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Topic: Hundred Years War


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  Hundred Years War. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05
By 1429 the English and their Burgundian allies were masters of practically all France N of the Loire, but in that year Joan of Arc raised the siege of Orléans and saw Charles VII crowned king of France at Reims.
The Hundred Years War inflicted untold misery on France.
Farmlands were laid waste, the population was decimated by war, famine, and the Black Death (see plague), and marauders terrorized the countryside.
www.bartleby.com /65/hu/HundredY.html   (626 words)

  
  Hundred Years' War - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Thus, the war was in fact a series of conflicts and is commonly divided into three or four phases: the Edwardian War (1337-1360), the Caroline War (1369-1389), the Lancastrian War (1415-1429), and the slow decline of English fortunes after the appearance of Joan of Arc.
The Hundred Years War was not the beginning of this conflict; it was a continuation of one that had existed since the time of the first Norman Kings of England.
In the early years of the war, Edward III allied with the nobles of the Low Countries and the burghers of Flanders, but after two campaigns where nothing was achieved, the alliance fell apart in 1340.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Hundred_Years'_War   (6054 words)

  
 eHistory at OSU | Hundred Years War
The Hundred Years War was a series of chevauchees (plundering raids), sieges and naval battles interspersed with truces and uneasy peace.
Notably, the Hundred Years' War is seen by many scholars as a chapter in the seemingly perpetual conflict between the English and French nations, as disputes and open war were frequent, which continued as late as the Napoleonic era, and which extended well beyond Europe as the two battled for global empires.
One of the central causes of the Hundred Years War centered on the relationship between the Kings of France and England regarding the duchy of Aquitaine located in Southwestern France.
ehistory.osu.edu /middleages/hundredyearswar/overview.cfm   (1003 words)

  
 ::The Hundred Years War::
The Hundred Years War was a series of wars between England and France.
The background of the Hundred Years War went as far back as to the reign of William the Conqueror.
However, war had moved on from the time of the Battle of Hastings and the longbow was now the most feared of weapons and not the knight on horseback.
www.historylearningsite.co.uk /hundred_years_war.htm   (524 words)

  
 Hundred Years' War, Final Phase (1422-1453) Web Page
The final phase of the Hundred Years' War encompassed the obviously dramatic, first effective employment of gunpowder weapons (aside from the Hussite Wars of 1413-36) in Western Europe.
It was the organization and direction of the artillery arm by Jean and Gaspard Bureau, that enable the French army to prevail in rapid siege operations as well as in pitched battles.
The final phase of the Hundred Years' War contained two battles that ran contrary to the some of the touted themes of medieval warfare espoused by many military theorists.
xenophongroup.com /montjoie/hyw_fp.htm   (448 words)

  
 Hundred Years' War
The first half of the Hundred Years War proved as catastrophic for the North as well as the rest of France.
Destructive fighting disrupted the economy: there were appalling plagues (at least a third of the population of both England and France died in 1348 in the Black Death), and violent and bloody revolts in which peasants looted nobles' houses and castles.
That was really the end of the One Hundred Years war so far as England was concerned, though a formal treaty to end the war between England and France was only signed in 1475.
www.theotherside.co.uk /tm-heritage/background/100yearswar.htm   (2209 words)

  
 History of Aquitaine
This war was actually a long series of ongoing campaigns carried out in several phases by many rulers, and is known for historical convenience as the Hundred Years War.
The war was fought largely in France, and much of the physical evidence in castles and walled towns still stand today as reminders.
The Hundred Years War was very important in many ways and during the time it occurred, medieval society and the Age of Chivalry essentially came to an end.
www.allfrenchservices.com /aquitaine.phtml   (1053 words)

  
 Hundred Years' War - ninemsn Encarta
Hundred Years' War, armed conflict between France and England during the years 1337 to 1453.
The Hundred Years’ War was a series of short conflicts, broken intermittently by a number of truces and peace treaties.
The Hundred Years’ War involved three major conflicts: the Edwardian war (1340-1360), dominated by Edward III; the Caroline war (1369-1389), dominated by Charles V of France and his gifted military commanders; and the Lancastrian war (1415-1435), dominated by Henry V of England and his brother John of Lancaster, Duke of Bedford.
au.encarta.msn.com /encyclopedia_761560546/Hundred_Years'_War.html   (728 words)

  
 Hundred Years' War - Voyager, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The Hundred Years' War is the name modern historians have given to what was actually a series of related conflicts, fought over a 116-year period, between the Kingdom of England and France; beginning in 1337, and ending in 1453.
The war was both a "national" desire to re-take a former kingdom, and personal desires on the part of the nobility to gain wealth and increased prestige.
Later that year (1356) the Second Treaty of London was signed in which the four million ecus ransom was guaranteed by having royal members of the Valois family come to London and surrender themselves as hostages while John returned to France to raise his ransom.
voyager.in /Hundred_Years_War   (4137 words)

