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Topic: History of the Greek language


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 A history of Greek   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The History of the Greek Language, to us, begins in the early periods of Ancient Greece, while the Mycenaeans and the Minoans were still around.
Greek was spoken all over the two empires, but at that time they did not have an alphabet.
As the greeks entered 400 years of bondage to the Turks, the amount of literature written was drastically reduced, since it was required that all literature be writtin in the old, purist attic style, and almost no one had the capability to do this.
www.agrino.org /greeklang/history.html   (709 words)

  
 Greek
Ancient Greek was spoken in Greece, on Crete and Cyprus, in parts of the eastern Mediterranean and western and northern Anatolia, on Sicily and in southern Italy, on the northern Black Sea coast, and sporadically along the African coast and the French Riviera.
Modern Greek is the language of about 9,340,000 people in Greece and the Greek islands and about 480,000 on Cyprus; it is also spoken in isolated villages of Turkey, Sicily, and southern Italy, and in many areas throughout the world to which Greeks have immigrated, notably Australia and North America.
Koine was the language of the court and of literature and commerce throughout the Hellenistic empires.
thor.prohosting.com /~linguist/greek.htm   (2420 words)

  
 History of the Greek Language
The history of the Greek Language begins, as far as the surviving texts are concerned, with the Mycenaean civilization at least as early as the thirteenth century BCE.
Greek was adopted as a second language by the native people of these regions and was ultimately transformed into what has come to be called the Hellenistic Koiné or common Greek.
The histories of Polybius, the discourses of Epictetus, and the Christian New Testament all date from this period and are good representatives of the Koine.
greek-language.com /historyofgreek   (847 words)

  
 History of Greek - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Attic Greek, a subdialect of Ionic, was for centuries the language of Athens.
Greek was the official language of the Eastern Roman Empire (or Byzantine Empire) until Constantinople fell to the Ottomans in 1453.
The decline of literacy among Greek speakers during the Ottoman Empire's domination of much of the Mediterranean restricted the language's evolution to the scattered Greek educated circles, such as the aristocrats of the Ionian islands and the Phanariotes of Constantinople.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/History_of_the_Greek_language   (768 words)

  
 Greek language. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05
It is the language of one of the major civilizations of the world and of one of the greatest literatures of all time.
Because of the political and cultural importance of Athens in the classical period of Greek history, the Athenian dialect, Attic, became dominant.
The official language of Greece and one of the official languages of Cyprus, Modern Greek is spoken today by about 12 million people, chiefly in Greece and the Greek islands (10 million speakers), Turkey (600,000), Cyprus (550,000), and the United States (390,000).
www.bartleby.com /65/gr/Greeklan.html   (765 words)

  
 The Greek Language
Greek is spoken by the 10 million inhabitants of Greece and some 82% of the population of Cyprus, numbering a further half million.
In the twentieth century the language debate took on a political significance with social reformers claiming that katharevousa was being used as an instrument to deny the common man access to education and advancement while nationalist governments generally tended to favour katharevousa.
Greek hostility to the Skopje government since the demise of the former Yugoslav Federation is based on a perceived fear of a nationalist movement for a "Greater Macedonia" posing a threat to Greek territory.
www.translexis.demon.co.uk /new_page_2.htm   (4450 words)

  
 The Greek Language Through Time
Greek is one of the oldest written languages on the earth, one of the first Indo-European languages ever written, and the language with the longest history of alphabetic graphology on the planet.
Greek became a separate branch of Indo-European probably in the third millennium and entered the traditional homeland around the beginning of the second (Costas 27).
This is the language situation during classical Greece, with Attic excelling in prose (though Herodotus writes in a gorgeous Ionic prose), Ionic of course in epic, Doric for choral poetry, and Aeolic for lyric.
linguistics.byu.edu /classes/ling450ch/reports/greek.html   (2331 words)

  
 The Greek Language
Greek is an Indo-European language spoken primarily in Greece.
The earliest records of written Greek (a syllabic script known as Linear B) are inscribed on baked mud tablets, found in the beginning of the 20th century on Crete, in the ruins of the palace of Knossos.
Greeks use dance as a means of celebrating, as a form of self expression, or as a part of rituals.
proz.com /info/greek.html   (524 words)

  
 Top 20 Greek   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Greek is written in the Greek alphabet, the first true alphabet (as opposed to an abjad or abugida) and the ancestor of the Latin.
Two main forms of the language have been in use since the end of the medieval Greek period: Dhimotikí (Δημοτική), the Demotic (vernacular) language, and Katharévousa (Καθαρεύουσα), an imitation of classical Greek, which was used for literary, juridic, and scientific purposes during the 19th and early 20th centuries.
Modern Greek is written in the late Ionic variant of the Greek alphabet, the oldest discovered inscriptions of which date to the 8th or 9th Century BCE, assumed its final form in 403 BCE, and displaced other regional variants due to its use for the Attic Koine dialect during the Hellenistic era.
www.top20greek.com   (4340 words)

