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Topic: Humphrey I of Toron


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In the News (Sat 17 Aug 19)

  
 Toron - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Toron was dismantled by Sultan al-Mu'azzam in 1219 along with the defences of Jerusalem and the castles of Safed and Banyas.
Toron tenuously remained in Crusader hands until it was finally lost, almost without a struggle, to the Mameluke armies of the Sultan Baibars, in 1266.
Toron Ahmud remained in the Lordship of Beirut until John of Ibelin sold it to the Teutonic Knights in 1261.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Toron   (700 words)

  
 Humphrey II of Toron - TheBestLinks.com - Andronicus I Comnenus, Jerusalem, Kingdom of Jerusalem, Knights Templar, ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-12)
Humphrey II of Toron, Andronicus I Comnenus, Jerusalem, Kingdom of Jerusalem...
Humphrey II of Toron (1117-1179) was lord of Toron and constable of the Kingdom of Jerusalem.
Humphrey was defeated by Nur ad-Din at Banias in 1157 and was besieged in its castle until Baldwin III arrived to lift the siege.
www.thebestlinks.com /Humphrey_II_of_Toron.html   (460 words)

  
 Humphrey IV of Toron   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-12)
He was the son of Humphrey III of Toron and Stephanie of Milly, heiress of Oultrejourdain, and grandson of Humphrey II, former constable of Jerusalem.
Humphrey's mother convinced Saladin not to direct his attack against the tower in which the newly married young couple lived, although he continued to besiege the rest of the fortress; Kerak was eventually relieved by King Baldwin IV.
Humphrey probably died soon after this, and the lordship of Toron was claimed by his sister Isabella (married to Rupen of Armenia) and her issue, rex iunior of Armenia prince of Antioch, and eventually the claim to the lordship was inherited by the Montfort family, lords of Toron and Tyre.
www.worldhistory.com /wiki/H/Humphrey-IV-of-Toron.htm   (780 words)

  
 Toron - Indopedia, the Indological knowledgebase
Toron, Tibnin today, was a major Crusader castle, built in the mountains on the road from Tyre to Damascus by Hugh of St-Omer in 1105.
In 1107, Hugh was succeeded by Humphrey I of Toron, and the castle and lordship successively passed to his descendents Humphrey II, Humphrey III, and Humphrey IV.
Toron remained in Crusader posession until 1187 when it fell to the forces of Saladin after the Battle of Hattin when Saladin all but destroyed the Crusader States.
www.indopedia.org /Toron.html   (410 words)

  
 Oultrejordain   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-12)
Toron, near Tyre, and Nablus, in Judea, were not located in Oultrejordain, though they were sometimes ruled by the same people, usually through marriage.
In 1148 the lord of Oultrejordain was involved in the decision to attack Damascus during the Second Crusade, despite the truce between Jerusalem and Damascus that was vital to the survival of the kingdom and especially the lordship.
Meanwhile, their son-in-law Humphrey III of Toron, son of the royal constable Humphrey II, had become ruler of Oultrejordain in right of his wife, their daughter Stephanie de Milly.
www.tocatch.info /en/Lord_of_Oultrejordain.htm   (1068 words)

  
 Kerak - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-12)
Because of its position east of the Jordan River, Kerak was able to control Bedouin herders as well as the trade routes from Damascus to Egypt and Mecca.
In 1184 Saladin besieged the castle in response to Raynald's attacks.
The siege took place during the marriage of Humphrey IV of Toron and Isabella of Jerusalem, and Saladin, after some negotiations and with a chivalrous intent, agreed not to target their chamber while his siege machines attacked the rest of the castle.
www.encyclopedia-online.info /Kerak   (382 words)

  
 Principality of Galilee   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-12)
The castle of Toron was built by Hugh of St. Omer, second prince of Galilee, to help capture Tyre.
The lords of Toron tended to be very influential in the kingdom; Humphrey II was constable of Jerusalem.
Humphrey IV was married to Isabella, Amalric I's daughter (Toron passed into the royal domain during their marriage but its title was returned to Humphrey IV after their divorce).
www.tocatch.info /en/Principality_of_Galilee.htm   (730 words)

  
 Middle East Open Encyclopedia: Guy of Lusignan   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-12)
Humphrey IV of Toron, husband of Sibylla's half-sister Isabella, was Raymond III and the Ibelins' choice for the kingship.
In 1187 Guy attempted to relieve Saladin's siege of Tiberias, against the advice of Raymond III; Guy's army was surrounded and cut off from a supply of water, and on July 4 the army of Jerusalem was completely destroyed at the Battle of Hattin.
King Philip II of France supported instead Conrad of Montferrat, who was chosen king of Jerusalem in 1192 by right of his wife Isabella; Conrad had had Isabella and Humphrey's marriage annulled and married her himself.
www.baghdadmuseum.org /ref/index.php?title=Guy_of_Lusignan   (1511 words)