  
 WoT:History:Hundred Years War
"A series of overlapping wars among constantly shifting alliances, precipitated by the death of Artur Hawkwing and the resulting struggle for his empire.
The war depopulated large parts of the lands between the Aryth Ocean and the Aiel Waste, from the Sea of Storms to the Great Blight.
Nine queens ruled Andor during the War of the Hundred Years.
encyclopaedia-wot.org:8008 /history/hundred_years_war.html   (219 words)

  
 The Hundred Years' War
The Hundred Years' War is a common name given to the series of armed conflicts, broken by a number of truces and peace treaties, that were waged from 1337 to 1453 between the two great European powers at that time, England and France.
An immediate pretext for war was the claim of the kings of England to the French throne.
The English war effort was so weakened by the loss of strong leadership that the guerrilla tactics of Du Guesclin won back for France most of the territory ceded to England by the Treaty of Brétigny.
www.blackstudies.ucsb.edu /antillians/hundredyrswar.html   (1155 words)

  
 Hoover Institution - Hoover Digest - Our Own Hundred Years’ War
The First World War led to the shattering of three imperial systems, and it is not too much to say that the world is still struggling with their demise and that of the international system of which they were so integral a part.
In the Cold War, we dealt with the Soviet Union, the successor to the tsarist Russian Empire.
Just as had been the case with the Nazi phase of the hundred years?war, so it was with the Communist phase: The West, particularly the United States and Britain, met the opposition on ground of the opposition's choosing and won.
www.hoover.org /publications/digest/3056456.html   (2298 words)

  
 Hundred Years War
An important economic cause of the Hundred Years’ War was the rivalry between England and France for the trade of Flanders.
Henry V inaugurated this period of the war by invading France in 1415.
The turning point of the entire Hundred Years’ War came in 1429 when French forces under Joan of Arc raised the siege of Orléans, defeated the English at the Battle of Patay, drove them north, and had Charles crowned king at Reims.
www.emayzine.com /lectures/hunwar.html   (1147 words)

  
 Hundred Years’ War - MSN Encarta
It resulted from disputes between the ruling families of the two countries, the French Capetians (see Capet) and the English Plantagenets, over territories in France and the succession to the French throne.
The Hundred Years’ War involved three major conflicts: the Edwardian war (1340-1360), dominated by Edward III of England; the Caroline war (1369-1389), dominated by Charles V of France and his gifted military commanders; and the Lancastrian war (1415-1435), dominated by Henry V of England and his brother John, the duke of Bedford.
By the end of the Edwardian war, the English had taken control of much of southwestern France, as well as the important northern city of Calais.
encarta.msn.com /encyclopedia_761560546/Hundred_Years%E2%80%99_War.html   (760 words)

  
 Hundred Years War
Hundred Years War: Causes - Causes Its basic cause was a dynastic quarrel that originated when the conquest of England by...
Hundred Years War: The War - The War The war may be dated from 1337, when Edward III of England assumed the title of king of...
Hundred Years War: Results of the War - Results of the War The Hundred Years War inflicted untold misery on France.
www.factmonster.com /ce6/history/A0824538.html   (132 words)

  
 Amazon.ca: Hundred Years War: Books: Desmond Seward   (Site not responding. Last check: )
This is an excellent, if rapid, retelling of the hundred years war, which was not one war, but a series of bloody conflicts, started by the English refusal to recognize the French salic law which denied inheritance through the female line.
The latter was dominated by emergence of French canon in concluding battles of the war.
The Hundred Years War was a long, brutal, complicated conflict (1337-1453) between English and French nobility for the control of France.
www.amazon.ca /Hundred-Years-War-Desmond-Seward/dp/0140283617   (1209 words)

  
 ORB: The Online Reference Book for Medieval Studies
Although France was the most populous country in Western Europe (20 million to Englands 4-5 million) and the wealthiest, England had a strong central government, many veterans of hard fighting on England's Welsh and Scottish borders (as well as in Ireland), a thriving economy, and a popular king.
In the following years, the French developed a sense of national identity, as illustrated by Joan of Arc, a peasant girl who led the French armies to victory over the English until she was captured and burned by the English as a witch.
This war marked the end of English attempts to control continental territory and the beginning of its emphasis upon maritime supremacy.
www.the-orb.net /textbooks/nelson/hundred_years_war.html   (1390 words)

