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Topic: Homophony

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In the News (Sun 18 Nov 18)

  Homophony - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Homophony is a musical term that describes the texture of two or more instruments or parts moving together and using the same rhythm.
This is distinct from counterpoint, in which parts move with rhythmic independence and monophony, where there is but one part.
Homophony: in poetry, words that sound the same, but are spelt differently.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Homophony   (116 words)

 Sonic Glossary: Homophony
Homophony is a musical texture of several parts in which one melody predominates; the other parts may be either simple chords or a more elaborate accompaniment pattern.
Homorhythmic homophony may be performed by singers only or by singers together with instrumentalists, as long as the rhythm of the main melody is maintained in the accompanying parts.
Homophony is especially common in dance music, but it is also found in much music of the later 18th century.
www.columbia.edu /ccnmtl/draft/paul/sonic/homo.html   (911 words)

 Melody dominated homophony - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Melody dominated homophony is music in which the top line has a dominant melody in a different rhythm, and all the voices accompany it with homophonic chords.
Homophony is contrasted with polyphony (in which each voice is contrapuntally independent and equal) and monophony (in which there is only one voice).
This type of music could be considered a monody, but this is generally applied to Italian song of the early 17th century.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Melody_dominated_homophony   (134 words)

Those who have used Chinese word processors will get a good sense of homophony, which is a constant annoyance and obstacle to typing speed.
It may also be due to homophony that language ‘taboo’ is particularly strong in Chinese.
Since the amount of homophony is inversely related to the number of available syllables, Cantonese has to have less homophony.
www-rohan.sdsu.edu /dept/chinese/aspect/homophony.html   (819 words)

 What is monophony, polyphony, homophony, monody etc.?
From this perspective, one might note that even recent orchestral music is frequently monodic: i.e., a primary melody in the upper range accompanied harmonically.
The term monody emphasizes the distinct or soloistic role of the main melody, while the term homophony emphasizes the concord and alignment between voices in the texture.
Homophony appeared with Burney in 1776, emphasizing the concord of harmonized melody.
www.medieval.org /emfaq/misc/homophony.html   (713 words)

 Language Log: Precision, expressivity and ambiguity
The invocation of alternative meanings is more often implicit, as in the political frame wars.
I've done some quantitative studies of the degree of homophony in the English lexicon, and I'll come back to this in another post.
Note that I'm not denying that languages can and do differ in their relative amounts of homophony, word-sense ambiguity and lexical category ambiguity.
itre.cis.upenn.edu /~myl/languagelog/archives/001719.html   (740 words)

 Adventures in Vowel Harmony 2003
So when probMisspeak is as low as 0.005, homophony avoidance will still affect enough lexemes to make a difference in the pattern.
This way, harmony only decreases to the level at which homophony is eliminated.
If deharmonising for clarity is motivated by an intolerance for homophony, then when the stimulus is eliminated, the behavior should cease.
www.sccs.swarthmore.edu /users/04/ethomfo1/research/rarchive4.html   (662 words)

 The Texture of Music   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
Homophony has one clearly melodic line; it's the line that naturally draws your attention.
In most well-written homophony, the parts that are not melody may still have a lot of melodic interest.
They may follow many of the rules of well-written counterpoint, and they can sound quite different from the melody and be interesting to listen to by themselves.
cnx.org /content/m11645/latest   (1279 words)

 Conference Materials   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
Sentence fragments were noun phrases such as the German phrase "die Fahrt durch die Sluchten" (the ride through the canyons), containing a singular subject noun (Fahrt) and a plural local noun (Sluchten).
Agreement errors were more likely to occur when the local noun and subject noun mismatch in number ("attraction"), but this effect interacted with the homophony of case-marking in German and with the homophony of number marking in Dutch.
A third experiment manipulated the singular-plural homophony of the determiner of the subject noun in Dutch.
cognet.mit.edu /library/conferences/paper?paper_id=44981   (237 words)

