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Topic: Human migration

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  Human migration - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Migration and population isolation is one of the four evolutionary forces (along with natural selection, genetic drift, and mutation).
The pressures of human migrations, whether as outright conquest or by slow cultural infiltration and resettlement, have affected the grand epochs in history (e.g.
Notable examples of this phenomenon include mass migration of Protestants from the Spanish Netherlands to the Dutch Republic after the 1580s, the expelling of Jews and Moriscos from Spain in the 1590s and the expulsion of the Huguenots from France in the 1680s.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Human_migration   (2866 words)

 Encyclopedia :: encyclopedia : Human migration (via CobWeb/3.1 planetlab2.isi.jhu.edu)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
In its natural origins, it includes the separate migrations first of Homo erectus then of Homo sapiens {Homo sapiens sapiens) out of Africa across Eurasia, doubtless using some of the same available land routes north of the Himalayas that were later to become the Silk Road, and across the Strait of Gibraltar.
However genetic studies have recently shown that the migration dates to the end of the Palaeolithic and that the Neolithic farming revolution was a cultural movement rather than a migration.
That is when hundreds of thousands of Serbs started leaving the areas of their medieval Kingdom and Empire that was overrun by the Turks in the 15th century (Kosovo and Metohija), under the leadership of their patriarchs and Orthodox Church priests, and moved to southern parts of the Kingdom of Hungary, today's Vojvodina, northern Serbia.
www.hallencyclopedia.com.cob-web.org:8888 /topic/Human_migration.html   (1672 words)

 Human Migration   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
Humans are constantly on the move, packing up and resettling in different towns, in a neighbouring country, or on the other side of an ocean.
Among the natural causes of migration are prolonged droughts, changes in climate, and floods or volcanic eruptions that render sizeable areas uninhabitable.
People who migrate tend to seek an environment similar to the one they left, but they are influenced by natural barriers, such as large rivers, seas, deserts, and mountain ranges.
www.pacificislandtravel.com /nature_gallery/humanmigration.html   (1564 words)

 NCHR - Refugees & Migration - NCHR Caribbean Migration and Human Rights Project
An analysis of the historic, political and human rights perspectives on the Haitian populations in the Dominican Republic is contained in the NCHR report Beyond the Bateyes: Haitian Immigrants in the Dominican Republic (1996).
For example, Dominican migration control should be demilitarized and the immigration status of Haitian residents legally determined as a prelude to bilateral commercial or migrant labor agreements.
Third, the human rights problems of Haitian residents in the Dominican Republic can be ameliorated by ending military control of the Haitian population, normalizing the immigration status of undocumented residents and incorporating enforceable labor and other human rights protections into bilateral trade, migrant labor and migration accords.
www.nchr.org /rmp/caribpro.htm   (1565 words)

 Migration Information Source - Migrants' Human Rights: From the Margins to the Mainstream
A migrant's human rights are largely defined by the migration "category" to which he or she belongs, and by the reasons underlying that migration.
Migration and human rights intersect at a number of points, starting when the migrant crosses a frontier, the act that defines international migration.
This complex interrelationship between migration and human rights is multifaceted, and found at all stages in the migratory cycle: in the country of origin, during transit, and in the country of destination.
www.migrationinformation.org /Feature/display.cfm?id=291   (2747 words)

 OHCHR and Migration
Migration offers great chances and benefits to receiving countries, sending countries as well as to the migrants and their families, but there are also challenges that need to be addressed.
The position of OHCHR is that human rights are at the heart of migration and should be at the forefront of any discussion on migration management and policies.
OHCHR is committed to a human rights approach to migration and engages with other specialized agencies and international organisations in ensuring the protection of the rights of all migrants during the entire migration process.
www.ohchr.org /english/issues/migration/taskforce/index.htm   (296 words)

