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Topic: History of cinema in India


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In the News (Fri 14 Jun 19)

  
  Economy Of India Encyclopedia Article, Definition, History, Biography   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
India was the second fastest growing economy in the world, with a GDP growth rate of 8.1% at the end of the first quarter of 2005–06.
India's public expenditure is classified as development expenditure, comprising of central plan expenditure and central assistance and non-development expenditures, comprising of capital expenditure and revenue expenditure.
India, with a population of 1.027 billion people, is the second most populous country in the world, accounting for nearly 17% of the world's population.
popularityguide.com /encyclopedia/Economy_of_India   (5677 words)

  
 History - Modern India   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
India at the time of independence was a country beset with great economic problems.
India today can take pride in its federal form of governance that gives full scope to the development of the country's diverse ethnic and linguistic groups within the overall framework of a united nation.
India's most impressive achievement is that the Indian economy today is stable and self-reliant.
www.goindiago.com /history/modern.htm   (1899 words)

  
 India -> History on Encyclopedia.com 2002   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
S India enjoyed greater prosperity than the north, despite almost incessant warfare; among the Tamil-speaking kingdoms of the south were the Pandya and Chola states, which maintained an overseas trade with the Roman Empire.
In NW India, beyond the reach of the medieval dynasties, the Rajputs had grown strong and were able to resist the rising forces of Islam.
India consolidated its territory by acquiring the former French settlements (see Pondicherry) in 1956 and by forcibly annexing the Portuguese enclaves of Goa and Daman and Diu in Dec., 1961.
www.encyclopedia.com /html/section/india_history.asp   (4315 words)

  
 Cinema of India - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
India is a major regional center for cinema.
Independent films may be the future of art cinema in India, which has to a great extent lost its government patronage.
Indian cinema is also influencing the English and American musical; A.R. Rahman, India's star filmi composer, was recruited for Andrew Lloyd Webber's Bombay Dreams, and a musical version of Hum Aapke Hain Koun played in London's West End.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Cinema_of_India   (1259 words)

  
 history of cinema   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
The first important purpose-built cinema was the Gaumont Film Company's Gaumont-Palace in Paris, which opened in 1910 and could seat 5,000 people.
There are many early cinemas still in use in the UK, including the Electric Palace in Harwich.
Film is now (2001) in the process of making another transition, from physical film stock to digital cinema technology, driven by the availability of low cost data storage and high-resolution digital displays.
www.yourencyclopedia.net /History_of_cinema.html   (653 words)

  
 History - Ancient India   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
Archaeological excavations have brought to light the remains of a highly developed urban civilisation in ancient India, that stretched across approximately 1520 kilometres, extending from the area on the upper Sutlaj in contemporary Punjab to Lothal in Gujarat.
In subsequent centuries India suffered a series of invasions, and in the absence of a strong central authority, often fell under the spell of foreign rulers - Indo Bactrians, the Sakas and others.
Foreign invasions had little impact on the life in southern India and this region remained unaffected by political upheavals that convulsed the north.
www.goindiago.com /history/ancient.htm   (1071 words)

  
 Introduction to the History of Islam in India by Neria Harish Hebbar, MD   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
Though the province of Sindh was conquered in early 8th century it was not until the incursions of Mahmud of Ghazni and Muhammad of Ghor that serious settlement of the subcontinent with Muslims took place.
India lost further territory when Pakistan and Bangladesh were lost to India in the modern era, in the middle of twentieth century.
But this was regretful, as history shows that the Hindus eventually forgot their history and made the mistake of repeating it, often committing the same mistakes over and over again.
www.indianest.com /history/002.htm   (974 words)

  
 Art of Iran- The History of Cinema in Iran By: Reza Talachian
Before the advent of cinema in Iran, entertainment was a luxury afforded by only a small, well-to-do segment of the population while the great majority of the people had no money to spare.
The early history of film making in Iran is far from clear because of a lack of easily accessible data, death of the early motion pictures pioneers and loss of almost all the early footage.
Considering that Reza Shah was one of the more progressive monarchs in the recent history of Iran, and since he was fascinated by the means of modernization, it is odd that he could not conceive the role and the importance of the motion picture industry in society.
artofiran.org /cinema.htm   (5619 words)

  
 History of cinema Article, Historycinema Information   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
Admission was 10 cents.The first important purpose-built cinema was the Gaumont FilmCompany's Gaumont-Palace in Paris, which opened in 1910 and could seat 5,000 people.There are many early cinemas still in use in the UK, including the Electric Palace in Harwich.
Soon, the French concept of movies being shown in theaters became the dominantmodel, and entrepreneurs scurried to build impressive movie houses all across North America and Europe.
In 2001, cinema began the process of making another transition, from physical film stockto digital cinema technology, driven by the availability of low costdata storage and high-resolution digital displays.
www.anoca.org /first/process/history_of_cinema.html   (593 words)

  
 Study Abroad, India
India has a rich and varied culture that has resulted from thousands of years of often turbulent history.
India has also jumped hardily into the computer industry and provides a large market for software programming and support.
India provides a sensual wonderland for the open-minded individual who can accept diversity and flow happily along the currents of a complex whirl of worldviews.
www.studyabroad.com /content/portals/India_port.html   (273 words)

