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Topic: Anarchism in history

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  Anarchism - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Anarchism is the name of a political philosophy, or a generic term for a group of more-or-less related political philosophies, derived from the Greek αναρχία ("without archons" or "without rulers").
The rise of anarchism as a cohesive philosophical movement in the 19th century, with its notion of freedom as being based upon political, economic, and social equality, was a reaction to the rise of bureaucratic nation state and large-scale industrial capitalism.
While big 'A' Anarchism referred to ideological Anarchists, small 'a' anarchism was applied to their methodological counterparts; those who viewed anarchism as "a way of acting, or a historical tendency against illegitimate authority." As an anti-ideological position, small 'a' anarchism shares some similarities with post-left anarchy.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Anarchism   (6189 words)

 Anarchism - dKosopedia
Anarchism, also known as "libertarian socialism" (and around the turn of last century, when people used the term "libertarian" they generally meant "anarchist"), is the political ideology and practice of opposing all coercive, hierarchical concentrations of power in society, politics, and economic exchange.
Anarchism is not a romantic fable but the hardheaded realization, based on five thousand years of experience, that we cannot entrust the management of our lives to kings, priests, politicians, generals, and county commissioners.
Mikhail Bakunin is one of the founders of Anarchism, and a spirited opponent of Karl Marx.
www.dkosopedia.com /wiki/Anarchism   (1961 words)

 Cuban Anarchism Excerpt
In reading this history of Cuban anarchism, one is struck both by the immense courage and dedication of the Cuban anarchists, and by the lessons to be learned from their struggles.
As does any avant garde social movement, anarchism attracts more than its share of flakes, parasites, and sociopaths, persons simply looking for a glamorous label to cover their often-pathological selfishness, their disregard for the rights and dignity of others, and their pathetic desire to be the center of attention.
These individuals tend to give anarchism a bad name, because even though they have very little in common with actual anarchists—that is, persons concerned with ethical behavior, social justice, and the rights of both themselves and others—they’re often quite exhibitionistic, and their disreputable actions sometimes come into the public eye.
www.seesharppress.com /cubananarchism.html   (2379 words)

 [No title]
The History of Anarchism by Brian Crabtree (1992) The rejection of authority dates back to the Stoics and Cynics, and has been around for millenia.
However, the terms anarchist, anarchism, and anarchy, from the Greek "an archos" (without a rule), were used entirely in a negative manner before the nineteenth century.
Anarchism, although often mistakenly thought of as violent and destructive, is not that at all.
www.spunk.org /library/intro/sp000282.txt   (1416 words)

 A history of anarchism in Turkey
The history of anarchism is indeed very short in Turkey and the title of this pamphlet simply expresses this fact.
Anarchism was born a part of the western and modern world, yet at the same time it is a denial of these things.
In this context, anarchism as a denial of modernity and western domination is hardly the solution for the intelligentsia and the politicians of Turkey.
struggle.ws /turkey/hist_turkey.html   (2915 words)

 Anarchism and History (1971) - Melbourne Anarchist Archives
Anarchism is the theory and practice of total opposition to God and the State, that is, total opposition to the historically dominant forms of the Spirit of Authority.
Then history will be rewritten as the activity of self-liberation, a history of the class struggle the aim of which is to put the means of sustaining life into the hands of the living.
Thus in the final analysis anarchism is the consciousness of the aim of the revolution.
www.takver.com /history/melb/maa51.htm   (1219 words)

 Social Anarchism/African Anarchism
Opponents of anarchism, especially opponents on the orthodox left, often reject anarchist thought, activism and history with the critique that anarchism is a white middle class movement.
Moreover the insistence that anarchism is adhered to by privileged Euro-descendant constituents denies unappologetically, the experience of those folks that are anarchist and of neither privileged group.
For anarchism can not be an external framework imposed as ideology, but must be, in part, a methodology, informed by libertarian and communitarian aspects of culture that already exist.
library.nothingness.org /articles/all/all/display/345   (1596 words)

 The history of Anarchism in Ireland
Irish anarchism has no historical tradition, as a movement it is only coming into existence.
Anarchism is a developing set of ideas, not a dogma carved in stone.
Anarchism is about ideas as well as action, in fact the two are interlinked.
struggle.ws /talks/history_anr_irl.html   (2070 words)

 Anarchism - ENCYCLOPEDIA - The History Channel UK
Also central in anarchism are the belief in individual freedom and the denial of any authority, particularly that of the state, that hinders human development.
The philosophy of modern political anarchism was outlined in the 18th and 19th cent.
As an organized movement, anarchism is largely dead, but it retains importance as a philosophical attitude and a political tendency, and to lesser degree as a source of social protest.
www.thehistorychannel.co.uk /site/search/search.php?word=anarchis   (501 words)

