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Topic: History of the Royal Navy

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  Royal Navy - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The navy helped establish the United Kingdom as the dominant military and economic power of the 18th century and the 19th century, and was essential for maintaining the British Empire.
The first reformation and major expansion of the Navy Royal, as it was then known, occurred in the 16th century during the reign of Henry VIII whose ships, Henri Grâce a Dieu ("Great Harry") and Mary Rose, engaged the French navy in the battle of the Solent in 1545.
The Royal Navy is established under the royal prerogative, and the head of the Royal Navy, known as the Lord High Admiral, is Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II (who is the overall head of the UK Armed Forces).
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Royal_Navy   (3018 words)

 Royal Navy
The first reformation and major expansion of the Navy Royal, as it was then known, occurred during the reign of King Henry VIII whose ships the "Great Harry" and the "Mary Rose" engaged the French navy in a battle in the Solent in 1545.
In that time, the Royal Navy suffered only one major defeat, the Battle of the Chesapeake against France, and was able to defeat decisively all challengers, as at the Battle of Trafalgar.
In the latter stages of the Cold War, the Royal Navy was reconfigured with three ASW aircraft carriers and a force of small frigates and destroyers.
www.brainyencyclopedia.com /encyclopedia/r/ro/royal_navy.html   (916 words)

 History of the Royal Navy - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Alfred the Great has traditionally been recognized as the "founder of the navy"; in 897 he had a number of ships built, of at least 60 oars each, to counter Danish Viking raids along the south coast of England.
The Peace of Amiens in 1802 proved to be but a brief interruption in the years of warfare, and the Navy was soon blockading Napoleon's France; in the 1805 Battle of Trafalgar, Nelson's ships destroyed the combined Spanish and French fleets, ensuring that the British enjoyed command of the sea.
In the closing phases of the war, U-boats became a factor in what was called the First Battle of the Atlantic, but the RN barely managed to develop effective countermeasures before the war was over.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/History_of_the_Royal_Navy   (4018 words)

 Encyclopedia: History of the Royal Navy   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-18)
The Corps of Her Majestys Royal Marines, usually just known as the Royal Marines (RM) or sometimes colloquially as the Green Berets[1], is the United Kingdoms amphibious force and a core component of the countrys Rapid Deployment Force.
The Fleet Air Arm is the operational group of the Royal Navy responsible for the operation of the aircraft on board their ships.
The Royal Naval Reserve (RNR) is the volunteer reserve force of the Royal Navy in the United Kingdom.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/History-of-the-Royal-Navy   (905 words)

 The History of Royal Navy Aircraft Carriers
A third Ark Royal entered service in 1938 and originally she was to have been joined by three sisterships, but more of the Illustrious Class were built instead.
This attack effectively eliminated the Italian Navy but perhaps more significantly it demonstrated the power, ability and potential of the carrier and the attack was used as a model by the Japanese for their devastating attack on Pearl Harbour.
Due to the severe manpower problems that the navy faced it was decide d that only two carriers could be kept operational at any one time with the third either in reserve or long refit.
www.btinternet.com /~warship/Feature/history.htm   (1957 words)

 Review: A Naval History of Britian, vols. 1 and 2
Despite that, the study of naval history was either ignored or deprecated by the historical profession for decades, left on the margins by the arcane knowledge that it required, and the apparent irrelevance of the naval power in the Cold War.
By contrast the military history of the British Isles, a subject of largely parochial concern for almost the whole of recorded history, was a significant growth area.
The Royal Navy reflected the strengths and weaknesses of the state, from the poverty-stricken finances of the Stuart Restoration to the drinking culture that shattered the constitutions of so many officers and men in the eighteenth century.
www.history.ac.uk /reviews/paper/lamberta.html   (2705 words)

 History (from navy) --  Britannica Student Encyclopedia
The long history of navies may be divided into three periods: the age of the galley, the age of sail, and the age of...
The longest period in the history of navies was the age of the galley.
History is a science—a branch of knowledge that uses specific methods and tools to achieve its goals.
www.britannica.com /ebi/article-205290?ct=   (946 words)

 Royal Australian Navy Band
These musicians were kitted up in the Royal Marine uniform of the period at Eastney Royal Marine Barracks and arrived in Sydney in HMAS AUSTRALIA on 4 October 1913.
The RAN Band has performed from the Royal Tournament to Disneyland, the shores of Gallipoli to the bunkers of Vietnam, the Popes summer palace (Castel Gandolfo) to the "Big Egg" Stadium in Japan.
Over the years many Royal Marines Bandmasters and Officers have been loaned to the RAN and in the past all prospective Band Officers have undertaken training at the RM School of Music, Deal, Kent, England.
www.navy.gov.au /ranband/history.html   (755 words)

 Royal Navy: A Short History of the Royal Marines
On the 28th October 1664 an Order-in-Council was issued calling for 1200 soldiers to be recruited for service in the Fleet, to be known as the Duke of York and Albany’s Maritime Regiment of Foot.
The policy of “Imperial Policing” took the Marines to the bombardment of Algiers in 1816, to the Ashantee Wars, and to the destruction of the Turkish Fleet at Navarino in 1827.
Royal Marines also fought on land, notably in the amphibious assault at Gallipoli in 1915, together with ANZAC forces, and led the famous assault on the harbour at Zeebrugge in 1918.
www.royal-navy.mod.uk /static/pages/2215.html   (341 words)

