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Topic: IPA in Unicode

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In the News (Tue 23 Jul 19)

  International Phonetic Alphabet - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The general principle of the IPA is to provide a separate symbol for each speech segment, avoiding letter combinations (digraphs) such as sh and th in English orthography, and avoiding ambiguity such as that of c in English.
The letters chosen for the IPA are generally drawn from the Latin and Greek alphabets, or are modifications of Latin or Greek letters.
To properly view IPA symbols in Internet Explorer for Windows, you must set your browser font to a typeface that includes the IPA extensions, such as Lucida Sans Unicode (which comes with Windows XP), Gentium (which is freely available), Doulos (SIL) (same source, SIL), or Arial Unicode MS (which comes with Microsoft Office).
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/IPA_in_Unicode   (3813 words)

 Encyclopedia: IPA in Unicode
Extended IPA for disordered speech Speech disorders are a type of communication disorders where normal speech is disrupted.
An old IPA convention sometimes still seen is to use sub-diacritics for low contour tones: [eÌ—, eÌ—] for low-falling and low-rising.

 International Phonetic Alphabet - Unipedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
These teachers based the IPA upon the Romic alphabet of Henry Sweet (1880–1881, 1971), which was formed from the Phonotypic Alphabet of Isaac Pitman and Alexander John Ellis (Kelly 1981).
The symbols chosen for the IPA are generally drawn from the Latin and Greek alphabets.
The difference between these alphabets and IPA is relatively small, although often the special characters of the IPA are abandoned in favour of diacritics or digraphs in these alphabets, since many typewriters and older computer software have no support for the many special characters of the IPA.
www.unipedia.info /IPA.html   (1477 words)

 yourDictionary.com • Library: The International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA)
Because of the precision the IPA affords, it is used in everything from language journals to dictionaries.
You may have seen the "funny symbols" of the IPA in the preface of your English dictionary.
Using the IPA as a transcription tool also reduces ambiguity, which means that you can always read your written notes weeks after you made them.
www.yourdictionary.com /library/ipa.html   (2051 words)

 Ll - the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
See IPA in Unicode if you have display problems.
In Welsh, Ll stands for a voiceless lateral fricative sound, found also in Navajo, where it is written as crossed l (not to be confused with Łł).
IPA signifies this sound as l with belt (ɬ).
www.encyclopedia-of-knowledge.com /?t=Ll   (240 words)

 IPA: Fonts
Production First Software has 20 Unicode 2.0-2.1 font packages available which include support for 1989 or 1993 IPA letterforms, some of which include the revisions up to 1996.
The Stone Phonetic typefaces, available for the Macintosh and Windows platforms, were designed by John Renner of Adobe Systems and released in 1992 by The International Typeface Corporation (ITC) as phonetic companions to ITC Stone Serif and ITC Stone Sans typefaces.
Rogers Fonts (IPAPhon) is a family of four fonts with the full set of IPA symbols (1993 revision, with 1996 update).
www2.arts.gla.ac.uk /IPA/ipafonts.html   (866 words)

 UTF-8 and Unicode FAQ
Unicode Standard published by the Unicode Consortium corresponds to ISO 10646 at implementation level 3.
It is important to understand that the primary purpose of these tables was to demonstrate that Unicode is a superset of the mapped legacy encodings, and to document the motivation and origin behind those Unicode characters that were included into the standard primarily for round-trip compatibility reasons with older character sets.
The Unicode consortium used to maintain mapping tables to CJK character set standards, but has declared them to be obsolete, because their presence on the Unicode web server led to the development of a number of inadequate and naive EUC converters.
www.cl.cam.ac.uk /~mgk25/unicode.html   (14421 words)

 IPA in Unicode
The style sheet in the head of this document specifies the font Arial MS Unicode, or failing that Lucida Sans Unicode.
There are two ways to insert Unicode IPA symbols into your HTML files: by using MS Word (97 and later), or by using a numeric code.
Unicode decimal and hex numbers for IPA symbols
vny2k.net /vny2k/ipa-unicode.htm   (596 words)

 IPA Font Test
You can press the keystrokes shown in the charts below (for SIL IPA) for SOME of the symbols; however, you are recommended to reference each IPA symbol as a "decimal numeric entity," using the code numbers listed below.
This is an example of entering some of the SIL IPA fonts as you would in a word processor.
More information about the SIL IPA Unicode fonts is available here: www.sil.org.
www.tutorpal.com /ipa/ipafont.html   (515 words)

 7 bit representation of the IPA
The IPA is a relatively complex system of symbols, intended to facilitate the representation of every sound speakable by humans.
Unicode is a lot better supported now than when I first did these pages in 1997, but still not perfect.
But notice that the most commonly used IPA symbols tend to be pretty uniform among all the schemes.
www.blahedo.org /ascii-ipa.html   (577 words)

 Useful Resources
Refer to FAQ for additional information or to Unicode Enabled Products for a sample list of products that are reported to be fully (or partially) Unicode-enabled.
UNICODE compliant Bengali/Bangla keyboard driver that uses only lower case phonetic English key input for Bengali output.
The Unicode Syntax Edit control particularly important for all those who want to include wide string scripting support into their application.
www.unicode.org /onlinedat/resources.html   (1950 words)