 Adventures in Vowel Harmony 2003   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
Summer 2003: Modelling the emergence and subsequent dispersion of vowel harmony in artificial agent populations, with an impetus from homophony.
But when the lexicon gets to the point where all the homophony has been deharmonised out, there is no longer any reason to change the lexicon.
It is neither harmonic nor homophonic, but I have as yet no way to predict the harmony levels in the absence of homophony.
www.sccs.swarthmore.edu /users/04/ethomfo1/research   (268 words)

 homophony --  Encyclopædia Britannica
In homophony, one part, usually the highest, tends to predominate and there is little rhythmic differentiation between the parts, whereas in polyphony, rhythmic distinctiveness reinforces melodic autonomy.
"homophony" Encyclopædia Britannica from Encyclopædia Britannica Premium Service.
In polyphony the different voices are heard as separate entities and are rhythmically more or less independent of each other.
www.britannica.com /eb/article-9040910   (362 words)

 Homophony/Juncture   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
The term for this is plain old "homophony".
Anytime any two utterances sound the same, be they individual words or not, they are "homophones".
In this case, the cause of the homophony is the "juncture" of the word pairs I/scream and ice/cream.
www-personal.umich.edu /~jlawler/ask/homophony.html   (184 words)

 Olifante's Lair: Homophony of Mandarin Syllables
Following my little investigation regarding the polyphony of Chinese characters, the obvious next step was to perform the opposite analysis and investigate the homophony of Mandarin syllables.
Hmm, this doesn't look like a straight line at all, although it seems like head and tail are two straight lines merging into each other in the middle region.
This looks tantalizingly like a straight line, although the slope does change a bit towards the head of the curve -- possibly due to the King Effect that often amplifies high-ranking points.
olifante.blogs.com /covil/2006/03/homophony_of_ma.html   (697 words)

 Xinh's JS Bach B-Minor Mass close up
The rising soprano line "Kyrie eleison" means "Lord, have mercy upon us." This movement is set in B minor, key of passive suffering, which will be balanced by the key of D major in later movements.
This key is identified with glory because it allows the maximum number of open strings on the violin, for a bright sound, and is also the natural key of the trumpet, which is thus capable of reaching high in its range.
From there until the end, homophony and counterpoint alternate in the choral parts, while trumpet and timpani come in at high points.
www.its.caltech.edu /~tan/bachbminor/indmov.html   (2823 words)

 The Time Course of Phonological Activation During Reading: Evidence from Eye Fixations
Contrary to Daneman and Stainton's (1991) results from their secondary proofreading task, Daneman and Reingold (1993) found no evidence that homophony interfered with the initial detection of homophone errors, whether or not subjects were familiarized on an error-free version of the text first.
Because the on-line reading data show that homophony does not interfere with the initial detection of contextually inconsistent homophonic errors, they suggest that phonology does not play a role in the initial activation of word meanings.
Because the proofreading data show that homophony can interfere with the detection of homophonic errors, they suggest that phonology may play a significant and early role in the activation of word meanings.
www.psych.utoronto.ca /~reingold/publications/Daneman_Reingold_Davidson_1995   (9971 words)

 Four-voice Textures for Jazz Mallets
While single-line melodic improvising will still be the obvious choice for most situations, the use of different textures can add a new dimension to a player's repertoire.
Adding a second voice in harmony with the original melody, in the same rhythm, creates homophony (or, "double stops"):
With four mallets, homophony can be expanded to four-note block chords:
www.malletjazz.com /lessons/fourvoice.html   (345 words)

 homophony - OneLook Dictionary Search
Tip: Click on the first link on a line below to go directly to a page where "homophony" is defined.
homophony : The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language [home, info]
Homophony : Online Plain Text English Dictionary [home, info]
www.onelook.com /?w=homophony   (154 words)

