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Topic: History of evolutionary thought


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In the News (Tue 23 Apr 19)

  
  History of evolutionary thought - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The history of evolutionary thought is very long, since the idea of biological evolution has existed since ancient times, but the modern theory wasn't established until the 18th and 19th centuries, with scientists such as Jean-Baptiste Lamarck and Charles Darwin.
Evolutionary biology as an academic discipline in its own right emerged as a result of the modern evolutionary synthesis in the 1930s and 1940s.
In the 1980s and 1990s there was a renewal of structuralist themes in evolutionary biology by biologists such as Brian Goodwin, that incorporates ideas from cybernetics and systems theory, and that emphasizes the role of self-organized processes as being at least as important as the role of natural selection.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/History_of_evolutionary_thought   (4328 words)

  
 Evolutionary developmental biology - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Evolutionary developmental biology (evolution of development or informally, evo-devo) is a field of biology that compares the developmental processes of different animals and plants in an attempt to determine the ancestral relationship between organisms and how developmental processes evolved.
Evolutionary developmental biology is not yet a unified discipline, but can be distinguished from earlier approaches to evolutionary theory by its focus on several ideas.
The implication that large evolutionary changes in body morphology are associated with changes in gene regulation, rather than the evolution of new genes, suggested that the action of natural selection on promoters responsive to Hox and other "switch" genes may play a major role in evolution.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Evolutionary_developmental_biology   (1809 words)

  
 Evolution - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Evolutionary biology is a subdiscipline of biology concerned with the origin and descent of species, as well as their changes over time.
Evolutionary developmental biology (informally, evo-devo) is a field of biology that compares the developmental processes of different animals in an attempt to determine the ancestral relationship between organisms and how developmental processes evolved.
Thirdly, the fossil record is a document of large scale patterns and events in the history of life, many of which have influenced the evolutionary history of numerous lineages.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Evolutionary   (9324 words)

  
 History of evolutionary thought - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
This article describes the history of human thinkings on biological evolution and its extensions.
Darwin greatly emphasized the difference between his two main inputs: establishing the fact of evolution, and proposing a theory, natural selection, to explain the mechanism of evolution.
The evolutionary timeline outlines the major steps of evolution on Earth as expounded by this theory's proponents.
www.encyclopedia-online.info /History_of_evolutionary_thought   (691 words)

  
 revised white paper 3/97
Evolutionary biology is the study of the history of life and the processes that lead to its diversity.
Evolutionary Biology has unequivocally established that all organisms evolved from a common ancestor over the last 3.5 billion years; it has documented many specific events in evolutionary history; and it has developed a well-validated theory of the genetic, developmental, and ecological mechanisms of evolutionary change.
Evolutionary biology sheds light on phenomena studied in the fields of molecular biology, developmental biology, physiology, behavior, paleontology, ecology, and biogeography, complementing these disciplines' study of biological mechanisms with explanations based on history and adaptation.
www.rci.rutgers.edu /~ecolevol/fulldoc.html   (8412 words)

  
 WHAT IS SCIENCE? HISTORY OF EVOLUTIONARY THOUGHT   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
Thought geological processes were uniformly repeated, eg erosion, waves, rivers created the earth as we know it.
Also thought, contrary to Linnaeus, that the species was the highest category of classification, and that the species s represented the unit in the Great Chain of Being.
Thought violent catastrophes such as floods and volcanoes destroyed previous creatures that were replaced by others from unaffected areas.
www.indyrad.iupui.edu /public/ebraunst/Introduction.htm   (1201 words)

  
 Nearctica - Evolution - History of Evolutionary Thought
A number of essays on the people and history of biology and evolutionary thought from the ancient past to the present may also be reached from here.
Charles Darwin, of course, is one of the fathers of evolutionary theory.
A introduction to Lamarck's theory of evolution and its contribution to later evolutionary thought.
www.nearctica.com /evolve/history.htm   (656 words)

  
 Evolutionary Thought in Psychology - Book Information
Evolutionary Thought in Psychology: A Brief History traces the history of evolutionary thought in psychology in an accessible and lively fashion and examines the complex and changing relations between psychology and evolutionary theory.
First book to trace the history of evolutionary thinking in psychology from its beginnings to the present day in an accessible and lively fashion.
Focuses on the rise of evolutionary theories begun by Lamarck and Darwin and the creation of the science of psychology.
www.blackwellpublishing.com /Book.asp?ref=1405113774&site=1   (197 words)

