ISO-8859-16 - Factbites
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Topic: ISO-8859-16

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In the News (Sat 17 Aug 19)

 ISO 8859-16 - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
ISO 8859-16, also known as Latin-10 or "South-Eastern European", is an 8-bit character encoding, part of the
It differs from the other ISO 8859 standards in that it has almost no symbols, instead opting to include as many letters as possible. /wiki/ISO_8859-16

 ISO 8859 - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
ISO 8859 was favored throughout the 1990s, having the advantages of being well-established and more easily implemented in software: the equation of one byte to one character is simple and adequate for most single-language applications, and there are no combining characters or variant forms.
ISO 8859, more formally ISO/IEC 8859, is a joint ISO and IEC standard for 8-bit character encodings for use by computers.
ISO 8859 sought to remedy this problem by utilizing the eighth bit, which was unused in ASCII, to allow positions for another 128 characters. /wiki/ISO_8859

 Euro - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The euro ( € ; ISO 4217 code EUR) is the currency of 12 of the 25 nations that form the European Union (and some outside it).
ISO standard ISO 4217) for the euro is EUR.
The European Commission originally specified the euro sign to have exact proportions, not varying from font to font. /wiki/Euro

 Character encoding Encyclopedia...
ISO 8859-1, ISO 8859-2, ISO 8859-3, ISO 8859-4, ISO 8859-5, ISO 8859-6, ISO 8859-7, ISO 8859-8, ISO 8859-9, ISO 8859-10, ISO 8859-11, ISO 8859-13, ISO 8859-14, ISO 8859-15, ISO 8859-16
For example, integers greater than 65535 will not fit in 16 bits, so the UTF-16 encoding form mandates that these integers be represented as a surrogate pair of integers that are less than 65536 and that are not assigned to characters (e.g., hex 10000 becomes the pair D800 DC00).
This involves an encoding form where the integer code is converted to a series of integer code values that facilitate storage in a system that uses fixed bit widths. /en/wikipedia/c/ch/character_encoding.html

 charsets (Linux Reviews)
ISO 8859 is a series of 15 8-bit character sets all of which have US ASCII in their low (7-bit) half, invisible control characters in positions 128 to 159, and 96 fixed-width graphics in positions 160-255.
Like ISO 8859 series, Thai characters are mapped into 0xa1-0xfe.
Console support for the other 8859 character sets is available under Linux through user-mode utilities (such as setfont (8)) that modify keyboard bindings and the EGA graphics table and employ the "user mapping" font table in the console driver. /man/charsets

 GOLD Parser - Character Encoding - ASCII, ISO and Unicode
ISO created a total of 16 different sets between 1987 and present time.
The ISO 8859 specifications were not designed to create a single uniform character set, but to avoid the incompatibility of ISO-646.
ISO could have accepted IBM-PC/DOS Extended ASCII as an international standard, but, instead, decided to create a new encoding. /goldparser/concepts/unicode.htm

 Manpage of ISO_8859-16
ISO 8859-16, the "Latin Alphabet No. 10" is used to encode Central and Eastern European Latin characters and is not implemented yet by any program vendors.
ISO 8859-16 supports the following languages: Albanian, Bosnian, Croatian, English, Finnish, German, Hungarian, Irish, Polish, Romanian, Slovenian and Serbian.
The ISO 8859 standard includes several 8-bit extensions to the ASCII character set (also known as ISO 646-IRV). /cgi-bin/manpage.cgi?7+iso_8859-16

 BabelStone1357 : BabelPad
Version 1.460.3707.0 has a bug that may cause any application that relies on it to crash if an attempt is made to display a sequence of 16 or more consecutive Tibetan letters without a break (i.e.
Select any Unicode range in Planes 0, 1, 2, 14, 15 and 16.
Version 1.453.3665.0 has a bug that may cause any application that relies on it to crash if an attempt is made to display any character in the Lao script range. /BabelStone1357/Software/BabelPad.html

