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Topic: House of Shammai

In the News (Sun 27 May 18)

  Shammai Summary
Shammai's rigorous adherence to literal rather than liberal truth is illustrated by the opinion of his school that even a bride is to be lauded only on what she actually is, in accordance with the biblical principle "Keep thyself far from falsehood" (Exodus 23:7).
Shammai's school of thought became known as the House of Shammai (in Hebrew: Beit Shammai), and Hillel's was known as the House of Hillel (Beit Hillel).
Shammai founded a school of his own, known as the House of Shammai, which differed fundamentally from that of Hillel; and many of Shammai's sayings are probably embodied in those handed down in the name of his school.
www.bookrags.com /Shammai   (2185 words)

  Shammai - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Shammai was the most eminent contemporary and the halachic opponent of Hillel, and is almost invariably mentioned along with him.
Shammai's school of thought became known as the House of Shammai (in Hebrew: Beit Shammai), and Hillel's was known as the House of Hillel (Beit Hillel).
Shammai founded a school of his own, known as the House of Shammai, which differed fundamentally from that of Hillel; and many of Shammai's sayings are probably embodied in those handed down in the name of his school.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Shammai   (587 words)

 Shammai   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
Shammai was a Jewish scholar of the first century BCE an imporant figure in Judaism 's core work of rabbinic literature the Mishnah.
Shammai's school of thought became known as House of Shammai and Hillel's was known the House of Hillel.
Shammai founded a school of his own as the House of Shammai which differed from that of Hillel; and many of sayings are probably embodied in those handed in the name of his school.
www.freeglossary.com /Shammai   (685 words)

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One group was known as the House of Hillel and the other group was known as the House of Shammai.
Shammai was more strict regarding the Torah and followed more closely the letter of the Torah than the house of Hillel.
The Pharisees of the House of Hillel wrote the Talmud.
www.geocities.com /Heartland/Valley/1046/9709/970919_d.html   (987 words)

 Hillel and Shammai
Shammai was concerned that if Jews had too much contact with the Romans, the Jewish community would be weakened, and this attitude was reflected in his strict interpretation of Jewish law.
In our present world, we follow the rulings of the House of Hillel, but in the era of Messiah, the majority opinion will shift in favor of the House of Shammai, and their rulings will then be implemented.
For example with regard to the remarriage of an aguna, whose husband is not known with certainty to be alive or dead, the view of Hillel (and most of his colleagues) was that she can remarry even on the basis of indirect evidence of the husband's death.
www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org /jsource/biography/hillel.html   (518 words)

 Lecture 11: Talmud
Shammai and Hillel were Pharisaic masters who lived at the beginning of first century of the Common Era.
A gentile came to Shammai, and said to him, "Accept me as a proselyte on the condition that you teach me the whole Torah while I stand on one foot." Then Shammai drove him away with the measuring rod which he held in his hand.
These are the differences between the House of Shammai and the House of Hillel with regard to the meal.
ccat.sas.upenn.edu /rels/002/lectures/lecture11.html   (1811 words)

 Torah Community Connections | Mishna Yomit
According to Bet Shammai, however, each type of work that one wishes to perform from Yom Tov for the Sabbath requires a separate eruv, and an eruv consisting of bread and a cooked dish only enables one to bake and cook, but not to store hot food.
This is differing from the Sages, who forbade to sweep up the house on the Sabbath and Yom Tov, lest he fill in holes in the earthen floor which resembles the act of building.
Rabban Gamliel, however, holds that only sweeping the entire house is forbidden, but between the couches, which is a small area, and which is swept daily to ensure that the dust will not rise during the meal, there are presumably no holes, and one may therefore sweep there in honor of the festive meal (Hameiri).
www.moreshet.net /oldsite/mishna/13-8-00/sunday.htm   (832 words)

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Shammai reasoned that we light candles to remember the miracle of the small carafe of oil for the Temple’s eternal light that lasted eight days, and accordingly, there would have been less and less oil - hence fewer and fewer candles—as the days progressed.
Hillel agreed that Shammai’s reasoning worked, but he reasoned that holidays are about the human spirit, and what we need to do in the dead of winter is grow the light, so we have more light when we finish than when we started.
The Mishnah teaches us that despite all of their disagreements about marriage and food laws, the disciples of Shammai and Hillel ate in one another’s homes, and a child from the House of Shammai was free to marry a child from the House of Hillel.
www.germantownjewishcentre.org /uploads/2363kol_nidre.doc   (3381 words)