  
 Amazon.ca: Evolutionary Thought in Psychology : A Brief History: Books: Henry C. Plotkin   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
This book traces the history of evolutionary thought in psychology in an accessible and lively fashion.
Evolutionary thought's banishment in the early 20th century by behaviorism and cultural anthropology is explained, along with its eventual re-emergence through ethology and sociobiology.
Evolutionary Thought in Psychology: A Brief History examines the complex and changing relations between psychology and evolutionary theory.
www.amazon.ca /Evolutionary-Thought-Psychology-Brief-History/dp/1405113782   (215 words)

  
 History of evolutionism - CreationWiki
Another fact to further the evolution thought process was that Buffon thought that this process took about 70,000 years, which was more than any naturalist of that day would even think of.
Wallace discredited the theory and thought that the only way that humans could have been formed was by divine intervention.
The evolutionary theory has been around for a long time and has undergone many changes, but it tries to undermine the beauty of God's creation.
www.creationwiki.net /index.php?title=History_of_evolution   (714 words)

  
 Nearctica - Evolution - General Evolution
A number of essays on the people and history of biology and evolutionary thought from the ancient past to the present may also be found here.
An excellent introduction to the principles of evolutionary biology including the history of its development, population genetics, and natural selection.
Some of the topics covered are; adaptation, speciation, evolutionary genetics, systematics and phylogeny, the fossil record, coevolution, biogeography, and molecular evolution.
www.nearctica.com /evolve/genevol.htm   (902 words)

  
 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
But in the 20th century it was as if their efforts had been wasted; a self-names 'science' that insisted on ignoring conscious experience itself, as well as any of its determinants that might be of direct or indirect genetic origin, took over academic departments of psychology.
"This book is a true reflection of its title, a history of evolutionary thought within psychology, building on Darwin's original ambition to extend his theory to a science of the human mind.
It's lasting value is that it provides a lucid and well-documented hisotry of the intellectually shameful exculsion of evolutionary thought in psychological theory during most of the 20th century.
www.blackwellpublishing.com /bookxml.asp?isbn=1405113782   (460 words)

  
 Evolutionary Biology Resources
Evolutionary Biology and the National Research Agenda from the Society of American Naturalists
Jay Pitocchelli for distribution to students enrolled in Evolutionary Biology BI 25 at Saint Anselm College.
Students enrolled in Evolutionary Biology BI 25 at Saint Anselm College have permission to print this material for their lecture notes.
www.anselm.edu /homepage/jpitocch/resevol.html   (429 words)

  
 The New Yorker: The Critics: Books
By the second revolution in evolutionary thought—the so-called Modern Synthesis of the nineteen-thirties and forties, when Darwin’s theory of evolution was fused with Mendel’s theory of genetics—development was left out in the cold.
And the Modern Synthesis, the second defining moment in the history of evolutionary biology, came close: it’s hard to think of evolution in the same way once you know that it has to obey the laws of Mendel’s genetics.
Despite the nearly irresistible romance of the scientific revolution, the history of evolutionary biology might end up looking a lot more like evo devo’s own history of the animal kingdom: a few radical innovations early on, followed by some intensely interesting tinkering.
www.newyorker.com /critics/books/articles/051024crbo_books1   (3329 words)

  
 Bibliographic Essays: Life Sciences in the Twentieth Century   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
I have found teaching the history of evolutionary thought, from before Darwin through the present day (or at least up through the period of synthesis in the 1930s), an exciting and rewarding classroom experience.
Bowler includes interesting chapters on the social implications of evolutionary theory (these cover Social Darwinism, eugenics, and race movements of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries), as well as on the modern debates (neo-Lamarckism, punctuated equilibrium, and creationism).
An important though not-much-discussed contribution to the development of evolutionary theory came from the Russian school of population genetics in the 1920s and 1930s, spearheaded by Sergei S. Chetverikov (1880-1959).
www.hssonline.org /teach_res/essays/allen/allenp4.html   (1143 words)

  
 Zoo 441a History   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
Evidently, he was brought to his conclusion of evolutionary change by inferring phyletic lineages in fossil and recent bivalve mollusc collections.
In the following century, evolutionary change came to be accepted by informed scientists, though there was (and continues to be) diversity of opinion over (the balance of) mechanisms which produce it.
He is the father of the science of biogeography (itself providing one of the primary elements in the edifice of evolutionary science) and he was the co-discoverer of the process of Natural Selection.
instruct.uwo.ca /zoology/441a/evo.hist.html   (6553 words)

