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Topic: History of standard time in the United States

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In the News (Mon 15 Jul 19)

  Who Dreamed Up Our Concept of Time?
That conference laid the groundwork, recognizing the need for a time standard in a world of increasing speed in both communication and travel, with its implications for commerce, and eventually the Standard Time Act of 1918 was enacted into law in the United States on March 19th, only eighty-five years ago.
Remarkable, standard time in the United States originally came into existence because of the railroads, and much of the country subsequently ran on railroad time, but local time was a different matter.
In Time Lord, the reader is introduced and exposed to the maddening reality in which a traveler arriving in a railroad station during the 1870s was trapped in a complicated maze of trying to determine the accurate time to make connections from one locale to another.
hnn.us /articles/1433.html   (1384 words)

 Daylight Saving Time - When do we change our clocks?
Time reverts to standard time at 2:00 a.m.
was originally chosen as the changeover time because it was practical and minimized disruption.
More than 90 percent of homes in the United States have smoke detectors, but one-third are estimated to have dead or missing batteries.
webexhibits.org /daylightsaving/b.html   (693 words)

 History & info - Standard time began with the railroads
Standard time in the US Standard time in time zones was instituted in the U.S. and Canada by the railroads on November 18, 1883.
Prior to that, time of day was a local matter, and most cities and towns used some form of local solar time, maintained by a well-known clock (on a church steeple, for example, or in a jeweler's window).
Standard time in time zones was established by U.S. law with the Standard Time Act of 1918, enacted on March 19.
webexhibits.org /daylightsaving/d.html   (1041 words)

 Daylight Time   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Many other countries observe some form of "summer time", but they do not necessarily change their clocks on the same dates as the U.S. Daylight time and time zones in the U.S. are defined in the U.S. Code, Title 15, Chapter 6, Subchapter IX - Standard Time.
History of Daylight Time in the U.S. Although standard time in time zones was instituted in the U.S. and Canada by the railroads in 1883, it was not established in U.S. law until the Act of March 19, 1918, sometimes called the Standard Time Act.
In 1974, daylight time began on 6 January and in 1975 it began on 23 February.
aa.usno.navy.mil /faq/docs/daylight_time.html   (550 words)

 U.S. Time Zones   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Standard time within each time zone is an integral number of hours offset from a time scale called Universal Time, Coordinated (abbreviated UTC), maintained by a large number of very precise "atomic clocks" at laboratories around the world, including the U.S. Naval Observatory.
History of Standard Time in the U.S. Standard time in time zones was instituted in the U.S. and Canada by the railroads on 18 November 1883.
Standard time in time zones was not established in U.S. law until the Act of March 19, 1918, sometimes called the Standard Time Act.
aa.usno.navy.mil /faq/docs/us_tzones.html   (667 words)

 Time zone - Art History Online Reference and Guide
Time zones are areas of the Earth that have adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time.
Time zones are generally centered on meridians of a longitude that is a multiple of 15° thus making neighboring time zones one hour apart.
Time zones were first proposed for the entire world by Canada's Sir Sandford Fleming in 1876 as an appendage to the single 24-hour clock he proposed for the entire world (located at the center of the Earth and not linked to any surface meridian!).
www.arthistoryclub.com /art_history/CST   (2330 words)

 Today in History: November 18
In one moment the many different standards of time that had caused conflict and confusion, were resolved into four simple standards.
GMT was considered the "time zero," and the twenty-four standard meridians marked the centers of the zones.
Standardized time was one of the "causes" advanced by the forward-thinking reformers of the period.
memory.loc.gov /ammem/today/nov18.html   (1539 words)

 Travel97: To Every Times, There Is A Purpose
Thus the midpoints of the world's hourly time zones were conveniently defined at intervals of 15 degrees of longitude east and west of Greenwich.
At the time of the conference, the United States, Canada and Britain were already observing the new system.
By the 1970s, the only places not observing standard time were the interior of Greenland (with a resident population of zero, it hardly matters), the polar ice caps (where all time zones converge meaninglessly) and inland Saudi Arabia (where clocks are sometimes still set to midnight at sunset, in accordance with Koranic law).
www.sptimes.com /Travel97/10198/To_Every_Times__There.html   (1662 words)