 Zinken: [06] Human Migration
Most scientists agree that modern humans left Africa relatively recently, and it was traditionally thought that the route taken was northwards, overland into the Middle East and beyond.
If you want to understand human evolution, it may be worth starting with Johannes Daak from the remote village of Akel in the heavily forested centre of the Indonesian island of Flores.
This team is interested in researching the theory that rice culture introduced to South China at the beginning of the age of agriculture, and the population explosion that followed, may have prodded coastal peoples into making voyages that eventually resulted in the populating of Pacific islands...
zinken.typepad.com /palaeo/06_human_migration   (5278 words)

 Handprint : Ancestral Lines
But scavenging is a migratory life, tied to the hunting patterns of predators and the herds of game they prey on, to fluctuations in water supplies, to seasonal shifts in the requirements for shelter and plants.
We tend to think of early humans as hillside "cave dwellers" and in inland areas they often were; but they were also early voyagers and harvesters on the waves.
Unfortunately it is very difficult to assess the importance of the oceans to human migration.
www.handprint.com /LS/ANC/disp.html   (984 words)

 ScienceDaily: Human Migration Tracked In Stanford Computer Simulation   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
Human Genome Data Cast Doubt On "Replacement Theory" Of Human Evolution (December 26, 2002) -- A new analysis of human genetic history deals a blow to the theory that early people moved out of Africa and completely replaced local populations elsewhere in the world.
BRCA2 -- BRCA2 is a human gene that is involved in the repair of chromosomal damage and belongs to a class of genes known as tumor suppressor...
Human Osteology, Second Edition is designed for students and professionals who wish to advance their osteological skills in terms of accurately identifying human skeletal remains, however isolated...
www.sciencedaily.com /releases/2004/01/040122082842.htm   (1952 words)

 Moon Miners' Manifesto: Human Migration -- A Synthesis (Part 1 of 2)
The present world view is that we are truly a part of a larger scheme, we are made of "star stuff." We are living during a window of opportunity that did not exist before and may not be available in the future.
The settlement will be a human enclave, a post-industrial cooperative society, but it will not mimic or necessarily be a clone of the society from which it is drawn.
These pitfalls are: superficial relationships because of excessively close living arrangements, reduced opportunities for women because of child bearing and child rearing, waste due to the lack of awareness (it is someone else's responsibility), reduction of creativity because of pressure to conform, and the lack of well-defined personal goals.
www.asi.org /adb/06/09/03/02/101/human-migration-p1of2.html   (1881 words)

 Dr. Delia Nüesch-Olver -- Human Migration by Michael Parfit
More broadly, though, migration means all the ways—from the seasonal drift of agricultural workers within a country to the relocation of refugees from one country to another—in which people slake the fever or need to move.
Migration is the dynamic undertow of population change; everyone's solution, everyone's conflict.
Migration, Miller argues, is not a matter of each individual deciding rationally and simply where the best hope for freedom or success lies.
www.spu.edu /gum/courses/theo3630/readings/human_migration.html   (4652 words)

 Human Migration   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
According to the available archeological record, anatomically modern humans began to move out of Africa/Eurasia at least 60,000 calendar years ago.
Much later, humans entered the New World (North America and South America) --perhaps directly over the Bering land bridge, or perhaps over water, by following the coastline of the Aleutians to reach the North American seaboard.
Somewhat later, humans spread out to the world's remaining habitable islands: central Mediterranean islands, at least 8,000 years ago; West Indies, at least 7,500 years ago; Madagascar, 2,000 years ago; New Zealand, perhaps 1,500 years ago.
www.amnh.org /science/biodiversity/extinction/Intro/HumanMigration.html   (165 words)

