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Topic: History of Western philosophy

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  History of Western philosophy - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Philosophy is generally said to begin in the Greek cities of western Asia Minor (Ionia) with Thales of Miletus, who was active around 585 B.C. and left us the opaque dictum, "All is water." His most noted students were Anaximander and Anaximenes of Miletus ("All is air").
Medieval philosophy was greatly concerned with the nature of God, and the application of Aristotle's logic and thought to every area of life.
Thus Diderot, Voltaire, Rousseau and culminating with Kant and the political philosophy of the American Revolution are part of The Enlightenment.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/History_of_Western_philosophy   (3295 words)

 History of Western Philosophy (Russell) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
A History of Western Philosophy And Its Connection with Political and Social Circumstances from the Earliest Times to the Present Day (1945) by the philosopher Bertrand Russell is a guide to Western philosophy from the pre-Socratic philosophers to the early 20th century.
The book was written during the Second World War, having its origins in a series of lectures for a wide audience on the history of philosophy that Russell gave at the Barnes Foundation in Philadelphia during 1941 and 1942.
When Russell was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1950, the History of Western Philosophy was cited as one of the books that had caused the prize to be awarded to him, and was quoted twice in the presentation speech.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/History_of_Western_Philosophy_(Russell)   (1423 words)

 Russell's History of Western Philosophy   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-12)
If it were simply another history of philosophy, then the history of the times would not be entirely relevant; philosophical ideas are supposed to be able to stand on their own, apart from history.
Usually this is directed against his actual philosophy books as opposed to his history books such as this, but this was one of his most popular books, and so it does frequently get targeted.
Few of us have read enough western literature to say what the major forces at work have been, but over-specialization produces writers who know nothing but the thousand and one ways to interpret a single passage in a book except for the simplest and most obvious one, which is dismissed as plainly wrong.
www.cc.gatech.edu /~yaner/personal/russell-history.html   (1455 words)

 Amazon.co.uk: History of Western Philosophy (Routledge Classics S.): Books   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-12)
History of Western Philosophy remains unchallenged as the perferct introduction to its subject.
Due to the nature and great expanse of philosophy, it is no doubt impossible to fit every detail into this book as Russell explains, and that is why some of the chapters are explained or mentioned to how Russell sees them worthy and their effect or change on western thought.
After the lucid introduction, which poses the ubiquitous question, whether philosophy is the supreme manifestation of wisdom, or merely the "ultimate refinement of folly", Russell enters into a superb excavation and analysis of thinkers from Thales to the formal logicians of his own day.
www.amazon.co.uk /exec/obidos/ASIN/0415325056   (1392 words)

 NS: The Pythagorean Revolution.    SOURCE: History of Western Philosophy Summary Outline, Greek ...
History of Western Philosophy (originally subtitled And Its Connection with Political and Social Circumstances from the Earliest Times to the Present Day) (1945) is a guide to
Western philosophy from the pre-Socratic philosophers to the early
History of Western Philosophy is divided into three books, subdivided into sections and chapters - usually, each chapter deals with a single philosopher, school of philosophy, or period of time (the second book, in particular, is more of an historical overview than a survey of philosophical development).
www.hi.is /~joner/eaps/russpy1.htm   (1135 words)

 Phil 104 Notes   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-12)
It is appropriate, then, to begin Philosophy 104, "The Contemporary Era," where we left off, with Freud, in particular, with Freud's dramatic statement regarding the discontents of living a civilized life.
Western Civilization, the pride of Enlightenment, seemed to be tearing itself apart.
While Pragmatism was conceived as a scientific and experimental approach to philosophy, it was devoted to consideration of traditional human and social issues rather than to methodological detail.
www4.hmc.edu:8001 /humanities/beckman/PhilNotes/nts104.htm   (873 words)

 HISTORY OF WESTERN PHILOSOPHY   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-12)
Philosophy in History: Essays in the Historiography of Philosophy.
Matson, Wallace I. A New History of Philosophy.
"Philosophy and its History." Philosophy in History: Essays in the Historiography of Philosophy.
humanities.uwichill.edu.bb /RLWClarke/PhilWeb/History/History.htm   (1307 words)

 African philosophy : Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy Online
The result is that while those methods of philosophy that have developed in the West through thoughtful analysis of texts are not found everywhere, we are likely to find in every human culture opinions about some of the major questions of Western philosophy.
The relationship between these Egyptian traditions and the beginnings of Western philosophy have been in some dispute and there is much recent scholarship on the influence of Egyptian on classical Greek thought (see Egyptian philosophy: influence on ancient Greek thought).
Later African philosophy looks more familiar to those who have studied the conventional history of Western philosophy: the literate traditions of Ethiopia, for example, which can be seen in the context of a long (if modest) tradition of philosophical writing in the horn of Africa.
www.rep.routledge.com /article/Z018   (1328 words)