 Royal Navy Books with UKshelf.com
The Royal Navy at Portland: 1900-2000 --- £14.95
Royal Navy in America, 1760-75: Study of Enforcement of British Colonial Policy in the Era of the American Revolution --- £8.95
History of the Royal Navy in the 20th Century --- £13.65
www.hlebooks.com /UKSHELF/MARINE/roynavy.htm   (1218 words)

 Naval Aviation history and the Fleet Air Arm   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-18)
History of Naval Aviation of the Royal Navy and the Commonwealth
After the failure of the Royal Navy's airship Mayfly in 1911, the naval minister, Winston Churchill, began arguing for the development of military aircraft.
Navy history timeline and the Highlights of NZ Aviation in the
www.fleetairarmarchive.net /History   (3657 words)

The Royal Navy has fewer ships today, yet its firepower is far greater than at any time in the past.
Royal Navy training designed and delivered to meet the needs of any commercial or government organisation.
The Royal Marines Museum is dedicated to the preservation and presentation of all aspects of Royal Marines history.
www.solarnavigator.net /the_royal_navy.htm   (866 words)

 Royal Navy: History
At the beginning of the twenty first century, the Royal Navy continues to defend the waters of the British Isles, as records confirm it has valiantly done for almost a thousand years.
Although the Royal Navy has fewer ships today, its firepower is far greater than at any time in the past.
Whilst the past and its associated traditions should not determine the future, it is important to look back at the history of the Navy to see how and why it has become what it is today.
www.royal-navy.mod.uk /static/pages/211.html   (114 words)

 How the British Empire went to sea / Royal Navy nurtured trade but also fought to defend its holdings
Centuries later, the Royal Navy's just-commissioned aircraft carrier Indomitable limped to Norfolk, Va., in November 1941, for repairs after grinding onto a reef in Jamaica's Kingston harbor; it would not escort the battleship Prince of Wales and battle cruiser Repulse to Singapore.
The Royal Navy's E-class submarine entered service in 1912 (not 1908), and the Tribal-class destroyer Matabele torpedoed in World War II lost a crew of roughly 190 men, not 4,000.
He shows how the Royal Navy's blockade of France's coast kept supplies from reaching French troops in North America and how its transport and logistical support of Wolfe's 9,000-man army fueled the victory that kept North America British rather than French.
www.sfgate.com /cgi-bin/article.cgi?f=/c/a/2005/01/02/RVG33AH0881.DTL   (825 words)

 Amazon.co.uk: The Oxford Illustrated History of the Royal Navy: Books   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-18)
The Oxford Illustrated History of the Royal Navy is the definitive one-volume history of the Royal Navy.
Now updated for its paperback edition, The Oxford Illustrated History of the Royal Navy, in a series of fourteen chapters, provides a thorough and engaging treatment of these histories, covering every aspect of naval history from the Anglo-Saxon period to the dawn of the new millennium.
this book is fantastic on the topics relavent to the history of the royal navy with its top illistrations and captions this book is interesting and engaging a great read to get you into the spirits of the Royal Navy it is also great on giving you the knowledge that is needed for the navy....
www.amazon.co.uk /exec/obidos/ASIN/0198605277   (871 words)

 Halpern (of Bell)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-18)
Consequently, Christopher M. Bell’s new history of the Royal Navy between the First and Second World Wars is of considerable interest, though Roskill’s work remains the basic reference.
He believes insufficient attention was given to the problem of antisubmarine warfare but considers the British strategic defensive strategy—similar to that which it had adopted in World War I—sound during the first eight months of the war, until the fall of France undermined existing assumptions and created a new and grave situation.
The title is most expressive: “‘Something Very Sordid’: Naval Propaganda and the British Public.” The navy’s aversion to “self-promotion” may have diminished during the course of the interwar period, but it was still strong enough nearly to cause the loss of what Bell calls the battle for the “hearts and minds” of the British public.
www.nwc.navy.mil /press/Review/2002/winter/re3-w02.htm   (885 words)

 Links: Navy
Wei Jun's Chinese Navy Homepage describes with pictures a number of Chinese destroyer classes.
Naval Homepage covering navies in general and the Royal Navy in particular maintained by Andrew McCruden.
Royal Navy in the Napoleanic Era (1793-1815) by Kevin Stall.
www.bruzelius.info /Nautica/Links/Navy.html   (681 words)

 Royal Australian Navy Gun Plot H.M.A.S. AUSTRALIA WW2 Cruiser
H.M.A.S. Possibly the ship with the most colourful World War II history was HMAS Australia, fondly known as "The Aussie".
For Aussie its days of combat were over, singled out by the Japanese Kamikazes she had defied the odds against the 'Devine Wind' and survived.
Users of the web site shall only be entitled to copy the web site for their own personal use and may not republish or reproduce any substantial part of the web site in any manner whatsoever without the prior written permission of the owner.
www.gunplot.net /aussie/hmasaussie.html   (1076 words)

