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Topic: History of physics


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In the News (Thu 18 Oct 18)

  
  Physics - MSN Encarta
Chemistry, for example, deals with the interaction of atoms to form molecules; much of modern geology is largely a study of the physics of the earth and is known as geophysics; and astronomy deals with the physics of the stars and outer space.
Thermodynamics, for example, a branch of physics developed during the 19th century, deals with the elucidation and measurement of properties of a system as a whole and remains useful in other fields of physics; it also forms the basis of much of chemical and mechanical engineering.
Physics emerged as a separate science only in the early 19th century; until that time a physicist was often also a mathematician, philosopher, chemist, biologist, engineer, or even primarily a political leader or artist.
encarta.msn.com /encyclopedia_761553206/Physics.html   (616 words)

  
 History of physics Summary
Physics and astronomy, from which all other sciences derive their foundation, are attempts to provide a rational explanation for the structure and workings of the cosmos.
The year 1900 marks the beginnings of a more modern physics; today, the science shows no sign of completion, as more issues are raised, with questions rising from the age of the universe, to the nature of the vacuum, to the ultimate nature of the properties of subatomic particles.
A number of new efforts to understand the physical world arose in the last half of the twentiety century that generated widespread interest: fractals and scaling, self-organized criticality, complexity and chaos, power laws and noise, networks, non-equilibrium thermodynamics, sandpiles, nanotechnology, cellular automata and the anthropic principle were only a few of these important topics.
www.bookrags.com /History_of_physics   (6798 words)

  
  History of physics - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The year 1900 marks the beginnings of a more modern physics; today, the science shows no sign of completion, as more issues are raised, with questions rising from the age of the universe, to the nature of the vacuum, to the ultimate nature of the properties of subatomic particles.
Physical theories in antiquity were largely couched in philosophical terms, and rarely verified by systematic experimental testing.
A number of new efforts to understand the physical world arose in the last half of the twentiety century that generated widespread interest: fractals and scaling, self-organized criticality, complexity and chaos, power laws and noise, networks, non-equilibrium thermodynamics, sandpiles, nanotechnology, cellular automata and the anthropic principle were only a few of these important topics.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/History_of_physics   (5779 words)

  
 Harvard Physics Department - History
Physics was a required course at Harvard College by 1642.
Count Rumford (originally Benjamin Thompson of Woburn, Massachusetts), who is said to have bootlegged physics courses at Harvard when still a poor boy, became one of the discoverers of the Law of Conservation of Energy, and left the endowment for the Rumford Professorship in 1814.
The Jefferson Laboratory was born under the ascending star of experimental inquiry, as reflected in triumphant 19th-century terms by Pasteur.
www.physics.harvard.edu /about/history.html   (1527 words)

  
 History :: Physics : Gourt
AAPT Committee on the History and Philosophy of Physics - The Committee on the History and Philosophy of Physics (CHPP) is an AAPT committee working toward the preservation and deepening of a historical perspective in physics education at all levels.
Visual Archives of the AIP Center for History of Physics is the world's largest collection of photographs, films and other images in the history of physics and allied sciences such as astronomy and geophysics.
Physics Cabinet - A virtual museum of physics apparatus and instruments of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries.
science.gourt.com /Physics/History.html   (1323 words)

  
 Oxford Physics Teaching - History Archive
But the overall picture had been improved by the creation in 1900 of a new physics chair, to which was appointed Townsend, a researcher in the field of gaseous ions and electrical discharge physics, charged with the teaching of electricity and magnetism.
Nuclear Physics, which was a minor research subject in the inter-war years, expanded greatly subsequently, and now is concerned mainly with elementary particle physics, using the facilities at CERN and other centres.
The Clarendon Laboratory now consists of the Lindemann, Townsend and Simon buildings; nuclear physics, astrophysics and the bulk of the teaching laboratories are housed in a separate laboratory approximately equal in size to the Clarendon, and theoretical physics and atmospheric physics are in their separate buildings.
www.physics.ox.ac.uk /history.asp?page=HistoryBrief   (966 words)

