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Topic: History of Costa Rica

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In the News (Wed 17 Jul 19)

  History of Costa Rica
The small landowners' relative poverty, the lack of a large indigenous labor force, the population's ethnic and linguistic homogeneity, and Costa Rica's isolation from the Spanish colonial centers in Mexico and the Andes all contributed to the development of an autonomous and individualistic agrarian society.
Costa Rica's northern Guanacaste Province was annexed from Nicaragua in one such regional dispute.
Costa Rica gained election as president of the Group of 77 in the United Nations in 1995.
www.historyofnations.net /northamerica/costarica.html   (1054 words)

 ISLS: Destination Costa Rica: Brief History of Costa Rica
Because of Costa Rica's central position, one would think that it would flourish as a part of a major trade center, but that was not the case.
Costa Rica is something like a bottleneck, with mountains that reach as high as 13,000 ft separating marshes, swamps, jungles and rain forests on either side.
Costa Rica is in a transitional period which will decide the course the country and people will take into the next century.
www.isls.com /costarica/destination/history.html   (1406 words)

 Brief History of Costa Rica
Costa Rica's only major archaeological site is at Guayabo, 30 miles east of San Jose, where an ancient city, dating back to 1000 B.C. and though to have contained 10,000 people at its peak, is currently being excavated.
The question of whether Costa Rica should join newly independent Mexico or join a new confederation of Central American states resulted in a bitter quarrel between the leaders of San Jose and their counterparts in Cartago and Heredia.
The flag of Costa Rica consists of five horizontal stripes: A red stripe located in the center, between two white stripes, which are between two blue stripes.
www.puravidamae.com /Brief.htm   (1364 words)

 Political and Economic History of Costa Rica
Costa Rican economic development was severely limited because of the lack of roads to the coast.
Costa Rica was troubled in 1830's by the disagreement among the towns as to which would be the capital of the Costa Rican republic.
Figueres in December of 1948 abolished the Costa Rican Army on the basis that it was unprofessional and unreliable.
www2.sjsu.edu /faculty/watkins/costarica.htm   (6753 words)

 Brief History of Costa Rica   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
Costa Rica, part of the Spanish Colonial Empire (16th-19th centuries) and of the Mexican Empire (1821-1823), joined the Federal Republic of Central America until its dissolution in 1838.
During most of the 19th century, Costa Rica had a spotty political history determined by reliance on coffee exports and after 1874 by the introduction of banana-growing for which the United Fruit Company founded the Caribbean Sea port of Limón.
Towards the end of the 19th century, Costa Rica, which is politically dominated by the uplands central valley surrounded by towering volcanoes, became a stable democratic state.
www.worldhistoryplus.com /history/c/Costarica_brief.htm   (352 words)

 The History of Costa Rica | Coffee Barons | A Country of Peace
The art of gold working was practiced throughout Costa Rica for perhaps one thousand years before the Spanish conquest, and in the highlands was in fact more advanced than in the rest of the isthmus.
Costa Rica, in the traditional view, became a "rural democracy," with no oppressed mestizo class resentful of the maltreatment and scorn of the Creoles.
By contrast, in Costa Rica colonial institutions had been relatively weak and early modernization of the economy propelled the nation out of poverty and lay the foundations of democracy far earlier than elsewhere in the isthmus.
www.therealcostarica.com /costa_rica/history_costa_rica.html   (4817 words)

 History of Costa Rica
When Spanish explorers arrived in what is now Costa Rica at the dawn of the 16th century, they found the region populated by several poorly organized, autonomous tribes living relatively prosperously, if wanton at war, in a land of lush abundance.
By contrast, in Costa Rica colonial institutions had been relatively weak and early modernization of the economy propelled the nation out of poverty and laid the foundations of democracy far earlier than elsewhere in the isthmus.
Costa Rica was mired in an economic crisis: epidemic inflation, crippling currency devaluation, soaring oil bills and social welfare costs, plummeting coffee, banana, and sugar prices, and the disruptions to trade caused by the Nicaraguan war.
www.centralamerica.com /cr/moon/mohistory.htm   (5331 words)

