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Topic: History of Greek and Roman Egypt


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In the News (Tue 18 Jun 19)

  
  Roman and Byzantine Rule
According to Coptic tradition, it was not until the arrival of Saint Mark that Christianity was established in Egypt during the reign of Nero.
By the 3rd century AD the Roman Empire was in decline as a result of internal strife, famine and war, finally splitting into eastern and western empires.
The legalization of Christianity did not stop Roman persecution of the Coptic Christians because the Byzantine church was based upon fundamentally different beliefs than those of the Coptic Christian church which had adopted a Monophysite belief in the total divinity of Christ, as opposed to the Byzantine belief that Christ was both human and divine.
www.goegypt.org /aboutegy/history/11-romanandbyzantinerule.htm   (423 words)

  
 History of Greek and Roman Egypt
During the reign of Ptolemies II and III thousands of Macedonian and Greek veterans were rewarded with grants of farm lands, and Greeks were planted in colonies and garrisons or settled themselves in the villages throughout the country.
Upper Egypt, farthest from the centre of government, was less immediately affected, though Ptolemy I established the Greek colony of Ptolemais Hermiou to be its capital, but within a century Greek influence had spead through the country and intermarriage had produced a large Greco-Egyptian educated class.
During Cleopatra's reign Egyptian history merged with the general history of the Roman world, owing to the murder of Pompey in Egypt in 48 BC and the appearance in the country of Julius Caesar in 47 BC.
www.mlahanas.de /Greeks/History/HistoryGreekRomanEgypt.html   (0 words)

  
 Greek Rule
After centuries of upheaval and foreign incursions, Egypt was in disarray when Alexander established his own Pharaonic rule, reorganizing the country's government, founding a new capital city of Alexandria and validating the religion of the pharaohs.
Under the Ptolemys Greek became the official language of Egypt and Hellenistic culture and ideas were introduced and synthesized with indigenous Egyptian theology, art, architecture and technology.
The fleets of Octavian Caesar destroyed the Egyptian navy in the battle of Actium, driving Antony and Cleopatra to suicide and Egypt became a province of the Roman Empire.
www.goegypt.org /aboutegy/history/10-greekrule.htm   (0 words)

  
 greek and roman
After 300 years of rule by the Macedonian Ptolemies, Egypt was incorporated into the Roman Empire in 30 BC, and was ruled first from Rome and then from Constantinople until the Persian and Arab conquests in 616 and 639 respectively.
Perdiccas appointed Ptolemy (Greek: Πτολεμαίος), son of Lagus (Greek: Λάγος), one of Alexander's closest companions, to be satrap of Egypt.
Upper Egypt, farthest from the centre of government, was less immediately affected, though Ptolemy I established the Greek colony of Ptolemais Hermiou to be its capital, but within a century Greek influence had spread through the country and intermarriage had produced a large Greco-Egyptian educated class.
www.the-world-in-focus.com /Africa/Egypt/History/greekandroman.html   (1165 words)

  
 "Knowledge Reports for business management analysis leadership motivation communication economics"
Thucydides, in his History of the Peloponnesian War, draws upon oral historical traditions and cultural myths to describe such remote events as the Trojan War, and on the speeches he attributes to some of his contemporaries in the war between Athens and Sparta.
The history of Rome can be divided into three major epochs: the kingship from the legendary foundation of Rome to 509 BC; the republic from 509 BC to 31 BC; and the empire, which survived until Rome finally fell to the German chieftain Odoacer in AD 476.
When the Roman Emperor Constantine was converted to Christianity, he moved the governing center from Rome to the city of Byzantium, made Christianity the state religion, and created a state that had a profound effect on the social life and outlook of the people.
www.knowledgereports.com /topics/history_ancient_greek_&_roman.php   (5810 words)

