for the community as a whole, since individuals had little incentive to produce, the communal production yields were low.
www.dreamwater.org /whittenword/sovrealm/essay017.htm   (1291 words)

 Communism in China
This intelligent but mad communist brought the concept of Communism to the third largest country of the world.
The father of Communism came to command in 1935 as chairman of the Party’s Politburo during the Long March.
Deng Xiaoping was leader of the Moderates, one of the two different branches part of communism, the second were the Radicals (Farah 204).
www.ccds.charlotte.nc.us /History/China/03/van/vandemerwe.htm   (1288 words)

 Best Book Buys - Communism History - Books
History about communism, a branch of socialism, focusing on the theories and principles of communism itself, and also mentioning communism as it has been.
We are rewriting the history of communism's collapse.
Communism in History and Theory Asia, Africa, and the Americas.
lauriebolden.marte.ro /wiki/communism-history.html   (1474 words)

 History of communism Summary and Analysis
Explores the history of the Collapse of Communism in the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe.
Contends that the fall of communism was not a surprise but rather the result of political, economic and social pressures that culminated in its implosion.
This essay is an overview of the history of communism.
www.bookrags.com /History_of_communism   (311 words)

 History Matters Home Page
The reasons are complex, involving actual coverup activities, an unresponsive media weary of the unresolved questions, and the unwillingness of mainstream historians to come to grips with the reality of crimes and coverups by government and other institutions of American society.
The goal of this website and History Matters' other offerings is to shed needed light on the darker aspects of post-World-War-II American politics, and in particular the tumultuous assassinations of the 1960s.
The 1963 assassination of President Kennedy has been termed the "Crime of the Century." In the last few years of the last century, millions of pages related to this crime and its investigations were declassified.
history-matters.com   (571 words)

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