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Topic: History of Cyprus

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In the News (Thu 17 Jan 19)

  History of Cyprus - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Turkey refer to the Republic of Cyprus as the "Greek Cypriot Administration of Southern Cyprus" and refuse formal recognition against the international and European law.
Cyprus as a whole joins the EU on 1 May but the EU acquis is suspended in the occupied north.
History of: Albania • Andorra • Armenia • Austria • Azerbaijan • Belarus • Belgium • Bosnia and Herzegovina • Bulgaria • Croatia •
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/History_of_Cyprus   (2304 words)

 Ancient history of Cyprus - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The most important obligation of the kings of Cyprus to the Shah of the Shahs of Persia was the payment of tribute and the supply of armies and ships for his foreign campaigns.
Cyprus became a Roman province in 58 BC, according to Strabo because Publius Clodius Pulcher held a grudge against Ptolemy and sent Marcus Cato to conquer the island after he had become tribune.
Roman Cyprus was visited by Apostles Paul, Barnabas and St Mark who came to the island at the outset of their first missionary journey in 45 AD.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Ancient_history_of_Cyprus   (2068 words)

 Cyprus Geology & History
The formation of Cyprus was the result of a series of unique and complicated geological events which made the island a geological show case.
Cyprus was, some 90 million years ago, part of the bottom of a deep ocean, called "Tethys".
Cyprus is unique in the sense that one can ski on Troodos and in less than an hour's drive have a swim in a much warmer coastal environment.
www.rentcyprus.co.uk /cyprus-about/cyprus-landscapes.htm   (1196 words)

 History of Cyprus
Cyprus gained its independence from the United Kingdom and established a constitutional republic in 1960, after an anti-British campaign by the Greek Cypriot EOKA (National Organization of Cypriot Fighters), a guerrilla group that desired political union, or enosis, with Greece.
Third country nationals in the Republic of Cyprus are permitted to cross into the “TRNC” upon presentation of their passports at the checkpoints along the buffer zone.
On April 24, after a three-week campaign marked by accusations that the government of Cyprus was unfairly manipulating public opinion, Cypriots on both sides of the Green Line went to the polls in parallel and simultaneous referenda.
www.historyofnations.net /europe/cyprus.html   (1619 words)

 History of Cyprus   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Because of its mineral wealth and strategic position in the Eastern Mediterranean, Cyprus was for centuries a prize for which the dominant powers of the age fought.
From 390 to 1191 AD Cyprus was a province of the Byzantine Empire, a period which ended with the conquest by Richard Coeur de Lion on his way to a crusade in the Holy Land.
In 1878, in exchange for a promise of British assistance to Turkey against Russian encroachment on her Eastern provinces, Cyprus passed under the administration of Great Britain, although nominally it was still Ottoman territory, and its inhabitants Ottoman subjects.
www.raf.mod.uk /rafakrotiri/pages/everythingelse/cyphistory.htm   (201 words)

 History of Cyprus
Since 1974, Cyprus has been divided de facto into the government-controlled two-thirds of the island and the remaining one-third of the island, which is administered by Turkish Cypriots.
Except for occasional demonstrations or infrequent incidents between soldiers in the buffer zone, the island was free of violent conflict from 1974 until August 1996, when violent clashes led to the death of two demonstrators and escalated tension.
In 1974, a Greek Government-sponsored attempt to seize control of Cyprus was met by military intervention from Turkey, which soon controlled more than a third of the island.
infotut.com /geography/Cyprus   (847 words)

 Cyprus History
Cyprus stands at the crossroads of Africa, Asia and Europe and this exotic mix is well-reflected in Cyprus' cultural history.
History in Cyprus dates as far back as 7000 BC, the Neolithic Age, with settlements along the north and south coasts of the island.
Cyprus has ten city-kingdoms and by 800 BC it is a flourishing and prosperous country.
www.cyprusexplorer.com /history.htm   (471 words)

 History of Cyprus : QuicklyFind Info   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Cyprus was not settled in the old stone age, which led to the survival of numerous dwarf forms, such as dwarf elephants (Elephas cypriotes) and pygmy hippos (Phanourios minutis) well into the Holocene.
Cyprus became a Roman province in 58 BC, according to Strabo because Publius Claudius Pulcher held a grudge against Ptolemy and sent Marcus Cato to conquer the island after he had become tribune.
For the next 300 years, Cyprus was ruled jointly by both the Arabs and the Byzantines as a condominium, despite the nearly constant warfare between the two parties on the mainland.
www.quicklyfind.com /info/History_of_Cyprus.htm   (5208 words)

 Cyprus History through the Ages
Cyprus is annexed by Britain when Ottoman Empire enters into the World War I on the side of Germany; subsequently the island becomes a
Inter-communal strife in Cyprus and the subsequent collapse of the constitutional rule
The 'Republic of Cyprus' (effectively the Greek-Cypriot South Cyprus) applied for full membership to the EU on 4th July 1990.
www.cypnet.co.uk /ncyprus/history   (515 words)

