History of the Hindu-Arabic numeral system - Factbites
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Topic: History of the Hindu-Arabic numeral system


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In the News (Sun 19 Nov 17)

  
 Islamic History in Arabia and Middle East
The system of numeration employed throughout the greater part of the world today was probably developed in India, but because it was the Arabs who transmitted this system to the West the numerals it uses have come to be called Arabic.
The new mathematical principle on which the Arabic numerals were based greatly simplified arithmetic.
Their adoption in Europe began in the tenth century after an Arabic mathematical treatise was translated by a scholar in Spain and spread throughout the West.
www.islamicity.com /mosque/ihame/Ref6.htm   (527 words)

  
 FLEETING FOOTSTEPS
The HinduArabic numeral system (1, 2, 3,...) is one of mankind's greatest achievements and one of its most commonly used inventions.
Fleeting Footsteps should be read by anyone interested in the history of Chinese mathematics or in the origins of number systems.”
Those who have written about the numeral system have hypothesized that it originated in India; however, there is little evidence to support this claim.
www.worldscibooks.com /mathematics/5425.html   (382 words)

  
 Indian numerals - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Main articles: History of the Hindu-Arabic numeral system, and [[]], and [[]], and [[]], and [[]]
The Indian numeral system is commonly referred to in the West as Hindu-Arabic numeral system, since it reached Europe through the Arabs.
Before that epoch, the Brahmi numeral system was in use; that system did not encompass the concept of the place-value of numbers.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Indian_numerals   (470 words)

  
 NUMBERS: THEIR HISTORY AND MEANING
We also know that several different ways of writing numbers evolved in India before it became possible for existing decimal numerals to be marred with the place-value principle of the Babylonians to give birth to the system which eventually became the one which we use today.
Towards the end of the eighth century an Indian astronomical textbook making use of the decimal place-value system, the Siddhanta of Brahmagupta, was brought to Baghdad and translated into Arabic.
We also have evidence that the Indian or Hindu system was known in the Arab world as early as the middle of the seventh century, the work which the great Arab mathematician al-Khwarizmi was primarily responsible for.
home.c2i.net /greaker/comenius/9899/indiannumerals/india.html   (1096 words)

  
 Talk:Arabic numerals - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
What I am saying is that "Arabic numerals" is by a rather large factor far more common even among other fields of academics (who are not versed in the history of mathematics) and constitutes a strong "common usage" argument, in reference to the debate on common name vs precision.
Academics other than those expert in history of mathematics using "arabic numerals" suggests that the term "arabic numerals" is common accepted usage.
Otoh, judging from Hindu-Arabic numeral system, the term can be used to refer to the whole set of related numerals, including Devanagari, Bangla, Tamil ones etc.; looking for a term to refer to the symbols used in the Latin alphabet since the 15th century, "Arabic numerals" may still be handy.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Talk:Arabic_numerals   (11162 words)

  
 Gleaner's Links: History of Writing Systems
These pages contain parallel comparisons of the various decimal numeral systems around the world, almost all of which descend from the Hindu-Arabic system.
In effect, a generalised, comparative presentation of the relatedness of the South-- and South-East-- Asian writing systems to the Brahmi system.
Pallava descent GIF image 602x850 pixels a graphic tree of descent of South-East-Asian scripts from the Pallava Brahmi script.
www.geocities.com /WallStreet/Bureau/8759/langlinks/writing-abc-hist.html   (419 words)

  
 Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi Biography / Biography of Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi History of Scientific Discovery Biography
europe · mathematician · the hindu · treatise · caliph · algebra · algorithms · muhammad ibn · algebraic equations · arabic numerals · hindu arabic · arabic word · numeration systems · numeral system · arabic system · crediting · erroneously · al khowarizmi
www.bookrags.com /biography-muhammad-ibn-musa-al-khwarizmi-wsd   (347 words)

  
 Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi Biography / Biography of Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi History of Scientific Discovery Biography
europe · mathematician · the hindu · treatise · caliph · algebra · algorithms · muhammad ibn · algebraic equations · arabic numerals · hindu arabic · arabic word · numeration systems · numeral system · arabic system · crediting · erroneously · al khowarizmi
While al-Khwarizmi made important contributions in the field of mathematics and algebra, he was slightly less successful in geography; several times he overestimated the circumference of the Earth.
Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi Biography / Biography of Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi History of Scientific Discovery Biography
www.bookrags.com /biography-muhammad-ibn-musa-al-khwarizmi-wsd   (347 words)

  
 Pascal's Triangle - History in Europe prior to Pascal
Besides being know for the Fibonacci numbers, he is also credited with being the first European mathematician to use the Hindu-Arabic numerals we use today, which made the Roman numeral system obsolete.
Note the somewhat strange obsolete versions of the numerals 4, 5, 6 and 7, while 0, 1, 2 and 3 are easily recognizable in their modern form.
Circa 1225: Jordanus of Nemore, a German mathematician, in his manuscript de Arithmetica shows that he understands both
binomial.csuhayward.edu /EuropePrior.html   (1315 words)

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