 Amazon.com: The Oxford Illustrated History of the Royal Navy (Oxford Illustrated Histories): Books: J. R. Hill,Bryan ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-18)
History of the U.S. Navy, 1775-1941 by Robert W., Jr.
The feats of the British Navy are known and celebrated world-wide.
The Oxford Illustrated History of the Royal Navy recounts in vivid r laoudone magnificent achievements of the world's most famous Navy.
www.amazon.com /exec/obidos/tg/detail/-/0192116754?v=glance   (874 words)

 HMS Ganges Association - History - Royal Navy
A history of the previous seagoing ships to bear the name HMS Ganges and the Royal Naval Training Establishment at Shotley, Suffolk, England.
She was the ex Bengal, one of three ships presented by the East India Company in 1779 to the Royal Navy.
A Royal Marine contingent landed at Rio de Janerio for the protection of the Emperor of Brazil, in consequence of a serious mutiny which had broken out among German and Irish troops.
www.hmsgangesassoc.org /frigate.html   (1408 words)

 Naval History - Royal Danish Navy
This private web site is covering main parts of the Royal Danish Navy and the Royal Danish-Norwegian Navy's History, mainly from 1801 to the present day.
From early on it has been obvious the Danish Kingdom’s security was strongly dependant on a strong navy, which could protect the country’s coasts and ensure passage through the Danish straits.
Today, the Royal Danish Navy received ESBERN SNARE, the second and last of the new command and support ships from Odense Steel Shipyard, Lindø.
www.navalhistory.dk /indexUS.htm   (337 words)

 Pendronian Royal Navy History
October 29, 2002 -- The Pendronian Royal Marine Corps are subordinated to the Pendronian Royal Navy.
November 2, 2002 -- HSM King David charges James Tessmann with organizing the Pendronian Royal Navy and bestows upon him the title of Fleet Admiral.
This is the first such honor for a member of the Pendronian Royal Navy.
www.twilightarmory.com /pendronia/navy/history.html   (304 words)

 WarMuseum.ca - Democracy at War - Royal Canadian Navy (RCN) - Canada and the War   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-18)
By war's end, the Royal Canadian Navy had grown into one of the world's great navies -- 100,000 men and women and 365 warships.
The growth was rapid and enormous, and with it came huge problems in training people and readying ships for sea, some of which led to tragic losses of men and ships.
The Canadian navy's main work, using small, versatile Canadian-built antisubmarine warships known as corvettes, was as an escort force for the merchant ships whose Atlantic Ocean cargoes were vital to Britain's survival.
warmuseum.ca /cwm/newspapers/canadawar/royalnavy_e.html   (297 words)

 Sea Power Centre - Australia
New Zealand ports saw her on three occasions but for the remainder of the time it was the routine cruising of the peace time navy in home waters.
In 1934 she acted as escort to His Royal Highness The Duke of Gloucester during his visit in HMS SUSSEX.
At the outbreak of hostilities in September 1939, CANBERRA began her war time career patrolling and escorting in home waters and the Tasman Sea under the command of Captain Wilfrid R. Patterson CVO RN, a service which occupied the cruiser for the first nine months of the war.
www.navy.gov.au /spc/history/ships/canberra1.html   (831 words)

 Contemporary Review: The Royal Navy since 1815: A New Short History
ISBN 0-333-72125-X. This history makes use of recent research into British naval history and is designed to 'synthesize their work to provide a relatively short narrative' that not only gives the history of the Royal Navy since Waterloo but its modern structure and work.
One of the major themes is the unending struggle to meet successive governments' demands that the Navy be both strong enough to maintain Britain's standing and be as cheap and small as possible.
The author is particularly good in discussing the position of the modern Navy both during the Cold War and after.
www.findarticles.com /p/articles/mi_m2242/is_1672_286/ai_n14710068   (244 words)

 Articles - United Kingdom   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-18)
The 36,810-member Royal Navy is in charge of the United Kingdom's independent strategic nuclear arm, which consists of four Trident Ballistic Missile Submarines, while the Royal Marines provide infantry units for amphibious assault and for specialist reinforcement forces in and beyond the NATO area.
The Royal Navy is the second largest navy in the World in terms of gross tonnage.
Playwright William Shakespeare is arguably the most famous writer in the history of the English language; other well-known writers from the United Kingdom include the Brontë sisters (Charlotte, Emily, and Anne), Jane Austen, William Thackeray, J.
www.go-trucks.com /articles/United_Kingdom   (4096 words)

 Amazon.co.uk: The Royal Navy Submarine Service: A Centennial History: Books   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-18)
In 1901, Holland One, the Royal Navy's first submarine, fitted with a single torpedo tube, was born at Vickers-Armstrong amidst great controversy, in an era when the submarine was regarded as the weapon of the weaker power.
The Royal Navy entered World War One with 100 submarines and five Victoria Crosses were won.
Between the wars, overseas squadrons were established maintained British presence around the globe, a significant number of new classes of submarine were built to fulfil the task.
www.amazon.co.uk /exec/obidos/ASIN/0851778917   (478 words)

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