  
 Untitled Document   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
This early language broke into dialects, as it seems that the Greeks were divided into several large groups, or tribes called 'phylon'.
However, despite efforts to generalize its usage, the dialects of demotic Greek were still spoken by most of the population and the strange phenomenon of two versions of Greek simultaneously existing (diglossia, i.e.
The result was a form of the language largely based on the Peloponnesian dialect, spoken by the everyday person, but also allowing for scholarly loans when necessary, in order to increase its expressive potential.
www.clas.ufl.edu /users/kapparis/GreekLanguage.html   (449 words)

  
 Ancient Greek Literature - History for Kids!
The Greeks wrote a great deal, and a surprising amount of what they wrote is still available to us today, 2500 years later.
During the Roman takeover of Greece, Polybius wrote a History of Rome in Greek.
History of Greek Literature, by Albin Lesky (reprinted 1996).
www.historyforkids.org /learn/greeks/literature/greeklit.htm   (514 words)

  
 The Greek language
The history of the Greek language is well attested, in some respects, by the abundant documents that have survived, and yet there are innumerable gray areas that make all our labels relative.
We should follow the tradition adopted in linguistics, history, history of religion, academic use, and so forth, and be tolerant of inaccuracies.
The language spoken by the migrants who in prehistoric times settled in the territory that we call "Greece" but did not become Greece until many centuries later, is generally called "ancient Greek." We happen to have a later witness of one of the variants of the Greek of those early periods, the Ionic dialect.
www.class.uh.edu /MCL/faculty/pozzi/grnl1/intr/intr.0.1.1.htm   (533 words)

  
 Greek National Anthem and   History of the Greek Flag  --
The number of the lines is based on the number of the syllables in the Greek phrase: Eleutheria H Thanatos (Freedom or Death).
The Greek Square Cross that rests on the upper left-side of the flag and occupies one fourth of the total area demonstrates the respect and the devotion the Greek people have for the Greek Orthodox Church and signifies the important role of Christianity in the formation of the modern Hellenic Nation.
During the dark years of the Ottoman rule, the Greek Orthodox Church helped the enslaved Greeks to retain their cultural characteristics: the Greek language, the Byzantine religion and generally the Greek ethnic identity, by the institution of the Crypha Scholia (hidden schools).
www.yalchicago.org /Greek_National_Anthem.html   (336 words)

  
 Histroy of the Greek Language
The history of the language, which Greeks speak is engraved upon its same words which are spoken and sung now for a thousand years from millions of lips, bring up to us the same history of the Greek nation.
This language, which slowly became the Koine language of the Greeks, came from the Attic dialect and certainly from
Written monuments of the language prove that it existed from the second century BC, the literature from 2500 years ago.
www.geocities.com /alexandrosworld/Greek/History.html   (430 words)

  
 The Greek Language
The Greek language has been in use since prehistoric times, with the earliest evidence of its written versions surviving to our date in the form of Linear B tablets which date back to the 14th century BCE.
In its 3500 year passage through history, the language has undergone a series of transformations, but modern Greek can easily be traced back to ancient Greek in the form of the letters, word roots, and structure.
Attic Greek became common among the known civilized world in ancient times because Athens became such strong cultural influence in the Mediterranean, and because later Alexander the Great helped the language become common among his conquered people between Greece, Egypt and as far east as India.
www.greeklandscapes.com /travel/language.html   (1191 words)

  
 The Greek Flag
Koine Greek is the common language of all the people in the Kingtoms of the successor of Alexander the Great and the later appeared Romman Empire during the Hellenistic period.
It is still used as the religious language by the Church of Greece (one of the sister Churches of the Eastern Orthodox Church).
The accents and breathings were a result of the radical transformation of the Greek language that occurred in the period 400 - 200 B.C., during the formation and introduction of KOINH.
www.lily-technology.com /history.html   (1044 words)

  
 Greek language — Infoplease.com
Greek language: Bibliography - Bibliography See P. Costas, An Outline of the History of the Greek Language (1936); E. Greek language: Modern Greek - Modern Greek Modern Greek stems directly from the Attic koinē and dates from the fall of the...
Greek language: Ancient Greek - Ancient Greek By the 16th cent.
Greek language: Distinctive Characteristics - Distinctive Characteristics Both the nouns and verbs of Ancient Greek were highly inflected.
www.infoplease.com /ce6/society/A0821706.html   (298 words)

