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Topic: History of warfare


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War

In the News (Thu 18 Apr 19)

  
  War - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
"Warfare is the greatest affair of state, the basis of life and death, the Tao to survival or extinction.
The study of warfare is known as military history.
However, throughout history there are as many invasions and annexations that did not lead to a war, such as the U.S. -led invasion of Haiti in 1994, the Nazi invasions of Austria and Czechoslovakia preceding the Second World War, and the annexation of the Baltic states by the Soviet Union in 1940.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Warfare   (3555 words)

  
 History of warfare - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The history of warfare is the history of war and its evolution and development over time.
The study of the history of war is known as military history.
Medieval warfare: Cavalry dominate after the introduction of the stirrup but are displaced because of increasing numbers of English longbowmen and, finally, the development of gunpowder.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/History_of_warfare   (266 words)

  
 STAGES IN THE HISTORY OF WARFARE (from warfare) --  Britannica Student Encyclopedia
Air warfare is almost entirely a creation of the 20th century, in which it has become a primary branch of military operations.
Air warfare is almost entirely a creation of the 20th century, in which it has become a primary branch of military...
The style of warfare is not new, but the word “guerrilla”; has been used to describe it only since the early 19th century, when the duke of Wellington used Portuguese irregulars, called guerrillos, to fight the French in Spain.
www.britannica.com /ebi/article-209956?tocId=209956   (897 words)

  
 History in Focus: War - review of The Cambridge Illustrated History of Warfare
The history of Western warfare in the nineteenth century is of course generally dominated by the Napoleonic wars and the conflicts of 1854-71, but that leads to a downplaying of the intervening period.
In particular, the counterinsurgency warfare in Latin America, and in Europe in the 1820s - 40s has received insufficient attention, which is in line with a military history that places a premium on warfare between the regular forces of defined states.
It was less clear how best to employ these forces, and this helps to account for interest in military science and theory, as did the intellectualisation of subjects in an age of increasingly self-conscious specialisation and professionalisation.
www.history.ac.uk /ihr/Focus/War/reviews/revblackJeremy.html   (2424 words)

  
 [No title]
Primitive warfare is full of rituals and these rituals took a big share of the battle time rather than concentrating in killing your enemy.
What's interesting about this is to see how important is the cultural factor and how reticent people were to adopt a new and better weapon just because of their culture, something you can never see in civ2.
Gunpowder and the type of warfare practiced at a distance was indeed a threat to political stability in Japan, since the Shoguns, the equivalent of Lords or Warlords in Europe, represented their superiority and their power over the peasants through their swords.
clash.apolyton.net /models/Model-Military-WarfareHistory.shtml   (6393 words)

  
 Booknotes
I think there can only be history as each one of which ought to be called "a" history, because ultimately, it's a personal view.
I've got a sort of an 18th century view of what being educated is, which is having read the major works of literature, having an understanding of the broad periods of history into which the world's past is divided, perhaps speaking another language or at least being aware of other languages, and having some competence.
I think these international, professional military experts are enormously significant in the history of warfare, particularly in carrying skills -- technologies, too, but particularly skills from one society to another and transforming them militarily.
www.booknotes.org /Transcript/?ProgramID=1198   (6790 words)

  
 A History of Warfare
The British army is tribal to an extreme degree; some of its regiments have histories which go back to the 17th century, when modern armies were only beginning to take shape from the feudal hosts of warriors whose forebears had entered western Europe during the invasion that overthrew the Roman empire.
Warfare is almost as old as man himself, and reaches into the most secret places of the human heart, places where self dissolves rational purpose, where pride reigns, where emotion is paramount, where instinct is king.
Stone, bronze and iron furnished the instruments of combat, which is the central act of warfare, from its beginnings until its nature was transformed by gunpowder a mere 20 generations ago.
homepage.eircom.net /~odyssey/Quotes/History/Keegan_Warfare.html   (5833 words)

  
 Chinese Siege Warfare - Brief History
The history of the catapult is both a colourful patchwork of different inventive sources as well as a combined effort of human ingenuity on a global scale.
Instead, Han dynasty warfare was characterised by the projection of Han power along its borders with large mobile armies of crossbow squads, calvary and garrison troops very similar to the incursions of the early United States army into the wilderness frontier of western North America.
Japanese warfare remained relatively small scaled and castles were breached more often than not via direct infantry assaults with scaling ladders and siege towers or from internal subterfuge than from the use of catapults.
authors.history-forum.com /liang_jieming/chinesesiegewarfare/siegewarfare-briefhistory.html   (5409 words)