 History of Cyprus : Government
During the Third Crusade, Richard I of England conquered Cyprus and installed Guy of Lusignan (previously King of Jerusalem), whose house ruled until the island passed to the control of Venice in 1489.
The Greeks failed to respond effectively, not least because of the simultaneous collapse of the military junta in Athens, besides which the Greek-Cypriot-controlled National Guard was insufficiently equipped to combat a fully mobilised army.
President Papadopoulos oversaw the Republic of Cyprus' entry, along with nine others, into the European Union in May 2004 despite the absence of a political settlement between the two parts of the island.
www.rentcyprusvillas.com /cyprus/history-of-cyprus.htm   (868 words)

 Cyprus National History
In 1915 Cyprus was offered to Greece as an inducement to enter the war on the side of the Allies, but the offer was declined, as the Greeks believed the Allied would lose the war.
Accordingly, in 1977 the Turkish Federated State of Cyprus was declared as an autonomous region of Cyprus.
Cyprus applied to join the EU in 1990 and formal negotiations opened in March 1998.
www.aeroflight.co.uk /waf/cyprus/cyp-national-history.htm   (828 words)

 The History of Cyprus in 90 Centuries
Cyprus is a young forward looking country with its roots in the Classical Greek period and stretching back over 90 centuries into the mists of prehistory and legend.
Cyprus was caught in the middle between wars between Persia on the one hand, and Athens and Sparta on the other.
In 1983 the North was unilaterally declared as the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus.
www.heureka.clara.net /sunrise/history.htm   (4218 words)

 History of Cyprus : The Turkish Occupation
In 1670 AD, Cyprus ceased to be a 'pasaliki' for the Ottoman Empire and came under the jurisdiction of the Admiral of the Ottoman fleet.
In 1703 AD Cyprus comes under the jurisdiction of the Grand Vizier (something of a Prime Minister) who sent to the island a military and civil administrator.
The reasons for the detachment of Cyprus from the hands of Turkey can be found in the words of the British Minister for Foreign Affairs, Lord Salisbury, who stressed the following: "The Government has already proceeded to preparations for the construction of a new dam behind the ruined Turkish waterdam".
www.rentcyprusvillas.com /cyprus/history-turkish-occupation.htm   (975 words)

 Cyprus Island Homes: History of Cyprus   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The importance of Cyprus as a shipping and trading centre at this time is symbolised by the wreck of a Greek cargo ship, recovered by archeologists off the North coast, and now preserved with its contents in Kyrenia castle.
The standing of Cyprus and its significance to Byzantium is indicated by the decision of Emperor Justinian (527-565) to classify the island as a seperate province.
The Lusignans came to rule Cyprus as a result of the Crusades, which the Roman church saw as a means of extending its power and others saw as a means to booty.
www.cyprusislandhomes.com /detailed_history_of_cyprus.html   (4086 words)

 History of Cyprus - Best Cyprus Hotels
Cyprus History is briefly described below from B.C. to 2002 A.D. Best Cyprus Hotels provide special offers for hotels in Cyprus.
Cyprus has had many names, but the name we use now is believed to have come from the word copper of which there was, and possibly still is, an abundance of on the island.
The Ottomans abolished serfdom and instated the Orthodox Church as the Church, of Cyprus.
www.best-cyprus-hotels.com /cyprus_history.html   (653 words)

 History of Cyprus   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
At the outbreak of war with Turkey in 1914, Cyprus was annexed to the British Crown.
The movement among the Greek population in Cyprus for the Union of Cyprus with Greece (Enosis) was a constant feature of local political life during the British period.
The Greek Government’s action in 1954 in taking the question of self-determination for Cyprus to the United Nations, and Her Majesty’s Government announcement in July of the same year that it intended to introduce a constitution providing an internal responsible government (but not for full independence), gave added impetus to local political activities.
www.raf.mod.uk /rafakrotiri/pages/everythingelse/cyphistory2.htm   (243 words)

 Brief History of Cyprus   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Cyprus, an island in the Eastern Mediterranean, at the cross-roads of three continents - Europe, Asia and Africa - has one of the oldest histories of the world, dating back 9000 years.
In the 6th century BC Persia became the dominant power and the kings of Cyprus, while being allowed to retain their autonomy, were obliged to pay tribute to the Persian King and place their military forces at his disposal.
Cyprus stayed in Persian hands until Alexander the Great defeated the Persian Empire when the island became part of his huge Empire.
www.nostos.com /hocyprus   (626 words)

 Modern history of Cyprus
In 1878 the United Kingdom took over the government of Cyprus as a protectorate as the result of the Cyprus Convention, in which the Ottoman Empire granted control of the island to the British in return for their support in the Russian-Turkish War.
Cyprus was then annexed by the British Empire on November the 2nd.
In December 2003, the borders between the two parts of Cyprus were partly opened, numerous Greek Cypriots visited the north, and labour migration of Turkish Cypriots to the south (especially in Levkosa/Lefkosia/Nikosia) began.
www.mlahanas.de /Cyprus/History/ModernHistoryOfCyprus.html   (1913 words)