 ISO 8859 Family of Character Sets
All the ISO 8859 extensions start at character number 160, which is always a non-breaking space character.
The ISO 8859 character sets are 8-bit extensions of ASCII, meant to permit the encoding of various alphabetic languages.
The following tables are based on information found at the Unicode consortium, as well as other sources on the Web, especially, ISO 8859 Alphabet Soup, Everson Typography, Charsets. /~swhite/docs/computers/iso

 ISO 8859-2 (Latin 2) Resources
ETL fonts designed at Electrotechnical Laboratory in Tsukuba, Japan for MULE (Multilangual Enhancement to GNU Emacs) contain all ISO 8859-x fonts at 14, 16 and 24 pt (along with numerous others), and are mirrored elsewhere.
ISO 8859-2 character set is a part of ISO 8859 series of 8-bit character sets for writing in Western alphabetic languages (i.e.
ISO 8859 Alphabet Soup - an excellent graphic overview of all the character sets in the ISO 8859 family, with numerous links ( Roman Czyborra, Berlin, Germany). /linux/cee/iso8859-2.html

 Search and Replace, Data Extraction, Data Transformation, Report Mining and Text Manipulation Software, Free Utilities and Downloads - Crystal Software
150+ Unicode conversions functions to/from ISO*, CP*, JIS, Mac*, IBM*, UCS*, UTF* and more!
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 ISO 8859-1 Latin 1 and Unicode characters in ampersand entities
Finally, note that positions 127-159 are not displayable characters in ISO 8859-1 Latin 1, and are not part of any HTML standard, so that HTML code such as "and#153;" is incorrect, and will be displayed differently in browsers on different platforms (probably often in ways that you did not intend).
MS-Windows uses a superset of ANSI/ISO 8859-1, known to experts as "Code Page 1252 (CP1252)", a Microsoft-specific character set with additional characters in the 128-159 range (also known as the "C1" range).
Some commonly-desired characters, such as the trademark symbol, as well as such typographical niceties as "curly" quotes, dashes, and ellipses, are not part of the ISO 8859-1 character set, and so cannot be displayed properly in HTML 2.0. /janeinfo/latin1.html

 UTR#17: Character Encoding Model
ISO / IEC TR 19769 extends the model used in ISO C and C++ by recommending the use of two typedefs and a minimal extension to the support for character literals and runtime library.
ISO 2022-based charsets (ISO-2022-JP, ISO-2022-KR, etc.), which use embedded escape sequences; these are compound CESs.
This mechanism includes bytes (for example single shifts, SI/SO, or escape sequences) that are not part of any of the simple CESs, but which are defined by the character encoding architecture and which may require an external registry of particular values (such as for the ISO 2022 escape sequences). /unicode/reports/tr17

 Glossary of Terms Used on this Site
ISO 8859: The International Organization for Standardization’s 8-bit encoding that served as the basis for the Windows (ANSI) code page.
The source of this comes from the fact that the Windows code page 1252 was originally based on an ANSI draft—which became International Organization for Standardization (ISO) Standard 8859-1.
ISO 4217 currency symbol: Three-letter ISO codes for representing currencies and funds (such as CAD for the Canadian dollar). /globaldev/reference/glossary.mspx

 A tutorial on character code issues
ISO 8859-1 itself is just a member of the ISO 8859 family of character codes, which is nicely overviewed in Roman Czyborra 's famous document
The ISO 8859-1 standard (which is part of the ISO 8859 family of standards) defines a character repertoire identified as "Latin alphabet No. 1", commonly called "ISO Latin 1", as well as a character code for it.
The use of octets in the range 128 - 159 in any data to be processed by a program that expects ISO 8859-1 encoded data is an error which might cause just anything. /~jkorpela/chars.html

 ISO 8859-17 - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
ISO 8859-17 in our sister dictionary project, Wiktionary.
If you created an article under this title previously, it may have been deleted. /wiki/ISO_8859-17

 Production First Software Encyclopedia of Typography and Electronic Communication : M
ISO 9541 Font Resource Management works with PostScript fonts, in conjunction with PostScript display and output devices (including Acrobat and physical output devices), using ISO 9541-1 protocall.
MatchMaker One of a number of Production First Software utilities which implements and installs ISO 9541 Font Resource Management using the MatchMaker 1.0 or MatchMaker 2.0 (under development) architecture.
Such variations as contrast, weight (light to bold), width (compressed to extended design), optical size, density (to control reproduction or printing medium artifacts),and style (serif or swash shapes, degree of distress, shape contour, or certain other style mutations) can be achieved. /homepages/profirst/m.htm