  
 RAYNALD OF CHATILLON - LoveToKnow Article on RAYNALD OF CHATILLON   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-12)
Later in the year he was captured by the Mahommedans, during a plundering raid against the Syrian and Armenian peasants of the neighborhood of Marash, and confined at Aleppo.
Released in 1176, he married Stephanie, the widow of Humphrey of Toron, and heiress of Krak and Mont Royal, to the S.E. of the Dead Seafortresses which controlled the trade-routes between Egypt and Damascus, and gave him access to the Red Sea.
His ships were captured by one of Saladin's officers; and at the end of the year Saladin himself attacked Raynald in his fortress of Krak, at a time when a number of guests were assembled to celebrate the marriage of his stepson, Humphrey of Toron.
www.1911encyclopedia.org /R/RA/RAYNALD_OF_CHATILLON.htm   (1181 words)

  
 iqexpand.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-12)
HUMPHREY HODY HODY, HUMPHREY (1659-1707), English divine, was bort at Odcombe in Somersetshire in 1659.
Humphrey Hody is appointed regius professor of Greek at Oxford.
Humphrey-Hawkins Full Employment Act Humphrey Hody Humphrey II of Toron Humphrey IV of Toron Humphrey Jennings Humphrey Lyttelton Humphrey Plantagenet, Duke of Gloucester Humphrey Repton Humphrey Stafford...
humphrey_hody.iqexpand.com   (407 words)

  
 ORB: The Online Reference Book for Medieval Studies
Guy was taken to Saladin's tent, along with his brother Amalric, Humphrey of Toron, and his uncle Reynald of Châtillon.
When she was freed, she asked Saladin to free her son Humphrey of Toron, who had been captured at Hattin.
Humphrey was released, but the castles refused to yield.
the-orb.net /textbooks/crusade/jerusalem.html   (16162 words)

  
 Lebanon   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-12)
The primary center of the Phoenicians, the source for the anciently-famed cedars of Lebanon, and the mountainous home of a great many cultural survivals, it continues today to be a stage upon which dramatically important events take place.
The lords of Toron tended to be very influential in the kingdom; Humphrey II was constable of Jerusalem and Humphrey IV was married to Isabella, Amalric I's daughter (Toron passed under royal control during their marriage).
Toron was later merged with the royal domain of Tyre.
www.hostkingdom.net /Lebanon.html   (1464 words)

  
 Middle East Open Encyclopedia: Richard the Lionheart   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-12)
From Cyprus onwards, Richard had among his friends and allies a Franco-Syrian noble, Humphrey IV of Toron, the former husband of Richard's father's first cousin Isabella, Queen of Jerusalem.
The young Humphrey was the dispossessed Lord of Toron, Oultrejordain, etc. He knew the Muslim culture and spoke Arabic, whereby Richard used him as his translator and negotiator.
As contemporary sources alleged, Humphrey was not suited to married life and was known as soft and effeminate.
www.baghdadmuseum.org /ref/index.php?title=Richard_the_Lionheart   (4498 words)

  
 thePeerage.com - Person Page 824
She married, firstly, Humphrey III de Toron, Sire de Toron on 22 November 1183.
Her marriage to Humphrey III de Toron, Sire de Toron was annulled in 1190.
     Humphrey III de Toron, Sire de Toron married Isabella d'Anjou, Queen of Jerusalem, daughter of Almaric I, King of Jerusalem and Maria, on 22 November 1183.
www.thepeerage.com /p824.htm   (1058 words)

  
 Medieval Sourcebook: Ernoul: The Battle of Hattin, 1187
He captured the king, the Master of the Temple, Prince Raynald, Marquis Boniface, Aimery the constable, Humphrey of Toron, Hugh of Gibelet, Plivain, lord of Botron, and so many other barons and knights that it would take too long to give the names of all of them; the Holy Cross also was lost.
Humphrey of Toron, Aimery the constable, Hugh of Gibelet and several other knights.
When he was them all together before him he told the king that he would have great joy and would consider himself greatly honoured now that he had in his power such valuable prisoners as the King of Jerusalem, the Master of the Temple and the other barons.
www.fordham.edu /halsall/source/1187ernoul.html   (1805 words)

  
 Raynald of Chatillon : search word
After his released in 1176, he married Stephanie, the widow of Humphrey III of Toron, and the heiress of the lordship of Oultrejordain, including the castles Kerak and Montreal to the southeast of the Dead Sea.
His ships were captured by one of Saladin's officers, and at the end of the year Saladin attacked Kerak, during the marriage of Raynald's stepson Humphrey IV of Toron to Isabella of Jerusalem.
The siege was raised by Count Raymond III of Tripoli, and Reynald was quiet until 1186.
www.searchword.org /ra/raynald-of-chatillon.html   (1103 words)

