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Topic: Human variability

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In the News (Sat 19 Jan 19)

  Human variability - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Human variability, or human variation, refers to the range of possible values for any measurable characteristic, physical or mental, of human beings.
This article discusses variabilities that characterize a person for all or much of his or her lifetime, and are perceived as not purely learned or readily changed (such as religion, language, customs, or tastes).
Much social controversy surrounds the assigning or distinguishing of some categories, with variation between groups in a society or between societies as to the degree to which a difference is part of a person's "essential" nature or is partly a socially constructed attribution.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Human_variability   (1243 words)

 Learn more about Human in the online encyclopedia.   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-30)
Various religious groups have raised objections and controversy concerning the theory of humanity's evolution from a common ancestor with the other hominoids.
Human children, typically weighing 3-4 kilograms and 50-60 centimetres in height, are born after a nine-month gestation period.
While humans have all these characteristics, from the biological viewpoint "what distinguishes humans from all other animals?" is an odd question: there's no one thing that makes cats, dolphins, or song sparrows unique beyond the concept of species.
www.onlineencyclopedia.org /h/hu/human.html   (1404 words)

 Human variability   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-30)
This article discusses variabilities that characterize a personfor all or much of his or her lifetime, and are perceived as not purely learned or readily changed (such as religion, language,customs, or tastes).
Some characteristics (e.g., skincolor) vary continuously in a population, but the continuum may be socially divided into a small number of distinct categories.Some characteristics vary bimodally (sexual orientation, handedness), with fewer people in intermediate categories.
Much social controversy surrounds the assigning or distinguishing of some categories, with variation between groups in asociety or between societies as to the degree to which a difference is part of a person's "essential" nature or is partly a socially constructed attribution.
www.therfcc.org /human-variability-39612.html   (1019 words)

 Human variability definition by The Linux Information Project
Human variability refers to the fact that there is a range of possible values for each of the numerous physical and mental characteristics of human beings.
Individuals in many species, including humans, are highly aware even from infancy of the differences among individuals in their own species, and they are usually far more aware of the variability in their own species than in other species.
The unique benefit of variability in the case of humans is that it has been a major factor in the advance of civilization, such as improvements in technology (including medicine and other disciplines that extend life expectancies and enhance the quality of life), advances in the arts and even the development of democracy.
www.bellevuelinux.org /human_variability.html   (1959 words)

 Diversity - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Diversity is the presence of a wide range of variation in the qualities or attributes under discussion.
Variation between individuals in the population; typically, diversity refers to genetic variation.
These critics claim that "pluralism" is a more accurate term for the presence of variation, and that, under the banner of "diversity," groups actually forbid criticism of groups that are, in essence, privileged by their minority status.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Diversity   (1727 words)

 Human Genetics - Introduction
Portions of human genetics will be covered in other basic medical science courses and, of course, all areas will be expanded during the clinical years.
Human genetics is the most rapidly expanding area of medicine and, without serious editing, could easily consume the entire medical curriculum.
As we should discover as we progress through this course, there are advantages to variability that allows us to adapt and survive changing environments, and there are costs associated with the maintenance of this variability in the human population.
www.uic.edu /classes/bms/bms655/lesson1.html   (683 words)

 Human variability - The Jiggies Reference Guide   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-30)
Variability which limits activities in some way is generally regarded as a disability but this label is often contentious; for example, many who are deaf do not see themselves as being disabled.
Many genetic variations which are considered undesirable are governed by recessive genes, and therefore arise from matings of people who do not display the characteristic.
In modern times many of these variations have been identified and in some cases can be detected before conception of a child or while the child is still in vitro, raising the possibility of abortion.
www.jiggies.com /reference/Human_variability   (226 words)

 CDC - Antigenic and Genetic Variability of Human Metapneumoviruses
Human metapneumovirus (HMPV) has recently been identified as a causative agent of respiratory tract illnesses in humans worldwide (1–3) and is a member of the Pneumovirinae subfamily within the Paramyxoviridae family (4).
Human respiratory syncytial virus (HRSV), the major viral cause of severe respiratory tract illnesses in children, is the type species of the pneumoviruses (5).
The amino acid sequence variation between the viruses from 1981 and 2001 was in the same range as the variation found between viruses from 2001, and alignments of the sequences did not indicate fixation of amino acid changes between 1981 and 2002.
www.cdc.gov /ncidod/eid/vol10no4/03-0393.htm   (4903 words)

 Human Variability and Adaptability: A Reader   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-30)
Unfortunately, all this variation and the wealth of data are open to interpretations and misinterpretations and the valid scientific meaning is often lost in the rhetoric of current sociopolitical debates.
That humans from any population in the world may learn the same languages, participate in unraveling the human genome, and understand relativity theory suggests a broad underlying communality of cognitive and intellectual abilities.
All human populations are equally endowed with the physiological and cognitive competencies needed for participating in modern human cultural activities.
www.as.ua.edu /ant/bindon/ant275/reader/275reader.htm   (6317 words)