 Glossary of Jewish Terminology / Torah 101 / Mechon Mamre
Literally, House of Hillel.  A school of thought during the Talmudic period, generally contrasted with the stricter views of Beit Shammai.
Literally, house of study.  A place set aside for study of sacred texts such as the Torah and the Talmud, generally a part of the synagogue or attached to it.
Literally, dedication of the house.  A brief ceremony dedicating a Jewish household, during which the mezuzah is affixed to the doorposts.
www.mechon-mamre.org /jewfaq/glossary.htm   (5767 words)

 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
If the roof is close, like the roof of a house, even though the stars are not visible through it, it is nevertheless valid.\par \plain\b\f8 [2.3]\plain\f8 If one constructs a sukkah on top of a wagon, or on board a vessel, it is valid, and he may enter it on the festival.
The House of Hillel said to the House of Shammai: Did it not happen that the elders of the House of Shammai and those of the House of Hillel visited R. Johanan b.
It happened that the daughter-in-law of Shammai the elder gave birth to a son on the festival, so he caused the roof [of the room] to be taken off, and covered it [the bed] as a sukkah for the sake of the infant.
www.saltshakers.com /lm/Sukkah.rtf   (5203 words)

 Teaching Article
Because of Shammai’s influence, these edicts became laws of Israel....It’s critical for you to note that virtually every time you see Jesus or the Apostles in strife against what the of the Bible label as “Pharisees” or “Judaisers” it is referring specifically to Pharisees or ex-Pharisees from the School of Shammai.
We can absolutely know these are Pharisees from the school of Shammai by the fact that the school of Shammai specifically had a rule that a man healed on the Sabbath could not carry his mat without breaking the Sabbath laws.
Louis Goldberg states, “Yeshua challenged many of the rulings by the house of Shammai, as reflected in the gospels, and is therefore frequently regarded as partial to the house of Hillel.
www.treeoflifeknoxville.com /phariseeswhowerethey.htm   (2603 words)

 1 Chronicles
And the son of Shammai was Maon: and Maon was the father of Bethzur.
The sons of Salma; Bethlehem, and the Netophathites, Ataroth, the house of Joab, and half of the Manahethites, the Zorites.
These were the sons of Levi after the house of their fathers; even the chief of the fathers, as they were counted by number of names by their polls, that did the work for the service of the house of the LORD, from the age of twenty years and upward.
www.fourmilab.ch /etexts/www/Bible/1_Chronicles.html   (19154 words)

 The Lord's Teaching   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
The 'house of Shammai' was the conservative group which taught that divorce was proper only if the husband found something 'indecent' in his wife.
The means used to trap Him was to impale Him on the horns of a dilemma, i.e., to force Him to offend either the house of Shammai or the house of Hillel.
The House of Shammai say "A man should not divorce his wife unless he found in her something indecent, as it is said: For he finds in her an indecent thing [Deut.
www.cbtemple.com /divorce5.htm   (4256 words)

 Hillel the Elder   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
He was the founder of Beit Hillel (House of Hillel) school, and the ancestor of the patriarchs who stood at the head of Palestinian Judaism till about the fifth century of the common era.
He was known as the saint and the sage who in his private life and in his dealings with men practised the high virtues of morality and resignation, just as he taught them in his maxims with unexcelled brevity and earnestness.
Hillel's disciples are generally called the "House of Hillel", in contrast to Shammai's disciples, the "House of Shammai".
www.worldhistory.com /wiki/H/Hillel-the-Elder.htm   (1771 words)

 Middle East Open Encyclopedia: Essenes   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
Shammai (40 BCE-AD It is thought that to secure the position of Av Beth Din, Shammai drove his predecessor Menahem, his and Hillel's followers to become Essenes.
The aged Shammai attained complete ascendancy until CE 30 after Hillel died in CE 20 and Shammai passed the 18 measures.
With this came the end of the Sadducees and the end of the house of Shammai.
www.baghdadmuseum.org /ref/index.php?title=Essenes   (965 words)

