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Topic: History of Sweden

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  Early Vasa era - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Sweden’s original share of the spoils of the Livonian War was Reval, which, driven to extremities, placed itself beneath the protection of the Swedish crown in March 1561.
From the moment that Sweden got a firm footing in Estonia by the acquisition of Reval she was committed to a policy of combat and aggrandisement.
Sweden was also to enjoy her religion, subject to such changes as the Privy Council might make; but neither pope nor council was to claim or exercise the right of releasing Sigismund from his obligations to his Swedish subjects.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Foundation_of_Modern_Sweden   (2334 words)

Among the institutions established in Sweden during the 12th and 13th centuries were Latin education, new modes and styles of architecture and literature, town life, and a more centralized monarchy with new standards in royal administration—all with significant economic, legal, and social implications.
Sweden served as a haven for refugees from the Nazis, allowed the Danish resistance movement to operate on its soil, and sent volunteers to assist Finland's fight against the Russians.
Sweden supported the UN Security Council Resolution(1441) calling on Iraq to disarm itself of weapons of mass destruction, but it did not openly break with anti-war leaders France and Germany in the pre-war international diplomatic conflict over the use of military force to disarm Iraq.
www.nationsencyclopedia.com /Europe/Sweden-HISTORY.html   (1802 words)

 History of Sweden - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
In the 16th century, Gustav Vasa fought for an independent Sweden, crushing an attempt to restore the Kalmar Union and laying the foundation for modern Sweden.
Sweden's predominantly agricultural economy shifted gradually from village to private farm-based agriculture during the Industrial Revolution, but this change failed to bring economic and social improvements commensurate with the rate of population growth.
Sweden followed a policy of armed neutrality during World War II and currently remains non-aligned.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/History_of_Sweden   (951 words)

 NationMaster - Encyclopedia: Sweden   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
Sweden left the union in the beginning of the 16th century, and more or less constantly battled its neighbours for many years, especially Russia and the still united Denmark-Norway, which never completely accepted Sweden leaving the union.
Sweden was first mentioned in the 1st century, by Roman historian Tacitus, who wrote that the Suiones tribe lived out in the sea and were powerful in both arms and ships.
In the south of Sweden leaf-bearing trees are prolific, in the north pines, spruces and hardy birches dominate the landscape.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Sweden   (2114 words)

 History of SWEDEN   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
Sweden achieves similar unity rather later; not until the dynasty established by Birger Jarl in the 13th century does the Swedish kingdom have the stature to match Denmark or Norway.
In 1323 Sweden is strong enough to incorporate much of Finland, agreeing a boundary in that year with the Russians of Novgorod.
She is to be sovereign lady and ruler of Sweden as of the other kingdoms (the phrase effectively means regent) and the Swedes are to accept her choice of the king to succeed her.
www.historyworld.net /wrldhis/PlainTextHistories.asp?historyid=ac83   (783 words)

 A short history of Sweden
Between 1397 and 1434 the Kingdom of Sweden is in a personal union with and subordinated to Denmark.
Sweden suffers further territorial losses during the Napoleonic wars and is forced to cede Finland to Russia in 1809.
The 19th century is marked by the emergence of a liberal opposition press, the abolition of guild monopolies in trade and manufacturing in favor of free enterprise, the introduction of taxation and voting reforms and the installation of a national military service.
www.electionworld.org /history/sweden.htm   (679 words)

 Kids.Net.Au - Encyclopedia > History of Sweden
In the subsequent peace treaties, the allied powers, joined by Prussia and by England-Hannover, ended Sweden's reign as a great power and introduced a period of limited monarchy under parliamentary rule.
The Congress of Vienna compensated Sweden for its lost German territory through a merger of the Swedish and Norwegian crowns in a dual monarchy, which lasted until 1905, when it was peacefully dissolved at Norway's request.
Industrialization of Sweden - 1914 During and after World War I, in which Sweden remained neutral, the country benefitted from the world-wide demand for Swedish steel, ball-bearings, wood pulp, and matches.
www.kids.net.au /encyclopedia-wiki/hi/History_of_Sweden   (724 words)

 A Brief History of Sweden   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
Sweden continued expanding and had taken over Finland during the 12th and 13th centuries.
For the next 140 years, or so, Sweden battled like crazy, taking over all kinds of places in the Baltic, and by the end was considered a major power in northern Europe.
An interactive presentation of the history of Sweden
www.photo.net /sweden/history   (322 words)