  
  Roman Cities
Greek and Roman colonies were planted for trade and to exploit the areas agricultural base for excess crops which were needed in the home states.
Roman cities were planned with two major streets running East —West and North-South intersecting at the forum, which was the center of commerce in the city.
Romans in the third century built walls around most of their major cities because of increasing threats of invasions from the northern "barbarians".
www.historylink101.com /lessons/farm-city/roman-city.htm   (1061 words)

  
 about   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The history of Egypt is the longest continuous history, as a unified state, of any country in the world.
Egypt's peculiar geography made it a difficult country to attack, which is why Pharaonic Egypt was for so long an independent and self-contained state.
Once Egypt did succumb to foreign rule, however, it proved unable to escape from it, and for 2,300 years Egypt was governed by foreigners: Persians, Greeks, Romans, Byzantines, Arabs, Turks and British.
fancy.zecilia.se /egypthistory/about.html   (234 words)

  
 A History of Greek Art - With an Introductory Chapter on Art in Egypt and Mesopotamia By F.B. Tarbell- Chapter 5 from ...   (Site not responding. Last check: )
It was the habit of the Greeks to present to their divinities all sorts of objects in recognition of past favors or in hope of favors to come.
The Greek admiration for the masculine body and the willingness to display it were closely bound up with the extraordinary importance in Greece of gymnastic exercises and contests and with the habits which these engendered.
Thus in contrast to primitive Greek feeling and to the feeling of "barbarians" generally, the exhibition by men among men of the naked body came to be regarded as something altogether honorable.
www.nalanda.nitc.ac.in /resources/english/etext-project/history/greekart/chapter5.html   (3672 words)

  
 Greek & Roman Antiquities - Articles - Ancient Coins - Introduction to Ancient Greek Coins   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The Greek world was divided into at least a thousand self-governing cities and towns (in Greek, poleis), and most of these issued their own coins.
Greek traders spread Greek coins across this vast area, and the new kingdoms soon began to produce their own coins.
Because these kingdoms were much larger and wealthier than the Greek city states of the classical period, their coins tended to be more mass-produced, as well as larger, and more frequently in gold.
www.greekandromancoins.com /introductiontoancientgreekcoins-a-6.html   (1002 words)

  
 History of the Copts of Egypt
Egypt's prosperity and civilization continued under the Pharaohs of the middle kingdom 2066-1650 B.C. Thebes emerged as the capital of Egypt.
Egypt was annexed as a province of the Roman Empire 30 B.C.- 641 A.D. The Greeks followed by the Romans, though they ruled Egypt, were admirers of the Egyptian civilization, knowledge and culture.
The history of the Islamic era shows a vicious cycle in which the Muslim rulers hire Copts because of their knowledge, skill and honesty to administer the affairs of the government of Egypt.
www.copts.net /history.asp   (4912 words)

  
 GREEK AND ROMAN ART
To a large extent the art of the Romans was a development of that of their predecessors in Italy, the Etruscans, who, to be sure, had learned much from the Greeks (see Etruscans).
Greek artists flocked to Rome to share in the patronage that was so lavishly bestowed, owing to the rich conquests made as the Roman power was extended.
The wealthy Romans built villas, filled them with works of art in the manner of our modern plutocrats, and called for Greek artists or Romans inspired by Greek traditions to paint their walls and decorate their courts with sculptures.
history-world.org /arthist.htm   (2072 words)

  
 History of Egypt
In the last years of his life, Egypt was racked by violence arising from discontent with Sadat's rule and sectarian tensions, and it experienced a renewed measure of repression.
Egypt was readmitted to the Arab League in 1989.
The Muslim Brotherhood, founded in Egypt in 1928, remains an illegal organization and is not recognized as a political party (current Egyptian law prohibits the formation of political parties based on religion).
www.historyofnations.net /africa/egypt.html   (1437 words)

  
 The Ancient Egypt Site - Greek-Roman Period
Egypt was taken by Ptolemy, son of Lagos, who had been appointed to satrap of the country by Alexander himself.
The Roman emperors too, continued the policy of building temples in Egypt, thus ensuring the loyalty of the Egyptian clergy and a stable flow of grain out of the greatest granary of the world.
The beginning of the Roman Period is one of the most prosperous in Egypt: new cities were built and the land was considered of great importance to the world.
www.ancient-egypt.org /history/greek_roman/index.html   (746 words)