  
 A History of Physics Research at Brookhaven
From its inception Brookhaven has had a major focus on physics, including the subfields of nuclear, particle and condensed matter, and five Nobel Prizes in physics have resulted.
Three of those discoveries were made at the Laboratory's premiere proton accelerator, the Alternating Gradient Synchrotron (AGS), and another Nobel Prize in physics was awarded for a theoretical breakthrough that showed a violation of a supposedly absolute law of physics known as parity conservation.
Many other important physics discoveries have been made at BNL facilities over the years, including at the AGS, the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider, the National Synchrotron Light Source, the Brookhaven Graphite Research Reactor, the High Flux Beam Reactor and elsewhere.
www.bnl.gov /physics/history   (296 words)

  
 Augsburg Physics: Overview and History
The principles of physics underlie every physical aspect of our world, from the smallest subatomic particle to the largest galaxy in outer space.
Far from being an isolated science, physics is very much a part of the world in which we live.
At Augsburg, physics students have rigorous and up-to-date preparation in physics, ready access to professors, and the opportunity to work with faculty or local industry on research projects.
www.augsburg.edu /physics/history.html   (320 words)

  
 History of physics - Gurupedia
Several theories were proposed, most of them were wrong, but this is part of the nature of the scientific enterprise, and even modern theories of quantum mechanics and relativity are considered merely as "theories that haven't broken yet".
Galileo pioneered the use of experiment to validate physical theories, which is the key idea in the scientific method.
The pioneers of condensed matter physics include Bloch, who created a quantum mechanical description of the behavior of electrons in crystal structures in 1928.
www.gurupedia.com /h/hi/history_of_physics.htm   (2614 words)

  
 Rutgers Physics and Astronomy: History of Physics and Astronomy at Rutgers
Rutgers Physics and Astronomy: History of Physics and Astronomy at Rutgers
The first graduate student in physics was enrolled in 1883 and the first graduate student in astronomy in 1892.
Further details about the history of the department can be found by clicking on History of Physics and Astronomy at Rutgers.
www.physics.rutgers.edu /dept/history   (496 words)

  
 History of Physics at Carolina
The subject of physics was one of the fields of knowledge contained in the original curriculum drawn up by a committee before the opening of the University.
In 1907 the Physics Department was officially organized as a separate department of the University under the headship of Professor Gore.
This departmental history was written by Dr. Paul E. Shearin, formerly (1944-1956) Chairman of the Department.
www.physics.unc.edu /about/physics_history.php   (2094 words)

  
 Physics Help - Overview, History, Future, Links
Physics (from Greek from φυσικός (phusikos): natural, from φύσις; (fysis): Nature) is the science of Nature in the broadest sense.
Physics is very closely related to the other natural sciences, particularly chemistry, the science of molecules and the chemical compounds that they form in bulk.
Below is an overview of the major subfields and concepts in physics, followed by a brief outline of the history of physics and its subfields.
www.physics.teleactivities.net   (1550 words)

  
 Physics > History
Several theories were proposed, most of them were wrong, but this is part of the nature of the scientific enterprise, and even modern theories of quantum mechanics and relativity are considered merely as "theories that haven't broken yet".
During the early 17th century, Galileo pioneered the use of experiment to validate physical theories, which is the key idea in the scientific method.
Quantum mechanics also provided the theoretical tools for condensed matter physics, which studies the physical behavior of solids and liquids, including phenomena such as crystal structures, semiconductivity, and superconductivity.
www.physics.teleactivities.net /history/index.html   (2725 words)

  
 history [Theoretical Particle Physics Jobs Rumor Mill]
One does not normally associate the high-brow world of particle physics with rumors and gossip-mongering, but the tight academic job market has lead to several web sites that provide rumors of job openings, short lists, offers, and actual hirings.
There was much discussion at the time of what could be done to reform the field of physics and cure the situation, for example there was talk of limiting the number of Ph.D. students in physics.
Physics departments often send job advertisements directly to the rumor mill, and some even send in their short lists in order to avoid any misunderstandings.
particle.physics.ucdavis.edu /rumor/doku.php?id=history   (847 words)