 A History of Western Philosophy 2.1
For the Christian it is philosophy which must first be justified, not the faith, and if this period opens with men called Apologists, men who defend the faith it is the addressee of the apologia, not its writer, who is thought to be in need of what is said.
It is this use of philosophy to explicate and defend the faith which constitutes theology according to a definition which will emerge; thus, the question arises whether philosophy is considered an autonomous pursuit by the Christian.
Consequently, a man's original philosophy, as well as what he borrows, is to be found scattered through his theological writings, and it becomes difficult to determine what organizational principles we can use to construct a system of these fragments should they be extracted from their theological context.
www.nd.edu /Departments/Maritain/etext/hwp201.htm   (2872 words)

 Amazon.com: A History of Western Philosophy : The Twentieth Century of Quine and Derrida, Volume V: Books: W.T. ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-12)
A History of Western Philosophy : Kant and the Nineteenth Century (Revised), Volume IV (History of Western Philosophy) by W.
A History of Western Philosophy : Hobbes to Hume, Volume III (History of Western Philosophy) by W.
This series is a very strong, thorough introduction to the course of Western Philosophy, beginning at the dawn of the philosophical enterprise with the pre-Socratics in ancient Greece to the modern thinkers such as Wittgenstein and Sartre.
www.amazon.com /exec/obidos/tg/detail/-/0155003798?v=glance   (1537 words)

 Borders - Feature - The Dream of Reason: A History of Western Philosophy from the Greeks to the Renaissance   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-12)
Newton's subject was 'natural philosophy', a term that was still widely used in the first half of the nineteenth century to cover most of what we now regard as science and some of what we now think of as philosophy.
The fact is that the history of philosophy is more the history of a sharply inquisitive cast of mind than the history of a sharply defined discipline.
The earliest Greek historians of philosophy understood this better than we do today, for their books were peppered with ludicrous anecdotes, some of which may actually have been true and most of which are very much to the point even if they were made up.
www.bordersstores.com /features/feature.jsp?file=dreamofreason   (1026 words)

 Open Directory - Society: Philosophy: History of Philosophy   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-12)
History of Philosophy - A survey of the history of Western philosophy, by Garth Kemerling at philosophypages.com.
History of Philosophy - A very large, diverse collection of essays addressing many philosophical, historical, scientific, religious, economic, legal, and political issues.
History of Philosophy Quarterly - Scholarly journal which strives to treat the work of past philosophers not only in terms of historical inquiry, but also as a means of dealing with issues of ongoing philosophical concern.
dmoz.org /Society/Philosophy/History_of_Philosophy   (178 words)

 The Columbia History of Western Philosophy; ; Edited by Richard H. Popkin
The Columbia History significantly broadens the scope of Western philosophy to reveal the influence of Middle Eastern and Asian thought, the vital contributions of Jewish and Islamic philosophers, and the role of women within the tradition.
Along with a wealth of new scholarship, recently discovered works in 17th- and 18th-century philosophy are considered, such as previously unpublished works by Locke that inspire a new assessment of the evolution of his ideas.
He was the founding director of the International Archives of the History of Ideas, and president emeritus and founding editor of the Journal of the History of Philosophy.
www.columbia.edu /cu/cup/catalog/data/023110/0231101287.HTM   (459 words)

 History of Western Philosophy Summary Outline, Age of Enlightenment
In his study of human progress, Essay on General History and on the Customs and the Character of Nations (1756), Voltaire decried supernaturalism and denounced religion and the power of the clergy, although he made evident his own belief in the existence of God.
The keystone of Kant's philosophy is contained in his Critique of Pure Reason (1781) in which he examined the bases of human knowledge and created an individual epistemology.
The argument by which Kant sought to fix the limits of human knowledge within the framework of experience constitutes the critical feature of his philosophy; his point was to demonstrate the inability of the human mind to penetrate beyond experience, strictly by knowledge, to the realm of ultimate reality.
www.loyno.edu /~gerlich/315AgeofEnlightenment.html   (2721 words)

 Of Current Interest: A History of Western Philosophy
The philosophies that have been inspired by scientific technique are power philosophies, and tend to regard everything non-human as mere raw material.
The Western Empire broke up into many barbarian kingdoms; the kings lost authority over their vassals; there was universal anarchy, with perpetual violence both on a large and on a small scale.
As for power: Western Europe was dominant from the Punic Wars to the fall of Rome-- say, roughly, during the six centuries from 200 B.C. to A.D. After that time, no State in Western Europe could compare in power with China, Japan, or the Caliphate.
homepages.peakpeak.com /~jking/current/current_5.html   (2967 words)