 Howard Zinn's A People's History
The United States responded with the Truman Doctrine, the name given to a speech Truman gave to Congress in the spring of 1947, in which he asked for $400 million in military and economic aid to Greece and Turkey.
The United States was trying, in the postwar decade, to create a national consensus excluding the radicals, who could not support a foreign policy aimed at suppressing revolution-of conservatives and liberals, Republicans and Democrats, around the policies of cold war and anti- Communism.
The United States' response to "the rule of force" was to reduce Korea, North and South, to a shambles, in three years of bombing and shelling.
www.writing.upenn.edu /~afilreis/50s/zinn-chap16.html   (6916 words)

Atomic time is kept synchronized with universal time by the addition or subtraction of a leap second whenever necessary.
The U.S. Naval Observatory continues to be the leading authority in the United States for astronomical and timing data required for such purposes as navigation at sea, on land, and in space, as well as for civil affairs and legal matters.
Accurate time synchronization with the Master Clock is now beginning to be carried out through the use of atomic clocks in satellites, such as the GPS satellites, which will provide the primary means of time synchronization and worldwide time distribution in the future.
tycho.usno.navy.mil /history.html   (962 words)

 End Daylight Saving Time
Farmers, who must wake with the sun no matter what time their clock says, are greatly inconvenienced by having to change their schedule in order to sell their crops to people who observe daylight saving time.
Daylight saving time did indeed begin in the United States during World War I, primarily to save fuel by reducing the need to use artificial lighting.
When year-round daylight time was tried in 1973, one reason it was repealed was because of an increased number of school bus accidents in the morning.
www.standardtime.com   (547 words)

 United States: History
In the race for technological superiority the United States exploded (1952) the first hydrogen bomb, but was second to the USSR in launching (Jan. 31, 1958) an artificial satellite and in testing an intercontinental guidedmissile.
That conflict showed that the United States was again reluctant to commit military forces, such as its army, that were likely to suffer significant casualties, although it would use its airpower, where its great technological advantages enabled it strike with less risk to its forces.
In the United States, the Nasdaq Internet and technology stock bubble, which had begun its rise in 1999, completely deflated in the second half of 2000, as the so-called new economy associated with the Internet proved to be subject to the rules of the old economy.
www.factmonster.com /ce6/us/A0861712.html   (13013 words)

 National History Standards - Era 1
For example, what many at the time thought was progress was regarded by others as retrogressive.
Second, the dizzying rate of expansion was accomplished at the cost of the wars against the Plains Indians, which produced the "second great removal" of indigenous peoples from their ancient homelands and ushered in a new federal Indian policy that would last until the New Deal.
Third, muscular, wealth-producing industrial development that raised the standard of living for millions of Americans also fueled the rise of national labor unionism and unprecedented clashes in industrial and mining sites between capital and labor.
www.sscnet.ucla.edu /nchs/standards/era6-5-12.html   (1651 words)

 World Time Scales
It was not until December of 1854 that the Secretary of the Navy officially designated this growing institution as the "United States Naval Observatory and Hydrographic Office." Through all of the ensuing years, the USNO has retained timekeeping as one of its key functions.
A compromise time scale was eventually devised, and on January 1, 1972, the new Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) became effective internationally.
Interestingly, the standard timekeeping system related to this arrangement of time zones was made official in the United States by an Act of Congress in March 1918, some 34 years following the agreement reached at the international conference.
physics.nist.gov /GenInt/Time/world.html   (646 words)

 NIST: Time and Frequency Division - Division 847
The Time and Frequency Division, part of NIST's Physics Laboratory, maintains the standard for frequency and time interval for the United States, provides official time to the United States, and carries out a broad program of research and service activities in time and frequency metrology.
The division develops and maintains the primary standards for frequency and time interval in the United States.
NIST researchers are also demonstrating the potential to fabricate and assemble the physics package using the low-cost, mass-production techniques used to make semiconductor devices, which should eventually lead to a complete atomic clock about 1 cubic centimeter in size (about the size of a pencil eraser) powered by a battery.
tf.nist.gov   (322 words)