  
 Hundred Years War
The war next moved to Brittany, where the death of duke John III in April 1341 led to a disputed succession between John de Montfort, the younger brother of John III, and Charles of Blois, who had married the daughter of an older brother.
The next seven years were quiet, but the war simmered on, and in 1356, Edward the Black Prince led an army from Gascony on a raid into France.
Once again, the status of Gascony was the trigger of the war, and Henry crossed to France in 1415, beginning his campaign with the capture of Harfleur, before marching east with the intention of reaching Calais.
www.historyofwar.org /articles/wars_hundredyears.html   (1196 words)

  
 Hundred Years War
The war was officially fought over the French throne, the two contenders being the actual king of France, Phillip the Sixth, and the king of England, Richard the Third, who claimed that he was the righful heir.
The war was very popular with citizens of both countries, as it provided opportunities for social advancement; Nobles could gain fame quickly by fighting as a knight on horseback (a very honorable post at the time), and common soldiers could become nobles themselves because of valor in battle.
The Hundred Years War was one of the first examples of nationalism in Europe- Soldiers fought in the name of their country, rather than for a feudal lord.
www.lakesideschool.org /studentweb/worldhistory/reformation/HundredYearsWar.htm   (500 words)

  
 Medieval Sourcebook: Jean Froissart: On The Hundred Years War (1337-1453)
Medieval Sourcebook: Jean Froissart: On The Hundred Years War (1337-1453)
The "Hundred Years' War" between France and England (1337-1453) was an episodic struggle lasting well over a hundred years, for much of the time without any conflict.
Truly this battle, the which was near to Poitiers in the fields of Beauvoir and Maupertuis, was right great and perilous, and many deeds of arms there was done the which all came not to knowledge.
www.fordham.edu /halsall/source/froissart1.html   (1006 words)

  
 Hundred Years' War, Final Phase (1422-1453) Web Page
Generally the last, and decisive, phase of the Hundred Years' War is not well covered in most modern English or American histories of Western warfare.
The final phase of the Hundred Years' War encompassed the obviously dramatic, first effective employment of gunpowder weapons (aside from the Hussite Wars of 1413-36) in Western Europe.
The final phase of the Hundred Years' War contained two battles that ran contrary to the some of the touted themes of medieval warfare espoused by many military theorists.
www.xenophongroup.com /montjoie/hyw_fp.htm   (448 words)

  
 Women of the American Civil War Era
During the Civil War, Mary Adams wants to do more than work at the aid society so she sets out for the front lines, where she cleans the wounds of Lynn Rhodes and then conceals the fact that Lynn is female.
Half of the nearly six hundred entries here -- all published in journals or newspapers during the Civil War -- relate to the preparation and cooking of food and encompass both substitutes and standard fare, everything from snow corn cakes and cracker pie to walnut catsup and secession rice bread.
In 1861, Kate was 20 years old, her immediate future being beaus, courtship, and a gay social life before she settled down to become a proper southern matron.
www.americancivilwar.com /women/women.html   (1589 words)

  
 End of Europe's Middle Ages - Hundred Years' War
The Hundred Years' War was part of a rivalry between England and France that dated from the Norman conquest of England.
The French elected Charles IV's cousin, Philip VI of Valois (1328-1350), to the throne and, initially, Edward acknowledged Philip VI of Valois (1328-1350) as the French king.
In 1453, the Hundred Years' War ended without a treaty and England had lost all her territories in France with the exception of the port city of Calais.
www.ucalgary.ca /applied_history/tutor/endmiddle/bluedot/100.html   (913 words)

  
 An Outline History of France, The Hundred Years' War, 1337 - 1453
The so-called Hundred Years’ War was, in reality, a series of wars between the French and the English kings.
Within a year, the remaining support for the English, in the region of Île-de-France, collapsed and French soldiers entered Paris.
The next year, in 1450, the people of Kent rebelled against Henry VI due to the corruptness of his ministers and his incompetent handling of the war.
www.french-at-a-touch.com /French_History/hundred_years_war_1337-1453.htm   (1758 words)

  
 The Hundred Years' War   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The Hundred Years' War was a long struggle between England and France over succession to the French throne.
It lasted from 1337 to 1453, so it might more accurately be called the "116 Years' War." The war starts off with several stunning successes on Britain's part, and the English forces dominate France for decades.
The siege of Orleans was the turning point of the Hundred Years' War.
web.cn.edu /kwheeler/Hundred_Years.html   (1787 words)

  
 The Hundred Years War
The Hundred Years' War was a long series of conflicts between England and France.
Before the beginning of the Hundred Years' War, the Vikings had conquered a large part of France and named it Normandy; then the Vikings from Normandy (France) had conquered England.
Of course, France objected, and that was the beginning of the Hundred Years' War.
www.edhelper.com /ReadingComprehension_35_677.html   (199 words)

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