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Topic: History of LSD

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  LSD - Encyclopedia, History, Geography and Biography
LSD is synthesized from lysergic acid derived from ergot, a grain fungus that typically grows on rye.
LSD first became popular recreationally among a small group of mental health professionals such as psychiatrists and psychologists during the 1950s, as well as by socially prominent and politically powerful individuals such as Henry and Clare Boothe Luce to whom the early LSD researchers were connected socially.
LSD experiences can range from indescribably ecstatic to extraordinarily difficult; many difficult experiences (or "bad trips") result from a panicked user feeling that he or she has been permanently severed from reality and his or her ego.
www.arikah.net /encyclopedia/LSD   (6717 words)

 USS Thomaston LSD-28 History of Landing Ship Docks
Experienced LSD commanding officers are of the opinion that the full capabilities of these ships have not been exploited and that they have potential, undiscovered value in amphibious work.
During fleet exercises the LSD was generally used only as a rough weather haven for LVT and boats, and were taken on exercise operations almost solely for this purpose.
Each LSD was equipped to change screws, shafts and other parts of smaller craft by virtue of a fully equipped machine shop as well as a complete wood shop for working on the smaller wooden-hulled landing craft and PT-boats.
www.ussthomaston.com /history-lsd.html   (2312 words)

 History of LSD Therapy
The next important figure in the history of LSD was Walter Stoll, son of Hofmann's superior and psychiatrist at the Psychiatric Clinic in Zurich.
The possibility of blocking the LSD state, by premedication with another drug or by its administration at the time of fully developed LSD effects, was seen as a promising approach to the discovery of new directions in the pharmaco-therapy of psychiatric disorders.
The influence of LSD on the personality structure in the sense of a conversion is a well-established clinical fact; however, the occurrence of this phenomenon during unstructured administrations of LSD is rare, unpredictable and capricious.
www.druglibrary.org /schaffer/lsd/grofhist.htm   (12943 words)

 History of LSD - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
In the United Kingdom the use of LSD was pioneered by Dr Ronald Sandison in 1952, at Powick Hospital, Worcestershire.
LSD was the original centerpiece of the United States Central Intelligence Agency's top secret MK-ULTRA project, an ambitious undertaking conducted from the 1950s through the 1970s designed to explore the possibilities of pharmaceutical mind control.
LSD overdose was suggested as a possible cause in the still-unsolved deaths of CSIRO scientists Dr Gilbert Bogle and his lover Dr Margaret Chandler, whose naked bodies were found beside the Lane Cove River in Sydney after a New Year's Eve party in on January 1, 1963.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/History_of_LSD   (4477 words)

The active ingrediant in Peyote is mescaline, which is different from LSD in that it consists of extreme visuals rather than mood alteration.
However, there have been no recent cases of LSD related deaths, which is a good sign that it is respected as a strong drug, and has no chance of endangering many people.
The legality of LSD became classified as an A type drug, which means it is controled by government.
members.tripod.com /LSDeluxe/History/history.html   (906 words)

 LSD >> History   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
LSD was first produced in 1938 by the Swiss chemist Albert Hofmann working for Sandoz Laboratories in Basel with the aim of developing a cardiovascular and respiratory drug, and was quickly established as a therapeutic agent showing great promise.
LSD was provided to interested scientist free of charge until 1966, and its use by psychiatrists to gain better understanding of schizophrenic patients was common practice.
The non-medical use of LSD caused its banning for all research and recreational use in the USA in 1967, with other countries following soon after, but still the underground use of the drug continues until today.
www.hull.ac.uk /php/ch4hl/lsd/history.html   (242 words)

 LSD history, LSD dicovery, early LSD use till now.
Sandoz began producing LSD under the trade name Delysid for research, suggesting that the drug might be useful "to elicit release of repressed material and provide mental relaxation, particularly in anxiety states and obsessional neuroses" and also for self-experimentation by psychiatrists, "to gain an insight into the world of ideas and sensations of mental patients".
LSD historian Jay Stevens, author of the book Storming Heaven: LSD and the American Dream, has said that, in the early days of its recreational use, LSD users (who were at that time mostly academics and medical professional people) fell into two broadly delineated groups.
LSD was evidently in limited recreational use in Australia in the early 1960s, but is believed to have been initially restricted to those with connections to the scientific and the medical communities.
www.psychoactive.org.uk /LSD/history.htm   (4105 words)

Dosages of LSD are measured in micrograms, or millionths of a gram.
LSD was initially developed as a circulatory and respiratory stimulant.
Because of LSD’s structural relationship to a chemical that is present in the brain and its similarity in effect to certain aspects of psychosis, LSD was used as a research tool in studies of mental illness.
www.coolnurse.com /lsd.htm   (1532 words)

 ClubDrugs.net - Ecstasy, Ketamine, LSD, Heroin, GHB, Crystal Meth, and Rohypnol information.
A dose of only 100- to 200-millionths of a gram of LSD can produce a mental and emotional experience called a trip that lasts from 8 to 12 hours.
LSD is made from ergot, a fungus that grows on rye and wheat.
A user of LSD may experience a flashback when not under the influence of the drug.
www.clubdrugs-lsd.com   (354 words)

