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Topic: History of Kyrgyzstan


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  History of Kyrgyzstan - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Stone implements found in the Tian Shan mountains indicate the presence of human society in what is now Kyrgyzstan as many as 200,000 to 300,000 years ago.
Urbanized areas of Kyrgyzstan are similar to the United States in terms of religious identity.
In an upset victory, Askar Akayev, the president of the Kyrgyz Academy of Sciences, was elected to the presidency in October 1990.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/History_of_Kyrgyzstan   (2394 words)

  
 Kyrgyzstan HISTORY
Much of present Kyrgyzstan was united by the 7th century as part of the West Turkic Kaganate, and replaced in the 8th century by the Turgash, who in turn were conquered by the Karluk, who originated in the Altai region further north.
As Bolshevik power was consolidated, Kyrgyzstan was first made an autonomous oblast (political unit) of the Russian Federation in 1924; it was upgraded in 1926 to an autonomous republic, but still within Russia.
In January 2003, Akayev announced a referendum would be held on his presidency and on amendments to the constitution to "improve democracy." On 2 February, 76.6% of Kyrgyz citizens supported the amendments in the referendum, and 78.7% of voters determined Akayev should remain in office until his term expired in December 2005.
www.nationsencyclopedia.com /Asia-and-Oceania/Kyrgyzstan-HISTORY.html   (1759 words)

  
 Kyrgyzstan - MSN Encarta
Kyrgyzstan’s mountain lakes are an annual refuge for thousands of migrating birds, including the mountain goose and other rare species.
Kyrgyzstan contains many abandoned uranium mines that are a potential threat to the environment.
Kyrgyzstan has a population (2006 estimate) of 5,213,898, giving it an average population density of 26 persons per sq km (68 per sq mi).
encarta.msn.com /encyclopedia_761565190_2/Kyrgyzstan.html   (516 words)

  
 Kyrgyzstan - HISTORY
The modern nation of Kyrgyzstan is based on a civilization of nomadic tribes who moved across the eastern and northern sections of present-day Central Asia.
A loose affiliation of activists calling themselves the Democratic Movement of Kyrgyzstan (DDK) began to organize public opinion, calling among other things for the resignation of Absamat Masaliyev, who was president of the republic's parliament, the Supreme Soviet, as well as a member of the Soviet Union's Politburo and the head of the CPK.
Kyrgyzstan was recognized almost immediately by most nations, including the United States, whose secretary of state, James Baker, made an official visit in January 1992.
www.mongabay.com /reference/country_studies/kyrgyzstan/HISTORY.html   (2969 words)

  
 Kyrgyzstan:History
The earliest notable residents of what is now Kyrgyzstan were warrior tribes of Saka (also known as Scythians), from about the 6th century BC to the 5th century AD.
The region was under the control of various Turkic alliances from the 6th to 10th centuries, with a sizeable population living on the shores of Lake Issyk-Kul.
Kyrgyzstan was the scene of a pivotal battle in 751, when the Turks and their Arab and Tibetan allies drove a large Tang Chinese army out of Central Asia.
www.cac-biodiversity.org /kgz/kgz_history.htm   (654 words)

  
 Postage stamps and postal history of Kyrgyzstan - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This is a survey of the postage stamps and postal history of Kyrgyzstan.
Kyrgyzstan declared it independence in August 1991, but did not issue its first stamp until 4 February 1992, a single design depicting the Sary-Chelek Nature Preserve.
The country's name was given in both Cyrillic and Latin letters; many Kyrgyz stamps have since done likewise, although the practice is not consistent, with some stamps only inscribed in Cyrillic and others only in Latin.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Postage_stamps_and_postal_history_of_Kyrgyzstan   (213 words)

  
 Kyrgyzstan   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
The design of this flag is largely based on the the national hero of Kyrgyzstan, Manas the Noble, and his efforts to unite the 40 tribes of the area.
The center design of the yurt is a stylized view of the roof of a nomadic tent and symbolizes the unity of time and space and of home and prosperity and is in recognition of the history of the areas nomadic history.
Kyrgyzstan was the last of the old Soviet republics to break away.
www.ultimateflags.com /int/kyrgyzstan.html   (108 words)

