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Topic: History of Iran

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  History of Iran - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The history of Iran covers thousands of years, from the ancient civilization on the Iranian plateau, Mannaeans civilization in Azerbaijan, Shahr-i Sokhta (Burned City) in Zabol and ancient Kingdom of Jiroft followed by the kingdom of Elam and the Achaemenid, the Parthian, the Sassanian and following Empires to the modern Islamic Republic of Iran.
The ancient nation of Iran was historically known to the West as Persia until March 21, 1935.
Modern Iranian (Persian) history began with the Constitutional Revolution of Iran against the Shah (who remained in power) in 1905, the granting of a limited constitution in 1906 (making the country a constitutional monarchy), and the discovery of oil in 1908.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/History_of_Iran   (3467 words)

 Iran on Encyclopedia.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Iran is bordered on the north by Armenia, Azerbaijan, Turkmenistan, and the Caspian Sea; on the east by Afghanistan and Pakistan; on the south by the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman; and on the west by Turkey and Iraq.
The climate of Iran is continental, with hot summers and cold, rainy winters; the mountain regions of the north and west have a subtropical climate.
Iran signed an agreement with Russia in Feb., 2005, that called for Russia to supply it with nuclear fuel and for Iran to return the spent fuel to Russia; despite the apparent safeguards in the agreement, it was denounced by the United States.
www.encyclopedia.com /html/section/iran_history.asp   (4882 words)

Iran, like the rest of the Middle East, was affected by the rise to power of the Seljuk Turks and then by the destruction wrought first by the Mongols and then by Timur, also called Tamerlane (Timur the Lame).
Iran's history as a nation of people speaking an Indo-European language did not begin until the middle of the second millennium B.C. Before then, Iran was occupied by peoples with a variety of cultures.
Iran - Immigration of the Medes and the Persians
www.mongabay.com /reference/country_studies/iran/HISTORY.html   (18557 words)

 SalamIran, Tourism, History of Iran
History is a book which one has to start from the middle, particularly that of the most ancient civilizations such as China, India, and Iran.
Though the history of Iran is long and complex, its shape is determined by the rise and fall of successive dynasties - with intervals of chaos and confusion - until its latest stage, victory of the Islamic Revolution and rising of an Islamic Republic.
The frontiers of Iran during the Parthians were Transcaucasia in the north, India in the east, and the Tigris in the west.
www.salamiran.org /CT/history.html   (7287 words)

 Iran History, History of Iran   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
The Afghans couldn't hold power and Iran was ruled by a succession of variously mad, bad and benevolent rulers until the bitter and twisted eunuch, Agha Muhammed Khan, united the Turkish Ghajars in 1779 and went on to establish a capital in Tehran.
Iran (the name was officially adopted in 1934) was again neutral during WWII but Britain and Russia established spheres of influence there to shut out Germany.
A trade embargo was implemented against Iran by the USA, alleging Iranian sponsorship of terrorist groups throughout the region and destabilisation of the peace process in the Middle East.
www.irantrip.com /Iran/Iran_History.htm   (938 words)

 Encyclopedia Article: History of the Baha'i Faith in Iran
Iran has been the stage for many of the key historical events in Bahá'í history and many of the organizational and structural developments in the Bahá'í community originated here.
Iran has also been important as a source of large numbers of individuals who have migrated to other parts of the world and have played and continue to play an important part in the spread and administration of the religion.
Iran, however, although it was among the first countries to fall to the advancing Arab armies, never completely lost its culture and language.
www.bahai-library.com /encyclopedia/iranhistory.html   (7535 words)

 Untitled Document   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
The written history of Iran begins with the early Achaemenids, some 2,500 years ago, but since then till the dawn of Islam in Iran, all that is available on the Iranian history has been written by the ancient Greeks, who were then Iran's greatest enemies.
Iran fell apart; Mahmood was a warrior but not a king, and Iranians disobeyed him; there was chaos and Peter the Great of Russia occupied Derbent in Northern Iran, then Rasht and Baku.
In the meantime, among the Turkomans of northern Iran the brave Qajar tribe was establishing a dynasty and kingdom.
www.salamiran.org /IranInfo/General/History   (5903 words)