 U. S Highways: From US 1 to (US 830)
Also listed are the states the roads pass or passed though (with links to other sites), length of the highway (current and/or historic), the roads that replaced it, and other notes, such as years of commissioning and decommissioning and major extensions and truncations.
Standard Stations used to be a common sight along the nation's highway's - offering fuel, auto supplies, repairs, and trip planning while carrying on a long history of quality and service.
Long distance travelers could not help but notice that the Standard Oil Company in one state may not be the same company in the next, or even the next after that.
www.us-highways.com   (3414 words)

 Copyright Timeline   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
At the same time, the monopoly was limited in order to stimulate creativity and the advancement of "science and the useful arts" through wide public access to works in the "public domain." Major revisions to the act were implemented in 1831, 1870, 1909, and 1976.
According to the text of the guidelines, the purpose was "to state the minimum and not the maximum standards of educational fair use under section 107 of the [Copyright Act of 1976].
UCITA was passed by state legislatures in Maryland and Virginia in 2000, but has yet to pass in other states due to significant opposition in the public and private sectors.
arl.cni.org /info/frn/copy/timeline.html   (5501 words)

 United States Early Radio History
Over time more articles will be added, to cover additional topics and expand on the existing ones.
Until late 1912 there was no licencing or regulation of radio transmitters in the United States, so amateurs -- known informally as "hams" -- were free to set up stations wherever they wished.
But with the adoption of licencing, amateur operators faced a crisis, as most were now restricted to transmitting on a wavelength of 200 meters (1500 kilohertz), which had a limited sending range.
earlyradiohistory.us   (1676 words)

 Open Directory - Reference: Time   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Calendar: A History - The history of the western calendar and the clock.
NIST Time and Frequency Division - The National Institute of Standards and Technology maintains time and frequency standards for the United States.
U.S. Time Zones - History of standard time in the U.S. A Walk Through Time - Evolution of timekeeping through the centuries.
dmoz.org /Reference/Time   (473 words)

 The Decathlon in Olympic History - DECA, The Decathlon Association
They were paid for their efforts and by the fifth Century BC city states bid for the services of athletes and generously rewarded them for major victories.
But the United States came up with a used car salesman from Denver named Glenn Morris, a former student at Colorado State who took up the decathlon in 1936 and broke Sievert's record in just his second meet.
In 1984, when the Summer Olympic Games returned to the United States for the first time in 52 years, it was the Eastern Block nations, led by the Soviets, who stayed at home.
www.decathlonusa.org /history.html   (4482 words)

 Find in a Library: Standard time in the United States; a history of standard and daylight saving time in the United ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Find in a Library: Standard time in the United States; a history of standard and daylight saving time in the United States and an analysis of the related laws.
Standard time in the United States; a history of standard and daylight saving time in the United States and an analysis of the related laws.
To find a library, type in a postal code, state, province, or country.
www.worldcatlibraries.org /wcpa/ow/f12e64ce9d5f9ca3.html   (128 words)

 United States: History
Explaining in His State of The Union Address Why The United States Invaded and Occupied Another Country Without Provocation, George W. Bush Offers History His Version of 'Remember The Maine'!
The Utah State Board of Education has recommended the use of bigchalk ClassMate Earth Science and ClassMate United States History as supplemental curriculum for its more than 136 senior high schools and 131 middle schools.(HR Newswatch) (Heller Report on Educational Technology Markets)
Sidelights: gangs have long history in the United States and Europe.
www.infoplease.com /ce6/us/A0861712.html   (13198 words)

 WTPS United States History Links
History and Politics Out Loud ("HPOL is a collection of invaluable audio materials some available for the first time on this website capturing significant political and historical events and personalities of the twentieth century.
The records of the Continental Congress, the Constitutional Convention, and the United States Congress comprise a rich documentary history of the construction of the nation, the development of the federal government, and its role in the national life.
History of the Cherokee ("a tribute to the strength and determination of our people to survive centuries of trials and oppression"...
www.wtps.org /links/hist_us.htm   (9132 words)

 A Time to Care - World Society for the Protection of Animals
Release your mind to a 50-year-old history of veterinary science and intrepid field operations.
And open your heart to the plight of suffering animals and to a global force of heroes dedicated to healing their pain.
If ever there was a time to care that time is now.
www.wspa-usa.org   (161 words)

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