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Topic: Hubert Gough

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In the News (Tue 23 Oct 18)

  First World War.com - Who's Who - Sir Hubert Gough
Sir Hubert de la Poer Gough (1870-1963) was born in Gurteen, Co. Wexford in 1870 and trained at Sandhurst.
As its commander Gough was blamed for the collapse of the Fifth Army during the great German push in March 1918 during Third Ypres, and was replaced by General Sir William Birdwood.
Gough retired as a full general in 1922, penning a self-vindication of Fifth Army in 1931.
www.firstworldwar.com /bio/gough.htm   (224 words)

 Hubert Gough   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
Gough was a cavalry officer who, as a favourite of the British Commander-in-Chief, General Sir Douglas Haig, experienced a meteoric rise through the ranks during the war.
At the outbreak of war in August 1914, Gough was commanding a brigade and later commanded the 7th Division, known as "Gough's Mobile Army".
It was Gough's Fifth Army that bore the brunt of the German Operation Michael offensive on 21 March 1918 and the; failure of his army to hold the line and stem the German advance led to his dismissal.
www.wikipedia-mirror.co.za /h/u/b/Hubert_Gough_7dd8.html   (381 words)

 Hubert Gough - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Gough was a cavalry officer who, as a favourite of the British Commander-in-Chief, General Sir Douglas Haig, experienced a meteoric rise through the ranks during the war.
At the outbreak of war in August 1914, Gough was commanding a brigade and later commanded the 7th Division, known as "Gough's Mobile Army".
It was Gough's Fifth Army that bore the brunt of the German Operation Michael offensive on 21 March 1918 and the failure of his army to hold the line and stem the German advance led to his dismissal.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Sir_Hubert_Gough   (349 words)

 South African Military History Society - Journal- A CARBINEER REMEMBERS
As a regular officer, Gough had the ear of the regular "top brass" and, learning the know-how of the "Colonials", he was able tactfully to pass it on to Dundonald.
Gough had his second lesson, in which he was shown how to cross a swiftly flowing river (the Mooi) and how to slaughter, skin and cook a sheep; essential arts omitted from the orthodox cavalry training curriculum.
This was certainly not the case, and Gough and McKenzie were at dinner with Sir George quite a time later, when Churchill and Dundonald burst dramatically in upon them.
samilitaryhistory.org /vol022rs.html   (2701 words)

 Ypres, Battle of - MSN Encarta
The Fifth Army, under General Sir Hubert Gough, carried out this attack with support from the French First Army to the north.
Gough tried again with an attack on August 16-18 but failed badly.
The over-ambitious objectives set by Gough were partially to blame, but the main problems were caused by the weather.
uk.encarta.msn.com /encyclopedia_761552881/Ypres_Battle_of.html   (867 words)

 British Reserve Army - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Under the command of Lieutenant General Sir Hubert Gough, the Reserve Army was formed on 23 May 1916 prior to the Battle of the Somme and was renamed the Fifth Army in October of that year.
For this role Gough was provided with the three British cavalry divisions and in June he was allocated an infantry corps of three divisions to support the advance.
Gough would not officially assume his new command until 7am on 2 July but he immediately cancelled the orders for VIII Corps to resume the failed attack on Beaumont Hamel, thereby no doubt saving many lives.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/British_Reserve_Army   (408 words)

 Norman Gough's Home Page
Sir Charles John Stanley Gough VC (1832-1912) was a famous general, born in to George Gough and Charlotte Margaret Becher.He belonged to a family from Rathronen, Clonmel Co. Tipperary.
Lieutenant Hugh Gough won a VC during the mutiny and Sir Charles son, Captain Brevet major J.E. Gough won a similar honour in Somaliland in 1903.
Sir Hugh Henry Gough VC (1833-1909) General, was the third son of George Gough of Raltronan House, County Tipperary and brother of Sir C. S Gough.
www.scit.wlv.ac.uk /~cm1822/gough7.html   (804 words)