  
 NTI: Country Overviews: Kyrgyzstan: Biological Overview
Kyrgyzstan acceded to the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention (BWC) in October 2004.
History Kyrgyzstan became part of the Soviet Union in 1924 as the Kara-Kirghiz Autonomous Oblast and in 1936 became the Kyrghiz Soviet Socialist Republic.
Access to certain border areas of Kyrgyzstan was restricted to military personnel and inaccessible to civilians; thus the natural plague foci in those areas were monitored by military personnel who had been trained by AP scientists.
www.nti.org /e_research/profiles/Kyrgyzstan/Biological/6113.html   (736 words)

  
 History of Asia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
It has been suggested that history of Eurasia be merged into this article or section.
The history of Asia can be seen as the collective history of several distict peripheral coastal regions, East Asia, South Asia, and the Middle East linked by the interior mass of the Eurasian steppe.
The coastal periphery was the home to some of the world's earliest known civilizations, with each of the three regions developing early civilizations around fertile river valleys.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/History_of_Asia   (358 words)

  
 A short history of Kyrgyzstan   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
According to recent findings of Kyrgyz and Chinese historians, Kyrgyz history dates back to 201 BC The earliest descendents of the Kyrgyz people, who are believed to be of Turkic descent, live in the northeastern part of current Mongolia.
Later, some of their tribes migrate to the region that is currently southern Siberia and settle along the Yenisey River, where they live from the 6th until the 8th centuries.
Present-day Kyrgyzstan becomes part of the State of the Krakhanides in the tenth century.
www.electionworld.org /history/kyrgyzstan.htm   (420 words)

  
 Highbeam Encyclopedia - Search Results for History of Kyrgyzstan
It borders on Siberian Russia in the north, China in the east, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, and Turkmenistan in the south, and the Caspian
It borders on China in the east, Afghanistan in the south, Kyrgyzstan in the north, and Uzbekistan in the west and northwest.
Foundations for gender equality firmly established in Kyrgyzstan, according to women's anti-discrimination committee; Experts call for full implementation of country's `significant' body of legislation.
www.encyclopedia.com /SearchResults.aspx?Q=History+of+Kyrgyzstan   (610 words)

  
 The Virtual Jewish History Tour - Kyrgyzstan
Ashkenazi Jews settled in the provincial cities of Kyrgyzstan, particularly in Karakol, Bishkek, and Osh.
In 1916, groups of Jewish war refugees and POWs from the German and Austro-Hungarian armies were sent to Kyrgyzstan to work in coalmines, irrigation projects, factories, and railroad construction.
Kyrgyzstan is one of the most progressive of the former Soviet republics and its constitution guarantees equal rights and freedoms to citizens of any religion.
www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org /jsource/vjw/Kyrgyzstan.html   (1618 words)

  
 Kyrgyzstan
Kyrgyzstan's constitutional court has ruled that 1,270 sq km ceded to China in a 2000 delimitation agreement were legally transferred; delimitation with Kazakhstan is largely complete with only minor disputed areas; disputes in Isfara Valley delay completion of delimitation with Tajikistan; serious disputes with Uzbekistan around Uzbek enclaves mar progress on delimitation efforts.
Kyrgyzstan (formerly Kirghizia) is a rugged country with the Tien Shan mountain range covering approximately 95% of the whole territory.
Kyrgyzstan borders Kazakhstan on the north and northwest, Uzbekistan in the southwest, Tajikistan in the south, and China in the southeast.
www.infoplease.com /ipa/A0107698.html   (899 words)

  
 Kyrgyzstan :: General information about Kyrgyzstan. History of Kyrgyzstan, pictures of Kyrgyzstan, Kyrgyzstan Travel ...
Kyrgyzstan, officially Kyrgyz Republic (Kyrgyz Respublikasy), landlocked republic in the eastern part of Central Asia that is bordered on the north by Kazakhstan, on the east by China, on the south by China and Tajikistan, and on the west by Uzbekistan.
Kyrgyzstan is located at the juncture of two great Central Asian mountain systems (the Tian-Shan and the Pamirs).
Yssyk-Kul, the largest lake in Kyrgyzstan and one of the largest mountain lakes in the world, is located at an altitude of 1,607 m (5,273 ft) above sea level in the northeastern portion of the country.
kyrgyzstan.orexca.com   (1150 words)