 Costa Rica - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Costa Rica (literally 'rich coast'), officially the Republic of Costa Rica (Spanish: Costa Rica or República de Costa Rica, IPA: [re'puβlika ðe 'kosta 'rika]), is a country in Central America, bordered by Nicaragua to the north, Panama to the south-southeast, the Pacific Ocean to the west and south, and the Caribbean Sea to the east.
Costa Rica is located on the Central American isthmus, 10° North of the equator and 84° West of the Prime Meridian.
Costa Rica has avoided the violence that has plagued Central America; it is seen as an example of political stability in the region, and is referred to as the "Switzerland of the Americas".
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Costa_Rica   (2120 words)

 History of Costa Rica - Pre-Conquest
The Nicoya area (which consists of Costa Rica’s Península de Nicoya and extends north to Nicaragua along the Pacific coast - map) is well known as a focus of archeological study of pre-Columbian civilization.
Costa Rica, along with the rest of Central America, declared independence from Spain in 1821.
Costa Rica was briefly part of the Mexican Empire and then in became a state in the Central American United Provinces from 1823 to 1839.
www.costaricatraveller.com /about_costa_rica/history.htm   (844 words)

 Costa Rica History - General Costa Rican History and Culture Information
Costa Rica is not only diverse as for its flora and fauna but very much for the diversity in cultures.
The majority of Costa Ricans keep their proud little bungalows spick and span and bordered by flowers, and even the poorest Costa Ricans are generally well groomed and neatly.
Due to the lack of labor force and resources Costa Rica was not a very popular place to the Spaniard to settled, the lush vegetation made it very difficult for them to move inland.
www.costarica-luxury-rentals.com /history_culture.htm   (1384 words)

 Costa Rica Facts, History, Food, National Parks, Museums, Flag
Located in Central America: Costa Rica is bordered on the north by Nicaragua, on the south by Panama, the Pacific ocean on the west and the Caribbean on the east.
When Spanish explorers arrived in what is now Costa Rica at the dawn of the 16th century, they found the region populated by several autonomous tribes living with relative prosperity in a land of lush abundance.
By the 1560s several Spanish cities had consolidated their position farther north and, prompted by an edict of 1559 issued by Philip II of Spain, representatives in Guatemala thought it time to settle Costa Rica and Christianize the indigenous people By then it was too late for the latter.
www.lovecostarica.com /santotomas/history.htm   (1726 words)

 Costa Rica History
Costa Rica was characterized by being the point where the two cultural traditions came together.
It is a fact that Costa Rica was quite poor and a territory where the Spaniards had to produce their own food.
The peoples of the Province of Costa Rica, who had elected their first Town Councils ("Cabildos") in 1812 and 1813, would see them abolished with the return to the Spanish Throne of Fernando VII, in 1814.
www.guiascostarica.com /history.htm   (1581 words)

 Costa Rica History   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
Because of this, the area was dubbed ‘costa rica' (the rich coast) by the Spaniards who imagined that there must be a rich empire lying further inland.
Costa Rica had no army, and so Mora organized 9000 civilians to gather what arms they could and march north in February 1856.
Clearly, the history of politics in Costa Rica is strongly influenced by a handful of families, as shown by the father-son, husband-wife associations mentioned.
www.calypsotours.com /costarica/history.htm   (2343 words)

 History of Costa Rica Rios
Costa Rica Rios began in 1993, when Ray McLain led a group of youth athletes to Turrialba for a two week training camp.
Costa Rica Rios soon grew from offering river trips a couple of months a year to a full service, year round operation.
Brett has the energy, love of Costa Rica, and the desire to provide quality services to guests that makes me confident that I would be proud in years to come to have started Costa Rica Rios a part of my legacy.
www.costaricarios.com /history.htm   (928 words)