 Bullecourt "the Blood Tub" where distrust peaked
This single day caused great bitterness among Australians towards General Hubert Gough and the newly-developed tank weapon, as a result of that general's willingness to throw resources into untried tactics against the Germans' Hindenberg Line - perhaps the strongest defensive position of the entire Western Front.
Gough, the brilliant but impetuous commander of the Fifth Army, allowed himself to be convinced that Mark I and II tanks could be used to clear a path for his attacking infantry, in lieu of the usual very heavy artillery barrage.
Gough is the dashing ex-cavalryman, demanding that his subordinates demonstrate the "offensive spirit", always with an eye on the far horizon and the "big push", and desperate to capture Bullecourt to ensure that Haig's offer of command of the Flanders campaign is confirmed.
www.diggerhistory.info /pages-battles/ww1/france/b-court.htm   (1094 words)

 Somme : Texts : Personal Accounts : Storm of Steel   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
My instructions to Sir Hubert Gough were that his Army was to maintain a steady pressure on the front from La Boisselle to the Serre Road, and to act as a pivot on which our line could swing as our attacks on his right made progress towards the north.
An assault delivered simultaneously on this date by General Gough's Army (1st Australian Division, Major-General H. Walker, and 48th Division) against Pozières gained considerable results, and by the morning of the 25th July the whole of that village was carried, including the cemetery, and important progress was made along the enemy's trenches to the north-east.
It was not until after the assault of the 1st July that Sir Hubert Gough was placed in charge of a portion of the front of attack, in order to enable Sir Henry Rawlinson to devote his whole attention to the area in which I then decided to concentrate the main effort.
leoklein.com /itp/somme/texts/haig_1916.html   (16001 words)

Walker tells the compelling story of how Gough, the brilliant but impetuous commander of the Fifth Army, allowed himself to be convinced that Mark I and II tanks could be used to clear a path for his attacking infantry, in lieu of the usual very heavy artillery barrage.
Walker's exploration of the backgrounds and relationships between senior British commanders, and of the intricacies of the British-French alliance, helps to explain why approaches were adopted which appear on the surface to be indefensible.
He urges Gough to continue his attacks on Bullecourt to demonstrate to the French that British forces are continuing to apply pressure to the Germans and thereby retain French support for his plans.
www.awm.gov.au /journal/j36/bloodtub.htm   (1176 words)

 Centre for First World War Studies
He was also one of the most controversial, not least for his leading role in the Curragh Incident of March 1914 and for the blame he shouldered for the retreat of his Fifth Army in March 1918.
Gough was a sharp-tongued man, much given to sarcasm, and intolerant of fools.
Gough was the son, nephew and brother of Victoria Cross winners.
www.firstworldwar.bham.ac.uk /nicknames/gough.htm   (165 words)

 Hubert Gough
Commander-in-Chief, Sir Douglas Haig, regarded Gough as one of his best officers, but he was severely criticised by others for his over-confident offensive enthusiasm and his belief in cavalry attacks.
Gough was blamed for the Fifth Army's collapse during the German Offensive in March 1918.
Gough was highly critical of the Versailles Treaty and was an active member of the Union of Democratic Control.
www.world-war-1.info /figures/hubert-gough.php   (163 words)

 Simkins on the Battle of the Somme
It is possible for the historian, luxuriating in the comfort of hindsight, to divide the rest of the British offensive into a number of distinct phases while recognizing, of course, that the pattern of operations would have seemed much less neat and clear-cut to the ‘poor bloody infantry’ who actually fought on the Somme.
From 2 to 13 July 1916, as Gough’s Reserve Army started to assume responsibility for the battle north (or left) of the Albert-Bapaume road, the principal thrust of operations was on Rawlinson’s Fourth Army front, with the British trying to exploit their rare first-day successes on the right.
Both he and Gough can also be accused of launching too many attacks on narrow fronts, allowing the Germans, in most cases, to concentrate more of their defensive firepower on the threatened sector.
www.johndclare.net /wwi2_Simkins_Somme.htm   (2867 words)

