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Topic: History of Lithuania

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  History of Lithuania - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The south-western part of Lithuania included in Prussia in 1795 and in the short-lived Duchy of Warsaw in 1807 became a part of the Russian-controlled Kingdom of Poland in 1815, while the rest of Lithuania continued to be administered as a Russian province.
Lithuania took advantage of the Ruhr Crisis and supported the Klaipėda Revolt in the area in January 10-15 1923, leading to its incorporation as an autonomous district of Lithuania in May 1924.
Lithuania's monetary system was to be based on Litas, the currency used during the interwar republic of Lithuania.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/History_of_Lithuania   (6503 words)

 Information about Lithuania   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Lithuania is a small plot of land at the Baltic Sea.
The Lithuania nation fought bravely against the occupants for their independence, although they were outnumbered.
Lithuania Language is important for those who study origin of languages.
www.litnet.lt /litinfo/history.html   (557 words)

 Lithuania on Encyclopedia.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Lithuania borders on the Baltic Sea in the west, Latvia in the north, Belarus in the east and southeast, Poland in the south, and the Kaliningrad oblast (a Russian exclave; formerly East Prussia) in the southwest.
Lithuania became one of the largest states of medieval Europe, including all of what is now Belarus, a large part of Ukraine, and sections of European Russia; at its furthest extent it touched the Black Sea.
Lithuania is at the centre and crossroads of Europe.
www.encyclopedia.com /html/section/lithuania_history.asp   (1354 words)

 History - Lithuania - Europe
Lithuania was annexed by Russia, except for a small section in the southwest that was awarded to Prussia; that too went to Russia in 1815.
In October the Soviet government forced Lithuania to agree to a mutual-assistance treaty by which Lithuania was compelled to admit 20,000 Soviet troops on its territory.
In Lithuania, a special commission was formed in May 1988 to propose amendments to the republic’s constitution in order to accommodate Gorbachev’s reforms; members of the commission founded the coalition S?judis (the Lithuanian Movement for Reconstruction) in October.
www.countriesquest.com /europe/lithuania/history.htm   (2201 words)

 History of Lithuania
In June 1940 Lithuania was annexed by the Soviet Union and in the end of World War II once independent country became incorporated into the ‘monster’ union.
Nearly a quarter of Lithuania’s population was deported to Siberia.
After the Moscow putsch collapsed, Lithuania won international recognition, it was admitted to the United Nations on Sept. 17, 1991 and began its life as a fair member of the world community.
www.balticroads.lt /en/learn/history.asp   (926 words)

 LITHUANIA HISTORY Travel Tour Information
Lithuania began to recover only towards the end of the 19th century, the period known as the "spring of nations." A struggle for national culture and reinstitution of writing spread over the greater part of the country.
The elected 20-member Council of Lithuania proclaimed the restitution of the independent state of Lithuania on the 16th of February, 1918, even though the German Army and authorities were still in control of the entire country.
Initially, Lithuania was relegated to the German sphere of influence; however, on Lithuania's refusal to attack Poland as a German ally, it was transferred to the Soviet sphere of influence, in a second secret pact signed in Moscow on the 27th of September that same year.
www.scantours.com /lithuania_history.htm   (3152 words)

 History of LITHUANIA   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The tribal chieftains of Lithuania successfully resist invasion but weigh up the possible advantages of adopting the religion of either of their warlike neighbours - the Catholic Germans or the Orthodox Russians.
Lithuania, together with Belorussia and Kiev (part of Jogaila's inheritance), is to be linked to the Polish crown.
Lithuania has its own identity (the language of the majority is Belorussian), but it remains a part of Poland until the partitions of 1772-95.
www.historyworld.net /wrldhis/PlainTextHistories.asp?historyid=ac98   (618 words)

 Lithuania : History   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
With the rise of the medieval lords in adjacent Prussia and Russia, Lithuania was constantly subject to invasion and attempted conquest.
As a result, the Democratic Labor party (DLP; the former Communist party of Lithuania) won a majority of seats in the Seimas in February 1992, and in November 1992 Algirdas Brazauskas, the DLP leader, was elected president with 60 percent of the vote.
Lithuania and Belarus signed a mutual friendship treaty in February and in the same month Lithuania concluded a free-trade agreement with Ukraine.
www2.omnitel.net /ramunas/Lietuva/lt_history.shtml   (1909 words)

 History of Lithuania <- Travel agency VISIT LITHUANIA
In Lithuania the struggle was romantic, daring, cliff hanging and risky, with at least 20 deaths.
Lithuania maintains and works towards further strengthening of good neighbourly relations with her neighbours as well as the other states of the Baltic Sea region.
Lithuania will continue to develop her strategic partnership and co-operation with Poland, as it will contribute to the strengthening of security and stability in the Baltic Sea region.
www.visitlithuania.net /travelportal/cgi/page.cgi?p=history   (1025 words)

