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Topic: House of Habsburg


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  Habsburg - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Austrian Habsburgs held (after 1556) the title of Holy Roman Emperor, as well as the Habsburg Hereditary Lands and the Kingdoms of Bohemia and Hungary, while the Spanish Habsburgs ruled over the Spanish kingdoms, the Netherlands, the Habsburgs' Italian possessions, and, for a time, Portugal.
However, the heiress of the last Austrian Habsburg (Maria Theresa) had married Francis Stephan Duke of Lorraine, (both of them were great-grandchildren of Habsburg Emperor Ferdinand III, but from different empresses) and their descendants carried on the Habsburg tradition from Vienna under the dynastic name Habsburg-Lorraine.
NB: Maria Theresa of Austria, Habsburg heiress and wife of emperor Francis I Stephen, reigned as Archduchess of Austria and Queen of Hungary and Bohemia 1740 - 1780
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Habsburg   (2669 words)

  
 Habsburg Monarchy - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Habsburg Monarchy, often called Austrian monarchy or simply Austria, is the name given to the territories ruled by the Austrian branch of the House of Habsburg, and then by the successor House of Habsburg-Lorraine, between 1526 and 1867/1918.
The Habsburg Monarchy grew to European prominance in 1526, when Archduke Ferdinand of Austria, the younger brother of Emperor Charles V, was elected King of Bohemia and Hungary following the death of Louis II, the King of those two countries, in battle against the Turks at Mohacs.
Following the Habsburg defeats in the Wars of 1859 and 1866, this policy was abandoned, and after several years of experimentation in the early 1860s, the famous Ausgleich, or Compromise, of 1867 was arrived at, by which the so-called Dual Monarchy of Austria-Hungary was set up.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Habsburg_Monarchy   (1365 words)

  
 Habsburg   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Habsburg (or Hapsburg) was the name of one of the ruling houses of Europe: rulers of Austria (as dukes 1282 - 1453, archdukes 1453 - 1804, and emperors 1804 - 1918), kings of Spain (1516 - 1700), and Holy Roman Emperors for several centuries to 1806.
Dukes of Modena of the House of Habsburg-Lorraine
Duchess of Parma of the House of Habsburg-Lorraine
usapedia.com /h/habsburg.html   (519 words)

  
 HABSBURG - LoveToKnow Article on HABSBURG
The name Habsburg, a variant of an older form, Habicbtsburg (hawks castle), was taken from the castle of Habsburg, which was situated on the river Aar not far from its junction with the Rhine.
To prevent the Habsburg monarchy from falling to pieces the emperors two surviving brothers renounced their rights, and it was decided that Ferdinand, a son of Charles of Styria, should succeed his cousin Matthias.
Restored to the Habsburgs in the person of Ferdinand in 1814, it remained under his rule, and then under that of his son Leopold (1797-1870), i.intil the rising of 1859, when the Austrians were driven out and the grand-duchy was added to the kingdom of Sardinia.
www.1911encyclopedia.org /H/HA/HABSBURG.htm   (5069 words)

  
 The Austrian Order of the Golden Fleece   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The Habsburgs would probably have abandoned their claim to Sovereignty of the Order of the Golden Fleece after the Treaty of Utrecht if they had not found themselves in possession of the Treasure of the Order, which had been retained in Brussels.
The advent of the First World War marked the collapse of the Habsburg Empire; Franz Josef died in 1916 and was succeeded by his great-nephew, the Archduke Charles, as Emperor Charles I, IV as King of Hungary.
The Habsburg Order, therefore, may be regarded as permanently united with the Headship of the Dynasty, just as the Spanish was united with the Crown (when held by Burgundian dynasts).
www.chivalricorders.org /royalty/habsburg/austria/ausgdfl.htm   (1460 words)

  
 Additional Reading (from House of Habsburg) --  Encyclopædia Britannica
, The Dissolution of the Habsburg Monarchy (1929, reissued 1961); and
Originally housed in a warehouse at Lagos in southern Portugal, it was reestablished in Lisbon with the death of Prince Henry the Navigator (1460).
The reign of the House of Plantagenet ended in the final battle of the Wars of the Roses, fought between the Lancaster and York families.
www.britannica.com /eb/article-32095?tocId=32095   (1291 words)

  
 HABSBURG BOOKS SOURCE, FOR CHILDREN AND ADULTS
The Austrian Habsburgs held (after 1556) the title of Holy_Roman_Emperor, as well as the Habsburg Hereditary Lands and the Kingdoms of Bohemia and Hungary, while the Spanish Habsburgs ruled over the Spanish kingdoms, the Netherlands, the Habsburgs' Italian possessions, and, for a time, Portugal.
Under Maximilian, the possessions of the Habsburgs would be united again under one ruler, after he had re-conquered Lower_Austria after the death of Matthias_Corvinus, who resided in Vienna and styled himself duke of Austria from 1485 - 1490.
NB: Maria_Theresa_of_Austria, Habsburg heiress and wife of emperor Francis I Stephen, reigned as Archduchess of Austria and Queen of Hungary and Bohemia 1740 - 1780
www.lilbooks.com /Habsburg   (2346 words)