 Classics Today.com - Your Online Guide to Classical Music
The works by Hubert Clifford, Edgar Bainton, and John Gough are clearly of British derivation (which should come as no surprise) but occasionally there are touches of local color.
Hubert Clifford (1904-1959) left Australia for England to study with Vaughan Williams, and there he remained to make his career.
John Gough's (1903-1951) lovely (but brief) Serenade is a relaxing piece that belongs on everybody's stress-buster list.
www.classicstoday.com /review.asp?ReviewNum=1081   (344 words)

 The Battle for Bullecourt April 1917
The attack on Bullecourt by General Sir Hubert Gough's Fifth Army formed part of an operation which included an attack on Vimy Ridge by the First Army and on Arras by the Third Army.
Gough decided that as the offensive by Third Army was being pressed, he would make a second attempt on Bullecourt at 04:30 hours on 11 April.
One did manage to make its way into Bullecourt village but had to be abandoned in the face of stiff resistance and the fact that the supporting infantry had not made as much progress as had been planned.
www.webmatters.net /france/ww1_bullecourt2.htm   (767 words)

 Western Front Association Contributed Articles   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
The three phases 3rd Battle of Ypres by 5th Army, under the command of Sir Hubert Gough, began on the 13th July 1917 with a lengthy bombardment of over 4 million shells by 2nd and 5th Army (Plumer and Gough respectively); the infantry attacks were launched on the 31st July 1917.
But Gough's 5th Army got literally bogged down in the low-lying Gheluvelt Plateau, and by the end of August 1917 had lost more than 50,000 men with no breakthrough in sight.
However, on the 4th October 1917, the rains broke again and, as the conditions on the ground grew even worse, both Gough and Plumer urged Haig to call a cessation as they considered further advance under these conditions was tactically impossible.
www.westernfront.co.uk /thegreatwar/articles/factsandfigures/plumer.htm   (794 words)

 17. Operations in the West, 1918. 2001. The Encyclopedia of World History
Ludendorff planned a series of crushing blows to be delivered against the British on a 60-mile front south of Arras, by which he hoped to break through, roll up the opposing forces, and drive them westward to the sea.
The British expected an attack but not along the southern part of their front, so that the fifth army (Gen. Sir Hubert Gough) was left holding an extensive front with relatively few forces.
Lloyd George, in an address to the Trades Unions Congress, formulated the British war aims.
www.bartleby.com /67/1780.html   (655 words)

 History of the Royal Irish Rangers  A Profile of two soldiers   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
On July 20th, 1914, Wilson heard from General John Gough that his brother Hubert Gough, commanding the Cavalry Brigade stationed at The Curragh, had been ordered to either undertake operations against Ulster or be dismissed the service.
Eventually the Government made sufficient promises that the army would not be used to quell a civil disturbance on British soil, and the crisis slowly abated.
Wilson, Gough and many others became 'marked men' as a result of this incident, which had an important effect on relationships with the Government and the military hierarchy throughout the succeeding years.
www.royalirishrangers.co.uk /wilson.html   (2271 words)

 First World War.com - Who's Who - Ireland
Among the entries listed here are biographies of the Irish nationalist Sir Roger Casement - executed as a wartime traitor by the British government; and Tom Hazell, who as a leading airman with the British Royal Flying Corps achieved some 43 aerial victories.
Among others there is also a biographical sketch of Sir Hubert Gough, a key wartime commander ultimately relieved of active command on account of perceived failures during the Passchendaele campaign..
A "toffee apple" was a large German trench mortar, resembling a large toffee apple.
www.firstworldwar.com /bio/ww_ireland.htm   (115 words)

 ::The Battle of Passchendaele::   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
The main assault was led by Sir Hubert Gough's Fifth Army.
To their left were units from the French First Army led by Anthoine and to Gough's right was the Second Army led by the victor of Messines, Sir Herbert Plumer.
Haig moved Gough and his men to a front further north and put Plumer in charge of the battle.
www.historylearningsite.co.uk /battle_of_passchendaele.htm   (939 words)