 History of Iran   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
The seventh century Arab-Muslim conquest of Iran was followed by conquests by the Seljuk Turks, the Mongols, and Tamerlane.
Iran underwent a revival under the Safavid dynasty (1502-1736), the most prominent figure of which was Shah Abbas.
Modern Iranian history began with a nationalist uprising against the Shah (who remained in power) in 1905, the granting of a limited constitution in 1906, and the discovery of oil in 1908.
www.historyofnations.net /asia/iran.html   (835 words)

 Frye.History of Ancient Iran
Although history, especially in Iran, has been limited to urban, elite groups, the basis of support of an Iranian government or culture was the rural peasantry, and during the Mazdakite upheaval, even the peasantry influenced events.
But the weakness of Sasanian Iran at that time was in no small measure the result of both internal and external fighting in the empire and the lack of rulers with the personal influence and power of a Shapur or Chosroes.
Heraclius, still on Iran's territory, was not idle but had made an alliance with the Turkish Khazars, who had established a state north of the Caucasus, and in late 627 the Khazars and Byzantines moved south through Azerbaijan reaping booty with little opposition.
www.fordham.edu /halsall/med/fryehst.html   (6053 words)

 USATODAY.com - Channeling history in Iran   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, the fundamentalist who ruled Iran for a decade after the 1979 revolution and held 52 U.S. hostages for 444 days, was a menacing figure — controlling an oil-rich country bent on terrorism and religious tyranny.
With Iran believed to be developing nuclear weapons and the region already in turmoil — Iraq is next door — that's hardly helpful.
On Wednesday, Iran's parliament is due to vote on a new oil minister — an Ahmadinejad crony with little experience.
www.usatoday.com /news/opinion/editorials/2005-11-07-iran-edit_x.htm   (378 words)

 Blue Mass. Group :: History of Iran's Nuclear Program
Another source is History News Network with a piece by Brown University Anthropology Professor, and former head of the Middle East Studies at the University, William Beeman.
The foundations for Iran's nuclear program were laid in the 1960s under auspices of the U.S. within the framework of bilateral agreements between the two countries.
With the establishment of Iran's atomic agency and the NPT in place plans were drawn by Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi (Iran's monarch) to construct up to 23 nuclear power stations across the country together with USA by the year 2000.
www.bluemassgroup.com /showDiary.do?diaryId=1406   (580 words)

 History of Iran   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
The social structure of 19th century Iran was shaped in part by the geography of the land itself.
Iran was constantly in a drought, and the four major mountain ranges, the Zagros, the Elborz, the Mekran and the Uplands, fragmented the population.
By 1905 Iran was on the brink of a political revolution.
www.skidmore.edu /academics/arthistory/ah369/timeline.htm   (1862 words)

 Iran Caravan - History   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
The plateau of Iran is among the oldest civilization centers in the history of humanity and has an important place in archeological studies.
The history of settlement in the Plateau of Iran, from the new Stone Age till the migration of Aryans to this region, is not yet very clear.
Khorassan, the Medes in the west, and the Parsees resided in southern Iran.
www.irancaravan.com /History.htm   (762 words)

 .: Banking History in Iran :.   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
The opening of the New Oriental Bank in Iran commenced a new era in the history of money-dealing, paving the way for other powerful banks and bringing with it methods and resources unknown in Iran up to that time.
The authorities of the bank embarked upon their venture after careful study of the favorable trend of commerce in Iran, taking into consideration the complete absence of any restrictions in Iran for foreign banking institutions.
He had, however, foreseen the necessity of forming such a bank in Iran if his other projects were to succeed, and had tried to forestall the danger of such an organization being formed by persons not in sympathy with his own plans.
www.eskenas.com /bnkhistory.html   (2408 words)