An SGML Extended Facilities system conforming to Annex A of Internal Standard ISO/IEC 10744 -- Hypermedia/Time-based Structuring Language osgmlnorm (1) - An SGML System Conforming to International Standard ISO 8879 -- Standard Generalized Markup Language.
An SGML Extended Facilities system conforming to Annex A of International Standard ISO/IEC 10744 -- Hypermedia/Time-based Structuring Language ospam (1) - An SGML System Conforming to International Standard ISO 8879 -- Standard Generalized Markup Language.
An SGML Extended Facilities system conforming to Annex A of Internation Standard ISO/IEC 10744 -- Hypermedia/Time-based Structuring Language osx (1) - An SGML System Conforming to International Standard ISO 8879 -- Standard Generalized Markup Language. /man?parameter=(9)

 ISO 8859-1 National Character Set FAQ
ISO 8859-X character sets use the characters 0xa0 through 0xff to represent national characters, while the characters in the 0x20-0x7f range are those used in the US-ASCII (ISO 646) character set.
ISO 8859-1 and emacs Emacs 19 (as opposed to Emacs 18) can automatically handle 8 bit characters. /wais/html/na-dir/internationalization/iso-8859-1-charset.html

 RE: Registration of new charset: ISO 8859-16
Some aliases that contain the year of publication are by now obsolete, because ISO has published the second edition of the older ISO 8859 parts.
I don't see a need for any aliases, but I don't object too strongly if you really want to add any for consistency with the registration of the other ISO 8859 parts.
For instance: The existing ISO-IR-xxx aliases are technically wrong, because the ISO IR number refers only to the upper half (G1) of the 8-bit character set, not to the full charset. /ietf/charsets/msg00925.html

 NETSYS.COM Solaris 9 Man Pages - The Intelligent Hacker's Choice!
8859 ISO 646en 646en English ASCII ISO 8859-1 8859 ISO 646es 646es Spanish ISO 8859-1 8859 ISO 646fr 646fr French ISO 8859-1 8859 ISO 646it 646it Italian ISO 8859-1 8859 ISO 646sv 646sv Swedish ISO 8859-16 iso16 ISO 8859-2 iso2 ISO Latin 2
iso2 ISO 8859-16 iso16 ISO Latin 10 ISO 8859-16 iso16 IBM 850 ibm850 IBM 850 code page ISO 8859-16 iso16 IBM 870 ibm870 IBM 870 code page ISO 8859-2 iso2 MS 1250 win2 Windows Latin 2 ISO 8859-2 iso2 MS 852 dos2 MS-DOS Latin 2 ISO 8859-2 iso2 Mazovia maz Mazovia
koi8 Mac Cyrillic mac Macintosh Cyrillic PC Cyrillic alt ISO 8859-5 iso5 ISO 8859-5 Cyrillic PC Cyrillic alt KOI8-R koi8 KOI8-R PC Cyrillic alt MS 1251 win5 Windows Cyrillic PC Cyrillic alt Mac Cyrillic mac Macintosh Cyrillic /cgi-bin/solaris9?iconv(5)

 UTF-8, ISO-8859-1, PHP and XHTML
Sure, but you probably have control over your character encoding and are accepting form data from users who are using characters that are entirely within the ISO-8859-1 charset (if not US-ASCII).
Certainly I've had no trouble serving bland XHTML, or even XHTML1.1 with mime headers, as ISO 8859-1, though I can't suggest where in the XHTML specs this is allowed.
It may be that Japanese is naturally 16 bit and can therefore be another subset of Unicode in the same way as ASCII. /forum88/2256-1-15.htm

