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Topic: History of Hungary

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  History of Hungary - Encyclopedia, History, Geography and Biography
Hungary lost 84% of its timber resources, 43% of its arable land, and 83% of its iron ore. Because most of the country's pre-war industry was concentrated near Budapest, Hungary retained about 51% of its industrial population, 56% of its industry, 82% of its heavy industry, and 70% of its banks.
The Treaty of Peace with Hungary signed on 10 February 1947 declared that "The decisions of the Vienna Award of 2 November 1938 are declared null and void" and Hungarian boundaries were fixed along the former frontiers as they existed on 1 January 1938, except a minor loss of territory on the Czechoslovakian border.
Hungary's transition to a Western-style democracy was one of the smoothest among the former Soviet bloc.
www.arikah.net /encyclopedia/History_of_Hungary   (7381 words)

 A short history of Hungary
Hungary is invaded by the Ottoman Empire and is defeated in 1526.
Hungary is formally the Hungarian Kingdom and after the treaty of Trianon Hungary loses large parts of its territory to Czechoslovakia, Romania, Croatia (later part of Yugoslavia) and Fiume.
In 1944/1945 Hungary is invaded by the USSR.
www.electionworld.org /history/hungary.htm   (824 words)

 Jewish History of Hungary
During the "period of reform" in Hungary in the 1830s and 1840s, the Jewish question was discussed in the legislative institutions, in literature, and in the periodicals and press.
In the classification of the inhabitants according to nationality, the overwhelming majority of the Jews in Hungary declared themselves members of the Hungarian nation; Jewish nationality was not officially recognized and the Jews thus became a party in the struggle between the ruling Magyar nation and the national minorities of Hungary.
The history of the destruction of Hungarian Jewry encompasses the Jewish population of the enlarged state of Hungary.
www.porges.net /JewishHistoryOfHungary.html   (10489 words)

 History of Hungary
The main result of the triple political division of Hungary was the almost complete disappearance of public order and of the systematic conduct of affairs; another was the evident decline of Catholicism and the rapid advance of the Reformation.
It was encouraged by the existing political conditions of Hungary: the dispute over the succession, with the accompanying civil war; the lack of a properly educated Catholic clergy; the transfer of a large amount of church land to the laity; and the claims made by both aspirants to the throne upon the episcopal domains.
Hungary's transition to a Western-style parliamentary democracy was the first and the smoothest among the former Soviet bloc, inspired by a nationalism that long had encouraged Hungarians to control their own destiny.
www.historyofnations.net /europe/hungary.html   (3166 words)

 History of Hungary
The History of the Carpathian Basin (- 10
Hungary was aligned with the Central Powers, but events soon disproved the vainglorious prophecy of Kaiser William II that the Germans would be in Paris by the time "the leaves fall from the trees".
World War II brought heavy losses to Hungary: during the Battle of Stalingrad and the offensive on the Don, 40,000 soldiers of the Second Hungarian Army were killed and 70,000 were captured by the Soviet troops, and heavy damage was inflicted on Hungarian towns by the air raids of the Allies.
impulzus.sch.bme.hu /info/hunhist.html   (12184 words)

 History of Hungary Magyars, Hungarian Democracy, Budapest History
After the conquest of Hungary, which ended in 900, it seemed for a time that the Magyars would not be able to adapt themselves quickly enough to settle in Europe.
The revolution of March 15, 1848 was a milestone in the history of revolutions in Europe.
Hungary successfully concluded its accession negotiations with the European Union at the end of 2002, and will become a member of this organization on May 1, 2004.
www.gotohungary.com /history/history.shtml   (1353 words)

 The Virtual Jewish History Tour -- Hungary
In the late 17th century, the Hapsburgs captured Hungary and anti-Semitism grew, along with expulsions of Jews from the cities.
Hungary joined with the Axis powers (Germany, Austria, and Italy) and thus annexed parts of Slovakia, Transylvania, Yugoslavia and Sub-Carpathian Ruthenia; most of these areas belonged to Hungary, before World War I. By mid-1941, the annexation increased "Great Hungary's" Jewish population to 800,000.
The number of Jews in Hungary continued to decrease and, in the 1970's, declined to 60,000 (50,000 lived in Budapest), which was still the second or third largest community in Eastern Europe.
www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org /jsource/vjw/Hungary.html   (2961 words)

 Wikinfo | Hungary   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
Initially the history of Hungary was developed in a triangle with that of Poland and Bohemia, with the many liaisons with Popes and Emperors of the Holy Roman Empire.
Hungary was partially demolished with a great loss of life in 1241–1242 by Mongol armies of the Golden Horde.
Hungary's landscape consists mostly of the flat to rolling plains of the Carpathian Basin, with hills and lower mountains to the north along the Slovakian border (highest point: the Kékes at 1,014 m).
www.wikinfo.org /wiki.php?title=Hungary   (1594 words)