 DEA, Drug Information, LSD
LSD is a Schedule I substance under the Controlled Substances Act.
LSD seizures, for example, decreased 100 percent from 2000 through 2005, and LSD-related arrests decreased 84.9 percent from 2000 through 2004 (see 2006 National Drug Threat Assessment Appendix B, Table 4 and Table 5).
LSD is abused by teenagers and young adults in connection with raves, nightclubs and concert settings.
www.usdoj.gov /dea/concern/lsd.html   (893 words)

 LSD - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
A typical single dose of LSD is between 100 and 500 micrograms, an amount roughly equal to one-tenth the mass of a grain of sand.
LSD was first synthesized in 1938 by Swiss chemist Dr. Albert Hofmann at the Sandoz Laboratories in Basel, Switzerland, as part of a large research program searching for medically useful ergot alkaloid derivatives.
LSD was a central research area for Project MKULTRA, the code name for a CIA mind-control research program begun in the 1950s and continued until the late 1960s.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/LSD   (6920 words)

 Boing Boing: History of LSD in the Canadian Journal of Psychiatry
The latest issue of the Canadian Journal of Psychiatry includes a trip into the roots of psychedelic culture, titled "Flashback: Psychiatric Experimentation With LSD in Historical Perspective." The paper was written by Erika Dyck, a doctoral student in the Department of History at McMaster University in Ontario.
These medical researchers were first drawn to LSD because of its ability to produce a “model psychosis.” Their experiments with the drug that Osmond was to famously describe as a “psychedelic” led them to hypothesize and promote the biochemical nature of schizophrenia.
Second, as LSD became increasingly associated with student riots, antiwar demonstrations, and the counterculture, governments intervened to criminalize the drug, restricting and then terminating formal medical research into its potential therapeutic effects.
www.boingboing.net /2005/08/31/history_of_lsd_in_th.html   (411 words)

 Erowid LSD Vault : Timeline   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
LSD research is not continued until 5 yrs later.
Max Rinkel brings LSD to the United States from Sandoz Pharmaceuticals in Switzerland and initiates work with LSD in Boston; Nick Bercel commences LSD study in Los Angeles.
Separately, unwitting subjects in the United States were given LSD in the CIA funded Project MK-Ultra to test the effects of the drug.
www.erowid.org /chemicals/lsd/lsd_timeline.php3   (615 words)

 USS Thomaston LSD-28 History
While en route three days later, the LSD received word of a merchantman in distress.
The LSD's stop at Pearl Harbor was a brief one, though, as she arrived and departed for home on the same day, 15 November.
Arriving at Subic Bay on 16 November, the LSD conducted special operations in the South China Sea, including a dredge lift from Saigon to Danang, South Vietnam, between 21 November and 16 December.
www.ussthomaston.com /history.html   (2170 words)

 Erowid LSD (Acid) Vault   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
LSD is the best known and most researched psychedelic.
LSD and Albert Hofmann Parody of 'Chick Tracts'
The Pineal Gland, LSD and Serotonin - 1976
www.erowid.org /chemicals/lsd/lsd.shtml   (583 words)

 History House: LSD and the CIA
Martin A. Lee and Bruce Shlain report in their Acid Dreams: The CIA, LSD, and the Sixties Rebellion, that by 1953, the CIA had authorized project MK-ULTRA, designed to perfect mind-control drugs during the Cold War.
The director of MK-ULTRA, Dr. Sidney Gottlieb, figured LSD's potential as an interrogative agent paled in comparison to its capacity to publicly humiliate.
Meanwhile, back at the ranch, Major General William Creasy, chief officer of the Army Chemical Corps at the time, felt that psychoactive chemicals such as LSD would be the weapons of the future.
www.historyhouse.com /in_history/lsd   (1265 words)

 LSD - Lawrence Swing Dancers   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
LSD is one of LU's many student campus organizations.
L.S.D. was founded back in fall of 1998 by Dane Tice and Suzanne Butz who came to Lawrence their freshman year and not finding swing dancing on campus, decided to create their own.
Martha Nelson and Eric Seidel joined the scene the next year and we soon became an official recognized organization on campus.
www.lawrence.edu /sorg/luswing/history.html   (690 words)

 ACID: The Secret History of LSD   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
David Black has contributed a long overdue new history of LSD that does not retread Martin Lee and Bruce Shlain's excellent Acid Dreams (1985) and does not fictionalize the topic like other recent books (Wisdom's Maw).
Any reader who thinks this history has been mined for all of its pertinent and fascinating detail, concerning MKULTRA, the Human Ecology Fund, and most especially the criminal and entepreneurial activities of Stark, will be quite surprised by this book.
In 1975 Stark was arrested on drug charges in Italy, and this book's chapter illuminates that period with new information on his P2 Masonic Lodge connections and Stark's prediction of the kidnapping and assassination of Italian PM Aldo Moro.
www.umsl.edu /~skthoma/acid.htm   (395 words)

 LSD Research: For Further Reading | Drug Education Research Topic
This book describes the history and effects of LSD and other hallucinogens.
The authors, both noted journalists, provide a colorful but accurate in-depth look at the events that shaped how LSD is viewed by society.
Robert Masters, Jean Houston, and Robert E.L. Masters, The Varieties of Psychedelic Experience: The Classic Guide to the Effects of LSD on the Human Psyche.
www.bookrags.com /researchtopics/lsd/08.html   (148 words)

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