 Commentary Magazine - Cedars of Lebanon: Men and Women   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
...In the Hagiographa, as it is said: "House and riches are the inheritance of fathers: and a prudent wife is from the Lord...
...Said the house of Shammai to the house of Hillel: If she is lame and blind, shall they call her "beautiful and charming bride"?-and the Torah said: "Keep thee far from a false matter" [Exodus 23, 7...
...Said the house of Hillel to the house of Shammai: In your opinion, if a man bought a bad bargain in the market, should it be praised or made contemptible in his eyes...
www.commentarymagazine.com /Summaries/V8I1P81-1.htm   (3070 words)

 The role of the Pharisees. HR 19 Nov 2001
But, yes, it is true that their influence extended over almost all of the people, and that they represented that social class which defined the norms of conduct, and which were recognized by the common people.
Among the Pharisees there were several schools of thought, we could call them houses or sects, such as the House of Shammai and the House of Hillel, which we have already mentioned, some more conservative, others more liberal.
Although Joseph, Jesus' father, had joined the House of Hillel, the most liberal group among the Pharisees, and therefore less legalistic and less centered around the “golden rule”, a high percentage of Jesus’ arguments with his father were triggered by their different understanding of the laws and their reason for being.
www.new-birth.net /contemporary/hr64.htm   (1056 words)

 Mordechai Torczyner's WebShas - Index to the Talmud: Tannaim - Sages of the Mishnah: Beis Shammai   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
R' Yehoshua once ruled according to the stringent view of the school of Shammai, and when his students complained that he was extending a period of discomfort for them, he responded that he was extending their share in the World to Come: Niddah 16b
The students of Shammai debated with the students of Hillel for three years, until a Divine Voice announced that although the words of both are the words of the Living Gd, the law follows the students of Hillel, due to their gentle humility: Eruvin 13b
How to practice, when there is a disagreement between the house of Hillel and the house of Shammai: Eruvin 6b-7a; Pesachim 114a
www.aishdas.org /webshas/torah/tanna/bshammai.htm   (163 words)

 Essenes   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
The aged Shammai attained complete ascendancy until AD 30 after Hillel died in AD 20 and Shammai passed the 18 measures.
With this came the end of the sadducees (who had replaced the Zadokite priesthood) and the end of the house of Shammai, hence also the reason for protest ceased, and the Essenes merged with the house of Hillel out of which was born the tradition of rabbinical Judaism.
Although their lack of concern for the Second Temple and its destruction alienated them from the great mass of their contemporary Jews, their notion that the sacred could exist outside of the Temple was shared by two other Jewish sects, Christians and Pharisees, which evolved into modern Christianity and Judaism.
www.yotor.com /wiki/en/es/Essenes.htm   (506 words)

 Accumulating Lights | Chabad.org > Magazine > Seasons of the Soul   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
For example, the sages of Shammai consider the moment of the Exodus to be the eve of Nissan 15, when the people of Israel were free to leave Egypt, while the sages of Hillel place the moment at midday of the following day, when the Jews actually exited Egypt's physical borders.
Thus, in a number of laws, the schools of Shammai and Hillel debate which definition of Torah is the predominant one.
The sages of Shammai believe that in these particular applications of Torah law, the divinity of Torah predominates: the Torah's perspective is synonymous with G-d's perspective, meaning that the potential of a thing is its primary truth.
www.chabad.org /magazine/article.asp?AID=99449   (2496 words)

 Tu B’Shevat
The first of Shevat (January/February) is the New Year for the fruit trees according to the House of Shammai, while the house of Hillel says that it falls on the 15th of Shevat.
The 15th of Shevat marks the beginning of the fruit crop in Israel.
The House of Shammai favored Shevat 1st, because Shammai was the spokesperson for the conservative, upperclass Jews, who, being able to afford to take good care of their land and their trees, could probably have trees ready to welcome spring early.
www.shirtikvah.org /tubshevat.html   (463 words)