 PC(USA) - Worldwide Ministries: Costa Rica - History   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
Costa Rica was largely ignored by the Spanish because it lacked the large labor force essential to Spain’s method of conquest.
The lack of a regular army is one reason why Costa Rica came to be known as the “Switzerland of Central America.” Although Costa Rica was the only Central American country not to have an armed uprising during the turbulent 1970s and 1980s, it was involved in the conflicts in the neighboring countries, especially Nicaragua.
Costa Ricans today debate the future of the welfare state, which is being asphyxiated by structural adjustment programs.
www.pcusa.org /worldwide/costarica/history.htm   (374 words)

 History of Costa Rica
In some ways, Costa Rica found itself similar to a proverbial stepchild during the bulk of its colonial period due to the fact that all of Central America (except Panama) was administratively controlled from Guatemala.
Costa Ricans were sharply divided on this question—so much so that a brief civil war erupted, with the anti-Mexican forces prevailing.
Costa Rica’s association with the C.A.F. proved less than satisfactory for a host of political and economic reasons, with the end result being permanent separation from that body in 1838.
fsweb.bainbridge.edu /bdubay/costarica/cr-history.html   (1356 words)

 Learn about Costa Rica history
Two years later, Costa Rica became part of the Central American Federation and it was then that modern borders were established.
Although Costa Rica has been spared the civil violence that has plagued other Central American countries throughout their history, it has experienced some unrest.
Costa Rica’s current president is Abel Pacheco, a former psychiatrist and television commentator.
www.internationalcircuit.com /costa-rica/history.php   (517 words)

 Surfline | Costa Rica   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
Costa Rica's saltwatery riches were first mined by tight-lipped CentroAmerican surf travelers and dropouts in the late '60s, but it wasn't until a '74 article in Surfing magazine that the rest of the surfing world saw photographic evidence of somewhere way south of the border.
Morris Overseas Tours started the first Costa Rica surf tours in '85, and the rest -- the dozens of pay-to-play surf camps, the feral campers, the 5000 locals and thousands of visitors, the national contest circuit -- is writing its own history as we launch into the second generation of Tico surfers.
Costa Rica is easily the safest nation in Central America and probably one of the least dangerous surf destinations in the whole freaking world, outside your own backyard -- it's actually probably safer than most of California, come to think of it.
www.surfline.com /travel/surfmaps/central_america/costa_rica/index.cfm   (1085 words)

 A Brief History of Costa Rica
Human habitation can be traced back more than 10,000 years but it appears Costa Rica was sparsely populated and a relative backwater in the pre-Columbian era.
Costa Rica's only major archaeological site is at Guayabo, 30 miles east of San Jos‚, where an ancient city, dating back to 1000 B.C. and though to have contained 10,000 people at its peak, is currently being excavated.
This quickly led to the establishment of a new Costa Rican elite, the coffee barons, who quickly put their power to use by overthrowing the first Costa Rican president, Jos‚ Maria Castro.
centralamerica.com /cr/info/history.htm   (889 words)

 Costa Rica - Overview: History of Costa Rica
Costa Rica is different from the rest of Central America, indeed from the rest of Latin America, because its people distribute their wealth, land, and power far more equitably.
Costa Rica, to its everlasting good fortune, was the most neglected of colonial Central America, in large part because it was farthest from the colonial governors based in Guatemala.
But Costa Rica’s more equitable land tenure patterns and the absence of Indian-Ladino racial tension averted the class warfare and growing militarism that accompanied the coffee booms in some of its neighbors.
www.infocostarica.com /history/history.html   (947 words)

 Costa Rica - History & Culture
Seventy thousand of their descendants live in Costa Rica today, and the country is known for good relations among races.
The early hapless settlers who came to Costa Rica were left largely to their own devices, and the first successful establishment of a colonial city was not until 1562, when Juan Vasquez de Coronado founded Cartago.
During that conflict, both the Sandanistas and the Contras set up military bases in the northern area of Costa Rica, and Arias was elected under the promise that he would work to put an end to this situation.
www.geographia.com /costa-rica/history.htm   (974 words)

