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Topic: Iberian Peninsula


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  European Voyages of Exploration: Iberian Pioneers
These port cities would be the leaders of Iberian overseas expansion with their outward focus on trade as exporters of wool, textiles, and iron, and importers of spices, silk and luxury goods.
Iberian society was made up of three different social classes: the nobility, the commoners, and the clergy.
The Iberian Peninsula is dominated by mountains and lacks arable land except in a few plateau areas and in some coastal regions.
www.ucalgary.ca /applied_history/tutor/eurvoya/Iberian.html   (1826 words)

  
  Iberian Peninsula - Information from Reference.com
The Iberian Peninsula is dominated by the Meseta (central plateau), a great uplifted fault block (average elevation 2,000 ft/610 m) ringed and crossed by mountain ranges.
It is the western and southernmost of the three southern European peninsulas (the Iberian, Italian and Balkan peninsulas).
In 219 BC, the first Roman troops invaded the Iberian Peninsula, during the Second Punic war against the Carthaginians, and annexed it under Augustus after two centuries of war with the Celtic and Iberian tribes and the Phoenician, Greek and Carthaginian colonies becoming the province of Hispania.
www.reference.com /search?q=Iberian+Peninsula   (1167 words)

  
  Iberian Peninsula - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The original peoples of the Iberian peninsula (in the sense that they are not known to have come from elsewhere), consisting of a number of separate tribes, are given the generic name of Iberians.
In 219 BC, the first Roman troops invaded the Iberian Peninsula, during the Second Punic war against the Carthaginians, and annexed it under Augustus after two centuries of war with the Celtic and Iberian tribes and the Phoenician, Greek and Carthaginian colonies becoming the province of Hispania.
After that point the modern position was reached and the peninsula now consists of the countries of Spain and Portugal (excluding their islands - the Portuguese Azores and Madeira Islands and the Spanish Canary Islands and Balearic Islands; and the Spanish possessions of Ceuta and Melilla), Andorra, and the territory of Gibraltar.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Iberian_Peninsula   (873 words)

  
 Iberians - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Iberians first settled along the eastern coast of Spain, and possibly spread throughout the rest of the Iberian Peninsula later on.
The Iberians and Celtiberians were placed under Carthaginian rule for a short time between the Second and Third Punic Wars.
The Romans subsequently conquered the Iberian Peninsula and slowly repressed the local culture and language.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Iberians   (404 words)

  
 Iberian scripts
Many inscriptions in the Iberian scripts have been found on the Iberian peninsula, in southern France and on the Balearic Islands.
In the 3rd century BC the Iberian peninsula was invaded first by Carthage, then by the Romans.
A modified version of the Northern Iberian script was used to write Celtiberian, a Celtic language.
www.omniglot.com /writing/iberian.htm   (233 words)

  
 Highbeam Encyclopedia - Search Results for Iberians
Iberian Peninsula Part of sw Europe occupied by Spain and Portugal, separated from Africa by the Strait of Gibraltar and from the rest of Europe by the Pyrenees Mountains.
Originally inhabited by Iberians, the region was conquered by Rome in the 2nd century.
Dynamics and viability of a metapopulation of the endangered Iberian lynx (Lynx pardinus).
www.encyclopedia.com /SearchResults.aspx?Q=Iberians   (655 words)

  
 d. The Iberian Peninsula. 2001. The Encyclopedia of World History
As elsewhere in Western Europe (See 1360), parliamentary assemblies developed in the Iberian Peninsula during the 13th to 15th centuries.
Neither Navarre nor the lands in southern Spain under Muslim control developed the cortes, nor did the Iberian Peninsula again experiment with one “national” assembly—because it was a collection of separate kingdoms.
Christian resentment of the important economic and ecclesiastical positions attained by former Jews (See 1479–1516) led to the spread of two ideas: that leadership in Iberian society required “purity of blood,” and that many new Christians were crypto-Jews (Marranos), secretly practicing their old religion.
www.bartleby.com /67/525.html   (1199 words)

  
 Iberian Peninsula - HighBeam Encyclopedia
Iberian Peninsula c.230,400 sq mi (596,740 sq km), SW Europe, separated from the rest of Europe by the Pyrenees.
Granaries and irrigation: archaeological and ethnological investigations in the Iberian peninsula and Morocco.(FOCUS ON ISLAM III)
Islamic archaeology in the Iberian peninsula and Morocco.(Research)(Bibliography)
www.encyclopedia.com /doc/1E1-IberianP.html   (545 words)

  
 Tour Spain: History of Spain
The original peoples of the Iberian peninsula, consisting of a number of separate tribes, are given the generic name of Iberians.
The Romans arrived in the Iberian peninsula during the Second Punic war in the 2nd century BC, and annexed it under Augustus after two centuries of war with the Celtic and Iberian tribes and the Phoenician, Greek and Carthaginian colonies becoming the province of Hispania.
During the time of Arab occupation, most of the Iberian peninsula was in relative peace, with large populations of Jews, Christians and Muslims living in close quarters; the official language of most of Spain was Arabic.
www.tourspain.org /history.asp   (1095 words)

