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Topic: History of linguistics


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In the News (Tue 30 Sep 14)

  
  History of linguistics - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
At various stages in history, linguistics as a discipline has been in close contact with such disciplines as philosophy, anthropology and philology.
In some cultures linguistic analysis has been applied in the service of religion, particularly for the determination of the religiously preferred spoken and written forms of sacred texts in Hebrew, Sanskrit and Arabic.
Through the 19th century, European linguistics centered on the comparative history of the Indo-European languages, with a concern for finding their common roots and tracing their development.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/History_of_linguistics   (1740 words)

  
 Part II: A Hidden Cycle in the History of Linguistics   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
This article presents an unorthodox, alternative history of linguistics as seen from the holistic viewpoint, showing how many of the "unacceptable" notions found in the writings of influential linguists of the past are based on a tradition of language study which, like modern linguistics itself, traces all the way back to ancient India.
History has demonstrated repeatedly that in times of rationalist domination of thought in higher education, the mental-spiritual half of the original holistic art "goes underground," as it were, to be kept alive by unorthodox thinkers both inside and (mostly) outside of the academic disciplines.
Whorf was not speaking of a linguistics which rips the dynamic process of languaging from its living fabric of being, only to be placed on the Procrustean bed of structuralism for dissection, but was bringing to modern consciousness a reawakening of the ancient principles for the study of the power of language.
www.enformy.com /dma-2.htm   (6945 words)

  
 LingLinks
But the topics covered by modern descriptive linguistics: semantics, grammar, phonology, and phonetics, were all treated at length in the Indian tradition; and in phonetics and in certain aspects of grammar, Indian theory and practice was definitely in advance of anything achieved in Europe or elsewhere before contact had been made with Indian work.
Indian linguistic theory set out three requirements for a string of words to be considered a sentence: (1) (ākānksā) the words are members of suitable grammatical categories with appropriate morphology (inflection), (2) (yogyatā) the words must be 'semantically appropriate' to one another, (3) (samnidhi) and the words must be uttered as a concatenation.
The Neogrammarians: A theory of linguistics that sought to explain language change in terms of sound laws without exception and postulated that modern irregularities in language were the result of past regular sound changes.
www.ttt.org /linglinks/events.html   (1809 words)

  
 Linguistics and Cognitive Science
Whether their interest is in linguistics or cognitive science, all students should consult with a member of the steering committee well in advance in order to plan a program that best suits their needs and interests.
Linguistic change on all levels (phonetic/phonological, morphological, syntactic and semantic) will be studied, with special attention to the problems of historical reconstruction.
Major themes include: the controversy over the status of linguistics as a science; the recurrent conflict between theoretical and applied linguistics; the relation of trends in linguistics to general contemporaneous intellectual trends; and the relative importance of social factors in determining the acceptance of particular linguists' ideas.
www.dartmouth.edu /~reg/courses/desc/ling.html   (2611 words)

  
 Linguistics: a brief history   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
Linguistics is the study of language, sometimes called the science of language.
Though championed by the Structuralists, this theory of semantics was a disastrous one, raising the problems recognized by linguistic philosophy.
As with linguistic philosophy, more problems emerge the deeper we look, which is perhaps not surprising given the creative, ad-hoc way language develops and our use necessarily of one small part of it to investigate the whole.
www.textetc.com /theory/linguistics.html   (3240 words)

  
 Crucial Problems
In this connection, I find that linguistic historiography and even linguistic theorizing are too often aimed at producing what seem like incontrovertible statements, purportedly based on empirical results or logical arguments, which it is imagined that readers or listeners will sit back and compliantly accept.
After all, the definition of linguistics is itself a prime example of a crucial problem in Jakobson's sense of the term.
Analogous questions may be raised about courses on the history of linguistics presented in other parts of the world.
people.ku.edu /~percival/HoL3.html   (4357 words)

  
 LSA: About Linguistics   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
Much of 19th century linguistics was devoted to working out the nature of this parent language, spoken about 6,000 years ago, as well as the changes by which 'Proto-Indo-European', as we now call it, developed into English, Russian, Hindi, and its other modern descendants.
Linguists have succeeded in grouping the 5,000 or so languages of the world into a number of language families sharing a common ancestor.
The attention of the world's linguists turned more and more to the study of grammar—in the technical sense of the term the organization of the sound system of a language and the internal structure of its words and sentences.
www.lsadc.org /info/ling-fields-history.cfm   (902 words)

  
 Saussure's Lectures on General Linguistics
Linguistics will have to recognise laws operating universally in language, and in a strictly rational manner, separating general phenomena from those restricted to one branch of languages or another.
As long as the activity of linguists was limited to comparing one language with another, this general utility cannot have been apparent to most of the general public, and indeed the study was so specialised that there was no real reason to suppose it of possible interest to a wider audience.
Languages constitute the concrete object that the linguist encounters on the earth's surface; 'the language' is the heading one can provide for whatever generalisations the linguist may be able to extract from all his observations across time and space.
www.marxists.org /reference/subject/philosophy/works/fr/saussure.htm   (6671 words)

