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Topic: History of Syria

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In the News (Mon 19 Aug 19)

  History of Syria
Syria is significant in the history of Christianity; Paul was converted on the road to Damascus and established the first organized Christian Church at Antioch in ancient Syria, from which he left on many of his missionary journeys.
Syria's political instability during the years after the 1954 coup, the parallelism of Syrian and Egyptian policies, and the appeal of Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser's leadership in the wake of the 1956 Suez crisis created support in Syria for union with Egypt.
Syria participated in the multilateral Middle East Peace Conference in Madrid in October 1991, and during the 1990s engaged in direct, face-to-face negotiations with Israel.
infotut.com /geography/Syria   (1538 words)

 KacMac Syria Guide: History
The name Syria was applied to the country stretching from the Taurusus Mountains (south of Turkey) to the Sinai desert (north-east of Egypt), and from the Mediterranean to Mesopotamia.
Syria was considered one of the most important Roman provinces, and is known to have supplied Rome with Syrian emperors.
Syria was divided into six provinces during the rule of the Turkish Mamluks, who shouldered the responsibility of defending Syria against both Mongul and Crusader invasions, and displayed unusual ability and courage.
www.kacmac.com /syria/history   (1367 words)

 Syria Gate - About Syria - History Of Syria   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-17)
Syria, was neglected greatly under the Abbasid Dynasty, this is reflected by the lack of Abbasid architecture in Syria, which is only evident in Raqqa.
In 1918 a parliamentary government was established in Damascus and in 1920 the Emir Feisal, was declared King of Syria.
Syria was then divided by the French into the separate provinces or states of Aleppo, Damascus, Latakia, and the Hauran.
www.syriagate.com /Syria/about/general/history.htm   (1940 words)

 A short history of Syria
Syria is conquered by the Caliphate in 633.
In 1516 Syria is annexed by the Ottoman Empire.
Syria is renamed State of Syria in 1939 and Bahij ad-Din al-Khatib becomes head of state as the chairman of the Council of Commissioners.
www.electionworld.org /history/syria.htm   (789 words)

 A brief history of Syria
Syria fell to the Ottoman Turks in 1516 and remained a part of their Ottoman Empire for four centuries.
Syria thought this was a wrong war, at a wrong time and against the wrong enemy.
Syria participated in the US-led international coalition that was formed to defend Saudi Arabia and liberate Kuwait.
www.damascus-online.com /history/brief.htm   (1717 words)

 Syria - History
Even though it was exploited politically, Greater Syria benefited immeasurably from the cultural diversity of the peoples who came to claim parts or all of it and who remained to contribute and participate in the remarkable spiritual and intellectual flowering that characterized Greater Syria's cultures in the ancient and medieval periods.
The history of Greater Syria in the early medieval period is essentially the history of political Islam at one of its most glorious moments--the period of the Umayyad caliphate when the Islamic empire, with its capital at Damascus, stretched from the Oxus River to southern France.
Aramaic displaced Hebrew in Greater Syria as the vernacular (Jesus spoke Aramaic), and it became the language of commerce throughout the Middle East and the official language of the Persian Empire.
www.globalsecurity.org /military/world/syria/history.htm   (8686 words)

 History of Syria
Syria is often described as "the largest small country in the world" inspite of the fact that it covers only 185, 180.
The immense strategic importance of Syria is due to its unique position as the meeting point of the three continents, and as the crossroad among the Mediterranean, the Indian ocean, the Caspion sea, the fl sea and the Nile.
It was Syria that defended the Arab nation against the crusaders, and it is still preserving the Arab unity against all forms of colonialism and occupation by always being present in the Arab and international circles, thus deserving its historical position as "the largest small country in the world".
www.megatours.net /history.htm   (1015 words)

 Syria Live - History   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-17)
Western Syria and Palestine were regrouped at the heart of the Roman province of Syria.
Syria, lying at the crossroad of the great caravan routes and the pilgrim routes to Mecca, naturally became the center of the new Arabic empire.
Syria and Palestine suffered a long period of decline, marked by the appearance and disappearance of several local dynasties.
www.syrialive.net /Tourism/history/history.htm   (2766 words)

 Syria - Art History Online Reference and Guide   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-17)
Syria consists mostly of arid plateau, although there is a small strip with plain along the coast line with the Mediterranean.
Syria is a middle-income, developing country with a diversified economy based on agriculture, industry, and energy.
Of Syria's 72,000 square miles (186,000 km²), roughly one-third is arable, with 80% of cultivated areas dependent on rainfall for water.
www.arthistoryclub.com /art_history/Syria   (4369 words)

