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Topic: History of the British constitution


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  Constitution
Constitution, one of six frigates authorized by act of Congress, approved 27 March 1794, was designed by Joshua Humphreys, and built at Hartt's Shipyard, Boston, Mass., under the supervision of George Clag-horn with Captain Samuel Nicholson as inspector.
Constitution departed on 31 December for a cruise in the Windward Islands.
Constitution opened the action firing broadsides; as the contestants drew apart she maneuvered adroitly between the two, fighting each separately and avoiding raking by either.
www.history.navy.mil /danfs/c13/constitution.htm   (1814 words)

  
 Manas: History and Politics, British India
Whereas in the plains British men outnumbered women, at the hill stations British women had a more formidable presence than men, and their numbers always saw a dramatic increase at moments of crises, such as during the Rebellion of 1857 or the Punjab Disturbances of 1919.
It has even been argued that, in a manner of speaking, the British adhered to their own version of a caste system, and they would not deign to have any social intercourse with Indians, barring those whose acquaintance had to be cultivated as a matter of political expediency.
The British could be construed as only emulating the oriental despots they had succeeded, but they no doubt saw themselves as fulfilling the expectations their subjects had of them.
www.sscnet.ucla.edu /southasia/History/British/HillStations.html   (3227 words)

  
 TheHistoryNet | Military History | USS Constitution: The Legendary Survivor
Besides achieving renown in several actions during the War of 1812, USS Constitution managed to endure to the present day, despite some close brushes with destruction--the last of which was at the hands of her own navy.
From 1800 to 1803, Constitution and her sisters were recalled to port and held "in ordinary," in accordance with the isolationist policy fostered by President Thomas Jefferson.
On May 1, 1811, the British Guerrière, a frigate that had been captured from the French in 1806 and was now under the command of Captain James Richard Dacres, stopped and boarded the American brig Spitfire off Sandy Hook, N.J., and made off with an American passenger named John Deguyo.
www.historynet.com /magazines/military_history/3036886.html   (1533 words)

  
 History of Fiji   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
The Constitutional Review Commission produced a draft constitution that expanded the size of the legislature, lowered the proportion of seats reserved by ethnic group, and reserved the presidency for ethnic Fijians, but opened the position of prime minister to all races.
The Supreme Court reaffirmed the validity of the Constitution and ordered the Chaudhry government returned to power in March 2001, after which the President dissolved the Parliament elected in 2000 and appointed Qarase head of a caretaker government until elections could be held in August.
The 1997 Constitution states that any party receiving 10% or more of the seats in Parliament must be given an opportunity to be represented in the Cabinet in proportion to its numbers in the House of Representatives.
www.historyofnations.net /oceania/fiji.html   (836 words)

  
 "The Canadian Constitution, A History Lesson."
We, in Canada, are blessed with a constitution which is fully traceable to the constitution of England, rooted deep, as it is, in English common law, a subject with which I deal elsewhere.
The English constitution was formed by the common law and it continues to move with it; and, the common law was allowed to grow and flourish, because of the English constitution.
The history of England, is in effect a string of constitutional battles which usually resulted in royal concessions.
www.blupete.com /Literature/Essays/BluePete/ConstitutionHistory.htm   (3240 words)

  
 Colonial Williamsburg -- Colonial History
The existing Middle Plantation was relatively undeveloped aside from a parish church and the College of William and Mary, chartered in 1693 by King William and Queen Mary.
It is organized according to traditional British concepts of how a "city" should function as the center of education, religion, and politics, with the College, Church, and Capitol serving as key landmarks.
Virginia's tranquil self-confidence was shaken by the British Parliament's passage of the Stamp Act in 1765, the first attempt by the mother country to tax the colonies for revenue.
www.americanparknetwork.com /parkinfo/cw/history   (2182 words)