 History of Lithuania   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The Seimas (parliament) of Lithuania adopted a constitution on August 1, 1922, declaring Lithuania a parliamentary republic, and in 1923 Lithuania annexed the Klaipeda region, the northern part of Lithuania Minor.
Soviet pressure and a complicated international situation forced Lithuania to sign an agreement with the U.S.S.R. on October 10, 1939, by which Lithuania was given back the city of Vilnius and the part of Vilnius region seized by the Red Army during the Soviet-Polish war.
Lithuania officially became a member of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization on March 29, 2004 after depositing its instruments of treaty ratification in Washington, DC.
www.historyofnations.net /europe/lithuania.html   (2193 words)

 HISTORY   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The first written mention of Lithuania was in the Annales Quedlinburgenses in 1009 A.D. The first Lithuanian state was established by the Grand Duke Mindaugas in 1230.
Lithuania was occupied by the Soviets in 1940 and then overrun by Nazi Germany in 1941.
After the Moscow putsch collapsed, Lithuania won international recognition and was admitted to the United Nations on Sept. 17, 1991.
neris.mii.lt /history/history.html   (632 words)

 A Brief History of Lithuania
He was too far away from Lithuania to rule so in 1392 he made peace with Vytautus, his former enemy.
In 1989 Lithuania was granted some economic autonomy and in December 1989 the Lithuanian Communist Party became independent of the Communist Party of the USSR.
In September 1991 Lithuania was admitted to the UN.
www.localhistories.org /lithuania.html   (1004 words)

Lithuania has seen a lot of proud moments as well as many downfalls in its history.
The history of my country is rich in epic battles, heroic sacrifices for the honor of the country, etc. I will try to present the short summary of the most important historical events of my country.
Lithuania was one of many Baltic tribes that were living in the territory of Eastern Europe.
people.smu.edu /drackaus/history.htm   (778 words)

 Society of Medieval Lithuania
Medieval Lithuania is a distinct medieval world, which does not fit in a traditional scheme of medieval European history.
That gave Lithuania a chance of survival, but governing such large territories was impossible without making compromises with the local inhabitants.
Lithuania had to refuse the unification of the Baltic lands and search for support in lands alien to it in terms of ethnicity and religion.
viduramziu.lietuvos.net /socium/index-en.htm   (357 words)

 History of Lithuania at opensource encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
During World War I Lithuania's occupation by Germany (1915) and the subsequent collapse of the Russian imperial government led to the proclamation of an independent kingdom (February 16, 1918) under German control, and full independence as a republic upon Germany's surrender (November 1918).
This was a bloody time for Lithuania; local tensions, no longer held back by the Red Army, exploded and led to the wholesale slaughter of many Jews and individuals seens as Russian collaborators; many Poles were also slauthered by Lithuanian collaborators (see mass murder site in Ponary).
Lithuania formed a new Cabinet of Ministers headed by Kazimiera Prunskiene, and adopted the Provisional Fundamental Law of the state and a number of by-laws.
www.wiki.tatet.com /History_of_Lithuania.html   (2436 words)

 Lithuania: History
In 1386, Lithuania and Poland were drawn together by a common enemy Ö the Teutonic Knights Ö and formed a union under the Lithuanian Grand Duke Jogaila, who was crowned king of Poland.
It focused on the history of the Lithuanian state and Lithuanian language and culture, and began formulating demands for cultural and political rights.
Valdas Adamkus, a Lithuania who spent most of his life in the United States, was inaugurated as President in February, 1998.
www.lithuanian-american.org /folklife/lithuania.htm   (328 words)

 A short history of Lithuania
Lithuania unites with Poland in a personal union in 1386.
Lithuania is from now on part of Poland.
Lithuania becomes part of the German occupational administrative unit of Ostland.
www.electionworld.org /history/lithuania.htm   (810 words)

 CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Lithuania   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
With a view to strengthening his position against external enemies, especially the Teutonic Order, Mindowe and his wife sought baptism in 1250 or 1251, and received from Innocent IV the royal crown, with which he was crowned by the Bishop of Kulm, in 1252 (1253) in presence of the Master of the Teutonic Order.
At this period, however, Christianity acquired no firm footing in Lithuania proper; it was embraced only by Mindowe and his immediate friends, and by them purely for political reasons, and it was also with an eye to political interest that they reverted to paganism about 1262.
Thereafter, Lithuania shared the fate of Poland, although in 1648 one section of the Lithuanians of Little Russia — the Ukraine — separated from Poland and, in 1654, made their submission to the Tsar of Russia.
www.newadvent.org /cathen/09292a.htm   (1828 words)