 Category:Humans - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Humans (Homo sapiens) are a species of hominid and the only surviving species of the genus Homo.
Humans are notable for their intelligence, language, culture and technology.
The main article for this category is Human.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Category:Human   (143 words)

 Human population facing long wave variability: an ecological approach
Understanding this coupling between human life and climate is very strait forward as we know there is a day/night cycle produced by Earth's rotation, and a seasonality resulting from the Earth's orbiting around the sun.
Since natural decadal variability exists and affects biological populations, standing crops of the natural stock of resources for human consumption and utilization are also variate.
Humanity can learn from observation to control the environmental variability better then the rest of the species and earlier than evolutionary time-scale.
www.journaloftheoretics.com /Articles/1-3/lluch2.html   (1098 words)

 Learn more about Human variability in the online encyclopedia.   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-30)
Learn more about Human variability in the online encyclopedia.
There are several misconceptions which have historically mislead people about human variability: In Europe where extensive intermixing over centuries, even millennia, has produced a more or less homogeneous population, minor differences in language and culture have misled certain people (e.g.
With respect to the peoples of Africa where modern man originated about 80,000 years ago the surface characteristic of skin color has masked the extensive variabilty which has built up over the tens of millennia with respect to numerous other characteristics.
www.onlineencyclopedia.org /h/hu/human_variability.html   (303 words)

 Homo erectus 'to' modern man: evolution or human variability?
The variation, individual to individual, is considerable and this is exactly one of the points which I am attempting to make- 'evolution' has nothing to do with it.
After careful study of hundreds of scientific descriptions, and photographs of scores of fossil humans, it is clear to me that all shades of intergrading exist between 'ancient' erectus and modern humans, but the chronological patterns of appearance, even using the evolutionists' own dating methods, do not match the predictions of the theory.
In view of the clear-cut and unmistakeable morphological gap between apes and humans, I believe that human fossil study provides strong circumstantial evidence in favour of the theistic view of origins as outlined in the early chapters of the book of Genesis, as against the current view that random or chance genetic accidents were responsible.
www.answersingenesis.org /tj/v8/i1/erectus.asp   (7034 words)

 Human variability
cultural environment While nearly all of the variables listed below are at least partially determined or affected by genetic factors, few of them are controlled by simple Mendelian inheritance.
Controversy also surrounds the boundaries of "wellness", "wholeness," or " normal ity." In some cultures, physical imperfections can exclude one from religious service.
On one end are people who would argue that Down's syndrome is not a disability but a mere "difference," and on the other those who consider such a calamity as to assume that such a child is better off " not born ".
www.nebulasearch.com /encyclopedia/article/Human_variability.html   (1167 words)

The current initiative is designed to encourage collaborative, interdisciplinary, and innovative studies that integrate the latest advances in developmental genetics, functional genomics, epidemiology and high throughput biotechnology with the new mathematical, methodological, and statistical tools for analyzing and evaluating data related to the etiology and distribution of birth defects in populations.
The EPA is also concerned with the identification of exposure to environmental agents, and various exposure factors, including the sources of exposure, bioavailability, route, timing, and duration of exposure, and any lifestyle, behavioral, socioeconomic, ethnic, gender, or age factors that influence the exposure of individuals or subpopulations.
All investigators proposing research involving human subjects should read the "NIH Policy and Guidelines on the Inclusion of Children as Participants in Research Involving Human Subjects" that was published in the NIH Guide for Grants and Contracts, March 6, 1998, and is available at the following URL address: http://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/notice-files/not98-024.html.
grants.nih.gov /grants/guide/rfa-files/RFA-HD-99-002.html   (3940 words)

 Genetic and Antigenic Variability of Human Respiratory Syncytial Virus (Groups A and B) Isolated over Seven Consecutive ...
The genetic and antigenic variability of human respiratory syncytial
Antigenic structure of the human respiratory syncytial virus G glycoprotein and relevance of hypermutation events for the generation of antigenic variants.
Antigenic variants of the respiratory syncytial virus in Argentina and Uruguay.
jcm.asm.org /cgi/content/full/43/5/2266   (4613 words)

 Variability in Human Fertility - Cambridge University Press   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-30)
However, there are in fact considerable variations both between individuals and within the reproductive life of any given individual.
In this book, the variability of human fertility is examined by first looking at the physiological processes regulating reproduction, and the roles of metabolic adaptation and metabolic load.
Inter-population variation in normal ovarian function is then discussed, covering the importance of factors such as age, disease and breast-feeding in modifying ovarian function.
www.cambridge.org /catalogue/print.asp?isbn=0521495695&print=y   (367 words)

 JBG: Intracultural Variability and Problem-Solving
The very expression "intracultural variability" is just such a reminder for social anthropologists, and every so often it serves as the banner for a special issue (American Ethnologist 1975) or a session such as this one.
Moreover, the variability is manifest both as inter-individual differences and as cognitive pluralism.
In such cases, then, variability is not merely a matter of free variation among functionally-equivalent alternatives, but rather the adaptive outcome of competition among the problem-solvers.
www.lehigh.edu /~jbg1/probsolv.htm   (5857 words)