  
 Liberty Library of Constitutional Classics
Constitution of Medina (Dustur al-Madinah), Mohammed (622) — Constitution of government which united Muslims, Jews, Christians and pagans, in the city-state of Medina, perhaps the first written constitution.
A Defense of the Constitutions of Government of the United States of America, John Adams (1787-89) — Comprehensive historical review of how various national constitutions worked, with quotes from political philosophers and historians, that influenced the Founders in their drafting of state and federal constitutions.
The American Republic: its Constitution, Tendencies, and Destiny, O. Brownson (1866) — Argument against secession, distinguishes the constitution of government from the underlying constitution of the society, and territorial from socialistic or egoistic democracy.
www.constitution.org /liberlib.htm   (3675 words)

  
 USS Constitution, The History
USS Constitution was one of six frigates authorized for construction by an act of Congress in 1794.
Constitution patrolled the North African coast for two years after the war ended, to enforce the terms of the treaty.
The British ship fired the first shot of the legendary battle; 20 minutes later, Guerriere was a dismasted hulk, so badly damaged that she was not worth towing to port.
www.chinfo.navy.mil /navpalib/ships/constitution/iron-hist.html   (918 words)

  
 The Constitutions of Mississippi   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
For example, the Constitution of the United States is a written document that spells out the organization and powers of the federal government.
State constitutions vary widely in their provisions and in their forms and organizations of state government, but all constitutions spell out the duties of a state's legislative, executive, and judicial functions.
The Constitution of 1817 was the states first constitution written when Mississippi entered the Union as a state.
mshistory.k12.ms.us /features/feature3/constofms.html   (529 words)

  
 History
By 1874, the British were the only Europeans in the Gold Coast and thus made it a crown colony.
They were therefore inspired to struggle against the same British in Ghana after the their return from the war.
In 1956, another election was held in response to a pledge by the British Secretary of State for the colonies that if the newly elected legislature, by a reasonable majority, passed a resolution calling for independence; a firm date for the changeover would be announced.
www.info-ghana.com /history.htm   (1277 words)

  
 Royalty.nu - The British Royal Family, the Windsors
Dignified and Efficient: The British Monarchy in the Twentieth Century by Charles Douglas-Home and Saul Kelly.
The Monarchy and the Constitution by Vernon Bogdanor.
The Constitutional History of England by Henry Hallam.
www.royalty.nu /Europe/England/Windsor/index.html   (2850 words)

  
 Manas: History and Politics, British India
Gandhi led the non-cooperation movement against the British in 1920-22, as well as a campaign of civil disobedience in 1930-31, and in 1942 he issued the call to the British to 'Quit India'.
When, in the aftermath of the war, and the triumph of the Labor party, the British Prime Minister Clement Atlee declared that the British would grant India its independence, negotiations were commenced with all the major political parties and communities, including the Sikhs, the Congress, and the Muslim League.
Though the Indian languages were well developed before the arrival of the British in India, the standardization of these languages, and the creation of the first grammars and dictionaries, was achieved under British rule.
www.sscnet.ucla.edu /southasia/History/British/BrIndia2.html   (921 words)

  
 Maldives Country Guide - History of Maldives, Presidents, Sultans Constitution
The British were also not to interfere with the internal affairs of the Maldives.
A constitution was introduced in 1932 after the emergence of a new educated elite.
The British were successful to conclude an agreement with the Prime Minister Ibrahim Ali Didi for the lease of Gan in Addu for 100 years.
www.maldiveisle.com /history.htm   (1543 words)

  
 War of 1812
In the West, Gen. William HULL surrendered Detroit to the British in August 1812; on the Niagara front, American troops lost the Battle of Queenston Heights in October; and along Lake Champlain the American forces withdrew in late November without seriously engaging the enemy.
This victory forced the British to retreat eastward from the Detroit region, and on Oct. 5, 1813, they were overtaken and defeated at the battle of the Thames (Moraviantown) by an American army under the command of Gen. William Henry HARRISON.
The British planned to attack the United States in three main areas: in New York along Lake Champlain and the Hudson River in order to sever New England from the union; at New Orleans to block the Mississippi; and in Chesapeake Bay as a diversionary maneuver.
www.gatewayno.com /history/War1812.html   (2014 words)