 Raceandhistory.com - Signs of First Human Migration
Susan C. Anton, a paleoanthropologist at the University of Florida who was a member of the discovery team, said that by this time human ancestors had become more carnivorous and their diets pushed them to expand their home range to match the wider ranges of the animals they preyed on.
As long as early human ancestors had smaller bodies and brains, Dr. Tattersall said, they lived mainly on plants and confined themselves to a limited range at the edge of forests, not too deep in or too exposed far out on the savanna.
Carl C. Swisher 3rd of the Berkeley Geochronology Center in California determined the approximate age of the skulls by geochemical and paleomagnetic analysis of the sediments and the presence of small rodent bones of a well-established age that were found with the human fossils.
www.raceandhistory.com /historicalviews/firstmigration.htm   (1026 words)

 Remodelled Lessons: 6-9 - The Critical Thinking Community   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
Forced migrations and the concept of refugees are briefly mentioned, and then the text considers present-day migrations.
Generally the factors discussed in motivating migration are oversimplified, and traditional migration patterns, particularly in the U.S., are seen as simply going from bad economic situations to positive ones.
In considering modern migration from rural to urban settings, their thinking needs to be extended to see the many issues both motivating and limiting these movements.
www.criticalthinking.org /resources/TRK12-remodelled-lesson-6-9.shtml   (6025 words)

 Moon Miners' Manifesto: The Human Migration -- A Synthesis (Part 2 of 2)
But the proposed concept fails to recognize human behavior, is oblivious to how humans actually operate [and are motivated], and ignores lines of communication and transportation.
Human nature being what it is, a minimal form of government that will have the ability to convince the individual to conform to a minimum set of standards is a requirement.
Human history is replete with claims made in the "Name of the People." Some of the more recent are "The People's Republic of China" and the "German Democratic Republic." The "Moon Treaty" is in the same vein.
www.asi.org /adb/06/09/03/02/101/human-migration-p2of2.html   (1987 words)

 Lesson Plans - Human Migration Within and Into the United States   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
There is a great deal of human migration into and within the United States.
Define the terms to be used in the lesson: "in-migration"; "out-migration"; "net internal migration"; and "movers from abroad." Write these terms on the board and ask students to define what each means.
Instruct students to calculate the net internal and net migration by filling in the net internal migration and net migration data.
www.nationalgeographic.com /xpeditions/lessons/09/g912/migration.html   (776 words)

 Wikinfo | Human migration
Human migration in general may be described as a natural function of social development.
The movement of population, however, has continued under the form of immigration/emigration.
Images, some of which are used under the doctrine of Fair use or used with permission, may not be available.
www.wikinfo.org /wiki.php?title=Migration_(human)   (225 words)

 Classroom Activities - Human Migration
Objective: As a result of this activity, students will be able to understand the factors that impact human migration and describe the social impact of the Great Depression and the Dust Bowl.
Examines the human and natural causes of the severe dust storms that turned much of the Great Plains into a "dust bowl" in the 1930s and describes the devastation caused by these storms.
In a series of poems, fifteen-year-old Billie Jo relates the hardships of living on her family’s wheat farm in Oklahoma during the dust bowl years of the Depression.
www.pbs.org /falconer/class/human_migration.htm   (1393 words)

 Genetics and Human Migration Patterns
In the March 2000 American Journal of Human Genetics, he and colleagues identify the Vasikela Kung of the northwestern Kalahari desert in southern Africa as the population that lies nearest to the root of the human mtDNA tree.
Regarding human leukocyte antigen (HLA) testing, specimens were taken from Iceman's calcaneous (The largest of the tarsal bones--situated at the lower and back part of the foot forming the heel).
The human skull family tree is further complicated because of the other recent discoveries of Australopithecus anamensis, garhi, and bahrelghazali.
www.duerinck.com /migrate.html   (4307 words)

 Genes generate a map / Study tracks human evolution, migration   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
Some of the most provocative new findings about the origins and worldwide spread of the human species are coming from studies of the history books packed inside nearly every cell of our bodies.
Those conclusions stemmed partly from her studies of the relatively isolated Finns, whose ancestors typically can be traced back easily to a relative handful of original settlers, uncomplicated by the genetic scrambling that occurs when disparate groups and multiple migrations meet and mingle.
For similar reasons, scientists interested in human evolution often study a particular type of DNA, found not in the nucleus of cells but in the tiny energy-producing structures called mitochondria.
sfgate.com /cgi-bin/article.cgi?f=/c/a/2003/06/09/MN52597.DTL   (1123 words)