 Barnes & Noble.com - History of Western Philosophy - Bertrand Russell - Paperback
In seventy-six chapters he traces philosophy from the rise of Greek civilization to the emergence of logical analysis in the twentieth century.
Russell does very well in not short changing the reader with the technical specifics of the philosophies/questions that are considered by the philosophers, and does not dumb down the scope of the work into simply a timeline.
It's clear that his main concern is to trace the development of the philosophical process in the western mind,yet in doing so, he necessarily spends quality time in detailing the social and historical events that shape the trends up to the present (I would imagine).
search.barnesandnoble.com /booksearch/isbninquiry.asp?EAN=9780671201586&x=3417301   (429 words)

 History of Western Philosophy from the Pre-Socratic Period to the End of the Middle Ages   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-12)
History of Western Philosophy from the Pre-Socratic Period to the End of the Middle Ages
This course introduces you to the major philosophical concerns and concepts in Western thought, beginning with early texts in which philosophy first becomes distinguishable from myth, and concluding with the philosophical debates of medieval Christianity.
During that time, his focus shifted from philosophy in general to philosophy of religion, and he helped establish the option in religious studies and the minor in religious studies in his Cal State philosophy department.
www.unex.berkeley.edu /cat/course45.html   (174 words)

 Extracts from "History of Western Philosophy" by Bertrand Russell, First Published 1945 - Lachlan Cranswick's Personal ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-12)
At the beginning of Greek philosophy, many of the philosophers were refugees from the Persians; at the end of it, in the time of Justinian, they became refugees to the Persians.
Hegel's interpretation of history since the fall of the Roman Empire is partly the effect, and partly the cause, of the teaching of world history in German schools.
Willam James (1842-1910) was primarily a psychologist, but was important philosophy on two accounts: he invented the doctrine which he called "radical empiricism," and he was one of the three protagonists of the theory called "pragmatism" or "instrumentalism." In later life he, was, as he deserved to be, the recognized leader of American philosophy.
lachlan.bluehaze.com.au /books/russell_history_western_philosophy.html   (13657 words)

 History of Western Philosophy II - HIS/PHI 302 - SP05   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-12)
This course is the second segment of a two-semester sequence serving as an advanced introduction to the rich history of persons, texts and ideas in the Western philosophic tradition.
While our principal text comprises a collection of extracts from selected philosophers, with brief introductions to their lives and times, it should be emphasized that the study of texts and ideas in context requires a sensitivity to the broader intellectual milieu these philosopher are engaging.
Hence, a primary focus of our studies will be constructing an intellectual history for these figures and tracing any significant history of ideas, rather than simply assuming any writer’s work can be understood from its face, analyzing ideas and terms as we would assume their force and content today.
www.calbaptist.edu /dskubik/his_302_spr_05.htm   (1106 words)

Philosophy is the structured method by which one uses reason and linear logic to arrive at an understanding of the nature of things.
Philosophia means "lover of wisdom", and originally Philosophy was the Jnanan Yoga or Knowledge Path to Enlightenment of the West.
Yet when we look at the history of Western Philosophy we see it represents a long march from wisdom tradition to secular intellectualism.
www.kheper.net /topics/philosophy/philosophy.htm   (372 words)

 Western Philosophy   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-12)
The main branches of Philosophy are Logic, Epistemology, Ontology and Ethics.
In philosophy, the Renaissance refers to the period of the break-up of feudalism (15th to early 17th century), when trade grew up around the merchants and craftspeople of Northern Italy particularly, and a bourgeois society began to flourish and gave rise to a humanist culture in opposition to the official scholasticism.
British philosophy had its beginnings in the relatively open social conditions of pre-Revolutionary England with the British Empiricists Francis Bacon, Thomas Hobbes and during the period of the Restoration, John Locke.
www.marxists.org /reference/subject/philosophy/help/collect.htm   (2071 words)

 Phil 50-03: History of Western Women Philosophers   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-12)
Some have focused on retracing the history and extent of the exclusion; some have focused on rewriting the history of philosophy to include the neglected work of women philosophers; some have focused on exploring what an interpretation of the work of historical women philosophers can offer modern philosophy, especially feminist theorizing.
Despite differences in their approaches, the work of these contemporary philosophers is collectively “the recovery project” in philosophy and the history of philosophy.
Efforts to restore women’s contributions to the history of Western Philosophy are relatively recent.
www.macalester.edu /~warren/courses/LN1RecoveryProject.htm   (579 words)

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