  
 Iberian horses - the Lusitano horse origins
As Portugal is part of the Iberian peninsula for the search of the Lusitano horse's origins is not relevant to consider the political boundaries of today but to consider it from an Iberian perspective.
The primitive Iberian horse could be found in the planes from the southern regions of the Iberian peninsula.
It became to be ridden at the end of the Neolithic age and on the contrary of the Iberian pony this type of horse has been widely influenced by the man through the several civilizations that became established in the Iberian peninsula.
lusitanohorse.josefonteslusitanos.com /iberian-horses.htm   (367 words)

  
 The Iberian Peninsula
The Iberian Peninsula is home to four countries, including Spain, Portugal, the British territory of Gibraltar and Andorra.
The Lisbon Coast Part V: Setubal is a mazelike city, even more gnarled and twisty than Evora.
It hugs the coast of the Setubal Peninsula, facing south.
www.notesfromtheroad.com /iberian/iberianpeninsula.htm   (217 words)

  
 Iberian Peninsula, 500–1000 A.D. | Timeline of Art History | The Metropolitan Museum of Art   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
From 500 to 1000, the Iberian Peninsula witnesses different waves of conquests by the Visigothic, Byzantine, and Arab armies.
In 718, a Christian kingdom is formed in the Asturian region, the northern part of the peninsula beyond the Duero River.
The tenth and eleventh centuries are especially significant for Iberian Jewish history and are often regarded as a golden age of literature, philosophy, and science.
www.metmuseum.org /toah/ht/06/eusi/ht06eusi.htm   (972 words)

  
 Palaeoethnology of Iberian Peninsula   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The south of the peninsula, understood in its broadest sense, was not just the region of the Iberian Peninsula richest in natural and human resources but was also the most varied, a factor that indirectly encouraged cultural exchange and interaction, which reinforced a natural tendency towards its cultural integration.
But the distinctive personality of the Iberian Culture is due, in particular, to the growing Phocaean Greek influences extending from Massilia and Emporion along the whole of the Levant and Southeast coast of the Iberian Peninsula from the beginning of the 6th century B.C. onwards.
The NE of the Iberian Peninsula, particularly Catalonia, the eastern part of the Ebro Valley, Lower Aragon and the North of the Valencia Region, were clearly interrelated in these times, largely due to the apparent uniformity imposed on all these areas by elements originating from beyond the Pyrenees: the Urnfields Culture.
www.ucm.es /info/preh/complutum/co/rev_02-03b.htm   (9033 words)

  
 Food in the Iberian Peninsula-Moorish heritage
The Iberian Peninsula, in south-western Europe, is occupied by Spain and Portugal.
It is separated from the main continent by the Pyrennees and surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean to the northwest and west and the Mediterranean to the south and east.
The expulsion of Moriscos of the Peninsula in the 17
www.geocities.com /tdcastros/Historyserver/papers/IberianPeninsula.htm   (1302 words)

  
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In the regions of the pure Iberians, Catalan is spoken, with its dialects, the Valencian and Balearic; in the regions conquered by the Celts, the languages are Gallego, Portuguese, and the bable of Asturias; in the Celtiberian and Tartesian portions, Castilian.
In 711 AD, the Muslims initiated the invasion of the Iberian peninsula, at the time being ruled by the Visigoths, and in varied degrees the Muslims occupied the peninsula until the end of the fifteenth century.
MADRID lies at the centre of the Iberian Peninsula and is the administrative, economic and cultural capital of Spain.
www.lycos.com /info/iberian-peninsula--carthaginian-spain.html   (684 words)

  
 Iberians: Ancestors of Celts & Egyptians?
The Iberians may have settled the Peninsula about 8,000 years ago, though they could have ventured there earlier; it is believed that this race was descended from the Azilian-Tardenoisians who thrived in the Pyrenees about 10,000 years ago.
Iberians were small in stature, with ovoid or ellipsoid crania, meaning they resembled the peoples of ancient Greece, Italy, Asia Minor, Egypt, Ethiopia, and North Africa.
Iberian coins show that they used an alphabet similar to western Greek; they also show place names still in use by the Basques, pretty much proving the ancestry of the latter.
ozzyfrank.150m.com /pages/Antiquity/iberians.htm   (1325 words)

  
 Romance Languages of the Mediaeval Iberian Peninsula
The Iberian Peninsula of today, dominated by Spain, with a tiny sliver cut out for Portugal, is quite unlike the Iberian Peninsula as it was through most of the Middle Ages.
Its medieval ancestor was spoken in the principality of the Asturias, the oldest Christian principality in the Iberian Peninsula, established as a holdout against the Moorish conquest of the eighth century.
The Jews and Moors of the Iberian Peninsula, in addition to their ritual languages of Hebrew and Arabic (and, indeed, in the case of Arabic, the official language in the Moorish principalities), also spoke Romance languages.
www.s-gabriel.org /names/pedro/iberianlang.html   (1364 words)