  
 The Observatory
The issue that Kyrgyzstan should have its own state ideology, general idea and motto was discussed in the press many times...
Kyrgyzstan's cosmopolitain population of 4.832 million is a unique mix of over 80 ethnic groups...
History never witnessed anything of equal cultural and economic significance.
kushkabar.tripod.com /observatory.htm   (1134 words)

  
 Kyrgyzstan - General information, History, Cities and Map of Kyrgyzstan   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
Kyrgyzstan, a mountainous paradise, is nestled between Uzbek desserts, the Kazakh steppe, tumultuous Tadjikistan and the outback of Western China.
Besides the ancient towns of Osh, Uzgen and At-Bashi, scattered throughout the mountains and valley are numerous Zoroastrian, Buddhist and Nestorian Christian ruins of monuments, and ritualistic rock paintings of the 2nd century BC.
Come to Kyrgyzstan to revel in the wonders of the glorious and magnificent mountains, come to uncover the mysteries of the Kyrgyz people and the land known as Kyrgyzstan.
www.sambuh.com /kyrgyzstan/index.html   (293 words)

  
 Kyrgyzstan history
The history of Kyrgyzstan goes back to the depth of ancient times.
Perhaps as early as at 7th to 3rd centuries B.C. the territory of Kyrgyzstan was inhabited by the nomadic tribes of Sakas: Saka Tigrakhauda and Saka Khaumavarga.
First written mentioning of such tribes and their settlements in connection with the land of contemporary Kyrguzstan is attributed to the middle of the 1st millennium B.C. - that is "Avesta", sacred book of Zoroastrism and writings by Greek historian Herodotus.
www.asia-travel.uz /kyrgyzstan/history.html   (290 words)

  
 Kyrgyzstan History
In 1868 the area became a Russian protectorate and, several years later, was incorporated into the greater Russian empire.
The Communist Revolution was accompanied by chaos and confusion in the region by in 1936, it was made a formal Socialist Republic of the Soviet Union.
Along with other of the former SSRs, Kyrgyzstan chose independence after the fall of communism, but it did join the Commonwealth of Independent States.
www.multied.com /nationbynation/Kyrgyzstan/History1.html   (117 words)

  
 Kyrgyzstan: History
Formerly known as the Kara [fl] Kyrgyz to distinguish them from the Kazakhs (at one time called Kirghiz or Kyrgyz), the Kyrgyz migrated to Kyrgyzstan from the region of the upper Yenisei, where they had lived from the 7th to the 17th cent.
He retained his post in the 1995 elections, which were denounced by opposition leaders but given guarded support by UN observers.
Also in 1995, Kyrgyzstan, along with Belarus and Kazakhstan, signed a pact with Russia providing for close economic cooperation.
www.factmonster.com /ce6/world/A0859155.html   (612 words)

  
 Hairy Museum of Natural History » Scales from Kyrgyzstan
Longisquama (”long scale”) is known from only one site in Kyrgyzstan, primarily from one skeleton that preserves only the front half of its body, including some impressions of bizarre, hockey stick-shaped scales that seem to have sprouted from its back.
Impressions of its distinctive scales, however, are unearthed at the Kyrgyzstan site from time to time, and it appears that a few more have come to light.
As referred to in the article, the scales of Longisquama have been brought up as examples of a transitional structure between scales and feathers, particularly by researchers who discount the theory (despite increasingly well-supported evidence) that birds are directly descended from theropod dinosaurs.
www.hmnh.org /archives/2005/11/14/scales-from-kyrgyzstan   (682 words)

  
 History - Kyrgyzstan - Asia
In the late 16th century the Kyrgyz settled in the area that is now Kyrgyzstan.
The first Russian invasion of the region took place in the mid-19th century.
Russian forces conquered the Quqon khanate in 1876, thereby incorporating present-day Kyrgyzstan into the Russian Empire.
www.countriesquest.com /asia/kyrgyzstan/history.htm   (172 words)