  
 History of Physics Group - Home Page   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
Its main aims are to secure the written, oral and instrumental record of British physics for posterity and to explore ways in which history can be used more effectively in the understanding, teaching and general communication of physics.
Since the history of physics deals with all aspects of physics the Group also hopes to provide a forum whereby the different and sometimes fragmented disciplines of physics and related subjects may interact fruitfully.
The Group intends to pursue those aspects of the history of physics which especially require the skills of the physicist and which are of particular interest to the practitioner of physics.
groups.iop.org /HP   (325 words)

  
 History of Physics: Rationale and Information
Using this vibrant history in the classroom is a way to engage students in both the understanding of content and the broader issue of the nature of science.
The subset of the McREL physical science standards used here generally correlate to the content of an average ninth-grade physics class and are also readily linked to some historic person or event.
Annotated links to general resources about using the history of science in teaching, including some curricula and for general resources about the history of physics.
cse.edc.org /products/historyphysics/rationale.asp   (636 words)

  
 A History of Physics at Purdue
The number of its publications in nuclear physics continued to grow and it was able to attract as visitors a host of the most distinguished physicists of that era--including several Nobel Laureates--who gave seminars and short courses.
With regard to the remaining members of the Purdue physics department, at some point in late fall of 1943, nearly two-thirds of the faculty and graduate students engaged in nuclear research at Purdue, simply vanished from the campus all leaving behind the same post office box as a forwarding address.
The department's high standing in the physics community prior to the war, was due in large measure to the cyclotron and thus to its cutting edge research in nuclear physics.
www.physics.purdue.edu /about_us/history/war_period.shtml   (6608 words)

  
 Contributions of Physics to the Information Age
Elementary particle physics describes the fundamental building blocks of the universe in the language of relativistic quantum field theory, which is basically quantum mechanics mixed with Einstein's relativity.
The first electronic digital computer was built in the basement of the physics department at Iowa State University in 1939 by Professor John Atanasoff, who had a Ph.D. in theoretical physics from the University of Wisconsin, and his physics graduate student Clifford Berry.
PBS: The History of the Invention of the Transistor
www.physics.ucla.edu /~ianb/history   (2586 words)

  
 Google Directory - Science > Physics > History
The Committee on the History and Philosophy of Physics (CHPP) is an AAPT committee working toward the preservation and deepening of a historical perspective in physics education at all levels.
Reports on work in the history of physics (and allied fields such as astronomy and geophysics).
A virtual museum of physics apparatus and instruments of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries.
google.fr /alpha/Top/Science/Physics/History   (778 words)

  
 History of Physics
The History of Physics is intertwined with the History of Astronomy.
The history of western civilization from several thousand B. to the present is very much a story of discovery, disagreement, loss, and rediscovery.
Modern Physics (The 20th century, 1900-2000) The physics coming down to us from the past which focusses very much on motion and the nature of the universe was further defined and perfected by Isaac Newton was dominant until the beginning of the 20th century.
www.physicsphenomena.com /HistoryofPhysics.htm   (4598 words)

  
 History Physics Science
It was founded as a venue for physicists, historians, and other members of the APS with an interest in discussing and exploring the historical dimensions of physics research.
- The Committee on the History and Philosophy of Physics (CHPP) is an AAPT committee working toward the preservation and deepening of a historical perspective in physics education at all levels.
These pictures are in the vein of "The History of Physics" and are images of notable physicists.
www.iaswww.com /ODP/Science/Physics/History   (963 words)

  
 Physics at Minnesota: History of Science and Technology
The University has a unique approach to the history of science, in which the historians are members of scientific and engineering departments and participants in a unifying history of science program.
Although History of Science and Technology does maintain a separate graduate program, it is also possible to obtain a degree in physics with an emphasis on the history of physics.
Professor Alan Shapiro specializes in the history of optics and mechanics from the Scientific Revolution of the 16th century through to the early nineteenth century, with particular focus on Isaac Newton's work, along with the historical development of scientific methodology, and the history of color science and the interaction of art, science, and technology.
www.physics.umn.edu /info/historysci.html   (223 words)

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