  
 Ultimate BVI - History of the BVI
The British Virgin Islands were initially populated by the Ciboney Indians who arrived on stone age canoes from the Americas.
The islands attained the status of British colony, and remained part of the Leeward Islands from 1872 until 1956, when the British Virgin Islands became a separately administered entity.
Many areas of the British Virgin Islands are now under the protection of a National Parks Trust, a body established by the government to conserve and manage the natural beauty of the islands.
www.ultimatebvi.com /history.html   (953 words)

  
 Amazon.com: The Oxford History of the British Empire: Volume II: The Eighteenth Century (Oxford History of the British ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
Volume II of The Oxford History of the British Empire examines the history of British worldwide expansion from the Glorious Revolution of 1689 to the end of the Napoleonic Wars, a crucial phase in the creation of the modern British Empire.
Series Blurb The Oxford History of the British Empire is a major new assessment of the Empire in the light of recent scholarship and the progressive opening of historical records.
The Oxford History of the British Empire as a comprehensive study allows us to understand the end of Empire in relation to its beginnings, the meaning of British imperialism for the ruled as well as the rulers, and the significance of the British Empire as a theme in world history.
www.amazon.com /Oxford-History-British-Empire-Eighteenth/dp/0199246777   (1539 words)

  
 History of Iceland   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
In 930 A.D., the ruling chiefs established a republican constitution and an assembly called the Althingi--the oldest parliament in the world.
The government and the administration of justice were vested in the Althing, which met annually in June and in which freemen and their families could take part.
The constitution, written in 1874, was revised in 1903, and a minister for Icelandic affairs, residing in Reykjavik, was made responsible to the Althingi.
www.historyofnations.net /europe/iceland.html   (1077 words)

  
 THE TRANSATLANTIC CONSTITUTION
The 1663 wording required that Rhode Island’s constitution, ordinances, and laws were to be “not contrary and repugnant unto, but as near as may be, agreeable to the laws of this our realm of England, considering the nature and constitution of the place and people there” (quoted at p.41).
Bilder argues that the essence of the “transatlantic constitution” is to be found in the processes negotiating the spaces between legitimate divergence and repugnancy.
With this as her frame of reference, she diligently traces the contours of the constitution as it was lived over time.
www.bsos.umd.edu /gvpt/lpbr/subpages/reviews/bilder0806.htm   (1302 words)

  
 Old Ironsides History Page
The CONSTITUTION is designed to be powerful enough to outfight any enemy warship approximately her same size, and yet fast enough to outsail a larger opponent.
The CONSTITUTION is the first ship to enter the new and massive Drydock No. 1 (in itself a technological and civil engineering marvel for our country) at the Boston Navy Yard.
The CONSTITUTION becomes embroiled in a political controversy concerning the installation of a new figurehead that depicts the current president, Andrew Jackson.
www.ussconstitution.navy.mil /historyupdat.htm   (2943 words)

  
 | In This Issue | Law and History Review, 21.3 | The History Cooperative
This issue of the Law and History Review explores some of the most important dynamics of law's place in the definition, implementation, and structure of the British Empire, from its earliest seventeenth-century stirrings through its late nineteenth-century heyday.
Van Onselen follows this clash of world views into the realm of application—the policing of the social pathologies of urbanization (alcohol, gambling, and prostitution)—to examine the manner in which those pathologies articulated with changing government policies, as well as how the resulting possibilities were exploited by criminal organizations.
Prior to the American Revolution, as is well known, British and Irish convicts were transported to British North America, principally the Chesapeake colonies of Virginia and Maryland.
www.historycooperative.org /journals/lhr/21.3/iti.html   (1274 words)