  
 Iberian Peninsula --  Britannica Student Encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The Pyrenees form an effective land barrier in the northeast from the rest of Europe, and in the south at Gibraltar the peninsula is...
Celto-Iberian was written in the Iberic script (borrowed from speakers of the non-Indo-European Iberian language in eastern and southern Spain) and is known primarily from a small number of coin inscriptions and an even smaller number of inscriptions on stone.
The Italian Peninsula extends from the region of the Po River southward for some 600 miles (960 km); it has a maximum width of 150 miles (240 km).
www.britannica.com /ebi/article-9275016   (830 words)

  
 Iberian Peninsula - RecipeFacts   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
It is the second biggest peninsula of Europe (after the Balkan peninsula) with an area of 582 860 km².
The Iberian Peninsula has been inhabited for at least 500,000 years, first by Neanderthals and then by modern humans.
The original peoples of the Iberian peninsula (in the sense that they are not known to have come from elsewhere), consisting of a number of separate tribes, are given the generic name of Iberians.
www.recipeland.com /facts/Iberian_peninsula   (915 words)

  
 [No title]
Sephardi Jews, primarily from the Iberian Peninsula, and among second generation emigrants from Central and Western Europe as well, were the first to settle in London, establishing a synagogue and a burial ground.
The 1807-1814 war in the Iberian Peninsula was one of the most significant and influential campaigns of the Napoleonic Wars.
The turbulent history of the Iberian Peninsula, and the later explorations of the sea-going Spaniards was to have great influence on the distribution of the Spanish horse to all parts of the then known world.
www.lycos.com /info/iberian-peninsula.html   (596 words)

  
 Romance Languages of the Mediaeval Iberian Peninsula
The Iberian Peninsula of today, dominated by Spain, with a tiny sliver cut out for Portugal, is quite unlike the Iberian Peninsula as it was through most of the Middle Ages.
Its medieval ancestor was spoken in the principality of the Asturias, the oldest Christian principality in the Iberian Peninsula, established as a holdout against the Moorish conquest of the eighth century.
The Jews and Moors of the Iberian Peninsula, in addition to their ritual languages of Hebrew and Arabic (and, indeed, in the case of Arabic, the official language in the Moorish principalities), also spoke Romance languages.
www.sca.org /heraldry/laurel/names/iberianlang.htm   (1364 words)

  
 Iberian Peninsula on Encyclopedia.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
IBERIAN PENINSULA [Iberian Peninsula] c.230,400 sq mi (596,740 sq km), SW Europe, separated from the rest of Europe by the Pyrenees.
Granaries and irrigation: archaeological and ethnological investigations in the Iberian peninsula and Morocco.(FOCUS ON ISLAM III)
Archive Photos 01-01-1990 SpainThe Kingdom of Spain occupies most of the Iberian Peninsula in southwestern Europe, France is the neighbor in the northeast, Portugal in the west.
encyclopedia.infonautics.com /html/I/IberianP1.asp   (863 words)

  
 e-Keltoi: Volume 6, The Celts in Iberia: An Overview, by Lorrio and Ruiz Zapatero
In the early 1970s, the presence of a Celtic language in the Iberian Peninsula was definitively confirmed with the discovery of the first Botorrita Bronze, considered one of the most important texts in the whole of the Celtic continental world (Beltrán and Tovar 1982; Eska 1989; de Hoz and Michelena 1974; Meid 1993, 1994: 7-28).
From the mid 1980s on, research on the Celts in the Iberian Peninsula was revitalised by renewed efforts that approached the issue from various disciplines.
From the west of the Peninsula there is a small number of inscriptions written in the Latin alphabet in an Indo-European language that is different from Celtiberian, which has been named Lusitanian owing to the geographical distribution of the discoveries.
uwm.edu /Dept/celtic/ekeltoi/volumes/vol6/6_4/lorrio_zapatero_6_4.html   (17663 words)

  
 Lusitano Home Page   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Archaeological evidence in the Iberian Peninsula, modern day Spain and Portugal, indicates that the origins of the Lusitano horse date back to at least 25,000 BC in the form of its primitive ancestor, the Sorraia breed.
Further invasions by the Carthaginians and Romans recognized the superiority of the Iberian horses and horsemanship to the point that the Romans adopted the Iberian equestrian style of warfare.
In 711 AD the Muslims initiated the invasion of the Iberian peninsula, at the time being ruled by the Visigoths, and in varied degrees they occupied the peninsula until the end of the fifteenth century.
www.imh.org /imh/bw/lusitan.html   (1458 words)

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