 History of the European Union - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This is the history of the European Union.
Attempts to unify the disparate nations of Europe precede the modern nation-states and have occurred repeatedly throughout the history of Continental Europe since the collapse of the Mediterranean-centred Roman Empire.
Once Arabs had conquered ancient centres of Christianity in Syria and Egypt during the 8th century, the concept of "Christendom" became essentially a concept of a unified Europe, but always more of an ideal than an actuality.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/History_of_the_European_Union   (3986 words)

 Brief History of Syria   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-17)
In 1948, Syria was one of the Arab nations to participate in the Palestine War against the newly declared Jewish state of Israel.
Syria soon found itself fighting the US and Israel together, and when a cease fire was declared on the Egyptian front, Syria accepted a UN brokered cease-fire.
Syria made it clear that no single inch of the Syrian soil will be given away.
reformsyria.org /Media/brief_history.htm   (1274 words)

 BikeAbout: A Brief History of Syria
Syria nevertheless remained an important part of the empire since it lay directly on the road to the western part of the Islamic Empire, and guarded the border with the Byzantine State, their main competitor.
Syria then wallowed under a series of militant governments; control shifted from military group to military group in coup after coup after coup (1960, 1961, 1963, and 1966).
Syria continues to be an occupying force (with around 30,000 troops stationed in Lebanon) even though most of the fighting in Lebanon ended in 1991.
www.bikeabout.org /resource/syr-hist.htm   (1794 words)

 Misc Study: The History of Syria
The union of Syria and Egypt in the United Arab Republic (UAR) was announced on February 1, 1958, and later ratified by a plebiscite in each country.
In Syria a major pro-Nasserite military coup attempt in early July was put down with severity by Hafiz, the minister of interior and military governor.
As of 1987, Syria has not granted the Soviets permanent port facilities, and, although the Soviets had pledged to defend Syria if it were attacked by Israel, it refused to support a Syrian blitz on the Golan.
philologos.org /bpr/files/Misc_Studies/ms018.htm   (15003 words)

 HISTORY OF SYRIA   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-17)
The Sykes-Picot agreement divided Syria into four states: Syria and Lebanon to be under a french mandate; Palestine and TransJordan under a British mandate.
Syria itself was in turn divided administratively into separate provinces.
Syria won independence on April 17, 1946, and was the first Arab country to become free of foreign control, She was a founding member of the league of Arab States, and the United Nations Organization.
www.syrianshopping.com /vs/bis/history2.html   (568 words)

 Syria Live - History   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-17)
Syria was part of the Ottoman Empire and used the Ottoman flag.
In 1918 the British forces established an Arab military administration in Damascus and inner Syria under Faysal (son of Hussein ibn Ali, Grand Sharif of Mecca and King of Hejaz), using the Aarb Revolution flag.
Syria left the union with Egypt (UAR) on 28th September 1961 and reverted to the 1946-58 flag.
www.syrialive.net /Tourism/history/history_flg.htm   (826 words)

 History of SYRIA AND PALESTINE   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-17)
One of the most dramatic and sudden movements of any people in history is the expansion, by conquest, of the Arabs in the 7th century (only the Mongol example in the 13th century can match it).
Two years later the entire peninsula has been brought to the faith, and the Arab nomads are Muslim in the desert to the east of Palestine and Syria.
Syria begin a century at the centre of affairs, a position reflected in the superb Umayyad mosque in Damascus.
www.historyworld.net /wrldhis/PlainTextHistories.asp?groupid=1566&HistoryID=ab29   (790 words)

 History of SYRIA AND PALESTINE   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-17)
In the late 6th century Darius makes Syria and Palestine, together with Cyprus, the fifth satrapy of his empire.
During the Seleucid period Syria and Palestine are under joint control in the 2nd century.
The three main cities are the very ancient Damascus and the more recent Antioch in Syria, and Jerusalem in Palestine.
www.historyworld.net /wrldhis/PlainTextHistories.asp?historyid=ab29   (1718 words)

 History (from Syria) --  Encyclopædia Britannica
The earliest prehistoric remains of human habitation found in Syria and Palestine (stone implements, with bones of elephant and horse) are of the Middle Paleolithic Period.
Carchemish (on the modern border between Turkey and Syria) and Milid (Arslantepe, near modern Malatya) were the most important Luwian strongholds of this intermediary age, and both were characterized by the same interaction of Luwian and Hurrian influences that had...
Syria is bordered on the north by Turkey, on the east and southeast by Iraq, on the south and southwest by Jordan, on the southwest by Israel, and on the west by Lebanon and the...
www.britannica.com /eb/article-214617?tocId=214617   (834 words)