 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
We analyzed homophony by comparing six Chinese dialects, as well as English and German.
Languages with larger phonological inventories and more complex syllable structures are found to have fewer homophones.
Disyllabification may be a result of homophony avoidance.
www.ling.ed.ac.uk /evolang2002/ABSTRACTS/ke.txt   (435 words)

 UCLA WPL 6 - Papers in African Linguistics 1
On the homophony of past tense and imperatives in Kisongo Maasai
Hilda Koopman – On the homophony of past tense and imperatives in Kisongo Maasai
In Kisongo Maasai, it can be shown that imperatives and past tense verbs are constructed out of identical building blocks, a prefix tV depending on the class of the verb, a verbal stem, and a suffix (a/o) which agrees in ATR with the verbal stem.
www.humnet.ucla.edu /humnet/linguistics/faciliti/wpl/issues/wpl6.htm   (1078 words)

 Studia Anglica Posnaniensia: international review of English Studies: The temporary merger of OE scitan and scyttan, ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
Studia Anglica Posnaniensia: international review of English Studies: The temporary merger of OE scitan and scyttan, or: a case of harmless homophony.@ HighBeam Research
Lass (1980: 76) remarks that such homophony would...
This material is published under license from the publisher through the Gale Group, Farmington Hills, Michigan.
www.highbeam.com /library/doc0.asp?DOCID=1G1:92913069&refid=holomed_1   (241 words)

 Search Results for Homophony - Encyclopædia Britannica
In homophony, one part, usually the highest, tends to...
in the broadest sense, music comprising two or more relatively autonomous voices or parts (compare monophony, music consisting of only a single melodic line), in contrast to homophony (q.v.; music...
Dance pairs of the Renaissance grew, about the middle of the 17th century, into dance suites consisting basically of four dances: allemande, courante, saraband, and gigue, with optional dances such...
www.britannica.com /search?ct=&query=Homophony   (321 words)

 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
6(Music: Musical Values), 54(Instruments: musical roles), 95(Pitch: tonal center), 106(Pitch: homophony), 138(Issues: group identity) Teaching Music Globally: pp.
Courtesy of the Center for the Study of Comparative Folklore and Mythology, UCLA.
45(Instruments: Timbre and Aesthetics of Sound), 53(Instruments: Solo and accompaniment), 59(Time: Rhythm for the Text alone), 91, 92(Pitch: Chromatic scale), 106(Pitch: homophony), 114(Structure: Contrasting Instrumentation) Teaching Music Globally: pp.
www.us.oup.com /us/companion.websites/0195171438/about/0195171438   (2638 words)

 [No title]
Notice that totally unrelated words aren’t antonyms: wheel/potato Polysemy and Homophony A word is polysemous if it has two or more related meanings.
bat, pen Polysemy and Homophony Polysemy and homophony aren’t always easy to distinguish e.g, are the various meanings of kid and chair related or unrelated?
They both can give rise to lexical ambiguity.
nersp.nerdc.ufl.edu /~irenem/lectures/lect18.ppt   (650 words)

 List of Audio Examples for 172 A: Cognitive Psychology of Music
'Pray the Good Lord' by the Mahatella Queens (Homophony.)
'Bohemian Rhapsody: Bridge' by the Queen (Move between Homophony and Polyphony.)
'Good Vibrations' by the Beach Boys (Move between Homophony and Polyphony.
www.ethnomusic.ucla.edu /courses/276/AudioList176version.htm   (166 words)

 Dr. Tom Smialek: MUSIC 007
Jazz CD 2, track 2 @ 0 - :12
Jazz Audio Primer CD, track 3 (monophony from 0 - :22; homophony from :23 – end)
Clifford Brown/Max Roach - Powell’s Prances Jazz CD 2, track 1 (trumpet and tenor sax play melody with rhythm section accompaniment; @ :22 trumpet plays melody with rhythm section accompaniment)
www2.hn.psu.edu /Faculty/tsmialek/music7/textureexs.html   (309 words)

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