 Economic History and the Economy of Hungary
Hungary remained a conquered territory until the fall of Communism and the collapse of the Soviet Union.
Stalin was not about to let Hungary emerge from occupation as anything other than a puppet Communist state, a satellite of the Soviet Union.
The limited export earnings of Hungary could not pay for the higher cost of petroleum and the government leadership was forced to borrow.
www.sjsu.edu /faculty/watkins/hungary.htm   (986 words)

 History - Hungary - Europe
The region that now comprises Hungary was once part of the ancient Roman province of Pannonia.
Situated on the periphery of the Roman Empire, the region was among the first to fall to the Germanic tribes that began to seize the Roman dominions in the closing years of the 2nd century ad.
His son Stephen I, the founder of the Arpad dynasty, was granted formal recognition as king of Hungary by Pope Sylvester II in 1001 or 1002.
www.countriesquest.com /europe/hungary/history.htm   (271 words)

 History of Budapest Hungary
It was under the Árpád dynasty that Hungary became a Christian state, ruled first from Esztergom and later from Székesfehérvár.
Hungary's catastrophic bloody defeat by the invading Turks at Mohács in 1526, led by Suleiman I, the Magnificent sultan, paved the way for the Turkish occupation of Buda and Pest.
Of bombastic nationalism and anti-Semitism by inheritance, again inherited by joining the wrong side (the Nazis), who promised the sweet reward of re-joining of the Hungarian nation as a whole in the post Trianon era (which cut away half of the Hungarian population from it's home and made it part of Romania etc. mentioned earlier).
www.budapest.com /history.html   (2039 words)

 Family History in Hungary
The parts of Hungary that are now in Austria have archives of their own and their registers have also been filmed by the Mormons, but the Czech and Slovak Republics have not and as many of the old Hungarian towns have been renamed, going there independently is difficult, but not impossible.
Hungary has been overrun a number of times, by the Mongols and the Turks in ancient times, then the Austrians and, in more recent times, both Germans and the Russians.
The greatest period of Hungarian history was the mediaeval period and since the invasion of the Turks in 1541, Hungary seems to have lost most of its battles and, consequently, their older records are patchy, destroyed, or totally missing.
user.itl.net /~glen/FamilyHistoryinHungary.html   (2191 words)

 WWW-VL History Index
A Short History of Austria Hungary and Poland", by H. Wickham Steed, et al.
History of German Settlements in Southern Hungary, by Sue Clarkson
WWWVL History was established as HNSource on 6 March 1993.
vlib.iue.it /history/europe/hungary.html   (359 words)

 History of Hungary   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
Hungary has long been an integral part of Europe -- first as a monarchy for nearly 1,000 years, then as a Communist state, and finally a democracy.
Numerous warring tribes occupied the region for hundreds of years until a new era began with the first millennium and Stephen I, the founder of the Arpad dynasty, who was granted formal recognition as king of Hungary by Pope Sylvester II in 1001 or 1002.
Faced with reports of new Soviet troops pouring into Hungary despite the Soviets' assurances to the contrary, on November 1, 1955 Hungary declared neutrality and withdrawal from the Warsaw Pact.
www.globalvolunteers.org /1main/hungary/hungaryhistory.htm   (1409 words)

 Hungary History, Budapest History
During the tumultuous thousand year history of Hungary and the Central European Region, rulers came and went and empires rose and fell, but Hungary's distinctive charms have never waned nor its welcome ever been less than genuine.
The kingdom and nation of Hungary was born.
Under King Matthias, lauded for his fairness and justice, Hungary flourished, but his passing eventually led to decimation under the Ottomans for 150 years during the 16th and l7th-century.
www.gotohungary.com /history   (465 words)

 Travel to Hungary. Hungary guide. Hungary sightseeing
Hungary is famous for picturesque lakeside resorts, delicious food ans wine or exceptional architecture.
Summers are typically very warm in Hungary, springs and autumns are quite mils, while winters are very cold.
After that, Hungary was reigned by many dynasties, occupied by Turks and passed across the era of Communism.
hungary.europe-cities.com   (277 words)

 Hungary: History
Between 1938 and 1944, Hungary regained, with the aid of Germany and Italy, territories from Czechoslovakia, Yugoslavia, and Romania.
Hungary was proclaimed a People's Republic in 1949, after parliamentary elections in which there was only a single slate of candidates.
Hungary aided the USSR in the invasion of Czechoslovakia in 1968.
www.infoplease.com /ce6/world/A0858706.html   (2243 words)

 History of Hungary
Hungary boasts a rich and varied history, one that stands apart from those of its neighboring countries.
The Soviet victory foreshadowed the onslaught of the communist regime which was to rule Hungary for the next four decades.
Hopefully, Hungary's experience with the gentler brand of communism that allowed some free enterprise, combined with a willingness to improve upon their situation will bring economic prosperity in the not-so-distant future.
www.jobmonkey.com /teaching/europe/html/history_of_hungary.html   (733 words)

