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Topic: History of Taiwan

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  EH.Net Encyclopedia: The Economic History of Taiwan
Taiwan's exports changed little, but the Tainan harbor lost importance as a center of international trade, as much of this trade now passed through Xiamen (Amoy), a port across the strait in Fujian that was also under the control of Koxinga and his heirs.
Taiwan remained part of the Chinese empire until it ceded the island to Japan in 1895.
Taiwan's postwar industrialization is usually attributed to (1) the decline in land per capita, (2) the change in export markets and (3) government policy.
www.eh.net /encyclopedia/article/olds.taiwan.economic.history   (2523 words)

 History of Taiwan
Taiwan's aboriginal peoples, who originated in Austronesia and southern China, have lived on Taiwan for 12,000 to 15,000 years.
Significant migration to Taiwan from the Chinese mainland began as early as A.D. Dutch traders first claimed the island in 1624 as a base for Dutch commerce with Japan and the China coast.
In 1664, a Chinese fleet led by the Ming loyalist Cheng Ch'eng-kung (Zheng Chenggong, known in the West as Koxinga) retreated from the mainland and occupied Taiwan.
infotut.com /geography/Taiwan   (1347 words)

 FAPA - Library
In 1662, after having fled to Taiwan earlier from the establishment of the Manchurian dynasty in 1644, Cheng Cheng-kung (Koxinga) expelled the Dutch from Taiwan and vowing to recapture the mainland.
By 1949, the KMT was forced to flee completely from China and transferred its headquarters to Taiwan where it vowed to "recover the mainland." Mao established the People's Republic of China (PRC) in the same year, and both sides started claiming to be the legitimate rulers of China and Taiwan.
As one legislator stated: "For 40 years the KMT ruled Taiwan as if they were travelers, just passing through." The mentality of seeking to recapture the mainland led to the exploitation of Taiwan's resources and people without any return investment in the domestic infrastructure of Taiwan.
www.fapa.org /generalinfo/Taiwan's_history.htm   (1473 words)

 Chinese Business Site - Taiwan's History   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
Generally speaking, however, Taiwan's education system was greatly improved by the Japanese, with marked increases in the island's literacy rate and technological skills.
Taiwan's industrial base was expanded and limited industrialisation was allowed so that military related hardware could be supplied to the Japanese war machine - especially textiles, chemicals and machine tools.
The DPP governs in Taiwan, the Pescadores (P'eng-hu Islands), the Offshore Islands (the Quemoy and Matsu groups), and a handful of islands in the South China Sea, and the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) governs the entire Chinese mainland.
www.china-biz.org /Taiwan_Pages/Taiwan_History_4.htm   (1064 words)

 History of Taiwan
Recent plans announced by the ROC government to develop Taiwan into an Asia-Pacific Regional Operations Center are, in a way, returning to a recognition of the fundamental advantages of Taiwan's pivotal geographical position for regional trade first apparent as long ago as the period of Dutch rule.
Arriving in Taiwan in early 1876, Ting oversaw the construction of railroad and telegraph lines, and during his term in office, some 47 kilometers of telegraph cable were installed in southern Taiwan.
When Taiwan was ceded to Japan in 1895 under the terms of the Treaty of Shimonoseki, Manchu officials stationed in Taiwan, such as Tang Ching-sung and Liu Yung-fu, and local notables, such as Chiu Feng-chia, declared independence on May 25, 1895, and formed the Democratic Taiwan Nation to resist the Japanese take-over.
www.taiwan.com.au /Polieco/History/report04.html   (5206 words)

 History of Taiwan - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Korea, to the west, was invaded and an attempt to invade Taiwan and subsequent invasion attempts were to be unsuccessful due mainly to disease and attacks by aborigines on the island.
The Bank of Taiwan was established in 1899 to encourage Japanese private sectors, including Mitsubishi and the Mitsui Group, to invest in Taiwan.
The KMT ruled Taiwan under martial law until the late 1980s, with the stated goal of being vigilant against Communist infiltration and preparing to retake the mainland.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/History_of_Taiwan   (5095 words)

 A Brief History of Taiwan
Taiwan's economic history can be broken down into two basic time periods: 1945 to 1970 and 1970 to now.
During the first period, Taiwan relied on foreign investment to fuel its growth and during the second, Taiwan became increasingly industrialized and capable of fueling its growth internally.
Since 1988 Taiwan has transformed from a capital-importing nation to a capital-exporting one.Since the computer boom of the early 1980s, Taiwan has become the worlds leading producers of laptop computers and a number of peripherals and components.
www.gwu.edu /~ylowrey/history_taiwan_economy.htm   (611 words)

 History of Taiwan
Today's Taiwan's aboriginal peoples, are classified as belonging to the Austronesian ethno-linguistic group of people, a linguistic group that stretches as far west as Madagascar, to Easter Island in the east and to New Zealand in the south with Taiwan as the northern most point.
In 1661, a naval fleet led by the Ming loyalist Zheng Chenggong (Cheng Ch'eng-kung in Wade-Giles, known in the West as Koxinga), arrived in Taiwan to oust the Dutch from Zeelandia.
Lee ran as the incumbent in Taiwan's first direct presidential election against DPP candidate and former dissident, Peng Min-ming, which prompted the PRC to conduct a series of missile tests in the Taiwan Strait to intimidate the Taiwanese electorate.
www.fastload.org /hi/History_of_Taiwan.html   (2896 words)

 The Story of Taiwan - Economy
When the ROC government recovered Taiwan from the Japanese in 1945, the island was in a state of devastation, as destruction from the war could be seen everywhere.
During the period between Taiwan's retrocession and the central government's relocation to Taiwan in 1949, the population of the island increased greatly.
Taiwan's ability to maintain an almost continuous trade surplus in recent years is a result of the government's policy of encouraging exports and limiting imports.
www.taiwan.com.au /Polieco/History/ROC/report04.html   (10019 words)