 Costa Rica History
The conquest story of what now is Costa Rica is quite different from the lived by their northern and southern neighbours.
In 1559 Juan Vasquez de Coronado conquered Costa Rica in the name of Spain, with a little effort because the tribes had diminished due to diseases or gone away.
Costa Rica until was governed by Capitanía General of Guatemala.
www.costaricanmaps.com /costarica_his.php   (2063 words)

 Costa Rica History and Culture
Costa Rica archaeologists and anthropologists have classified this region as part of the Greater Nicoya Archaeological Region, which extends through this part of Costa Rica north into Nicaragua.
While these women prisoners were violently taken from their homes and sometimes raped, the tribe's need to count on women's loyalty led to less-violent methods of seeking new blood, such as the inter-tribal exchange of women and arranged marriages.
Another interesting place to learn more about Costa Rica's ancient cultures is in Santa Cruz, where a movement led by cultural historian Mario Garcia is underway to convert the city's central park to an outdoor museum of the area's aboriginal culture.
www.costaricaoutdoors.com /history-cultura-3.htm   (876 words)

 History, Democracy, Costa Rica in English
History, Democracy, Information and Facts about Costa Rica: The time from 1860 to 1890 were characterized by power struggles among the members of the coffee-growing elite.
Clearly the history of politics in Costa Rica is strongly influenced by a handful of families, as shown by the father-son, husband-wife associations mentioned above.
On the positive note, Costa Rica's men's soccer squad was one of 32 countries to qualify for the prestigious World Cup tournament in 2006 this was the third time that the tiny, soccer-crazy country has qualified.
www.1-costaricalink.com /costa_rica_information/history_democracy.htm   (1526 words)

 Costa Rica
Costa Rica Direct enrollment into regular university courses at the University of Costa Rica in San José, including liberal arts and natural and social sciences.
Situated between Nicaragua to the north and Panama to the South, Costa Rica is considered by some to be the jewel of Central America.
Located in a valley in Costa Rica's central plateau, San José is a metropolitan capital city with a population of nearly one million.
www.albany.edu /studyabroad/programs/costarica.htm   (1226 words)

 The Virtual Jewish History Tour - Costa Rica
The first Jewish settlers in Costa Rica were Sephardim from Curacao, Jamaica, Panama and the Caribbean who arrived in the 19th century.
Diplomatic relations between Costa Rica and Israel are friendly, and the former was among the first nations to recognize the State in 1948.
For years, the Costa Rican embassy was one of only two embassies (El Salvador is the other) that remained in Jerusalem, but, in 2006, it was moved (and El Salvador announced plans to do the same) to Tel Aviv where the rest of the embassies are located.
www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org /jsource/vjw/CostaRica.html   (799 words)

 Costa Rica Coffee History
The young Costa Rican intellectuals could now continue their post secondary studies in England and come back as doctors, engineers and entrepreneurs, contributing to the improvement in the life style of all Costa Ricans.
Seven years later, the awed inhabitants of the capital city of San Jose were able to attend the memorable inauguration of the National Theater, cradle of Costa Rican culture and a monument to the foresight of the first coffee farmers.
Coffee came to Costa Rica in the last decade of the eighteenth century.
www.quetzal-coffee.com /costaricacoffeehistory.html   (353 words)

 Living, Retiring and Investing in Costa Rica - The colorful history of Costa Rica’s capital
During the 19th century, the honor of being capital city of Costa Rica led to much quarreling among the major cities of Alajuela, San José, Cartago and Heredia, at one point allowing Alajuela to become the country’s capital for a short time.
In a booklet called “The Equality of Action”, Osejo stated that “without a doubt, the city that holds the Supreme Powers receives immeasurable benefits, be it from the increased industry production, the requisite cleanup of the city and the flow of tourism, or the management of the daily business of the State”.
Three years later, in 1834, Costa Ricans voted in favor of the “Law of Wandering”, which stated in its first article: “The Supreme Powers of the State will reside for periods of four years in the cities of Alajuela, Heredia, Cartago and San José”.
www.liveincostarica.com /articles/library/colorful.htm   (710 words)

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