 Brief History of Hungary
To encapsulate the history of eleven-hundred years in some 100 Kbytes of text the author had to be selective - much detail of interest had to be ommitted in order to present the broad outline.
Selection, as well as the linking and glossing of the selected facts, inevitably shows up as an editorial view, which might have been subtly different had this text been prepared by someone else -- but few would question, it is to be hoped, the overall factual accuracy of the narrative.
A comment on presentation: reading about history in reverse sequence might be more satisfactory than the orthodox approach beloved of schoolmasters, namely starting with the distant past and moving forward through time, which risks boring the reader with details whose subsequent import and consequences only become clear later on.
www.users.zetnet.co.uk /spalffy/h_hist.htm   (255 words)

 Hungary History - TravelPuppy.com
Hungary formed an alliance with Austria and was ruled by a Magyar aristocracy.
Hungary sided with Nazi Germany during the war until 1944, when German troops occupied the country Hungary sought to break the alliance.
Hungary has also joined with the Czech Republic, Poland and Slovakia in the Visegrad group, which was established to promote political and economic co-operation in central Europe.
travelpuppy.com /hungary/history.htm   (755 words)

 History of Hungary - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The commonly accepted view of the origin of the Magyars (known as Hungarians in English) is that they were nomadic people, with indeterminate and disputed origin from the Eurasian plains until the end of the 9th century AD.
The Hungarian Constitution was restored, and Franz Joseph was crowned as King of Hungary.
The formerly backward Kingdom of Hungary become a relatively modern, industrialized country by the turn of the century, although agriculture remained the dominant part of the economy.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/History_of_Hungary   (7686 words)

 Amazon.com: A History of Hungary: Millennium in Central Europe: Books: Laszlo Kontler   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
A Concise History of Hungary (Cambridge Concise Histories) by Miklós Molnár
The history of lands and the history of peoples that currently inhabit them is usually not the same history.
Hungary is situated in the center of Europe - hence the crossroads to the West, the Balkans, and Asia.
www.amazon.com /History-Hungary-Millennium-Central-Europe/dp/1403903166   (1884 words)

 Hungary - History
Hungary is a country that hasn't enjoyed much independence.
The history of Hungary began almost 1,500 years ago, with a group of people called the Magyars.
Hungary had two rulers at the same time at the end of the 16th century.
www.edhelper.com /ReadingComprehension_Geography_211_1.html   (457 words)

 BBC NEWS | World | Europe | Country profiles | Timeline: Hungary
Hungary declares war on the United Kingdom and the United States.
Nagy announces plans for Hungary to withdraw from the Warsaw Pact and become a neutral power.
Communist state in Hungary is dismantled and a transition to a multiparty democracy starts.
news.bbc.co.uk /1/hi/world/europe/1054642.stm   (950 words)

 The Regency - History - Hungary - Europe
Under Allied supervision, an interim government representing the various political parties of Hungary was formed on November 25, 1919.
After Horthy appointed fascist-leaning Gyula von Gombos as premier in September 1932, this nationalism was characterized by an aggressive foreign policy toward neighboring democracies, and close relations with the fascist regimes of Italy and Germany.
The country subsequently withdrew from the League of Nations, and in January 1939, it became a signatory, with Germany, Italy, and Japan, to the Anti-Comintern Pact against the USSR.
www.countriesquest.com /europe/hungary/history/the_regency.htm   (275 words)

 Alcoa in Hungary: History
Alcoa is the fifth largest company in Hungary, and the second largest US investor in the country.
It is the 12th largest employer in Hungary, employing 5,500 people.
Aluminum chips from the ingot plant in Székesfehérvár, Hungary are kept in storage bins such as these and then re-melted to use for Alcoa Wheel Products Europe.
www.alcoa.com /hungary/en/info_page/history_hungary.asp   (100 words)

 History of Hungary - Hungarian Culture, Crafts, Cooking, & more: Discover Hungary!
Like all countries of the world, Hungary had many important battles, wars, revolutions, extraordinary men and women in its history.
The area where today Hungary lies has been inhabited for half a million years according to the findings.
In the copper and bronze ages different folks lived here in tribes and they already used the fourwheel cart and they were familiar with the domestication of animals.
www.hungariansoup.com /learn/history.html   (690 words)

 Hungarian history
The Habsburg governed the western part of the country, the central area was ruled by the Turks, and the south-east Transylvanian principality (today part of Roumania) for a long time was the citadel of Hungarian culture.
The Trianon Treaty reduced Hungary's area by two thirds and the population by one third.
The Nazis occupied Hungary, as they did not consider it a reliable ally.
www.fsz.bme.hu /hungary/history.html   (628 words)

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