  
 UNE - LCL - A History of Linguistics at UNE   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
Linguistics at UNE is still one of the newer centres of linguistics in Australian universities.
Anne helped organise the incorporation of Linguistics into the current School of Languages, Cultures and Linguistics, of which she was the first Head.
Linguistics UNE hosted the Australian Linguistics Society Annual Conference for the second time; and this was also the year of our first PhD completion, Michael Cooke’s (1998) study of Anglo-Yolngu miscommunication in legal contexts.
www.une.edu.au /lcl/linguistics/history.php   (1395 words)

  
 UCLA Department of Linguistics - History
The members of the first class of doctoral students founded the Graduate Linguistics Circle, the organization of graduate students which continues to this day to provide vitality to the Department.
Phonetics Laboratory is internationally recognized as a major center for the experimental study of linguistic phonetics.
In 1970, the UCLA Linguistics Department was ranked second in a national survey by the American Council of Education.
www.humnet.ucla.edu /humnet/linguistics/general/history.htm   (644 words)

  
 LINGUIST List 12.529: History of Linguistics, Modality in English
As a matter of policy, LINGUIST discourages the use of abbreviations or acronyms in conference announcements unless they are explained in the text.
Without denying the importance of this kind of historiographical work, the reconstruction of the history of linguistics seems to demand another approach, which may be called the study of the history of linguistics in texts and concepts.
Research with this emphasis will share an understanding of the history of linguistics which is based on problems and theories, but it will also make possible an examination of the social, institutional and mediating conditions of the origin of theories, their interdisciplinary connections, and the means of exchange.
www.ling.ed.ac.uk /linguist/issues/12/12-529.html   (640 words)

  
 English Linguistics
Linguistics thus distinguishes between the historical (diachronic) and the systematic (synchronic) study of language.
Synchronic linguistics examines all aspects of linguistic communication as well as the rules that are known to and used by all members of a language community.
The traditional areas of synchronic linguistics taught in Bayreuth are phonetics, which deals with the physical aspects of sounds (their formation in the speaker's mouth, their acoustic qualities, and their perception by the listener), and phonology, which describes the phonological system of distinctive sounds common to all members of a speech community.
www.uni-bayreuth.de /departments/anglistik/Ling_Eng.htm   (1272 words)

  
 Linguistics - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Linguistics compares languages (comparative linguistics) and explores their histories, in order to find universal properties of language and to account for its development and origins (historical linguistics).
The central concern of theoretical linguistics is to characterize the nature of human language ability, or competence: to explain what it is that an individual knows when said to know a language; and to explain how it is that individuals come to know languages.
Today, the term 'applied linguistics' is used mostly to refer to "second language acquisition." Top applied linguistics programs are usually the ones that have good emphasis on second language acquisition either from linguistic or cognitive point of view.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Linguistics   (3182 words)

  
 MIT OpenCourseWare | Linguistics and Philosophy
The research conducted by the MIT Linguistics Program strives to develop a general theory that reveals the rules and laws that govern the structure of particular languages, and the general laws and principles governing all natural languages.
The core of the program includes most of the traditional subfields of linguistics: phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics, and psycholinguistics, as well as questions concerning the interrelations between linguistics and other disciplines such as philosophy and logic, literary studies, the study of formal languages, acoustics, and computer science.
The Philosophy section of MIT's Department of Linguistics and Philosophy offers two undergraduate majors: one a general philosophy major, and another joint major with the linguistics section in the foundations of the study of language and mind.
ocw.mit.edu /OcwWeb/Linguistics-and-Philosophy/index.htm   (417 words)

  
 history of linguistics - ICHoLS conference
History and Historiography of Linguistics: Proceedings of the fourth International Conference on the History of the Language Sciences (ICHoLS IV), Trier, 24-28 August 1987.
Papers in the History of Linguistics: Proceedings of the Third International Conference on the History of the Language Sciences (ICHoLS III), Princeton, 19-23 August 1984, AARSLEFF, Hans, Louis G. KELLY and Hans-Josef NIEDEREHE, Amsterdam, New York, John Benjamins Series Volume: 38, 1987.
Auroux, Sylvain, ed., History of Linguistics 1999: Selected papers from the Eighth International Conference on the History of the Language Sciences, 14-19 september 1999, Fontenay-St. Cloud, with the assistance of Jocelyne Arpin, Elisabeth Lazcano, Jacqueline Léon, Amsterdam, Philadelphia, John Benjamins, 2003, coll.: Studies in the History of the Language Sciences, Vol.
htl.linguist.jussieu.fr /ichols.htm   (2455 words)