 The History of Children's Literature in Iran
The History of Children's Literature in Iran (HCLI) is a research project undertaken by the Foundation for Research on the History of Children's Literature in Iran (a non-governmental organization).
The HCLI project includes such issues as: the appearance of culture and literature in Iran; the formation of oral literature and its components, followed by the appearance of children's literature in ancient times; after Islam, in the early part of the 20th century, and its development up to the Islamic Revolution in 1979.
The beginning of history in Iran and oral literature and children's literature in the pre-Islamic period.
www.payvand.com /news/03/jan/1108.html   (568 words)

 History of Iran: Historic Periods & Events
Articles on History of Iran and Iranians, past and present, by Iranian and non-Iranian historians and scholars...
Histories of Herodotus, (A reference of Persian Empire of Achaemenian era)
Iran After the Death of Alexander and Its Resistance to Hellenism
www.iranchamber.com /history/historic_periods.php   (321 words)

 Amazon.com: The History of Iran (The Greenwood Histories of the Modern Nations): Books: Elton L. Daniel   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
While Iran/Persia has a history going back thousands of years and the early events are important in learning why Iran is the way it is, the really interesting events occurred in the last one hundred years.
Slightly less than half of the book is devoted to the history of Iran before the twentieth century and Daniel does a good job in setting the historical, ethnic, religious and geographical background of Iran and the neighboring countries.
Among its finest chapters are those devoted to the ancient Persian Empire of Cyrus and Darius I, the Parthians, medieval Persian history, and the early modern history of Iran through the rise of the Qajar Dynasty.
www.amazon.com /exec/obidos/tg/detail/-/0313307318?v=glance   (2266 words)

This section is not complete, but since I've been getting many requests to put this section up, I decided to publish it now and update it as I continue my research.
IRAN - A Country Study by United States Federal Research Division.
Iran History a research by University of Cambridge
www.arash.com /arash/iran/history   (168 words)

 Iransaga - Persia or Iran, a brief history
The country has always been known to its own people as Iran (land of the Aryans), although for centuries it was referred to as Persia (Pars or Fars, a province in southern Iran) by the Europeans, mainly due to the writings of Greek historians.
In 1935 the Government specified that it should be called Iran; however, in 1949 they allowed both names to be used.
The infiltration of the Aryan peoples into Iran during the second millennium B.C. paved that way for the Achaemenian dynasty, whose achievements were gloriously represented in the great palaces of Persepolis.
www.art-arena.com /history.html   (343 words)

 History of Iran: Iranologie.com
It is the first website in the world wide web dedicated to Iran and its history.
I am a PhD student of Iranian History (specialising in the economic history of Iran from 500-700 AD, but surely interested in all eras).
A few months ago, my friends in Cappuccinno Magazine asked me to start a column in English and Persian to write about the history of Iran.
www.iranologie.com /history/history.html   (310 words)

 Electronic Briefing Book: The Secret CIA History of the Iran Coup
Long-sought by historians, the Wilber history is all the more valuable because it is one of the relatively few documents that still exists after an unknown quantity of materials was destroyed by CIA operatives — reportedly “routinely” — in the 1960s, according to former CIA Director James Woolsey.
The Archive is reproducing the latter versions of the document, even though most of the individuals known to be named in the history are either already dead or have long since left Iran.
Wilber was not in Iran while the coup was occurring, and his account of it can only have been based on his debriefing of Kermit Roosevelt and other participants.
www.gwu.edu /~nsarchiv/NSAEBB/NSAEBB28   (1751 words)

 Iran: History
Tehran, Iran Toasts of the President and the Shah at a State Dinner.
Iran's love-hate relationship with the UK Timeline: British-Iranian relations (The Guardian)
Iran: The Struggle for the RevolutionĀ“s Soul - ICG (August 5, 2002)
www.parstimes.com /Iran_history.html   (929 words)

 History of Iran: Achaemenid Empire
Greek name for an elite regiment in the ancient Achaemenid empire.
The History of Herodotus (485 - 425 BCE)
A reference of Persian Empire's history of Achaemenids era.
www.iranchamber.com /history/achaemenids/achaemenids.php   (772 words)

 History of Iran: Persian Empire
The quarrel of the Greeks about the divinity of Alexander
irantarikh.com /persia.htm   (62 words)

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