  
 Rome: History
   Roman history begins in a small village in central Italy; this unassuming village would grow into a small metropolis, conquer and control all of Italy, southern Europe, the Middle East, and Egypt, and find itself, by the start of AD time, the most powerful and largest empire in the world.
The Romans would look to their empire as the instrument that brought law and justice to the rest of the world; in some sense, the relative peace and stability they brought to the world did support this view.
Culturally, the Romans had a slight inferiority complex in regards to the Greeks, who had begun their city-states only a few centuries before the rise of the Roman republic.
www.wsu.edu:8080 /~dee/ROME/HISTORY.HTM   (386 words)

  
 Roman Egypt - History for Kids!
By the time of the Roman Julius Caesar, around 50 BC, the Ptolemies, the Greek kings of Egypt, were much weaker than the Romans.
To make it easier to collect these taxes, the Romans also established Roman-style government in Egypt, though the main language of government was still Greek (the way it had been under Greek rule) rather than Latin.
Egypt After the Pharaohs: 332 BC-AD 642: from Alexander to the Arab Conquest, by Alan Bowman (1996).
www.historyforkids.org /learn/egypt/history/romans.htm   (0 words)

  
 Greek astronomy
It is important to realise that Greek astronomy (we are interested in the topic during the 1000 years between 700 BC and 300 AD) did not involve physics.
However, the Greeks relied mainly on the moon as their time-keeper and frequent adjustments to the calendar were necessary to keep it in phase with the moon and the seasons.
The contributions of Hipparchus are the most important of all the ancient astronomers and it is fair to say that he made the most important contribution before that of Copernicus in the early sixteenth century.
www-history.mcs.st-and.ac.uk /history/HistTopics/Greek_astronomy.html   (3542 words)

  
 Egypt (03/07)
Egypt is the most populous country in the Arab world and the second-most populous on the African Continent.
Egypt's vast and rich literature constitutes an important cultural element in the life of the country and in the Arab world as a whole.
Egypt met the conditions and in September 2005 issued $1.25 billion in 10-year bonds that were fully guaranteed by the United States.
www.state.gov /r/pa/ei/bgn/5309.htm   (5871 words)

  
 THE ANCIENT GREEK DRAMA & THEATRE HISTORY PAGE
Greek and Athenian theatre are sometimes referred to as Attic Theatre.
Similarly, the word orchestra is derived from the Greek word for a platform between the raised stage and the audience on which the chorus was situated.
Aeschylus' death in 456 BC coincided with the beginning of the Periclean Age, a period during which Athens' population grew to 150,000, its government embraced democracy (although two-thirds of its population were slaves), and the arts flourished.
anarchon.tripod.com /indexGREEKTH.html   (4687 words)

  
 Cairo History: The Roman Granary   (Site not responding. Last check: )
And while Alexandria was the political and intellectual capital of Egypt under the Greeks and the Romans, Babylon became its military stronghold.
With the birth of Christianity, the capital city Alexandria witnessed of a violent confrontation between the Egyptian followers of the new religion (the Copts) and the Greek and Roman Pagans.
When later the Romans adopted Christianity as their official religion, the population of Babylon was virtually all Christian.
ce.eng.usf.edu /pharos/cairo/history/roman.html   (413 words)

  
 Egyptian History: Graeco-Roman Dynasties
Alexander reorganized Egypt, founded Alexandria in the western Delta (331), and left the country in the hands of Balacrus and Peucestas, who were well disposed and respectful towards the Egyptian religious institutions.
The Greeks saw him as a tyrant and much of his reign was marked by a strife for power, against Cleopatra II from 131 to 130 BCE and against the Greek Alexandrians and others until 118 BCE.
The Roman general Pompey, pursued by Julius Caesar, came to Egypt in 48 BCE and was murdered by Ptolemy's courtiers.
www.reshafim.org.il /ad/egypt/history-g-r.htm   (1674 words)