  
 NAVetsUSA Naval History - USS Constitution
One of the Navy's most historic relics, USS CONSTITUTION, berthed at Boston Naval Shipyard across the harbor from her birthplace, the old location of Hartt's Shipyard, stands as a fitting memorial to the glory of the Navy and seamen of long ago.
She captured and burned the British brigs ADEONA and LADY WARREN in the Gulf of St. Lawrence, recaptured the United States brig ADELINE, an enemy prize, and ordered her into Boston, and three days later she captured the GUERRIERE of 90 guns and 280 men.
Paul Revere furnished the copper spikes and bolts, Edmund Thayer built the gun carriages at South End, the anchors were forged at Hanover, and her sails were fashioned in the old Granary building at the corner of Park and Tremont streets.
home.earthlink.net /~navetsusa/history/constitution.html   (1668 words)

  
 Custom essay on History / British Empire The British Empire - Essay Empire
Nevertheless, among historians, and more generally in the popular imagination, the British Empire still denotes that 'Second' Empire, which was founded in the late eighteenth century and whose character distinguished it decisively from the 'Old Colonial System' of the British Atlantic world that had gone before it.
The attributed character of the Second British Empire √ as an empire founded on military conquest, racial subjection, economic exploitation and territorial expansion √ rendered it incompatible with metropolitan norms of liberty, equality and the rule of law, and demanded that the Empire be eroticized and further differentiated from domestic history.
External 'imperialism' was the off spring of 'internal colonialism', as the English developed their ideologies of racial supremacy, political hegemony, cultural superiority and divinely appointed civilizing mission in their relations with a 'Celtic fringe', beginning in Ireland in the sixteenth century.
www.essayempire.com /samples/history/britishempire/140.html   (1146 words)

  
 History of the British Virgin Islands: Tortola, Virgin Gorda, Anegada.
History of the British Virgin Islands: Tortola, Virgin Gorda, Anegada.
Also during the 1960s, the British Virgin Islands were given greater autonomy within the British Commonwealth.
The islands have their own constitution and a local legislative council which handles island affairs.
www.wiol.com /bvi/history.html   (382 words)

  
 Digital History
The framers of the Constitution believed that concessions on slavery were the price for the support of southern delegates for a strong central government.
They were convinced that if the Constitution restricted the slave trade, South Carolina and Georgia would refuse to join the Union.
Was the Constitution a proslavery document, as abolitionist William Lloyd Garrison claimed when he burned the document in 1854 and called it "a covenant with death and an agreement with Hell"?
www.digitalhistory.uh.edu /database/article_display.cfm?HHID=293   (605 words)

  
 TheHistoryNet | Civil War Times | Captain George S. Blake Saved the USS Constitution   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
When the Constitution came to the academy, one observer remarked that such a vivid reminder of America's naval glory would "exercise a salutary influence on the minds of the pupils."
To secure the academy and the Constitution against attack would require so large a troop presence that maintaining regular instruction would be impossible.
Overseeing the voyage to New York would be Lieutenant George Washington Rodgers, scion of one of the nation's foremost naval families; Oliver Hazard Perry and Matthew C. Perry were his uncles, and the commandant of midshipmen was his brother, Christopher.
www.historynet.com /magazines/civil_war_times/3033236.html   (818 words)

  
 The Halls of Academia
History Net: National Historical Society: comprehensive information on Western History containing eyewitness accounts, interviews, personality profiles, events, exhibits, multimedia resources, a daily quiz and topics such as aviation, technology, battles, military, historic travel, homes, antiques, and "Today in History" as well as the general headings of American, British, and Women's History and major wars
The Center for American History: At the University of Texas at Austin, a special collections library, archive, and museum that facilitates research and sponsors programs on the historical development of the United States.
Colonial Williamsburg: History of the 18th century capital of Virginia, life for colonial citizens, slaves, tradesmen, and children, biographies of early political figures (Washington, Jefferson, Henry...), a colonial dateline, and electronic fieldtrips and lesson plans.
www.tenet.edu /halls/history.html   (1123 words)

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