  
 Counts_of_Habsburg   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
However, the heiress of the last Austrian Habsburg (Maria Theresa) had married Francis Stephan Duke of Lorraine, and their descendants carried on the Habsburg tradition from Vienna under the dynastic name Habsburg-Lorraine.
After the death of Rudolph IV, his brothers Albert III and Leopold III ruled the Habsburg possessions together from 1365 until 1379, when they split the territories in the Treaty of Neuberg, Albert keeping Austria proper and Leopold ruling over Styria, Carinthia, Carniola, the Windish March, Gorizia, Friuli, Tyrol, and Vorderösterreich.
The Austrian Habsburgs, as well as their wives and close relatives, were traditionally buried in the Capuchin Crypt in Vienna.
www.comicscomics.com /search.php?title=Counts_of_Habsburg   (2520 words)

  
 Dragon Key Press Articles   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Most scholars concur that the House of Habsburg emerged from the Eticho family who, by the seventh century AD, were landed gentry in what is now known as Switzerland and who eventually gained prestige by intermarriage with more powerful royal houses.
From Radbot’s marriage alone, the Habsburgs claimed descent from the dukes of Lorraine, and were related to the dukes of Swabia, as well as the Capetian kings of France.
Von Habsburg was born in Reichenau, Austria on November 20, 1912 as the eldest son of Archduke Karl and Princess Zita von Bourbon-Parma, who in 1916 became the Emperor and Empress of Austria, King and Queen of Hungary.
www.dragonkeypress.com /articles/article_2004_10_24_3605.html   (3314 words)

  
 Hapsburgs
As head of the House of Habsburg, Archduke Otto, Charles's eldest son, petitioned the Austrian government in 1961 to be allowed to return to Austria as a private citizen.
As a Habsburg, Ferdinand became Holy Roman Emperor in 1619 and, allied with Bavaria and the Catholic League, defeated the Bohemians at the Battle of White Mountain in 1620.
Born in Vienna, the son and successor of Emperor Maximilian II, Rudolf II of Habsburg served as Holy Roman Emperor (1576-1612), King of Hungary (1572-1608), and King of Bohemia (1575-1611).
www.geocities.com /historyofaustria/habsburgs.html   (6790 words)

  
 The Budapest Sun Online - Story page   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
So it was that there was a gathering of the Habsburg clan at the family home of Archduke György and his wife Duchess Eilika von Oldenburg at Sóskút, just outside Budapest, to celebrate the birth of their third child, and first son, Archduke Károly Konstantin.
In an interesting historical footnote, Károly, born on July 20, is the first male heir of the principal branch of the Habsburg House to be born in Hungary.
Clearly the House of Habsburg seeks to maintain its name and its connections to the country, but according to its head, it is a matter for individuals rather than a specific role for the family as a unit.
www.budapestsun.com /full_story.asp?ArticleId={60B02F815EF1494A92C74AE1C43F3C7C}&From=Style   (1186 words)

  
 Dictionary of Meaning www.mauspfeil.net   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Under Maximilian II, Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian II, the Habsburgs first acquired the land upon which would later be erected the ''Schönbrunn Palace'': the Habsburgs' summer palace in Vienna and one of the most enduring symbols of the dynasty.
The Austrian Habsburgs, as well as their wives and close relatives, were traditionally buried in the Kapuzinergruft Capuchin Crypt in Vienna.
Habsburg, the head of the house, so I have authoritative examples.) If we were needing to transliterate from, say, Russian to English where there are different symbols, there would be legitimate reasons to disagree upon the best spelling using latin letters (e.g.
www.mauspfeil.net /Habsburg.html   (3543 words)

  
 Royalty.nu - The Habsburgs
The Habsburg Monarchy, 1809-1918: A History of the Austrian Empire and Austria-Hungary by Alan John Percivale Taylor.
The Habsburg Monarchy: From Enlightenment to Eclipse by Robin Okey.
The Habsburg Monarchy 1490-1848: Attributes of Empire by Paula Sutter Fichtner.
www.royalty.nu /Europe/Austria/Habsburgs.html   (1311 words)

  
 Origins of the Golden Fleece
The sovereignty of the order, in hereditary possession of the House of Burgundy, was, in default of a male heir, destined for the husband of the heiress of the Duchy until the majority of her son.
In 1477, the Grand Mastership passed, therefore, to the House of Habsburg following the marriage of Mary, daughter of Charles the Bold, last Duke of Burgundy, to Archduke (later Emperor) Maximilian of Austria.
In 1700, the last of the Spanish Habsburgs, Charles II, designated as his heir his grand-nephew, Phillip of France, Duke of Anjou, grandson of Louis XV, who became Phillip V (a designation that led to the War of the Spanish Succession).
www.antiquesatoz.com /sgfleece/origins.htm   (1727 words)