 Wildings & Thurleys, Cantophers & McConnells - Person Page 11
     Hubert Gough married Caroline Eliza Jackson, daughter of Rev Humphrey Jackson and Mary Anne Frost Rippingall, in 1884; their marriage was registered during the first quarter in Hastings RD, Sussex.
Hugh George Gough was born on 5 January 1864, probably at Numgum, Madras, India.
She was the daughter of Hugh George Gough and Violet Kathleen Louisa Mandervile Baillière.
website.lineone.net /~hstjw/p11.htm   (2782 words)

 History of West Waterford Ireland-Battle of Little Big Horn, Robert Lewis co-pilot Enola Gay and Hubert De La Poer ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
The first party of the British relief column was led by Major Hubert Gough.
Goughs Fifth Army failed to halt the German Operation Michael because of insufficient manpower.
Gough was strongly critical of The Versailles Treaty.
homepage.eircom.net.cob-web.org:8888 /~westwaterford/history2.htm   (646 words)

 Genealogical Investigation into Charles J. Aris
The colonel of the 16th Lancers at this time was Hubert Gough, a former officer in the regiment and future Great War Fifth Army commander.
Due to his service from the beginning of the war to this date, Charles Aris was entitled to the 1914 Star, often called the "Mons Star".
Gough, General Sir Hubert, Soldiering On: Being the Memoirs of General Sir Hubert Gough (New York: Robert Speller & Sons, 1957), 94.
www.oz.net /~markhow/chasaris.htm   (13181 words)

 British Army -- Recommendations and Resources   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
The Fifth Army was created on 30 October 1916 by renaming the British Reserve Army of General Sir Hubert Gough and as such it fought the Battle of the Ancre which became the final British effort in the Battle of the Somme.
In 1918 the Fifth Army took over a stretch of front-line previous occupied by the French south of the River Somme and on 21 March bore the brunt of the opening phase of the German Spring Offensive, known as Operation ''Michael''.
The failure of the Fifth Army to withstand the German advance led to Gough's dismissal and the disbanding of the broken army.
www.becomingapediatrician.com /health/23/british-army.html   (1466 words)

 G.P. Ypres
The original attack, entrusted to the thrusting General Sir Hubert Gough, was fatally flawed by his decision not to attempt an initial assault on the whole of the Gheluvelt Plateau.
Such a plan went against Haig's better judgement, but he failed to overrule Gough, preferring to leave the final decision to "the man on the spot." This error reminds one of Haig's failure to override Rawlinson's doomed tactical plan for 1st July 1916.
Despite Gough's slow progress the Germans suffered heavily in the fighting.
www.lib.byu.edu /~rdh/wwi/comment/gpypres.html   (3043 words)

 THE FIFTH ARMY FALLS BACK   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
In January 1918 following the decision that the British should take over more of the Allied front line, General Sir Hubert Gough’s Fifth Army moved south to take over from the French Army facing the Hindenburg Line; a front of 42 miles including some 9 miles of trenches around Saint Quentin.
The British Army was notably under strength as, for political reasons, the Government was unwilling to release some 400,000 men held in regimental depots in England.
March in what has been described as "undeserved disgrace", General Sir Hubert Gough was relieved of his command, General Rawlinson taking over with the Fifth Army being renamed the Fourth Army.
www.1914-18.co.uk /stquentin/fiftharmy.htm   (455 words)

 2nd Battle of Arras
However, progress was much slower south of the river and the Germans were able to hold the village strongpoint of Monch-le-Preux, against repeated British attacks.
In an attempt to stretch German defences, General Hubert Gough and the British Fifth Army launched an attack further south.
Even though Gough used tanks in the attack, it was repulsed by the Germans at Bullecourt.
www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk /FWWarras2.htm   (789 words)

 Royal Dublin Fusiliers
At the Curragh army camp, senior army officers threatened to resign their commissions if they were asked to enforce Home Rule in Ulster.
Almost all the 3rd Cavalry Brigade with its commander Brigadier General Hubert Gough threatened to resign rather than face loyal Ulstermen.
The politicians backed down and Gough returned to Ireland welcomed by his officers as a conquering hero.
www.tcd.ie /General/Fusiliers/DUBFUS/DUBFUS/IRE_WW1/HTML/eire_1.htm   (679 words)

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