  
 The Fantasy Forum - Kingdom of Heaven
Humphrey IV of Toron, princess Isabella's husband, disassociated himself from the Ibelins and swore fealty to Sibylla, wrecking their plans to hold a rival coronation for Isabella.
After his released in 1176, he married Stephanie, the widow of both Humphrey III of Toron and Miles of Plancy, and the heiress of the lordship of Oultrejordain, including the castles Kerak and Montreal to the southeast of the Dead Sea.
After this division had been defeated the anger of God was so great against the Christian host because of their sins that Saladin vanquished them quickly; between the hours of tierce and nones[4] he had won almost all the field.
www.thefantasyforum.com /printthread.php?t=7471   (6331 words)

  
 decendents of Balian of Ibelin   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-12)
Humphrey of_Montfort [52613] ---- lord of Tyre and Beirut d.Feb_1284 Eschiva of_Ibelin [52520] ------- m.ca.1270 wife of Humphrey of_Montfort, lord of Tyre and Beirut m.1284 wife of Guy of_Cyprus
John of_Tyre [52612] ------------ lord of Tyre and Toron d.ca.1283 Margaret of_Cyprus [52573] ------ m.ca.1269 wife of john of_Tyre, lord of Tyre and Toron d.
William Dorel of_Botrun --------- [52637] lord of Botrun Stephanie of_Milly [52640] ------ b.ca.1145 wife of Humphrey III of_Toron wife of Miles of_Plancy wife of Hugh Embriaco II, lord of Jebail wife of William Dorel, lord of_Botrun d.
www.hdhdata.org /roots/d2030.shtml   (2147 words)

  
 Christian Web Site Forum Archive - ChristianWebSite.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-12)
Additionally, Agnes also had Baldwin marry the eight-year-old princess Isabella to Humphrey IV of Toron, an ally to Agnes, thus neutralizing the Ibelin-Maria faction.
By mid-September, Saladin had taken Acre, Nablus, Jaffa, Toron, Sidon, Beirut and Ascalon, and Jerusalem fell to the Muslim army on October 2, 1187, making the beginning of the end for the Christian presence in Outremer.
News of the disastrous defeat at Hattin was the catalyst for the formation of the Third Crusade, and was also said to have caused Pope Urban III to die of shock.
www.botcw.com /talk/archive/index.php/t-16981.html   (6352 words)

  
 The Byzantine Empire during the Crusades   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-12)
Rather than return to court to be reprimanded, Andronicus instead abandoned his lover and, taking with him much of the revenue of Cilicia, went south to Jerusalem.
Poor Philippa, still in love with Andronicus, was married to the elderly Constable Humphrey of Toron.
King Amalric liked Andronicus, who was a charmer, and gave to him the fief of Beirut.
crusades.boisestate.edu /Byzantium/08.shtml   (563 words)

  
 Religious Military Orders - by Brad A. Sand and Dr. Carl Edwin Lindgren
  Humphrey had no desire to ever be King, and he was unwilling to take any part in a civil war.
When Humphrey IV of Toron abandoned the barons, their cause was lost.
  Guy de Lusignan was captured along with the Constable Amalric de Lusignan, his brother, Reynald de Chatillon, Humphrey IV of Toron, Gerard de Ridfort the Grand Master of the Templars, along with Plivano lord of Botrun and many other barons and lords.
users.panola.com /AAGHS/military.html   (7314 words)

  
 decendents of Balian of Ibelin   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-12)
of_Milly, Stephanie [52633] b.ca.1145 wife of Humphrey III, lord of Toron m.ca.1175 wife of Renaud de_Chatillon wife of Miles of_Plancy d.
of_Milly, Stephanie [52640] b.ca.1145 wife of Humphrey III of_Toron wife of Miles of_Plancy wife of Hugh Embriaco II, lord of Jebail wife of William Dorel, lord of_Botrun d.
of_Montfort, Humphrey [52613] lord of Tyre and Beirut d.Feb_1284
www.hdhdata.org /roots/i2030.shtml   (668 words)

  
 Karak Castle, Jordan   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-12)
Hugh Kennedy's excellent book "Crusader Castles" (CUP 1994) gives a detailed account of the sieges at karak, including an interesting example of Saladin's legendary chivalry;
"When [Saladin] approached, a wedding was being celebrated between the King of Jerusalem's sister Isabel and Humphrey IV of Toron, son of Etienette de Milly.
Indeed, along with the garrison and the other refugees, there were many musicians and entertainers who had come for the party in the castle.
www.flat3.co.uk /levant/pages/011027.htm   (160 words)

  
 Ancestors of Carl G. Lawrence, Jr. - Person Page 130   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-12)
Humphrey IV of Toron was the son of Humphrey III of Toron and Stephanie ?
Humphrey married Isabel I of Jerusalem, daughter of Almeric I of Jerusalem and Maria Comnena, circa 1183 at Kerak, Transjordan.
Site updated on 29 November 2003 at 4:20:06 PM from LAWRENCE MASTER; 8010 people
freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com /~lawrpaul/lawrancs-p/p130.htm   (1853 words)

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