 Lithuania History
When prince of Lithuania married a Polish princess in 1386, the Lithuanian was made King of Poland on the condition that his country accept Christianity.
At the dawn of the second World War, the Soviets invaded Lithuania and shortly thereafter a Soviet Socialist Republic was declared.
In September 1991, the USSR conceded and recognized Lithuania as an independent country.
www.multied.com /NationbyNation/Lithuania/History1.html   (214 words)

 A Short History of Lithuania’s Seimas Elections   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Lithuania's elections' law fully enfranchised all adult population of the country.
A territory of Lithuania was divided into 10 electoral districts, but actual voting was held only in 7 electoral districts due to occupation of Vilnius region by Poland in 1919.
The Third Seimas of Lithuania was elected in June, 1926.
vingis.sc-uni.ktu.lt /rinkimai/seimhist.htm   (544 words)

 History of Lithuania Balts Slavs Slavonic Sarmatia Sarmatian Prussia East Nord Scandinavia Nation book
It took 200 years for these lands to turn back to Lithuania; however, the elhnocultural situation was rather significantly changed there.
The history of the Radimiches' domains is a good example that archaeology is not the decisive index when restoring the development of social ethnopsychology.
The majority of inhabitants, especially in the 9th and 10th c.c., had to treat themselves there not as representatives of a concrete ethnos, but be guided by the feelings of the local gentry.
www.lietuvos.net /istorija/east_balts/balts.htm   (3692 words)

 Lithuania Baha'i Community - History of the Baha'i Faith in Lithuania
The first Baha'is to visit Lithuania in more recent times was Mrs Yadwiga Kuncaitis-Giedraitis, a Baha'i of Lithuanian origin from the United States who visited her relatives in 1973.
In February 1992 the goal town of Kaunas was opened by pioneers Ted and Jeanine Taylor from Canada, and the town of Klaipeda was opened by pioneer Thomas Keedy from the United States.
In 1991, Lithuania came under the jurisdiction of the Spiritual Assembly of the Baha'is of the USSR.
www.is.lt /bahai/history2.htm   (514 words)

 Medieval Lithuania
This site is devoted to the history of Lithuania in the Middle Ages.
Medieval Lithuania included also the territory of modern Belarus and the greater part of Ukraine and had strongly influenced the historical fate of Poland and the other countries in the region.
Lithuania was first mentioned in 1009, formed a state ca.
viduramziu.lietuvos.net /en   (314 words)

 Museum of the History of Lithuania Medicine and Pharmacy
The upper floor of the Museum is meant for demonstrating exhibits, that describe pharmacy development in Lithuania before the Soviet occupation and show the samples of labelled medical preparations as well as survey the further evolution of pharmacy in the country.
Thought the Museum exposition moved to this particular building in 1987, the history of the Pharmacy Department reaches the year of 1936 when the Lithuanian Pharmacy Museum was started to be created by joint efforts of the Lithuanian Pharmacists' Society and Lithuanian Pharmaceutists' Union.
Lithuania's Medicine and Pharmacy History Museum is most unique in the Baltic Region.
muziejai.mch.mii.lt /Kaunas/medicin_farmac_muziejus.en.htm   (740 words)

 Amazon.com: The Jews of Lithuania: A History of a Remarkable Community 1316-1945: Books: Masha Greenbaum   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Lithuania, a wedge of land in the northeast of Europe on the crossroads between Russia and the western section of the continent, is bound by Latvia in the north, White Russia (Belorussia, today Belarus) in the east, Poland in the south, and Germany and the Baltic Sea in the west.
The authors idea of Jewish History in that pre-modern era, which in Lithuania extended until the mid 1800's was to tell about the relationship that the ruler of that area had with the Jews.
The books like The Jews of Lithuania: a history of a remarkable community, 1316-1945, if written about other countries, would highlight the truth about the Jews and their contribution to the countries they were living in.
www.amazon.com /exec/obidos/tg/detail/-/9652291323?v=glance   (1954 words)

 WHKMLA : History of Lithuania, 1918-1922
Compared with other newly established nation-states in eastern central Europe, Lithuania lacked the protection of a victorious power - Poland enjoyed the sympathy of France, Britain, the States, Latvia and Estonia British support; Lithuania was perceived as a German creation.
ANTANAS SMETONA, chairman of the COUNCIL OF LITHUANIA, was an advocate of a policy leaning on Germany.
Lithuania only in 1938 recognised the annexion of Vilnius and 'Central Lithuania' to Poland.
www.zum.de /whkmla/region/eceurope/lithuania191822.html   (343 words)

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