 ISO 8859-11 Latin/Thai Character Set standard
According to 7.1 above the character set of this part of ISO/IEC 8859 may be considered to consist of the character SPACE, a 94-character G0 and G1 graphic character sets may be identified by the use of the Registration Numbers from the ISO International register of coded character sets to be used with escape sequences.
NOTE - ISO/IEC 8859 is not intended for use with Telematic services sdefined by ITU-T. If information coded according to ISO/IEC 8859 is to be transferred to such services, it will have to conform to the requirements of those services at the access-point.
ISO International register of coded character sets to be used with escape sequences. /it-standards/iso8859-11

 Short overview of ISO/IEC 10646 and Unicode
UCS Transformation Format 16 (UTF-16) [HTML-version of ISO-document ISO/IEC JTC1/SC2/WG2 N1035]
To be able to give every character of this grand repertoire a unique coded representation, the designers of UCS chose a uniform encoding, using bit sequences consisting of 16 or 31 bits (in the two coding forms, UCS-2 and UCS-4).
ISO/IEC 10646 is a relatively new character set standard, published in 1993 by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). /i18n/ucs/unicode-iso10646-oview.html

 Module encoding from libxml2
Related specs are rfc2044 (UTF-8 and UTF-16) F. Yergeau Alis Technologies [ISO-10646] UTF-8 and UTF-16 in Annexes [ISO-8859-1] ISO Latin-1 characters codes.
Take a block of ISO Latin 1 chars in and try to convert it to an UTF-8 block of chars out.
Take a block of UTF-8 chars in and try to convert it to an ISO Latin 1 block of chars out. /html/libxml-encoding.html

 Military History/title>
There are sections on: Main Events and Issues (10), Political Organizations (16), Military Organizations (24), Important Battles (12), Biographies: Spanish (54), Biographies: Foreign Participants and Observers (60), International Leaders and the Civil War (22) and Individual Countries and the Spanish Civil War (10).
The sources are also hypertexted so the student is able to find out about the writer, artist, newspaper, organization, etc., that produced the material.
It focuses on the personal experiences of soldiers and civilians, and the impact of the war on artists, writers and intellectuals. /REVhistorymilitary.htm

 CSA Information Products Store
Information Technology - 8-Bit Single-Byte Coded Graphic Character Sets - Part 16: Latin Alphabet No. 10 (Adopted ISO/IEC 8859-16:2001, first edition, 2001-07-15) Read more...
Technologies de l'information - Jeux de caractères graphiques codés sur un seul octet - Partie 16: Alphabet latin no. 10 (norme ISO/CEI 8859-16:2001, première édition, 2001-07-15) Read more... /onlinestore/GetCatalogDrillDown.asp?Parent=3301

 UTF-8 and Unicode FAQ
At this level, UCS support is very comparable to ISO 8859 support and the only significant difference is that we have now thousands of different characters available, that characters can be represented by multibyte sequences, and that ideographic Chinese/Japanese/Korean characters require two terminal character positions (double-width).
The ISO 10646 standard on the other hand is not much more than a simple character set table, comparable to the old ISO 8859 standards.
The X server will be extended with an automatic encoding converter that creates other font encodings such as ISO 8859-* from the ISO 10646-1 font file on-the-fly when such a font is requested by old 8-bit software. /~mgk25/unicode.html

Charset name: ISO-8859-16 Published specification: International Standard -- Information technology -- 8-bit single-byte coded graphic character sets -- Part 16: Latin alphabet No. 10, ISO/IEC 8859-16:2001, 1st ed., International Organization for Standardization, Geneva.
ISO 8859-16 was primarily designed for single-byte encoding the Romanian language.
This set of coded graphic characters may be regarded as a version of an 8-bit code according to ISO/IEC 2022 or ISO/IEC 4873 at level 1." [ISO 8859-16:2001(E), p. /ietf/iana/assignments/charset-reg/ISO-8859-16

 Martin Ramsch - iso8859-1 table
Also have a look on Alan Flavell's page of pointers to information about ISO8859.
Please note that there is nothing wrong with using characters of ISO Latin-1 above 127: the normal transmission protocol for the WWW, HTTP/1.0, uses the 8bit ISO latin-1 as default encoding.
The standards stuff: The HTML 2.0 Standard includes a section on Character Entity Sets and an overview on the HTML Coded Character Set (The entity names are derived from ISO 8879). /~ramsch/iso8859-1.html

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