  
 New Course Looks at How Warfare Shaped (and Shapes) World History
The History of Warfare course examines the relationship between warfare and the way society has developed in the past.
Warfare is a cultural activity and the story of war looms large in the history of Western civilization.
This course serves as an introduction to the history of warfare as in-depth coverage is clearly impossible.
www.dartmouth.edu /~history/newsletter/spring02/warfare.html   (1815 words)

  
 History of Chemical Warfare and Current Threat   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
There has been a great deal of controversy about whether these clouds were truly biological warfare agents: some have argued that the clouds were nothing more than bee feces produced by swarms of bees.
The threat of biological warfare has increased in the last two decades, with a number of countries working on offensive use of these agents.
There is also growing concern that the smallpox virus, eliminated from the face of the earth in the late 1970’s and now stored in only two laboratories at the CDC in Atlanta and the Institute for Viral Precautions in Moscow, Russia, may have been "bargained" away by desperate Russian scientists seeking money.
www.nbc-med.org /SiteContent/MedRef/OnlineRef/FieldManuals/medman/History.htm   (1744 words)

  
 World History Connected | Vol. 2 No. 2 | Wendy Lynch & Bill Bravman: Modern Warfare: An Overview for World History ...
Therefore, while this paper presents a continuous history of warfare itself, we have structured much of the essay for teachers who want to enrich their approach to warfare while nevertheless keeping it as a recurring topic within the traditional –isms and –ations.
The notion that warfare is mostly irrelevant to world history now is based on the presumption that conventional, interstate warfare is the only kind of war that really matters on the global stage.
From the standpoint of military history, perhaps the most significant difference in warfare before and after 1945 is that the 150-year-old alchemy that allowed industrial nations to transform military might into political power gave way.
worldhistoryconnected.press.uiuc.edu /2.2/bravman.html   (8639 words)

  
 [2.0] A History Of Chemical Warfare (2)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
Their stockpiles of poison gas were puny compared to the mountain of agents that the Americans had produced, which exceeded by a comfortable margin all the gas used by all sides in WW1.
The critics conceded that the chemicals used were not in the same league as traditional poison gases, much less with nerve gases, but pointed out that use of such nonlethal toxins was a step that could quickly escalate towards the use of nastier poisons and established a dangerous precedent.
Circumstantial evidence argued against this interpretation of events, since the Iranians had little or no offensive chemical warfare capability during the Iran-Iraq War, the town was clearly under the control of an Iranian-backed Kurdish force, and hydrogen cyanide is not very effective when used on open-air targets.
www.vectorsite.net /twgas2.html   (6257 words)

  
 WARFARE & FINANCIAL HISTORY   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
Warfare, with its appalling humanitarian consequences and vast economic costs, has stimulated financial innovations from the spread of coinage to the creation of the national debt.
The relationship between economics and warfare is one of the themes treated in some detail in a 700 page book on the history of money.
Ever since the invention of coins monetary and military history have been inter-related to a degree that is both depressing and surprising.
www.rumormillnews.com /cgi-bin/archive.cgi?read=33699   (1217 words)

  
 [1.0] A History Of Chemical Warfare (1)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
He found out how potentially deadly it was in January 1937, when he and an assistant accidentally spilled a drop of it.
The British distributed 30 million gas masks, not knowing how useless they would be if the Germans used their secret new tabun gas, and implemented an exhaustive CW civil defense program.
One of the more bizarre bits of evidence of the fear of chemical warfare in the prewar period was a gas mask designed for children by the Walt Disney company in the United States.
www.vectorsite.net /twgas1.html   (5198 words)

  
 column
Warfare before the early 5th century BC was restricted mainly to border skirmishes between neighboring Greek states.
The objective was usually limited to destroying the agricultural basis of the enemy´s economy in order to extract specific political and economic concessions.
By the 4th century BC warfare was well on its way to becoming the internationalized institution that Alexander the Great and his followers are generally thought to have perfected.
www.museum.upenn.edu /Greek_World/men_war.html   (319 words)

  
 The Cambridge History of Warfare - Cambridge University Press   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
The Cambridge History of Warfare provides a detailed account of war in the West from antiquity to the present day, and is unique because of its controversial thesis that war in western societies has followed a unique path leading to western dominance of the globe.
From the Greek victory at Marathon to the Gulf War, readable and authoritative, The Cambridge History of Warfare places in context the key events in the history of armed engagement.
All aspects of war on land, sea, and in the air are covered: weapons and technology; strategy and defense; discipline and intelligence; mercenaries and standing armies; cavalry and infantry; chivalry and Blitzkrieg; guerilla assault and nuclear arsenals.
www.cambridge.org /catalogue/catalogue.asp?isbn=0521618959   (392 words)