 EPA: ORD: NCER: Research Opportunities: Genetic Susceptibility & Variability of Human Malformations
This RFA is designed to address that recommendation, namely, to encourage and support collaborative and interdisciplinary studies on human malformations that integrate the latest advances in developmental and molecular genetics with the new and innovative mathematical, methodological, and statistical developments for analyzing and evaluating epidemiologica data.
It is the policy of the NIH that children (i.e., individuals under the age of 21) must be included in all human subjects research, conducted or supported by NIH, unless there are scientific and ethical reasons not to include them.
All investigators proposing research involving human subjects should read the "NIH Policy and Guidelines on the Inclusion of Children as Participants in Research Involving Human Subjects" that was published in the NIH Guide for Grants and Contracts, March 6, 1998, and is available at the following URL address: http://www.nih.gov/grants/guide/notice-files/not98-024.html.
es.epa.gov /ncer/rfa/archive/grants/99/hummal99.html   (3773 words)

 EPA: Federal Register: Joint Announcement on Climate Variability and Human Health
This announcement is offered as an experimental mechanism to fill critical gaps in climate variability and human health research and to coordinate funding of overlapping agency and institutional interests in such research.
Research proposals submitted under this announcement are strongly encouraged to include components addressing either the adaptation or vulnerability of human and public health systems to climate variability, or an economic analysis of using predictive climate information, or both.
The funding partners will look favorably on research activities that involve end-users from the public health arena (i.e., local public health officials, regional or international health organizations, other public health or disaster management agencies and institutions) and which address the means by which their research results can be used by public health policy and decision-makers.
www.epa.gov /fedrgstr/EPA-GENERAL/1999/November/Day-23/g30509.htm   (3468 words)

 Decision-Support Resources Development and Related Research on Human Contributions and Responses. From Our Changing ...
Development of decision-support resources is targeted at three broad categories of uses: (1) input to discussions of climate variability and change by decisionmakers, stakeholders, the media, and the general public; (2) adaptive management and planning; and (3) policy decisions.
Climate connections to fire severity appear to occur through the effects of varying moisture patterns in producing higher or lower than normal amounts of grass in the preceding 2 years, and from the dryness of the vegetation.
A better understanding of the consequences of climate variability and change for human health will be useful for State and local public health agencies' efforts to ameliorate these effects (see Funding Opportunity: The Impact of Climate Change and Variability on Human Health).
www.usgcrp.gov /usgcrp/Library/ocp2006/ocp2006-hi-human.htm   (8212 words)

 Countrybookshop.co.uk - Human Variability and Plasticity
Humans are, perhaps, the most plastic of all species, and hence the most variable.
The book will be especially useful to biological anthropologists, human biologists and medical scientists interested in knowing more about how and why humans vary.
The use of surnames in the study of human variation and plasticity John H. Relethford; 9.
www.countrybookshop.co.uk /books/?whatfor=0521453992   (328 words)

 Innovative Analyses of Human Movement - Human Kinetics
Innovative Analyses of Human Movement is conveniently divided into three parts: the mathematics and statistics applied to variability in human movements, dynamical systems methods and directional circular statistics as applied to coordination in human movements, and the analysis of complex data sets.
Nicholas Stergiou, PhD, is associate professor and coordinator of the HPER Biomechanics Laboratory at the University of Nebraska at Omaha.
A resource for biomechanists, motor behavior and control specialists, rehab medicine researchers, biomedical researchers, sports medicine researchers, and ergonomists; a textbook for undergraduate and graduate biomechanics and motor behavior and motor control students.
www.humankinetics.com /products/showproduct.cfm?associate=3893&isbn=0736044671   (563 words)

 Human variability
Read about human variability in the free online encyclopedia and dictionary.
In addition, human variability is an important factor to be characterized to appropriately describe human populations.
This project uses 3D visualization technology to analyze human shape variability using statistical...
www.logicjungle.com /wiki/Human_variability   (258 words)

 Movement System Variability - Human Kinetics
In the groundbreaking text, Movement System Variability, internationally known scientists synthesize the latest research in the study of variability in the human movement system and provide an in-depth, multi-disciplinary analysis for researchers in human movement sciences and related fields.
A rich array of scientific disciplines is represented in the text to offer insights into the nature and role of variability observed at different levels of analysis.
Newell is former editor of the Journal of Motor Behavior and served as president of the North American Society for Psychology of Sport and Physical Activity.
www.humankinetics.com /products/showproduct.cfm?isbn=0736044825   (839 words)

 Amazon.com: Variability in Human Drug Response: Books: Fundacion Dr. Antonio Esteve Symposium 1998,Geoffrey T. Tucker   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-30)
Variability in Human Drug Response represents a comprehensive account of the information shared by the participants of the Esteve Foundation's Eight Symposium held in Sitges, Spain.
The 8th symposium provided a timely forum which took into account the many aspects of variability in human drug response.
Clinical pharmacologists have been dealing with the challenge of understanding the many sources of variability in drug responses.
www.amazon.com /exec/obidos/tg/detail/-/044482958X?v=glance   (478 words)

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