 NationMaster - Encyclopedia: History of Sweden
Sweden between the years 1611 and 1718 is known as the Swedish Empire.
Sweden and Norway 1888 The Union between Sweden and Norway refers to the kingdoms of Sweden and Norway between 1814 and 1905, when they were united under one monarch in a personal union, following the Convention of Moss, on August 14, and the Norwegian constitutional revision of November 4.
The numeral issue included Sweden's first bi-colored stamp; the 1-riksdaler value was printed in bister and blue, and the center design was the Three Crowns of the royal arms.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/History-of-Sweden   (725 words)

 A Brief History of Sweden
In bronze age Sweden horses and chariots were used and carvings of boats suggest that trade was important.
Sweden enjoyed a measure of liberty and two political parties emerged, the night-caps and the hats.
Sweden had maintained a policy of neutrality since 1814 and this policy had served the country well.
www.localhistories.org /sweden.html   (2589 words)

 earthcountries.com - History of Sweden   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
Hitherto Sweden had kept aloof from continental complications; but the arrest and execution of the Duc d'Enghien in 1804 inspired Gustav IV with such a hatred of Napoleon that when a general coalition was formed against the French emperor he was one of the first to join it.
The Union between Sweden and Norway refers to the kingdoms of Sweden and Norway between 1814 and 1905, when they were united under one monarch in a personal union, following the Convention of Moss, on August 14, and the Norwegian constitutional revision of November 4.
Sweden and Norway had previously been united under the same crown on two occasions, from 1319 to 1343, and briefly from 1449 to 1450 in opposition to Christian of Oldenburg who by the Danes was elected king of the Kalmar Union.
www.earthcountries.com /Europe/Sweden/History-of-Sweden-11.html   (1718 words)

 [No title]
Sweden its one of the most extensive social welfare programmers on earth, and endless stretches of untouched nature, Sweden is in many respects the envy of Europe.
Dairy farmers in northern Sweden and cattle farming in the south predominate, even though all cattle have to be housed during the winter.
Sweden conducted extensive trade with the Nazis, primarily in iron ore and ball bearings that were critical parts of Germany's war effort.
www.greatestcities.com /users/cbray5003/413886.html   (6415 words)

 History of Sweden   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
Sweden's predominantly agricultural economy shifted gradually from village to private farm-based agriculture during the Industrial Revolution, but this change failed to bring economic and social improvements proportionate with the rate of population growth.
While some argued that it went against Sweden's historic policy of neutrality (Sweden had not joined the EU during the Cold War because it was incompatible with neutrality), others viewed the move as a natural extension of the economic cooperation that had been going on since 1972 with the EU.
In membership negotiations in 1993-94, Sweden also had reserved the right to make the final decision on whether to join the third stage of the EMU (a common currency and central bank) "in light of continued developments." In a nationwide referendum in November 1994, 52.3% of participants voted for EU membership.
www.historyofnations.net /europe/sweden.html   (933 words)

 Swedish History   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
Sweden left the union with Denmark and Norway, under the leadership of King Gustav Vasa.
Sweden's status as a major power disappears with the defeat of Karl XII by Russia and several other countries.
Sweden experiences mass emigration, the workers' union movement, and the process of democracy.
www.usemb.se /usis/absweden/history.htm   (170 words)

 The Virtual Jewish History Tour - Sweden
Sweden also accepted refugees from the Baltic countries, Lithuania, Estonia and Lithuania, whom were later to be discovered as Nazi collaborators.
Sweden is considered a pioneer in Holocaust education.
In January 2000 Sweden hosted an international gathering to promote awareness of the Holocaust, which was attended by heads of state from numerous countries throughout the world.
www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org /jsource/vjw/Sweden.html   (1265 words)

 History of Sweden   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
Sweden expanded its borders, which included Finland, to contain the Baltic States, Denmark and its provinces of Skåne, Halland, Blekinge and Gotland, Norwegian provinces of Bohuslän, Jämtland and Härjedalen, and several German provinces.
Sweden was not, however, able to sustain its expanded borders, in part due to the fact that Sweden was primarily an agricultural nation and did not have sufficient resources or economic power.
During Napoleons’ war against Russia, Sweden’s territory in Finland and northern Germany was lost, and Norway was gained due to an agreement with the French in 1814 (along with a brief war).
www.earthyfamily.com /S-history.htm   (1222 words)

 Teaching History in Sweden - History Teachers' Discussion Forum
History A builds on the compulsory school course and provides context and background to history from ancient times up to the present, as well as providing the opportunity for focusing in detail on specific areas that relate to the pupils’ own needs and interests.
History B builds on History A and is adapted to the pupils’ orientation.
History B is common to the Cultural and Social science branches of the Social Science Program (which has the effect that only a minority studies this more in-depth course - authors comment).
www.schoolhistory.co.uk /forum/index.php?showtopic=2218   (6745 words)

 CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Sweden   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
Sweden is a constitutional monarchy; the crown is hereditary in accordance with the law of primogeniture.
The primate of Sweden is the Archbishop of Upsala; the king is the summus episcopus.
In the Province of Finland, just as in Sweden, Protestantism was introduced by force; it was not until towards the end of the sixteenth century, however, that there were no longer nuns at Vadstena and Nådendal and that Catholicism came to an end.
www.newadvent.org /cathen/14347a.htm   (10120 words)

 Sweden History
It was a surprise, then, that Sweden fared so well in their first FIFA World Cup campaign in 1934, beating Argentina 3-2 on the way to a 2-1 quarter-final defeat against Germany.
In the end, it took hosting the 1992 European Championships to waken Sweden from their slumber, and in a tournament full of surprises, they reached the semi-finals to alert the world to the fact that, with the likes of Thomas Brolin, Kennet Anderson and Martin Dahlin, there was a fine team in the making.
In footballing terms, Sweden was one of FIFA's founder members in 1904 but it did not really rise to international renown until they took footballing gold at the 1948 Olympics and hosted the 1958 FIFA World Cup finals - a tournament which saw Brazil's Pelé emerge as a superstar.
www.freewebs.com /euromatchtips/sweden_history.htm   (830 words)

 Brief History of New Sweden in America
Sweden's control of portions of modern Poland, Latvia, Estonia, Lithuania and Germany made the Baltic Sea essentially a Swedish lake.
New Sweden rose to its greatest heights during the governorship of Johan Printz (1643-1653).
Swedish immigration was highest between 1867 and 1914 due to poor local economic conditions in Sweden and the availability of cheap land in the American west.
www.colonialswedes.org /History/History.html   (691 words)

 Sweden Heritage and History of Sweden
Sweden's early history, like its day-to-day life, is intimately wrapped up with the natural rhythms of season and climate.
In fact, the Vikings of what is now Sweden had a much more lasting impact on history as traders and as founders of some of the great cities of medieval Russia.
Modern Sweden maintains a worldwide reputation for its progressive social welfare policies, which were the outcome of a steady evolution toward democratic government that began in the early nineteenth century.
www.scantours.com /heritage_and_history_of_sweden.htm   (608 words)

 Sweden History
As disparate kingdoms, the peoples of Sweden participated in Viking raids that took place for hundreds of years.
For a time, the Swedish and Norwegian realms merged and in 1397, Sweden, Denmark, and Norway were united by Queen Margaret.
Sweden participated in various European conflicts in the 17th and 18th centuries and it was not until 1905 that Sweden's modern borders were finally established.
www.nationbynation.com /Sweden/History1.html   (139 words)

 Sweden History - TravelPuppy.com
She made an effort to establish a united Scandinavia (the Union of Kalmar) however this did not last long after her death and, during the 15th century, the nobility were not able to do much as they pleased at the expense of royal authority.
Sweden won the last remaining Baltic territories not under their control, Prussia and Pomerania, however Gustav was killed at the battle of Lützen in 1632.
She abdicated in 1654 and the reigns of her 3 successors (1654 to 1718) were dominated by military campaigns, characterised by a slow retreat (in the face of Austria and Russia) and punctuated by spectacular but hesitant victories, such as Narva (1701).
travelpuppy.com /sweden/history.htm   (1046 words)

 WHKMLA : History of Sweden, 1448-1523
The Swedish Riksrad (council of the realm), for the larger part of the period concerned, accepted the view that Sweden was a part of the Kalmar Union; however it saw no need to hurry the election of a king and rather delayed such an election by the way of negotiation.
Despite the seemingly chaotic twists and turns of Swedish history in the later 15th and early 16th century, the Sture family, in her drive for power resp.
Sweden's economy was dominated by agriculture; the population of Sweden proper (without Finland) is estimated as having been 500,000 c.1400 and 750,000 c.1500.
www.zum.de /whkmla/region/scandinavia/swe14481523.html   (1157 words)

 WHKMLA : History of Sweden, 1611-1654
Sweden also annexed Idre and Särna, hithrto part of Norway's Upland region, now integrated into Sweden's Dalarna region, but it was not mentioned in the Treaty of Brömsebro.
The attempt to establish a shipbuilding industry in Sweden began with an ominous disaster : in 1628, the "Wasa", on her maiden voyage, unevenly loaded, tipped to one side, took in water and sunk.
In 1637 the colony of NEW SWEDEN was established at Delaware, in 1652 another colony at CABO CORSO at the Bay of Guinea (Africa) by the AFRICA COMPANY founded by Dutch immigrant Louis de Geer.
www.zum.de /whkmla/region/scandinavia/swe16111654.html   (1389 words)

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