  
 Friends of Kyrgyzstan
The most widely available travel guide on Kyrgyzstan is the Lonely Planet guidebook on Central Asia (2nd., 2000, or 3rd ed., 2004).
These are good reads to prepare for coming to Kyrgyzstan and also for family and friends because of their plentiful information on Kyrgyzstan's history and culture.
David Gallagher (K-7) has written a novel set in Kyrgyzstan: "Abandon: Love and Communism in Central Asia" (2002) may be browsed and purchased through the iUniverse website.
www.friendsofkyrgyzstan.org /links/books.htm   (646 words)

  
 Kyrgyzstan Travel Information | Lonely Planet Destination Guide
This grand, rugged but very accessible gorge is a state nature park offering dozens of walking and trekking possibilities, including hikes to glaciers...
What Kyrgyzstan lacks in gracious buildings and fancy cakes it makes up for with nomadic traditions such as laid-back hospitality, a healthy distrust of authority and a fondness for drinking fermented mare's milk.
The Batken Oblast region and the border with Uzbekistan are both mined so stick to the roads.
www.lonelyplanet.com /worldguide/destinations/asia/kyrgyzstan   (191 words)

  
 Welcome to friendly Kyrgyzstan !
Kyrgyzstan Freenet: On this site You can find very interesting information about Kyrgyzstan and Central Asia countries.
Soros-Foundation Kyrgyzstan: Non-profit organization in Kyrgyzstan with cultural and educational goals.
AsiaInfo in Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan (available in English and Russian): Media, tourism and information in the capital city of Bishkek.
members.tripod.com /~AKISHEV/index.html   (301 words)

  
 Kyrgyzstan - Main
Providing a natural barrier between the oasises of the Taklamakan desert and the Central Asian civilisations, the mountaineous terrain of todays Kyrgyzstan, the Celestial Mountains of the Tian Shan, have always been one of the greatest challenges along the Silk Road.
Kyrgyzstan is probably the most westernised conglomerate of nationalities amongst the Central Asian countries.
Please excuse us while parts of the Kyrgyzstan section of our website are under construction.
stantours.com /kg_index.html   (115 words)

  
 Numizmatic Heritage   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
The present edition traces the history of Kyrgyzstan through an original and thorough study of numismatic finds, most of which have not been published before.
Many coin types represented in the album are introduced into scientific use for the first time, considerably extending our comprehension of monetary relations in the territory of Kyrgyzstan.
The simplicity and clarity of narration makes it easy for everyone, so it will be surely interesting for the general reading audience - students, high school teachers, tourists, coin collectors and all those who take interest in the history of Kyrgyzstan.
www.coronetbooks.com /books/numi2708.htm   (170 words)

  
 The history of the Kyrgyz Republic (Quirghizstan, Kyrgyzstan)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
The history of the Kyrgyz Republic (Quirghizstan, Kyrgyzstan)
Hartford Web Publishing is not the author of the documents in World History Archives and does not presume to validate their accuracy or authenticity nor to release their copyright.
The contemporary political history of the Kyrgyz Republic
www.hartford-hwp.com /archives/53/index-e.html   (70 words)

  
 CJR Daily: An Eyewitness to History in Kyrgyzstan
How extraordinary to be an eyewitness to the peaceful overthrow of a standing government that began and ended on the same momentous day.
Second prize: To be transported to such an event by a journalist who fills his account with drama, color, dialogue and the absurdities of human behavior.
Most big newspapers today report on the takeover of the government of Kyrgyzstan, the third successful popular revolt in a former Soviet republic in 16 months.
www.cjrdaily.org /behind_the_news/an_eyewitness_to_history_in_ky.php   (1031 words)

  
 Kyrgyzstan (08/06)
As It Was on 9/11: Witness to History
Communist Party of Kyrgyzstan, Klara Ajybekova and Anarbek Usupbayev.
External links to other Internet sites should not be construed as an endorsement of the views or privacy policies contained therein.
www.state.gov /r/pa/ei/bgn/5755.htm   (3514 words)

  
 Map and References for Kyrgyzstan
Weather in Kyrgyzstan - Weather in Kyrgyzstan -
Data and Statistics on Kyrgyzstan - Data and Statistics on Kyrgyzstan - From the World Fact Book.
Kyrgyzstan Ethnologue - Kyrgyzstan Ethnologue - The languagues in Kyrgyzstan.
www.embassyworld.com /embassy/Kyrgyzstan/Kyrgyzstan_Map.html   (183 words)

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