  
 Habsburg : Habsburgs   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The name is derived from the Swiss Habichtsburg (Hawk Castle), the family seat in the 12th and 13th centuries.
The first Habsburg rulers came from Burgundy, the duchy that took up most of the former Frankish kingdom of Lotharingia.
The high-minded mistress of the house never the kindest sympathy.
www.city-search.org /ha/habsburgs.html   (804 words)

  
 Otto von Habsburg - Biocrawler definition:Otto von Habsburg - Biocrawler   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Otto was born in Reichenau an der Rax, Lower Austria.
Meanwhile, the Austrian parliament had officially expelled the Habsburg dynasty and confiscated all the official property (Habsburgergesetz of April 3, 1919).
Karl (born January 11, 1961), who is to be the future head of the Habsburg family, married Baroness Francesca Thyssen-Bornemisza (daughter of Baron Hans Heinrich Thyssen-Bornemisza) in 1993.
www.biocrawler.com /biowiki/Otto_von_Habsburg   (565 words)

  
 Habsburg egg
The Spanish empire in the New World was under the Habsburgs, and a Habsburg was emperor of Mexico as late as 1867.
The Habsburg eagle has two heads, the left one shown wearing the crown made for the coronation by the Pope of Otto the Great as a successor to Charlemagne as Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire in 962.
In one talon the Habsburg eagle holds the imperial orb, a golden sphere representing the earth surmounted by a cross.
home.earthlink.net /~stanzegel/webdocs/essays/habegg.htm   (1083 words)

  
 Austria - History of Habsburg Dynasty - Austrian History @about-austria.org
This line of medieval poetry is representative of the rise of the Habsburg Empire.
Viennese 'Hofburg' became his residency and would be the Imperial residence of House Habsburg till the end of the dynasty.
By then, the Habsburgs where not merely German emperors but also Dukes of wealthy Burgundy (1477, today's Low-Counties) and Kings of Bohemia and Hungary (1526) as well as Spain (1516, including half of America and the Philippines!).
www.aboutaustria.org /history/habsburg.htm   (471 words)

  
 Karl VI. (1685-1740)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
When the Spanish branch of the House of Habsburg became extinct in 1700, he was put forward as the lawful heir in opposition to Philip V., the Bourbon to whom the Spanish dominions had been left by the will of Charles II.
Although he had a certain tenacity of purpose, which he showed in later life, he displayed none of the qualities required in a prince who had gained his throne through military force in the War of the Spanish Succession (1701-1714).
Joseph I. on the 17th of April 1711, Karl inherited the hereditary possessions of the house of Habsburg and their claims on the Empire.
www.hfac.uh.edu /gbrown/philosophers/leibniz/EmperorKarl-VI/EmperorKarl-VI.html   (643 words)

  
 Search Results for Habsburg - Encyclopædia Britannica
By restoring the Habsburg Albert I (ruled 1298–1308) to the kingship, the electors placed themselves in jeopardy.
Along with the rest of the Burgundian inheritance, the duchy of Luxembourg passed to the Habsburgs in 1477.
The Habsburgs' annexation of Galicia from Poland in 1772 was followed two years later by their acquisition of Bukovina, a partly Ukrainian and partly Romanian territory, from Moldavia.
www.britannica.com /search?query=Habsburg&submit=Find&source=MWTEXT   (436 words)

  
 CMH5   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Russia under the House of Romanoff had recovered unity after the internal disturbances at the beginning of the seventeenth century, and in the reign of Alexis (1645-76) was beginning to feel her way towards a place among European Powers.
Hungarian malcontents rallied to the House of Habsburg when they found their homes desolated by the Tartar bands, whose predatory instincts were imperfectly restrained by the discipline enforced among the regular troops of Turkey.
Michael ApafFy, as an interested enemy of the Habsburgs, was early in the confidence of the malcontents, and served as a medium of communication with the Turks.
www.uni-mannheim.de /mateo/camenaref/cmh/cmh512.html   (16107 words)

  
 Amazon.com: History of the Habsburg Empire: 1526-1918: Books   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The Fall of the House of Habsburg by Edward Crankshaw
The Habsburg Monarchy, 1809-1918 : A History of the Austrian Empire and Austria-Hungary by A.
The permanent affiliation of the Habsburg dynasty, the ruling house in the German Alpine hereditary lands, with the lands of the Bohemian and Hungarain-Croatian crowns in 1526-1527 initiates the beginning of the history of these realms as an over-all political entity.
www.amazon.com /exec/obidos/tg/detail/-/0520042069?v=glance   (1628 words)

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