  
 Evolution, progress and natural laws
Because of the great interest in Darwin and evolutionary biology today, we tend to speak in terms of the history of evolutionary thought, as if many thinkers struggled in vain to come up with Darwin's theory.
Lefalophodon: History of Evolutionary Biology An informal and incomplete guide to the history of evolutionary biology 1800-1950 by John Alroy.
A history of evolutionary thought, University of California, Berkeley.
www.victorianweb.org /science/evolution.html   (416 words)

  
 History of evolutionary thought   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
Gregory of Nyssa (331 AD) interpreted the scriptures in an evolutionary context.
The following factors could influence evolutionary change: direct influences of the environment, migration, geographical isolation, overcrowding, and the struggle for existence.
Buffon vacillated as to whether or not he believed in evolutionary descent, and professed to believe in special creation and the fixity of species
arnica.csustan.edu /biol3020/history/history.htm   (948 words)

  
 Evolution Library: Topic Page
This set of resources charts the history of evolutionary thought (including key works of Darwin) and its opposition, the social history of public controversy surrounding evolutionary biology, and misapplications of evolutionary thought in the social, political, and economic realms.
View a portrait of evolutionary theorist Ernst Mayr, one of the founders of the modern synthesis of evolution.
A brief but complete history of evolutionary thought and its thinkers, beginning with the ancient Greeks and culminating in the modern synthesis.
www.pbs.org /wgbh/evolution/library/06/index.html   (2079 words)

  
 Science NetLinks: The History of Evolutionary Theory
Although Charles Darwin is considered to be by many the "father" of evolutionary thought, he was in fact aided and guided by the works of many scientists before him.
Using the History of Evolutionary Theory student E-Sheet, students should visit Early Ideas for a brief explanation of the development of modern evolutionary thinking.
To connect this lesson with social studies and world history, have students draw the history of evolution timeline as shown on the PBS Evolution website on a smaller scale (3-4 sheets of paper).
www.sciencenetlinks.com /lessons.cfm?BenchmarkID=10&DocID=391   (2027 words)

  
 Process
Prior to assigning this lesson the teacher should spend about 30 minutes briefly explaining the history of evolutionary thought, and the basics of natural selection.
This lesson will guide the student through the history of evolutionary thought, and through some of the evidence for evolution of some of the most prominent organisms that live on or have lived on Earth.
Before the students begin their specific role all members of the team must compete a report on the history of evolutionary thought.
www.teachtheteachers.org /projects/MHansen/t-process.htm   (275 words)

  
 History and Philosophy of Science
With respect to evolutionary biology, many key ideas, perspectives, and discoveries were intensely resisted when they were first put forward, and many continue to be resisted today, owing to real or perceived conflicts with certain religious beliefs.
And when words from an old book echo some particular thought of my own, it gives me a nostalgic pleasure akin to looking at a childhood photograph of my late mother: a sensation, almost a memory, that I was there, too.
He also points out some of the extreme attempts of creationists to distort and demonize evolutionary science, how their attack extends well beyond evolution to viewing all science as a religious ideology, and the dangers to society of giving "equal time" to these nonscientific arguments.
myxo.css.msu.edu /lenski/history   (2730 words)

  
 Bibliography
This is the seminal work in evolutionary economics and should be the starting point for anyone who wants to get acquainted with evolutionary economics.
The author lays out forcefully the debate between reductionists who strive to reduce all biological phenomena to competition between genes for reproductive success (the so-called ultra-Darwinians) and non-reductionists who argue that each level in the hierarchical organization of life should be studied in its own right.
Hull delivers not only a philosophical foundation for evolutionary theories in the social sciences, but he also provides a wonderful case study of how a school of thought in the world of biological taxonomy won the competition among alternative approaches.
etss.net /evolution/bibliography.htm   (1444 words)

  
 A History of Evolutionary Thought
The genetic architecture underlying this evolutionary system is versatile, creative and powerful enough to engender a practically infinite variety of data processing and analysis capabilities, adaptable to almost any conceivable intellectual task.
Thought for the day:From IT to PT Thought for the day:From IT to PT 04/29/2004 07:45 PM
To note: thought screen hats will successfully prevent abduction by the mantis-like aliens, the servants of the mantis-like aliens, the snake-skinned aliens, and the Meek-Moks.
www.stargeek.com /item/15407.html   (2296 words)

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