 SAMPA computer readable phonetic alphabet
Unicode SAMPA pages are now available with correct local orthography, for those with this capacity, for Bulgarian, Czech, Greek, Hungarian, Polish, Romanian, and Slovenian.
All IPA symbols that coincide with lower-case letters of the Latin alphabet remain the same; all other symbols are recoded within the ASCII range 37..126.
In this current WWW document the IPA symbols cannot be shown, but the columns indicate respectively a SAMPA symbol, its ASCII/ANSI number decimal), the shape of the corresponding IPA symbol, the Unicode number (hex, decimal) for the IPA symbol, and the symbol's meaning or use.
www.phon.ucl.ac.uk /home/sampa/home.htm   (875 words)

 International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) Chart in Unicode and XHTML/CSS
This IPA chart is composed of Unicode characters and is written in valid XHTML/CSS; it is open source software released under the GPL.
To easily copy/enter/input/insert/type the IPA characters/symbols/letters/glyphs and diacritics, found in this chart, use the IPA Unicode “Keyboard”, which is built off of this document.
To easily copy and type the IPA symbols and characters found in this chart, use the IPA Unicode “Keyboard”, which is built off of this document.
www.linguiste.org /phonetics/ipa/chart   (273 words)

 IPA Chart: Unicode Edition
In order to use the Unicode numbering system in the pop-up tooltips on this page you will need to use the following syntax: and#xUnicodeNumber; The "x" tells the page you are using hexadecimal coding for the character (rather than decimal), and the semicolon declares an end to the character.
The following page has been rendered in native Unicode characters (not escape codes) and should work perfectly if you have the Arial Unicode MS font installed on your machine.
Options include either the Lucida Sans Unicode font (available from John Wells' page), the Code2000 font by James Kass, SIL's new Doulos unicode font and Thryomanes.
web.uvic.ca /ling/resources/ipa/charts/unicode_intro.htm   (397 words)

 Unicode IPA: Creating word processing documents   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
In order to create a word processing document containing Unicode IPA, it is necessary to have an input method for Unicode IPA characters, in addition to a Unicode IPA font and a word processing application that supports Unicode.
A Unicode font that includes the characters specified must first be installed on the computer, of course.
The second method for inputting Unicode IPA characters in Word 2000 comes from Dermod Quirke and Brian Holser, and involves entering AutoCorrect entries that replace mnemonic abbreviations such as \barredi\ with their Unicode IPA equivalents.
depts.washington.edu /llc/help/presentations/unicode_ipa/5_creating_word_processing.html   (451 words)

 Internationalization (i18n) Gurus: Unicode
The purpose of the ConScript Unicode Registry (CSUR) is to coordinate the assignment of blocks out of the Unicode Private Use Area (E000-F8FF and 000F0000-0010FFFF) to constructed/artificial scripts, including scripts for constructed/artificial languages.
French language discussion group for publicizing African Unicode projects, considering issues relating to use of Unicode for African languages, and sharing experience and info on development and use of Unicode fonts for Africa.
When using the cfquery tag to update or insert data into a SQL Server 2000 database for the nchar, ntext and nvarchar unicode datatypes, a special SQL syntax needs to be used so that the correct data is entered into the database.
www.i18ngurus.com /docs/992966406.html   (1102 words)

 SingaporeMoms - Parenting Encyclopedia - International Phonetic Alphabet   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
A text approximation of this chart is available at IPA in Unicode.
The difference between these alphabets and IPA is relatively small, although often the special characters of the IPA are abandoned in favour of diacritics or digraphs in these alphabets, since many typewriters and older computers have no support for the many special characters of the IPA.
Instead of IPA's general principle of one symbol per sound, analphabetic notation uses long sequences of symbols to precisely describe the component features of an articulatory gesture (MacMahon 1996:842-844).
www.singaporemoms.com /parenting/International_Phonetic_Alphabet   (1077 words)

 Unicode IPA fonts   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
It must be Unicode-compliant, with every IPA symbol, diacritic, etc. in the appropriate 'place' in the font table.
If you know of a font that meets these three conditions and should be included in the list please e-mail the details to me and I'd be happy to include it.
For IPA stuff, I use the 'span' with the attribute 'ipau'.
home.cc.umanitoba.ca /~robh/ipaulist.html   (328 words)

 International Phonetic Alphabet for English - Biocrawler definition:International Phonetic Alphabet for English - ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
The square brackets around IPA symbols are not part of the IPA itself, but just serve to indicate that the contents of the brackets are not normal text, but IPA symbols.
Aspiration is marked in IPA with a superscript h.
The HTML code for numeric entities for the Unicode code is given (in decimal) for those symbols not in Basic Latin.
www.biocrawler.com /biowiki/International_Phonetic_Alphabet_for_English   (1599 words)