 History of Cyprus
However, the topography, from the dry central plain, to the mountains, to the coast and beaches, is dramatic in its contrasts.
In addition, Northern Cyprus has a wide variety of wild flora and fauna, and is a stopping off point for many species of migrating birds, and there is also a green turtle conservation area.
Cyprus was repeatedly invaded over the centuries, each invasion leaving a legacy that survives to this day.
www.villa-club.com /cyprus/climate_cyprus.htm   (531 words)

 Cyprus - HISTORY
The martyrdom of Barnabas and the later discovery of his tomb are particularly important events in the history of the Church of Cyprus and were instrumental in its becoming autocephalous rather than remaining subordinate to the patriarchate of Antioch.
Britain ceded the Ionian Islands to Greece in 1864, and after control of Cyprus passed from the Ottoman Empire to the British Empire in 1878, Greek Cypriots saw the ceding of the Ionian islands as a precedent for enosis for themselves.
The irony of the divided Cyprus that has existed since 1974 is that the stage was set for Turkish intervention by the Greek government in Athens.
countrystudies.us /cyprus/3.htm   (933 words)

 History of Cyprus
Between 1955-59 EOKA was created by Greek Cypriots and led by George Grivas which targeted mainly British but also Turkish Cypriots and leftist Greeks at a smaller scale, in a campaign of violence to perform enosis (union of the island with Greece).
Turkey and the TRNC refer to the southern Republic of Cyprus as the "Greek Cypriot Administration of Southern Cyprus" and refuse formal recognition.
Greek historians have constructed a history of Cyprus that includes many mythological elements, but may contain valuable information on the early history of some local dynasties.
www.mlahanas.de /Cyprus/History/HistoryOfCyprus.html   (1961 words)

 CHRONOLOGICAL HISTORY OF CYPRUS   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
* 1878 - 1925: In accordance with a defence-alliance between Britain and the Ottoman Empire, the administration of Cyprus passes to Britain.
* 1963: Inter-communal strife in Cyprus and the subsequent collapse of the constitutional rule.
* 1974: Coup d'etat by the Greek army officers stationed on the island to overthrow the President (Makarios) with the aim of uniting the island with Greece; subsequent Turkish Military intervention (under the provisions of the Treaty of Guarantee of the Republic of Cyprus).
bornova.ege.edu.tr /~ncyprus/cyp1.html   (448 words)

 Apocalypse Historical Research Society - Mr. Costas Kyrris
He is a Member of the European Academy of History (Brussels) and an internationally known Byzantinist and specialist in the History of Cyprus and the Near and Middle East and the Balkans.
He studied History and Archaeology (B.A. Honours) and English Literature (B.A.) in the University of Athens and French Language and Literature at the French Institute of Athens.
He is the author of numerous books and articles in Greek, English, French and German on the Social, Economic and Intellectual History of Byzantium, the Near and Middle East and the Balkans and on the Mediaeval and Modern History of Cyprus.
www.apocalypse.com.cy /EN/board_of_directors/kyrris.html   (189 words)

 North Cyprus History   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Invited by Makarios, General Grivas returned to Cyprus in June to assume command of the National Guard; the purpose of the new law was to curb the proliferation of Greek Cypriot irregular bands and bring them under control in an organization commanded by the prestigious Grivas.
The ultimatum's conditions included the expulsion of Grivas from Cyprus, removal of Greek troops from Cyprus, payment of indemnity for the casualties at Ayios Theodhoros and Kophinou, cessation of pressure on the Turkish Cypriot community, and the disbanding of the National Guard.
Grivas resigned as commander of the Greek Cypriot forces on November 20, 1967, and left the island, but the Turks did not reduce their readiness posture, and the dangerous situation of two NATO nations on the threshold of war with each other continued.
www.cyprusislandhomes.com /intercommunal.htm   (1077 words)

This is a period of wealth for Cyprus.
Cyprus becomes part of the Roman Empire, first as part of the province of Syria, then as a separate province under a proconsul.
During the missionary journeys by Saints Paul and Barnabas, the Proconsul, Sergius Paulus is converted to Christianity and Cyprus becomes the first country to be governed by Christian.
www.suite101.com /article.cfm/middle_east_travel/31838   (380 words)

 History of Cyprus - Gurupedia
Cyprus was not settled in the old stone age, which led to the survival of numerous dwarf forms, such as dwarf elephants (Elephas cypriotes) and pygmy hippos (Phanourios minutis) well into the
Epipalaeolithic foragers at Aetokremnos near Limassol on the southern coast of Cyprus.
Cyprus became a Roman province in 58 BC, according to
www.gurupedia.com /h/hi/history_of_cyprus.htm   (5115 words)

 Cyprus - History   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
See also the history of Europe, History of the Middle East, history of present-day nations and states.
Five days after the coup on 20 July Turkey invades Cyprus and captures 3% of the islands territory around the town of Kyrenia, driving out the Greek Cypriot population.
On 23 April 2003, the borders between the two parts of Cyprus were partly opened.
www.cyprus-knowledge.com /History-3.html   (1601 words)

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