  
 Greek Language Federations history   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
There was a Greek socialist newspaper called The Voice of the Worker published in the United States during the 1920s, a publication which the Greek press of the Socialist Labor Party polemicized against repeatedly.
A gathering of representatives of the Greek branches of the SLP was held in Youngstown, Ohio, during the last days of 1923.
The total of the English language branches is the 2nd strongest amongst the federations (7.6%) followed by the South Slavic (7.5%), Jewish [Yiddish language] (6.9%), and Lithuanian (6.0%) Federations.
www.marxists.org /history/usa/eam/lf/lfedgreek.html   (1183 words)

  
 Overview of the Greek Language to Help You Learn Greek
Greek is the official language of Greece, where it is spoken by approximately 10 million people.
Greek was the first alphabet to use letters for both consonants and vowel sounds: before that, only the consonants were written.
Greek is a phonetic language for the most part: the letters are pronounced in a uniform way.
www.transparent.com /languagepages/greek/overview.htm   (740 words)

  
 Greek
Beginning Greek I and II (3 hours) Open to students with little or no previous instruction in Greek, this sequence enables students to attain a fundamental competency in Hellenistic Greek grammar and to build a basic Greek vocabulary drawn from The Greek New Testament.
The courses focus on the mastery of fundamental elements of Greek grammar and vocabulary, the use of Greek language tools, and the translation of selected readings from the Greek New Testament.
Attention will also be given to the history of the Greek language and to classical, Hellenistic, and Byzantine Greek culture and literature.
www.mercer.edu /fll/greek.htm   (236 words)

  
 THE GREEK LANGUAGE
Here is the place to learn the language, which influenced all European language-including Latin.
This Greek language is one of the best documented languages in the world.
There is direct knowledge about this language of time period of 3000 years.
www.geocities.com /alexandrosworld/Greek/Home.html   (175 words)

  
 BRILL
Francisco Rodríguez Adrados, emeritus Professor of the Universidad Complutense de Madrid, is renowned for his publications on the History of the Graeco-Latin fable.
Greek is one of the few languages still known to us after three thousand years that are still spoken today.
In this English translation of Francisco Rodríguez Adrados’s Historia de lengua griega, an overview is presented of the development of the Greek language at its different stages.
www.brill.nl /m_catalogue_sub6_id11494.htm   (471 words)

  
 Constantinople on the Web - History, Society, Monasticism, the Fall   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
By abandoning old Rome and moving to the Greek East, Constantine indicated that the future of the Empire lay in the East.
The Byzantine Greeks almost ignored the developments in the Western Church, where the bishop of Rome was the sole patriarch.
After several confrontations between the Eastern and Western, or Greek and Latin, churches, there came a crisis in the year 1054, which is the traditional date of the great schism.
www.ellopos.net /elpenor/greek-texts/greek-resources-constantinople.asp   (1480 words)

  
 Some Ancient Greek Language Resources and Links for Beginners
The language is a basic "literary Koine," so it's easy to understand if you've studied Classical Greek, but close enough to the simpler grammar of the New Testament that it makes a good transitional text for people who started with the NT.
But for a student enrolled in a first-year Greek course or learning on his own from a reputable textbook, I hope this will be of some help in getting the "big picture" a little clearer and in making it easier to fill that picture in.
Accenting Greek Verbs This is an HTML page that should display in any browser, but you'll need the Flash plugin to view and use the practice exercises.
www.classicalmyth.com /greek/greek.html   (2075 words)

  
 A History of Ancient Greek - Cambridge University Press
In this revised and expanded translation of the Greek original published in 2001, a distinguished international team of scholars goes beyond a merely technical treatment of the subject by examining the language's relationship with politics, society and culture.
An attempt is made to cover all aspects of the history of Greek, including those that are usually considered marginal, such as obscene language, the language of the gods and child talk.
It is an essential reference work for all those interested in the history of Greek.
www.cambridge.org /catalogue/catalogue.asp?isbn=0521833078   (375 words)

  
 ILSP - Products - The Greek language - The adventures of words   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
"The Greek language - The adventures of words" is an educational software for the diachronic and synchronic study of the Greek language, addressed to pupils of secondary education.
It was designed and developed by ILSP for the Ministry of Education - Pedagogical Institute within the framework of EPEAEK - 11a project.
Each language phenomenon approach is realised in a variety of ways (introduction to the broader thematic area to which it belongs, text-based approach, questions of an exploratory nature, variety of activities).
www.ilsp.gr /glossa_eng.html   (176 words)

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