 Encyclopedia article on IPA in Unicode [EncycloZine]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
To properly view IPA symbols in Internet Explorer for Windows, you must set your browser font to a typeface that includes the IPA extensions, e.g.
Gentium (which is freely available), Doulos (SIL) (same source, SIL), or Arial Unicode MS (which comes with Microsoft Office).
Alternatively, the style sheet could try using unicode-range specifications to note the gaps where Times does not have glyphs for IPA, Hawaiian ‘okina (glottal stop), etc. and thus hopefully forced the browser check further down the list of fonts.
encyclozine.com /IPA_in_Unicode   (459 words)

 Shavian_alphabet   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Posthumously funded by and named for Irish playwright George Bernard Shaw, the Shavian alphabet (also known as Shaw alphabet) was conceived as a way to provide simple, phonetic orthography for the English language to replace the difficulties of the conventional spelling.
Shavian is encoded in plane 1 of Unicode, from U+10450 to U+1047F, but appropriate fonts for Unicode Shavian are rare.
Before it was standardised, fonts were made that include Shavian letters in the places of Roman letters, and/or in an agreed upon location in the Unicode private use area, allocated from the ConScript Unicode Registry.
www.apawn.com /search.php?title=Shavian_alphabet   (970 words)

 IPA Typewriter - About   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Once you have a Unicode font, there are a number of ways of typing phonetic symbols.
I find this very slow, because the organisation of the symbols does not seem very logical to me, and the IPA and phonetic symbols are in different places which makes it very tedious when you need to insert combinations of both - for example a long i.
Unicode offers a neat solution - many computers have a unicode font installed, and this means that IPA symbols can be displayed in a web browser, just like any other letter.
users.otenet.gr /~petermac/call/pron/typehelp.html   (836 words)

 Tamil_script   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
There are proponents of script reform who want to eliminate all ligatures and let all vowel signs appear on the right side.
Unicode encodes the character in logical order (always the consonant first), wheras legacy 8-bit encodings (like TSCII) prefer the written order.
Transliterator (http://www.iit.edu/~laksvij/language/tamil.html) - A means to transliterate romanized text to Unicode Tamil.
www.usedaudiparts.com /search.php?title=Tamil_script   (780 words)

 IPA on the Web
The following Unicode fonts include a comprehensive set of phonetic characters and are free for academic use.
Users who prefer Internet Explorer for Windows should set the Latin font to Arial Unicode MS or some other Unicode script with phonetic symbol support.
Unicode character names and hexadecimal entity codes are taken from the public Unicode Character Charts.
tlt.its.psu.edu /suggestions/international/bylanguage/ipa.html   (505 words)

 SAMPA   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Like IPA, SAMPA is usually enclosed in square brackets or slashes, which are not part of the alphabet proper and merely signify that it is phonetic as opposed to regular text.
The result of this problem is that SAMPA cannot be used as an ASCII representation of the general IPA alphabet.
However, as Unicode support for IPA symbols becomes more widespread, the necessity for a separate, computer-readable system for representing the IPA in ASCII decreases.
www.worldhistory.com /wiki/S/SAMPA.htm   (393 words)

 IPA Unicode Chart   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Because Unicode is a relatively new standard, some symbols may be viewable on the most recent browsers, such as Netscape 6 or Internet Explorer for Windows.
Most browsers, including Netscape 4.7 for the Mac, do recognize common HTML entity codes from the Latin 1 character set as well as superscript, subscript and strike through tags.
NOTE: Some codes are selected for ease presentation and may not necessarily be the correct "Unicode entities." Also some items may be listed twice depending on their shapes.
www.personal.psu.edu /staff/e/j/ejp10/phon/ipaunicode.html   (407 words)

 IPA in Unicode -- Facts, Info, and Encyclopedia article   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
The (Click link for more info and facts about International Phonetic Alphabet) International Phonetic Alphabet can be represented in (Click link for more info and facts about Unicode) Unicode, with symbols not used in other alphabets assigned range U+0250–02AD.
Affricates and double articulations can be represented by two symbols joined by a tie bar if necessary, or represented by a ligature in the case of the six commonest affricates:
Due to a bug in the font Arial Unicode MS, these incorrectly formed character combinations may look better in your browser:.
www.absoluteastronomy.com /encyclopedia/i/ip/ipa_in_unicode2.htm   (1395 words)

 Unicode IPA: Getting started   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Thus inputting Unicode IPA characters is largely an application-specific affair.
Arial Unicode MS could once be downloaded free from Microsoft's site, but has since been packaged only with Office XP and Publisher 2002.
Mac OS X includes a general Unicode input method which is slow and unintuitive, but no input method specifically for Unicode IPA.
depts.washington.edu /llc/help/presentations/unicode_ipa/2_getting_started.html   (384 words)

 List of IPA alphabets in Unicode   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
In our country, IPA alphabet is used in English education of junior high schools.
If you download IPA font from The Summer Institute of Linguistics (SIL) and install it, you will see IPA alphabet of SIL font.
Existence of character in IPA is referred to the International Phonetic Association and Henry Rogers IPAPhon also.
thor.prohosting.com /~mktaka/english/html/ipa.html   (374 words)

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