 AL HURRIYE Travel & Tourism / Aleppo, Syria - The History of Syria
There is no doubt that the greatest feature of Syria is its very rich history, dating back to the very beginning of civilization.
The piece of land which is now Syria has been fought over and colonized for the last several millennia by many cultures and Empires, including the Persians, Greeks (led by Alexander the Great), Romans, Arabs, Crusaders and Ottomans.
Syria has also been the melting pot for the monotheistic religions, Judaism, Christianity, and Islam.
www.syrialink.com /alhurriye/history.htm   (264 words)

 Syria: History   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-17)
Syria falls under the rule of Nebuchadnezzar of Babylonia.
1948: Syria participates in the joint Arab warfare against the establishment of the state of Israel, and shared the defeat.
1967 June: Syria participates in the Six-Day War against Israel, and comes out defeated with the loss of territory: Golan Heights in the southwestern corner of the country, near the border to Israel.
i-cias.com /e.o/syria_5.htm   (1401 words)

 The Country & People of Syria
Most of Syria is occupied by the Syrian Desert, which is crossed by the Euphrates R. In the west are the Anti-Lebanon Mts., including Mt. Hermon (9,232 ft/2,814 m), Syria's highest point; in the southwest the fertile plain of Hawran extends from the Jabal al-Duruz Mts.
Syria was Hellenized by the Seleucids and had fallen to Rome by 63 BC After a period of Byzantine rule (5th—7th cent.
Syria strongly opposed the 2003 U.S. invasion of Iraq and was accused by U.S. government officials of supplying aid to Iraq and helping Iraqi officials to escape from U.S. forces.
www.hejleh.com /countries/syria.html   (2493 words)

 History (from Syria) --  Encyclopædia Britannica
Studies of Syria's ancient history are found in The Cambridge Ancient History (1923–), especially vol.
History is a science—a branch of knowledge that uses specific methods and tools to achieve its goals.
Here is a brief history of Alcatraz where the most dangerous criminals in the country where housed.
www.britannica.com /eb/article-214619   (1034 words)

 Naharnet Newsdesk - Armitage Writes Off Aoun as "Past History," Says Syria's Departure is Close
"As for Syria's presence in Lebanon, it is receding in the south and the Bekaa and other areas Syrian troops have evacuated," Armitage went on.
He charged that Syria was "irresponsive" to U.S. demands to discontinue support of Hamas, Islamic Jihad and Hizbullah and to tighten controls on its border with Iraq.
He said "America's judgment of Syria and its policy is being upheld in suspension," indicating that political pressures would be upgraded to coerce the Assad regime into falling in line with the U.S. concept of the war on terrorism.
www.naharnet.com /domino/tn/Newsdesk.nsf/Story/B0723B008A70C97042256DA90033EB6D?OpenDocument&PRINT   (325 words)

In Syria today there are only 25,000 Maronites who have three Dioceses and live in Aleppo, Tartus, Latakia and Damascus.
Rural Christians are constantly moving to the cities, because of Muslim pressure and of lack of structures.
Of all the religious communities the Jews, claiming 2,500 years of history in Syria, are the oldest.
www.ewtn.com /library/CHISTORY/SYRIAHIS.HTM   (1229 words)

 Books for Understanding: Syria
Syria and Lebanon: Syrian Occupation and Influence in Lebanon
Syria’s Peasantry, the Descendants of Its Lesser Rural Notables, and Their Politics
Syria and the Palestinians: The Clash of Nationalisms
aaupnet.org /news/bfu/syria/list.html   (348 words)

 UMass Amherst: Events > Five College History Seminar: "A Chapter from a History of Syria for Non-Specialists"
Five College History Seminar: "A Chapter from a History of Syria for Non-Specialists"
The Five-College History Seminar meets once a month during the semester to discuss the work-in-progress of Valley historians.
Mary Wilso, UMass Amherst, "A Chapter from a History of Syria for Non-Specialists."
www.umass.edu /umhome/events/articles/12817.php   (138 words)

 Syria - Al Jumhuriyah al Arabiyah as Suriyah
In recent years, Syria and Israel have held occasional peace talks over the return of the Golan Heights.
Syria is a member state of the League of Arab States
Syria On The Internet, a Syria related index.
www.nationsonline.org /oneworld/syria.htm   (535 words)

 Byzantium: History   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-17)
The arts and culture of this "New Rome" continued the pan-Mediterranean traditions of the late antique Greco-Roman world, setting the standard of cultural excellence for the Latin West and the Islamic East.
The results of the cultural development of the Byzantine Empire during these centuries has had a lasting impact on such modern nations as Albania, Armenia, Belorus', Bulgaria, Cyprus, Egypt, Georgia, Greece, Rumania, the Russian Federation, Serbia, Syria, Ukraine, and Turkey.
For the Greeks say that two-thirds of the wealth of this world is in Constantinople and the other third scattered throughout the world."
www.metmuseum.org /explore/Byzantium/byz_1.html   (149 words)

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