 WWW Virtual Library Labour History: Special Topics
Society for the History of Technology - SHOT The Society was formed in 1958 to encourage the study of the development of technology and its relations with society and culture.
Cradle of Collective Bargaining: History of Labour and Technology in Hamilton and District A visual history of the rise of trade unionism in Hamilton and the changing conditions of work in the city from the early decades of the century through to the 1950s.
Bracero History Project An attempt being coordinated by the Smithsonian's National Museum of American History, the Center for History and New Media at George Mason University, and the Institute of Oral History at the University of Texas at El Paso to collect, document, exhibit, and share a history of the bracero migrant workers from Mexico.
www.iisg.nl /~w3vl/specialtopics.html   (6893 words)

 anarchism | libcom.org
John Crump's history of anarchism and the anarchist movement in Japan from the beginning of the 20th Century up until the pamphlet was written in the 1990s
The Christie Carballo Committee and the Rewriting of History
It was always a commonplace of anarchism, indeed of all early socialist philosophy in the working class movement, that capitalism and the profit system was hostile to natural development and would, if it continued, in time destroy the earth.
libcom.org /library/anarchism   (1540 words)

 The communist origins of anarchism - International History of anarchism - Anarkismo
While anarchism was born decidedly communist, it is true that the persecution of the international by the governments of the period led to deviations of Bakuninist theory, deviations which would leave their mark on the history of the anarchist movement, above all on the Italian movement.
As communism represents the inevitable result of human history, as long as it is reached spontaneously as a result of certain inescapable factors such as Man's own inclinations and the laws which govern nature, there is a total absence in Kropotkin of any trace of political strategy.
After the decline of anarchism at the end of the last century into an isolationist period of terrorist acts, in many countries it re-discovered its mass base through anarcho-syndicalism, in other words in those workers' organizations which slowly brought anarchism back to its communist roots.
www.anarkismo.net /newswire.php?story_id=38   (1783 words)

 African Anarchism: The History of a Movement   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-23)
This fact, in part, explains why anarchist ideas are not spreading as fast as they should in Africa and elsewhere, in spite of the crisis of state socialism.
In doing so, we are impelled by a two-fold sense of historical responsibility: to enrich anarchism and anarchist principles with an African perspective, and to carve out a place for Africa within the framework of the worldwide anarchist movement." ~ from the Introduction.
African Anarchism: The History of a Movement is available for $11.45 (post paid) from See Sharp Press, P.O. Box 1731, Tucson, AZ, 85702-1731.
perspectives.anarchist-studies.org /2african.htm   (214 words)

 Is Taoism equal to Anarchism? - China History Forum, chinese history forum
China History Forum is an online chinese history forum, discussion board or community for all who are interested in learning and discussing chinese history from prehistoric till modern times, including chinese art of war, chinese culture topics.
Anarchism advocates the removal of all government (Proudhon advocated the removal of all property ownership, while Tolstoy proposed religion without a church), allowing the people to live through cooperation (like libertarianism).
China History Forum is hosted on a AMD Opteron Server managed by MicfoGroup.
www.chinahistoryforum.com /index.php?showtopic=1863   (725 words)

 Mirago : Society: Politics: Anarchism: History
Anarchism and the Russian Revolution - Texts on the Russian revolution.
Proposed Roads To Freedom - History of Anarchism and freedom by Bertrand Russel.
The History of Anarchism - Essay by Brian Crabtree.
mirago.com /scripts/dir.aspx?cat=Top/Society/Politics/Anarchism/History   (358 words)

 UK Indymedia - African Anarchism - The History of a Movement   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-23)
"Anarchism as a social philosophy, theory of social organization, and social movement is remote to Africa—indeed, almost unknown.
Anarchism is not suitable for the west unless they change their bloody selfish soceity.
The whole point about anarchism is that it is a social movement, which builds on the natural spirit of co-operation and mutual aid that exist in all societies.
www.indymedia.org.uk /en/2003/04/64131.html?c=on   (1531 words)

 History Anarchism Politics Society   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-23)
A characteristic idea of Spanish anarchism was the preparation of ordinary people...
We have chosen to call this new approach post-scarcity anarchism, for a number of...
In 1999 Bookchin broke with anarchism and placed his ideas into the framework of...
www.iaswww.com /ODP/Society/Politics/Anarchism/History   (450 words)

 Newswire - History of anarchism - Anarkismo
Anarchism has been challenged for its supposed lack of vision about post-revolutionary society.
Seventy years that have not been able to wipe out the memory of or the intensity of feelings when one thinks about the victory of the Spanish workers in 1936 in most parts of the country over the military and fascist coup and the start of the biggest mass social revolution in western Europe...
The latest KSL pamphlet gives you a chance to learn about Hungarian anarchists in the Budapest Commune of 1919, and the stories of figures like Ervin Szabo (anarchist librarian and anti-war conspirator), Otto Korvin (agitator) and Ilona Duczynska (the assassin who didn't).
anarkismo.net /newswire.php?topic=historyofanarchism&...   (1101 words)

 ANARCHISM.net: Anarchism and Politics in History
The former have approached libertarian history from the perspective of the self-ownership principle; that is, anarchists and libertarians were usually defined by their adherence to the axiom that each person is a self-owner and should control his own person and justly owned property.
Since anarchism is the doctrine that all the affairs of the people should be conducted on a voluntary basis, it is up to the people who compose such a society to arrange their affairs as suits them.
The whole history of man is continuous proof of the maxim that to divest one’s methods of ethical concepts means to sink into the depths of utter demoralization.
www.anarchism.net /anarchism_anarchismandpoliticsinhistory.htm   (9980 words)