  
 History of Indian Cinema - India Scene   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
True to the contradictions that make up India, the factors that would have a profound influence on Indian cinema - silent and sound (talkie) - are those that happened before the advent of the motion picture.
Translated into several Indian languages, it determined the form of theatre and later of cinema : song and dance extravaganzas so proliferated in cinema that they were dismissed as 'sing-song noises' but later evolved into some of the most haunting melodies ever.
Cinema continued the tradition of fanciful sets and costumes.
www.indiaheritage.com /perform/cinema/history/inscene.htm   (362 words)

  
 The Culture-specific use of sound in india cinema
Mainstream Indian cinema too, takes the sound design of an average film for granted, since songs and music form a major part of the narrative and cinematic space, and are almost automatic ingredients of Indian cinema.
In India, the earliest demonstration of what was known as 'Phonofilm' a process invented by Dr.Lee DeForest, in which sound was synchronised with the picture, was given at the Royal Opera House in Mumbai, in May 1927.
Because, in its cinema, simply by virtue of the massive size of numbers of films released every year, the threat of the Hollywood influx is dissipated.
www.filmsound.org /india   (9213 words)

  
 Rey Chow
In 1896, India was first exposed to motion pictures when the Lumiere Brothers' Chinematographe showed six soundless short films on July 7 in Bombay.
Indian popular cinema represents this role of the ideal wife's admiration and unfaltering respect.
Although Indian cinema continues to change and evolve, reflecting new trends in gender relations, at least in very traditional Indian cinema women who live by these traditional norms are portrayed as happy and ethical.
www.english.emory.edu /Bahri/Film.html   (807 words)

  
 Rutgers University Press
As the largest producer of films in the world, Indian cinema is both a major industry and a distinctive art form that permeates daily life in that country and shapes emerging global cultures elsewhere.
While much has been written on the history of Indian cinema, its iconography and aesthetics have yet to be analyzed as reflections of national and cultural identities.
In this important new work, Rachel Dwyer and Divia Patel focus on the development of Bombay-based commercial cinema since 1913, exploring the symbolic role of settings and costumes in staging the nation and the function of makeup and hairstyles in defining notions of beauty, sexuality, and consumption.
rutgerspress.rutgers.edu /acatalog/__Cinema_India_833.html   (325 words)

  
 Cinema in India -- Recent Hindi Films   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
In the nineties, Indian cinema faced tough competition from television and the cable network.
Subhash Ghai’s Taal became the first Indian film to break into the US top 20 and Dil Se became the first Bollywood movie to be tracked in the British box-office charts and then the first to reach the top ten.
The year 2002 is being described as the worst-ever year for the Hindi cinema, as 124 films out of 132 that were made flopped leading to a loss of Rs 2.9 billion to the industry.
www.culturopedia.com /Cinema/recentfilms.html   (876 words)

  
 HIMAL SOUTH ASIAN | September 2002 | Review | Arrival of the native
But it is not just the history that is all wrong, even the atmosphere is. The opening on 26 June betrayed the desperate immigrant longing for cultural respectability.
The films of this period are said to reflect the turmoil of 1970s India, a time of political unrest and increasing levels of urban poverty and crime.
In all this gilt-edged packaging of Hindi cinema, the exhibition, quite apart from its deliberate exclusion of details that do not validate its stereotypes, also chooses not to draw attention to aspects of the exhibits that range from the scandalous to the offensive.
www.himalmag.com /2002/september/review_2.htm   (2429 words)

  
 Indiantelevision dot com's Breaking News : ETC & JVC to bring electronic cinema to India
If things pan out, cinema goers in film crazy India will be partaking of the same experience by mid-2002, courtesy ETC Networks and Victor Company of Japan (JVC).
But their commitment is very high because India is the first country in which they are introducing this technology.
If they succeed in India, this could be a launching pad for their success all over the world," says Kohli.
www.indiantelevision.com /headlines/y2k1/nov/nov21.htm   (601 words)

  
 In the age of silence
And since Cinema took off as an extension of the performing arts, the same umbilical relationship existed between the author/creator and the work in the initial stages, particularly in the works of Phalke.
He was firm in his conviction the Cinema, apart from telling stories from mythology should have some relevance to contemporary life.
And so, he chose episodes from the Maratha history, the exploits of Shivaji and his contemporaries and their patriotic encounters with their opponents.
www.latrobe.edu.au /screeningthepast/reruns/rr0499/PUdrr6.htm   (4077 words)

  
 History of Malayalam Cinema   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
The first cinema hall in Kerala, with a manually operated film projector, was established in Trichur by K.W.Joseph in 1907.
Soon such cinema halls were established in other major cities of Kerala.
But it is notable that while mythological films ruled all over the Indian cinema arena, J C Daniel had the courage to produce the first ever Malayalam film with a social theme.
www.cinemaofmalayalam.net /Malayalam_his_1.html   (435 words)

