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Topic: Illinois and Michigan Canal

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  Illinois and Michigan Canal - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Illinois and Michigan Canal ran 97 miles (155 km) from the Bridgeport neighborhood in Chicago on the Chicago River to LaSalle, Illinois on the Illinois River.
The canal was 60 feet (20 m) wide and six feet (2 m) deep, with paths constructed along each edge to permit mules to be harnessed to tow barges along the canal.
Prairie Passage: The Illinois and Michigan Canal Corridor.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Illinois_and_Michigan_Canal   (778 words)

 Illinois and Michigan Canal
Upon its completion in 1848, the Illinois and Michigan Canal joined the Chicago River at Bridgeport near Chicago with the Illinois River at LaSalle, 96 miles distant.
The canal provided a direct water link between the Great Lakes and the Mississippi River, and helped to shift the center of Midwestern trade from St. Louis to Chicago.
Although this work ended with World War II, efforts to reuse the old canal right-of-way for this purpose were later revived, culminating in 1984 when President Reagan signed legislation creating the Illinois and Michigan Canal National Heritage Corridor, the first heritage corridor in the nation.
www.encyclopedia.chicagohistory.org /pages/626.html   (563 words)

 CPL-Down the Drain - The I&M Canal
Anticipation of a new canal over the Chicago Portage canal led to the inclusion into the new State of Illinois of all lands from the Lake to the Missisippi River which lay sixty-one miles north of the southern tip of Lake Michigan.
The depth of the of the canal was dug at 6 feet, the width a minimum of 60 feet.
The Illinois and Michigan was the last major canal constructed in the United States.
www.chipublib.org /digital/sewers/canal.html   (776 words)

 Illinois & Michigan Canal Teaching Package - Introduction
In Illinois the General Assembly passed an act in January of 1827 which provided for a board of canal commissioners who were to lay out the route, select the alternate sections donated, and commence land sales to raise the funds required to finance the undertaking.
By this new plan the canal was to be governed by three trustees, one appointed by the state and a majority of two elected by subscribers to a $1,600,000 loan.
With the canal trustees dissolved, the governor subsequently appointed three commissioners to oversee the I and M. These commissioners had to be approved by a majority of the Illinois Senate.
www.sos.state.il.us /departments/archives/i&mpack/i&mintro.html   (3952 words)

 The Illinois and Michigan Canal
In 1822, Daniel P. Cook and Jesse B. Thomas, respectively congressman and senator from Illinois, obtained from the federal government a grant of the public domain consisting of a strip of land for the proposed canal and 90 feet on each side of it.
In 1829, Cook (for whom the County of Cook was named) was also instrumental in obtaining passage of an act by which the federal government donated to Illinois, for the purpose of financing the construction of the canal, alternate sections of land for a distance of five miles on each side of it.
A canal commission was appointed, consisting of Gen. William F. Thornton, Col. Gurdon Saltonstall Hubbard and Col. William B. Archer, and in 1829 the towns of Ottawa and Chicago were laid out.
www.newton.dep.anl.gov /natbltn/100-199/nb168.htm   (635 words)

 Illinois and Michigan Canal at opensource encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Construction on the canal began in 1836 although it was stopped for several years due to a state fiscal crisis.
The canal was 60 feet (20 meters) wide and six feet (2 meters) deep, with paths constructed along each edge to permit mules to be harnessed to tow barges along the canal.
Today much of the canal is a long, thin park with canoeing and a 61 mile (100 km) long hiking/biking trail (constructed on the alignment of the mule tow paths).
www.wiki.tatet.com /Illinois_and_Michigan_Canal.html   (449 words)

 MSN Encarta - Search Results - Illinois And Michigan Canal
Illinois And Michigan Canal, historic waterway in northeastern Illinois between the cities of La Salle and the south branch of the Chicago River, 8...
Canal (waterway) : canals in the United States: Illinois and Michigan Canal
Illinois (river), river in northern Illinois, an important tributary of the upper Mississippi River, crossing the state from a point southwest of...
encarta.msn.com /Illinois_And_Michigan_Canal.html   (154 words)

 Illinois and Michigan Canal Lots, 1850
Illinois and Michigan Canal commissioners made the first plat of Chicago in 1830 on land granted to Illinois by the federal government.
The canal land grant consisted of alternate square-mile sections of land in a strip along the canal roughly ten miles wide and ninety miles long.
Land sales continued to repay the cost of the building the canal after it opened in 1848.
www.encyclopedia.chicagohistory.org /pages/11503.html   (91 words)

 Southwest Brigade
The Illinois and Michigan Canal was the largest influence on the economic development and settlement of Chicago and Northern Illinois.
In 1882 the canal was in its prime.
Illinois Forest Preserve District of Cook County in cooperation with the Illinois Department of commerce and Community Affairs.
www.imcanalrendezvous.org /pages.f/IMCanal.html   (1851 words)

 Illinois and Michigan Canal - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The canal helped establish Chicago as the transportation hub of the United States, opening before railroads were laid in the area.
In 1871, the direction of part of the Chicago River was reversed by the Army Corps of Engineers with the result that the river and much of Chicago's sewage flowed into the canal instead of into Lake Michigan.
The Illinois and Michigan Canal, 1827–1911: A Selection of Documents from the Illinois State Archives (http://www.sos.state.il.us/departments/archives/iandmpack/iandmintro.html)
www.ci.joliet.us /project/wikipedia/index.php/Illinois_and_Michigan_Canal   (632 words)