  
 Egyptian History: Graeco-Roman Dynasties
Alexander reorganized Egypt, founded Alexandria in the western Delta (331), and left the country in the hands of Balacrus and Peucestas, who were well disposed and respectful towards the Egyptian religious institutions.
The Greeks saw him as a tyrant and much of his reign was marked by a strife for power, against Cleopatra II from 131 to 130 BCE and against the Greek Alexandrians and others until 118 BCE.
The Roman general Pompey, pursued by Julius Caesar, came to Egypt in 48 BCE and was murdered by Ptolemy's courtiers.
www.terraflex.co.il /ad/egypt/history-g-r.htm   (1674 words)

  
 Greece, A History of Ancient Greece, GREEK LITERATURE
Scholars have determined that the Greek alphabet was derived from the Phoenician alphabet.
His history of Rome from its origins to the First Punic War (264 to 241 BC) is written from a Roman point of view, but it is carefully researched.
The physician Galen, in the history of ancient science, is the most significant person in medicine after Hippocrates, who laid the foundation of medicine in the 5th century BC.
history-world.org /greek_art.htm   (4034 words)

  
 Writing in Egypt under Greek and Roman Rule
Until well after the Arab invasion of Egypt in AD 640-642 Greek was used for official documents rather than the indigenous language, Egyptian, which was used for religious texts and private documents written in Hieratic or Demotic script and, from the third century AD onwards, with the aid of the Greek alphabet.
During this millenium millions of Greek and Coptic and thousands of Hieratic, Demotic and Latin (to the right) documents were written for public and private use.
The earliest papyri in Greek found in Egypt are all written in rather square letters (like a fragment of Euripides, twice enlarged), not unlike the letters found inscribed on stone or the printed capital letters of modern Greek.
odyssey.lib.duke.edu /papyrus/texts/rule.html   (0 words)

  
 A History of Greek Art - With an Introductory Chapter on Art in Egypt and Mesopotamia By F.B. Tarbell- Chapter 12 from ...   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The goddess was represented, according to the Greek myth of her birth, as rising from the sea, the upper part of her person being alone distinctly visible.
It will be remembered that Egypt, having been conquered by Alexander, fell after his death to the lot of his general, Ptolemy, and continued to be ruled by Ptolemy's descendants until, in 30 B.C., it became a Roman province.
During the period of Macedonian rule Alexandria was the chief center of Greek culture in the world, and Greeks and Greek civilization became established also in the interior of the country; nor did these Hellenizing influences abate under Roman domination.
www.nalanda.nitc.ac.in /resources/english/etext-project/history/greekart/chapter12.html   (4766 words)

  
 Groups of books in Hellenistic Greek and Roman Egypt
The Roman and Byzantine Emperors retained Greek as the administrative script and language of Egypt, along with the rest of the eastern half of the Roman Empire, and its privileged position ended only with the Arab conquest of Egypt in AD 639-642, following which Greek was replaced by Arabic.
In Egypt, Greek entered a world where writing had been in use for over 2,500 years, and where the 'House of Books' or library had long been a part of religious life, and groups of books a part of elite possessions.
A painted Greek vase of about 490 BC bears a depiction of a youth reading from a scroll, presumably of papyrus, beside a chest marked perhaps with the name of the composition 'Teaching of Chiron' (the vase is now preserved in the Berlin State Museums, F 2322; for a photograph, see Legras 2002, 27).
www.digitalegypt.ucl.ac.uk /writing/library/greek.html   (761 words)

  
 Outlines of Roman History, Chapter 17
Change of the Roman Policy.—We sometimes think that Rome started out upon her great career of conquest with a definite purpose to subdue the world, and with clear ideas as to how it should be governed.
That the Romans were not yet fully civilized, and knew little of the meaning of art, is shown by the story told of Mummius.
Condition of Spain.—While the Romans were thus engaged in creating the new provinces of Macedonia and Africa, they were called upon to maintain their authority in the old provinces of Spain and Sicily.
www.forumromanum.org /history/morey17.html   (2089 words)

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