  
 Manas: India and Its Neighbors
Though India is usually associated with religion, being the cradle of half the world's major faiths, politics is not less of a passion, and nowhere in the world is democracy so fundamentally a living and contested thing as in India.
ut the social realities of India also suggest a rather grim picture: working conditions for the greater majority of the people are still exceedingly poor, levels of poverty remain very high, and the oppression of women, the poor, and other marginalized groups constitutes the most formidable obstacle to egalitarian aspirations.
This is not the India of the Indians in the diaspora, whose idea of their homeland remains bound to ossified conceptions of Indian religion, tradition, and cultural practices.
www.sscnet.ucla.edu /southasia   (421 words)

  
 ipedia.com: History of cinema Article   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
Development of film The underlying principle of cinema, that an image of an object remains projected on the retina for a split- second longer than it is actually there, causing the images to blur into...
That proved most fortuitous, however, as the sale and rental of their movies on home video became a significant source of revenue for the movie companies.
In 2001, cinema began the process of making another transition, from physical film stock to digital cinema technology, driven by the availability of low cost data storage and high-resolution digital displays.
www.ipedia.com /history_of_cinema.html   (581 words)

  
 Arab-Islamic history
The Battle of Badr 624 CE This was the first battle between believers and unbelievers, and it is still the most famous in Islamic history.
Some historians regard it as a turning point in world history and Gibbon even suggested that if the Muslims had won Oxford would have become a city of minarets rather than spires.
Jane F. Collier examines the historical processes that constructed a cultural opposition between the supposed rule of law in the West and imagined religious fanaticism in the East.
www.al-bab.com /arab/history.htm   (964 words)

  
 Home Page
As a precursor of modern cinema, the silent cinema's contribution is path breaking.
During the 35 years of silent cinema, a great number of films were made in Calcutta, Bombay, Poona, Nasik, Kolhapur,Hyderabad, Bangalore and Madras by a galaxy of film directors and producers and, the screen performers became living legends during their life time.
The cinema halls and theatres to show motion pictures were built in the metropolitan cities and major towns of India during this period.
www.filmologist.4mg.com   (397 words)

  
 history India - about history India   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
india the land of the taj mahal, ashoka, yoga and kamasutra experience india from beaches of goa to backwaters of kerala, from ladakh to rajasthan
India Travel and tourism news, information and literature, your travel and tour guide to India the land of history, India the land of Gandhi, India the land of Tajmahal.
The '''Republic of India''', located in South Asia and comprising most of the Indian subcontinent is the second most populous country in the world and...
artmam.net /history_India.htm   (809 words)

  
 Real Image - Digital audio video film and DTS cinema sound.
The maiden India user group meet for Softimage enthusiasts is held in Mumbai and the response is encouraging.
SystemBase Audio Codec technology is dramatically demonstrated in India with Subhash Ghai and AR Rahman communicating with each other over ISDN lines about the recording of a song.
India has about 450 DTS Digital Theatres, far more than even the number of analog Dolby Stereo theatres in the country.
www.real-image.com /mile.asp   (1843 words)

  
 So Many Cinemas - The Motion Picture in India   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
This book on art paper in large format, is a kaleidoscopic and captivating overview of the history of cinema in India.
Although the majority of films are still predominantly made for the masses with a plethora of songs and dances, Indian cinema is now gaining international recognition and accolades, with the last renowned film-maker Satyajit Ray being awarded the coveted Oscar in 1992.
So many Cinemas is a kaleidoscopic and captivating overview of the history of cinema in India, authored by the eminent documentary film maker B D Garga, who is reputed as a pioneering historian and commentator of Indian films.
www.indiaclub.com /html/8334.htm   (322 words)

  
 History of India
Revolutionizing Ancient History: The Case of Israel and Christianity by Pradip Bhattacharya
History of British in India by Neria Harish Hebbar, MD British India: Reforms of Dalhousie and the Sepoy Uprising (1848 — 1858)
History of Islam in India by Neria Harish Hebbar, MD Introduction
www.boloji.com /history   (236 words)

  
 indian cinema   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
For both scholars and fans of Indian cinema, this revised and updated edition is a crucial resource...
The biggest stars and most successful films in India, from the 50s through the 90s, now available subtitled in English on video and DVD...
India art mart, the One stop site for Indian art and heritage, art, print, art, india, art gallery, art gallery,...
www.moviestown.com /articles/19/indian-cinema.html   (433 words)

  
 Cinema India! Showcase 2004 Film Series   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
Indian cinema is in a state of flux with the traditional musical components still popular, while there is a growing confidence among young, emerging directors to explore different and dynamic hybrid forms of film.
Featuring Bollywood superstar Aishwarya Rai and India’s “indie” idol Tabu, this adaptation of Jane Austen’s Sense and Sensibility set in contemporary South India is a delightful primer on the conventions of classic Indian commercial cinema.
at American Museum of the Moving Image, 35th Avenue at 36th Street, Astoria, NY The longest-running film in the history of Indian cinema (426 weeks and still playing!), this trend-setting film was one of the first to deal with the lives of Indians living abroad and changed the face of Bollywood.
www.asiasociety.org /arts/cinema_india   (702 words)

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