 Amazon.com: "House of Shammai": Key Phrase page   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
This is either a remnant of teachings of the House of Shammai or Sadducee teaching of the Qumran type (MMT 2, lines 29-30).
Peah 1 : 6A-B).] The present passage of the Mishnah accords with the position of the House of Shammai.
For the House of Shammai state, "[Property that is declared ] ownerless [exclusively] for [the benefit of] the poor,...
www.amazon.com /phrase/House-of-Shammai   (375 words)

 Topics from Sanders, Judaism, Chapter Nineteen: The Pharisees II (Theology and Practice)
The House of Shammai says: It is forbidden to lay on hands on a festival; hence one who wishes to celebrate by means of a peace offering must lay hands on it prior to the festival.
The House of Hillel said: If at a time when you are forbidden to perform an act for the sake of a private individual [i.e., to cook on the Sabbath], you may nevertheless do it for the sake of the Almighty [i.e., mandatory sacrifices are offered on Sabbaths and festivals].
Immediately, the the House of Shammai had the upper hand and they wished to determine the law in accordance with their opinion.
www.ucalgary.ca /~elsegal/361_Transp/Sanders_19_Pharisees2.html   (1033 words)

These two great scholars born a generation or two before the beginning of the Common Era are usually discussed together and contrasted with each other, because they were contemporaries and the leaders of two opposing schools of thought (known as "houses").
Rabbi Shammai was an engineer, known for the strictness of his views.
Hillel, on the other hand, converted the gentile by telling him, "That which is hateful to you, do not do to your neighbor.
www.jdstone.org /cr/files/hillelandshammai.html   (261 words)

 The Nullification of the Commandments
Sixteenth-century kabbalist Rabbi Isaac Luria (the “Ari”) takes this a step further: not only are both the words of the House of Shammai and the House of Hillel enduring on the conceptual level, but each has its time and place on the pragmatic level as well.
Generally speaking, the House of Hillel tended toward a more lenient interpretation of Torah law, while the House of Shammai took the more stringent view.
In the world to come, the disputes between the House of Hillel and the House of Shammai will endure in all respects, including their pragmatic application.
www.meaningfullife.com /torah/parsha/devarim/veDIVetchanan/The_Nullification_of_the_Commandments.php   (2512 words)

 HILLEL AND JESUS AND THE TORAH OF MATTHEW   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
Shammai’s view of the world was pessimistic – the world was filled with evil.
After the deaths of Hillel and Shammai there was a battle between their schools over the `eighteen measures', a method of separating Jews and Gentiles.
A number of members of the house of Hillel were killed by the zealots associated with the Shamaites.
www.moshereiss.org /christianity/03_hillel/03_hillel.htm   (5457 words)

 First Parish Sermon - May 5, 2002
There came to the house of Shammai, head of a rival school, a young man (a Gentile), who was a scoffer of religion.
He asked Shammai to instruct him in the essence of the Jewish Law, but insisted that it be explained to him during the time he could stand on one foot.
Shammai became very angry with the young man and cast him out of the house.
personal.tmlp.com /hayesboh/uu/sermons/may0502.htm   (1716 words)

 Tosefta Pischa 10   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
They frequently disagreed with each other, as did their “houses” or schools (that survived their deaths and continued through most of the first century).
The Houses of Hillel and Shammai have similar disputes over other similar moments, particularly ones that involve acts that both mark and create the boundary between sacred and profane time.
The House of Hillel said to them: Even if one waited until cock’s crow, they still would not have left, because they did not leave until noon.
www2.bc.edu /~langerr/Teaching/tosefta_pischa.htm   (2013 words)

 [No title]
The House of Shammai suggesting that we light eight lights on the first night of Chanukah, and then one less each following night b.
The House of Eisenstat suggesting that we swallow some bicarbonate of soda after devouring too many greasy latkes d.
The House of Weinrib suggesting that we swallow some Alka Seltzer after devouring too many greasy latkes (The latter was disallowed when it was discovered that the House of Weinrib owned 51 percent of Alka Seltzer shares) 21.
www.people.cornell.edu /pages/bs16/Christmas/an_unorthodox_chanukah_quiz.txt   (835 words)

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