 Sodium hyaluronate (hyaluronic acid) promotes migration of human corneal epithelial cells in vitro -- Gomes et al. 88 ...
Figure 1 Mean area of migrating human corneal epithelial cell sheets in the different culture conditions—standard medium (control), hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose (Occucoat), and sodium hyaluronate (Healon)—over time.
migration of rabbit corneal epithelial cells in vitro.
The effect of sodium hyaluronate on the migration of rabbit corneal epithelium.
bjo.bmjjournals.com /cgi/content/full/88/6/821   (3660 words)

 Stone Pages Archaeo News: Study of human migration over 60 000 years
A project investigating human migration over the last 60 000 years will be discussed at a conference in South Africa next month.
The hope is to demonstrate the migration routes followed by anatomically modern humans as they moved out of Africa - the origin of all humans alive today - and spread across the world.
Asked whether human populations had not become so mixed by migration - especially in the last 200 years - that a clear picture could not be obtained, Wells said: "We focus on indigenous people, who may have been isolated for some considerable time.
www.stonepages.com /news/archives/001847.html   (451 words)

 Genetics and Human Migration Patterns
Scientists have now identified the human lineages of the world descended from 10 sons of a genetic Adam and 18 daughters of Eve.
In another earlier study, it was found that an earlier migration occurred, pegged at 100,000 years ago, involving a common maternal ancestor coming out of Africa by a northern route, settling in the Mediterranean and in Greece.
However, as compared to humans, the divergence of the Neanderthal DNA was 7 percent, or double.
www.ramsdale.org /dna10.htm   (2155 words)

 Migration Information Source
Stefanie Grant outlines how migration and human rights issues intersect and why migrants are becoming a higher priority on the human rights agenda.
Monette Zard of the International Council on Human Rights Policy presents human rights as a tool for empowering migrants, reframing migration debates, and holding states accountable.
Migration and migrants are increasingly the focus of human rights discussions.
www.migrationinformation.org /issue_mar05.cfm   (418 words)

 Autocrine Regulation of Human Preadipocyte Migration by Plasminogen Activator Inhibitor-1 -- Crandall et al. 85 (7): ...
migration in vitro, but its role in adipose tissue is not known.
and quantification of vitronectin in human adipose tissue.
Human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) were used as controls and are shown in the top panel.
jcem.endojournals.org /cgi/content/full/85/7/2609   (3409 words)

 Human Migratory Patterns
They recently entered the College of Agricultural and Life Sciences as graduate students in the life sciences communication department, and are teaching a class this summer that shows how the stories of Wisconsin's native people fit into the larger history of the continent.
However, some migration stories persist in oral traditions, including a central story - told in Mexico and depicted on the Mexican flag - of native people moving south from a place called Aztlán.
And the rodents are unable to swim, which means humans are responsible for the rats' dispersal.
www.crystalinks.com /migrationhuman.html   (1652 words)

 The WWW VL Public Health: Selected Topics - Migration
It is committed to facilitating the study of sociodemographic, historical, economic, political, legislative and pastoral aspects of human migration and refugee movements.
Incorporated in the State of New York in 1969 as an educational non-profit institute, CMS brings an independent perspective to the interdisciplinary study of international migration and refugees without institutional constraints of government analysts and interest groups, or the profit considerations of private research firms.
As one of the institutes in the United States devoted exclusively to understanding and educating the public on the causes and consequences of human mobility at both origin and destination countries, CMS performs a critical function in migration studies as it generates and facilitates the dissemination of new knowledge and the fostering of effective policies"
www.ldb.org /vl/top/top-migr.htm   (489 words)

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