Bands of Japanese are said to have conquered portions of the island in the 12th century, and from the 15th century onward Japan regarded the eastern half of Taiwan as its possession.
In 1991 Taiwan formulated a plan to restructure the government, and a long-term, three-phase plan for reunification with mainland China was introduced.
In April 1993 representatives from Taiwan and China met in Singapore to discuss the relationship between China and Taiwan and establish a schedule for subsequent meetings between the two governments.
www.webear.com /taiwanengl.html   (1106 words)

 History of Taiwan
From the 1930s onward a civil war was underway on the mainland between Chiang Kai-shek's KMT government and the Chinese Communist Party led by Mao Zedong.
Taiwan has developed steadily into a major international trading power with nearly $243 billion in two-way trade (2002).
Taiwan's accession to the World Trade Organization in 2002 has expanded its trade opportunities and further strengthened its standing in the global economy.
www.historyofnations.net /asia/taiwan.html   (954 words)

 Brief history of Taiwan
Taiwan acquires the status of a province of its own.
Taiwan is conquered by the Japanese between May and October.
Allied Cairo Declaration: after the end of the war, Taiwan and the Penghu-Islands (Pescadores) shall be restored to the "Republic of China".
www.taiwan-info.de /html/english/TWPAPERe.htm   (1249 words)

 Online NewsHour: China-Taiwan History
Taiwan dropped its martial law in 1987, only a year before the death of Chiang Ching-kuo.
Many in Taiwan said the mainland was trying to influence voting in the election by the show of force.
A profile of Mayor Chen Shui-bian during the tensions in the Taiwan Straits.
www.pbs.org /newshour/bb/asia/china/china-taiwan.html   (961 words)

 Taiwan's 400 years of history
Originally Taiwan was settled by people of Malay-Polynesian descent, who settled in the low-lying coastal plains.
Taiwan's modern history goes back about 400 years, to the day when the first Western ship passed by the island, and Jan Huygen van Linschoten, a Dutch navigator on a Portugese ship, exclaimed "Ilha Formosa" (Beautiful Island).
Read 400 years of Taiwan history, an general overview of important milestones of the history of Taiwan from the early 1600s to the present,
www.taiwandc.org /history.htm   (368 words)

 Amazon.com: Taiwan: A Political History: Books: Denny Roy   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
Roy touches on nearly every major political event in Taiwan's history, from the earliest impact of the first Chinese and Europeans to claim its territory, to Japanese colonialism, to land reform, to the island's role in the Cold War, to the rise and consolidation of its democracy.
Taiwan's print media are addicted to scandal-mongering, but in the hands of someone who knows how to use them, they are still the best source of information on Taiwan's political scene -- far better than any of the English-language newspapers.
It is only in the last five years or so that Taiwan scholars have been able to receive stipends and recognition for study of Taiwan history; before the early 1990s their work was more likely to be suppressed.
www.amazon.com /Taiwan-Political-History-Denny-Roy/dp/0801488052   (2073 words)

 History of Taiwan
Lee also studied at National Taiwan University where he later taught until 1952 when, thanks to a scholarship, he moved to Iowa State University in the USA.
From 1978 to 1981, he served as Major of the capital Taipei and afterwards, until 1984, as Governor of the Taiwan Province.
Lee also made the mayors of the major cities as well as the governor of the Taiwan Province directly elected by the people, rather than appointing them from the central government.
www.cosmopolis.ch /english/cosmo5/htaiwan.htm   (850 words)

 Political History: Taiwan Cross-Strait Directory
During 1885-1895, Taiwan was a separate province of China.
And the Communist Party of Taiwan, formed in 1928, called for overthrowing Japanese colonialism and for an independent Taiwan.
Although local elections were allowed in Taiwan as early as the 1950s, the Kuomintang ruled Taiwan severely, repressing political dissidents for more than three decades.
apdl.kcc.hawaii.edu /~taiwan/history.htm   (1439 words)

 Institute of Taiwan History, Preparatory Office
The establishment of the Institute of Taiwan History's Preparatory Office in June 1993 marked the culmination of a long formatory process.
Due to an ever-increasing interest in the study of Taiwan history, and concern about the future of such research on the part of the Taiwanese people, the Legislative Yuan urged Academia Sinica to establish an Institute of Taiwan History as soon as possible.
Current research includes: the history of Taiwan's plains aborigines (P'ing-p'u tsu), the settlement of Taiwan (with emphasis on land relations), Taiwan's commercial traditions, and Taiwan family histories.
www.sinica.edu.tw /as/intro/ith.html   (2010 words)

 Taiwan Travel Information | Lonely Planet Destination Guide
History meets hyper-reality on this pulsing, picturesque island.
Taiwan is a modern industrialised megalopolis clinging to the fringes of an ancient culture; a string of teeming cities at the feet of a glorious mountain range.
It has traditional noodles from a 7-Eleven, aboriginal tribes in mini-skirts and a day of temple rituals followed by waterslide rides.
www.lonelyplanet.com /worldguide/destinations/asia/taiwan   (138 words)

 A Brief History of Taiwan   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
The Manchu Occupation of Formosa and the Ching Court's Plans for Integrating It into the Empire-The Sinicization of Taiwan (1683-1895)
The Republic of China's Transformation of Taiwan (1945-present): "A Sparrow Transforms Itself into a Phoenix"
Unprecedented Establishment of a Democracy in the Chinese World: The Kaohsiung Incident and Taiwan's "Political Miracle"
www.gio.gov.tw /taiwan-website/5-gp/history   (127 words)

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