 Anarchism and the History of the Black Flag
It is a common fact in 1995 that the fl flag is a symbol of Anarchism.
Anarchism has always stood deliberately for a broad, and at times vague, political platform.
It appears obvious (though not conclusive) tha t this is the period that the fl flag bonded with Anarchism.
www.spunk.org /library/intro/sp001492/blackflg.html   (1891 words)

 Introduction - Anarchist People of Color   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-23)
An overwhelming majority of anarchists have always rejected terrorism, because they’ve been intelligent enough to realize that means determine ends, that terrorism is inherently vanguardist, and that even when “successful” it almost always leads to bad results.
For a century and a half now, anarchists have been arguing that coercive, hierarchical organization (as embodied in government) is not equivalent to organization per se (which they regard as necessary), and that coercive organization should be replaced by decentralized, non-hierarchical organization based on voluntary cooperation and mutual aid.
Such individuals may (mis)use the label, but they’re anarchists only in the sense that the now-defunct German Democratic Republic (East Germany) was democratic and a republic.
www.illegalvoices.org /bookshelf/cuban_anarchism/introduction.html   (2820 words)

 Organise: Article / Cuban Anarchism: The History of a Movement   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-23)
My main problems with 'Cuban Anarchism: the History of a Movement' stem from what I believe to be Fernandez's tendency to lose all ability to formulate an effective argument when the issue of the Cuban Revolution comes up.
There is no such thing as neutrality, especially in writing history, but not all historical writing is equally obscured by one's partisan perspective.
By bringing this rich, but suppressed history out of the closet, and by reviving historical memory, Fernandez takes the first step in renewing anarchism as a historical possibility for the Cuban people.
flag.blackened.net /infohub/organise/content.php?article.606   (1173 words)

 ANARCHISM (in MARION)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-23)
Anarchism -- Canada -- History -- 20th century.
Anarchism -- China -- History -- 20th century.
Anarchism -- Cuba -- History -- 19th century.
www-catalog.cpl.org /MARION?S=ANARCHISM   (51 words)

 Omniseek: /Politics /Anarchism /History
Anarchism has been defined in many ways by many different soucces The word anarchism is taken from the word anarchy which is drawn from dual sources in the Gneek language.
Avrich, P.: Anarchist Voices: An Oral History of Anarchism in America.
The word anarchism is taken from the word anarchy which is drawn from dual sources in the Greek language.
www.omniseek.com /srch/{55995}   (102 words)

 Google Directory - Society > Politics > Anarchism > History
History of Anarchism and freedom by Bertrand Russel.
Links to articles and essays about the Spanish Revolution, anarchism in the United States, and the Sacco and Vanzetti case.
Daily events update of radical, labor, anarchist, left communist, literary and social events that occurred this day in history.
www.bush2004.com /directory/politics/Anarchism/History   (335 words)

 Terror and Anarchy - History of Anarchism   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-23)
History 101 - Terror and Anarchy in Europe, 19th and 20th c.
Lithuania, active in U.S. Critics of Anarchism (by John Goss)
Anarchism in the late 20th and early 21st c.
www.wooster.edu /history/gshaya/courses/hterror/anarchism.html   (50 words)

 Review: African Anarchism: The history of a movement   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-23)
Starting with a good introduction to anarchism, the authors outline its relationship with Africa in an attempt to "enrich anarchism and anarchist principles with an African perspective and to carve a place for Africa within the framework of the worldwide anarchist movement".
Although anarchism as a conscious social movement is relatively new in Africa, pre-colonial African societies contained many "anarchic elements".
The authors give an in-depth study of the causes of Africa's current crises, outlining clearly the revolutionary potential of Africa and the many reasons why anarchism is indeed Africa's only way out.
flag.blackened.net /revolt/ws98/ws55_africa.html   (706 words)

 Sobran Column -- Anarchism, Reason, and History
Hoppe is only the latest thinker in the tradition of philosophical anarchism.
The best argument for anarchism is the twentieth century.
One scholar, R.J. Rummel, calculates that states in that century murdered about 177 million of their own subjects — and that figure doesn’t even count international wars.
www.sobran.com /columns/2002/020124.shtml   (648 words)

 History of African Anarchism - DiscussAnything.com -
What this means is that the ideals underlying anarchism may not be so new in the African context.
What is new is the concept of anarchism as a social movement or ideology.
Anarchy as an abstraction may indeed be remote to Africans, but it is not at all unknown as a way of life.
www.discussanything.com /forums/showthread.php?t=56706   (2613 words)

 Anarchism - History - the Paris commune
Anarchism Anarchisme Αναρχισμός Local pages: Play online poker now
Animation History as an art form has undergone many changes in its hundred-year of age
In fact, the example of the commune of Paris was much in ways similar to the way in which Bakunin had provided that a revolution should occur -- a significant city declaring itself autonomous, being organized, driving for example, and inviting the remainder of planet to follow it.
members.fortunecity.com /anarchismnow/history---the-paris-commune.html   (527 words)

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