  
 History: Airplane Warfare in WWI
During The 1899 Hague Peace Conference it was put on record that the dropping or shooting of any projectiles or explosives from the air during a time of war was forbidden and was considered a crime of war.
In the beginning of the war, many Germans raised in newspaper articles and on government committees the possibilities of warfare in the air, but the country as a whole was not quick to initiate the effort.
Today’s warfare relies heavily on the use of aircraft, not only for destruction and transportation of troops and supplies, but also for it’s initial use of reconnaissance.
www.cyberessays.com /History/1.htm   (1239 words)

  
 [No title]
This course will address the nature and history of warfare and armed force from antiquity to the present, with emphasis on: *the philosophy of war *the strategic dimensions of both limited and total war *the interrelationships of politics, economics, technology, and human attitudes with war.
This is a history course and requires a measure of historical expertise.
To attempt to understand the tension between attempts to understand warfare as a purposeful political activity (Clausewitz) and the chaotic nature of battle and warfare as it is unfolds in history (Keegan).
www.enc.edu /org/history/courses/HI499-Yerxa-MilHist-J97.html   (1155 words)

  
 History of PSYOP
A psychological warfare campaign is a war of the mind.
The weapon is not how its sent, but the message it carries and how that message affects the recipient.
However, in spite of its long history of successful employment, the potential for using the power of persuasion through psychological operations as a force multiplier to achieve national objectives with a minimum of destruction, has been recognized by only the most perceptive of military leaders and statesmen.
www.psywarrior.com /psyhist.html   (4456 words)

  
 A History of Biological Warfare from 300 B.C.E. to the Present
Hannibal may have heard how the Persian king Cyrus defeated the cavalry of King Croesus in 548 B.C. by placing a rank of camels in front of his infantry.
Even before the American entry in to the war, covert German bacteria warfare was attempted in the United States with the contamination of animal feed and infection of horses intended for export.
Thus the first attempt to limit the use of biologicals in warfare was the 1925 Geneva Protocol for the Prohibition of the Use in War of Asphyxiating, Poisonous or Other Gases and Bacteriological Methods of Warfare.
www.aarc.org /resources/biological/history.asp   (4694 words)

  
 Military History Books
An eminent historian analyzes the whole of history to find out why there are wars, whether there are underlying laws that explain why one nation challenges another, and whether there are underlying laws for the preservation of peace.
On War is the most significant attempt in Western history to understand war, both in its internal dynamics and as an instrument of policy.
In this remarkable one-volume encyclopedia of the history and culture of warfare - from the origins of war to the Balkan conflict today -150 distinguished military historians, writing in 570 articles, combine the latest in contemporary scholarship with compelling historical narrative to present a fascinating chronicle.
www.dropbears.com /b/broughsbooks/military/history_of_warfare.htm   (1182 words)

  
 National Review: A History of Warfare. - book reviews
His was the most extensive conquest in history, but he made nothing of it; he had no apparent desire for imperial dominion or establishing permanent rule, and it has been suggested that his principal purpose was to take revenge on insulting neighbors.
On the other hand, the samurai, Japan's knightly class, made use of firearms to consolidate their dominance, and then saw to it that gunpowder was banned from the country for two centuries, until contact with the West forced its reintroduction only 140 years ago.
The Roman army was based on the hoplite model, which proved unsuitable against the loose formations of the Gauls; so the Romans developed the maneuverable maniple (handful) of men armed with javelin and sword in place of the thrusting spear.
www.findarticles.com /p/articles/mi_m1282/is_n23_v45/ai_14753264   (665 words)

  
 Warfare in Chinese History
It also discusses the essentialising interpretations of Chinese culture focussing on the avoidance of warfare and the civil ethic of its officials.
And, with a view to its conclusions on the place of China in the context of global military history, it also provides essential reading for historians of (comparative) warfare in general.
Hans van de Ven, Ph.D. (1987) in History and East Asian Languages, Harvard University, is Lecturer in Chinese Studies at Cambridge University.
www.brill.nl /product.asp?ID=9283   (271 words)

  
 Amazon.com: Warfare in the Seventeenth Century (Smithsonian History of Warfare): Books: John Childs   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
Roman Warfare (Smithsonian History of Warfare) by Adrian Goldsworthy
The comprehensive history of the social, political, and economic contexts of the significant wars that raged across Europe in the seventeenth century.
The Warfare in the Eighteenth Century (Smithsonian History of Warfare) (Smithsonian History of Warfare) by Jeremy Black
www.amazon.com /exec/obidos/tg/detail/-/1588341917?v=glance   (539 words)

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