  
 OLAC Linguistic Subject Vocabulary   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
These codes describe the content of a resource as about a particular subfield of linguistic science, or about the level of linguistic structure which is the primary concern of a given subfield.
For example, 'Applied Linguistics' may be narrower, as it applies only to linguistic applications in the classroom, and 'Semantics' might be wider, encompassing as it does Lexical Semantics.
The study of the linguistic properties of an extended passage, text, or corpus of texts.
www.language-archives.org /REC/field.html   (2186 words)

  
 History of Linguistics
History of Linguistics (from the perspective of language technology)
Language technology and computational linguistics are young fields which we normally think of as dating back to perhaps the 1960's at the earliest.
History of Linguistics course bibliography in bibtex notation (under construction by Karin Cavallin)
www.ling.gu.se /kurser/linghist   (435 words)

  
 History of Linguistics 2002   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
History of Linguistics, Volume 1: The Eastern Traditions of Linguistics.
(4) To study the history of linguistics in the context of its relation to other disciplines.
(6) To discover where what you do now is situated in the history of linguistic thought, and why your approach is an improvement to what went before.
www.clas.ufl.edu /users/wehmeyer/7118/LIN7118.html   (211 words)

  
 yale linguistics :: history :: bloomfield   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
Establishing the field of American structural linguistics, Bloomfield was one of the most influential linguists of the Twentieth Century.
He published linguistic grammars of Tagalog (1917), Fox (1924) and Menomini (1928), as well as Dutch and Russian, and produced a seminal work on American English Vocalic Phonology (1935).
Bloomfield was influential in the foundation of the Linguistic Society of America, and served as president of the Society in 1935.
www.yale.edu /linguist/history/bloomfield.html   (171 words)

  
 Working Papers in Educational Linguistics - History
The first issue of the Working Papers in Educational Linguistics (WPEL) appeared in Spring 1984, published by the Language in Education Division (LED) of the University of Pennsylvania Graduate School of Education (PennGSE), with a foreword by then-Dean Dell Hymes.
Then, as now, WPEL was entirely student-run, although PennGSE Educational Linguistics faculty gave the initial impetus and have continuously served in an advisory capacity from that day to this.
About the same time, the best known and most widely used abstracting service in the language learning and teaching field, Linguistics and Language Behavior Abstracts (LLBA), began to abstract WPEL in their database, providing scholars worldwide with information about the publications to be found within its pages.
www.wpel.net /history.html   (568 words)

  
 History Bibiliography
More than just history, this bibliography touches upon culture, anthropology, archeology, language, linguistics and other related topics pertaining to the people who used runes, and the countries in which they lived.
Antonsen, Elmer: "Linguistics and Politics in the 19th Century: the Case of the 15th Rune" University of Michigan, 1980.
In this treatise, Antonsen, who is a professor of linguistics at the University of Illinois, argues that the transcriptions of the Elhaz rune as /-R/ instead of /-z/ was something promoted by German (hence proto-Nazi) runeologists, and that the Scandinavian runologists (Antonsen is a native of Denmark) favored the transcription /-z/.
www.sunnyway.com /runes/historybooks.html   (2922 words)

  
 | Book Review | Environmental History, 8.4 | The History Cooperative   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
In Amazonia: A Natural History, Hugh Raffles warns, is "less a history of nature than a way of writing the present as a condensation of multiple natures" (p.
He currently is working on an environmental history of a river basin in Brazil's drought-plagued Northeast.
Content in the History Cooperative database is intended for personal, noncommercial use only.
www.historycooperative.org /journals/eh/8.4/br_9.html   (626 words)

  
 Research in World History   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
See also Looking for World History Encyclopedias for a list of encyclopedias by region.
It covers history except the U.S. and Canada from 1450 to the present.
History of Women Collection tip guide, provides tips on how to search the library catalog for items in this extensive collection of materials by and about women written between 1700 and 1920.
libweb.uoregon.edu /guides/history/worldhist.html   (966 words)

  
 Graduate Program - Department of History and Philosophy of Science   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
The graduate program in History and Philosophy of Science is committed to research and teaching in the historical and conceptual foundations of science.
Graduate seminars are supplemented by a Colloquium in History and Philosophy of Science, by the visitors and activities of the Center for the Philosophy of Science, and by the Archives of Scientific Philosophy (Carnap, De Finetti, Reichenbach, Ramsey).
MA degree in History and Philosophy of Scie in History and Philosophy of Science or completion of MA requirements.
www.pitt.edu /~hpsdept/grad/grad_overview.html   (763 words)

  
 MSU Linguistics Graduate Studies   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
The Linguistics Section of the Department of Linguistics and Germanic, Slavic, Asian and African Languages offers programs leading to the MA and Ph.D. degrees in linguistics.
The core areas--phonology, morphology, syntax, and semantics--are well represented among specializations of the faculty, as well as important subfields and related areas including sociolinguistics, dialectology, philosophy of language, history of linguistics, neurolinguistics, and foreign language learning and teaching.
Topics in both theoretical and applied linguistics are the focus of linguistics degrees at Michigan State University.
www.msu.edu /~linglang/linguistics/grad.htm   (306 words)

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