 Illinois & Michigan Canal National Heritage Corridor - Facilities   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The building was once the headquarters of the Illinois & Michigan Canal Commission, the public body which built the canal during the mid-19th century.
The Pioneer Settlement, also adjacent to the Museum and the I&M Canal, is a group of mid to late 19th century buildings from all over the county, dismantled and then reassembled on the site.
The exhibits focus on the construction and operation of the Illinois Waterway, which opened in 1933 as the modern successor to the Illinois and Michigan Canal.
www.nps.gov /ilmi/pphtml/facilities.html   (831 words)

 Harvesting the River: : : Illinois River Traffic -- Illinois State Museum
Trade on the lower Illinois River changed after the opening of the Illinois and Michigan Canal because Chicago became a port from which to sell annually 300,000 bushels of corn and 237,000 bushels of buckwheat that previously would have been shipped downstream to St. Louis.
The Illinois legislature passed an enabling act to use the Illinois and Michigan Canal to divert Chicago's sewage away from Lake Michigan.
Because canal boats could not be used on the Illinois River, cargo had to be unloaded and reloaded onto steamboats at LaSalle.
www.museum.state.il.us /RiverWeb/harvesting/transportation/boats/timeline.html   (579 words)

 Illinois and Michigan Canal
The opening of the Illinois and Michigan Canal in 1848 gave Illinois the key to economic mastery of the American mid-continent.
As that vision was realized, the canal’s commissioners laid out a canal port that would grow into a great metropolis; their fellow citizens patented agriculture and industrial innovations that would turn that region into the richest economic zone the world had ever seen.
Illinois is now the one of the most populous inland American states, and Chicago the greatest city of the American heartland, are directly traceable to the 96-mile ditch that linked the Great Lakes to the Illinois and Mississippi rivers.
www.u-s-history.com /pages/h2288.html   (232 words)

 Illinois and Michigan Canal - IL
The canal in both segments parallels the Illinois River, and does not look like a canal; it is tree-lined, and often curves and winds like a 25 foot river.
The canal in late 2005 is very clear in both sections and has a static approx 4 feet of water, no current, with nice out-back potential.
Note that it is hard to get in out of canal except at designated areas due to banking, but Mike Svob’s Paddling Illinois book has many details of both segments, including put-ins and historical canal information.
www.paddling.net /places/showReport.html?1252   (210 words)

 MSN Encarta - Chicago (city, Illinois)
Among the other schools of higher learning are Northwestern University (1851), with campuses in both Chicago and nearby Evanston; the Illinois Institute of Technology (1890); Roosevelt University (1945); Loyola University of Chicago (1870); DePaul University (1898); Chicago State University (1867); Northeastern Illinois University (1961); and the University of Illinois at Chicago (1965).
By 1837, spurred by harbor improvements and the start of construction of the Illinois and Michigan Canal, Chicago’s population had reached 4,000, and the community was incorporated as a city.
Growth was rapid and was soon bolstered by the completion of the canal, in 1848, and the coming of the railroads, in the early 1850s.
encarta.msn.com /encyclopedia_761576998_2/Chicago_(city_Illinois).html   (2110 words)

 Introduction   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
An excellent example is the rising awareness of the importance of the Illinois and Michigan Canal in the growth of Illinois and the Middle West, and indeed the development of the continental interior in general.
Without the canal, it is unlikely that Chicago, occupying its present site, would have become the continental metropolis it has, and equally unlikely that northern Illinois would have developed as early and richly as it did.
Since Illinois’ southern sections were more developed in the 1830’s than the northern part of the state, thanks to the traffic along the Mississippi and Ohio Rivers, no single endeavor did more to open up the prospects of northern development than the canal.
joliet.lewisu.edu /introduc.htm   (753 words)

 Illinois and Michigan Canal Paddling/Fishing
Marquette wrote that connecting Lake Michigan to the Illinois River (and thus, the Mississippi) would require digging a canal of "but half a league" (a league was roughly 3 miles).
In fact, the idea of a canal connecting the Atlantic to the Mississippi is the main reason that Chicago is not a city in southern Wisconsin.
The canal opened in 1848 without the feeder and had many problems related to water level until the feeder was completed in 1851.
pages.ripco.net /~jwn/im.html   (2126 words)

 Northwest Indiana News: nwitimes.com
The Illinois and Michigan Canal connected the water routes that were developed between the East and West early in the 19th century, explained Char Giardina, a site interpreter for the Illinois Department of Natural Resources.
The Illinois DNR Visitor Center under Giardina's supervision will be closed as an economic measure, and she is moving to the canal visitor center at Channahon, Ill., this month.
Lockport is in the Illinois and Michigan Canal National Heritage Corridor, which was approved in legislation passed by Congress and signed by President Ronald Reagan in 1985.
www.thetimesonline.com /articles/2004/12/11/your_saturday/one_tank_trip/b431d8a2fc102ef686256f630077bb52.txt   (1359 words)

 Illinois and Michigan Canal: Encyclopedia topic   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Construction on the canal began in 1836, although it was stopped for several years due to an Illinois (Illinois: A Midwest state in north-central United States) state fiscal crisis.
Most of the canal work was done by Irish (Irish: The Celtic language of Ireland) immigrants who previously worked on the Erie Canal (Erie Canal: An artificial waterway connecting the Hudson river at Albany with Lake Erie at Buffalo; built in the 19th century; now part of the New York State Barge Canal).
In 1865 the canal was deepened to speed up the current and to improve sewage (sewage: Waste matter carried away in sewers or drains) disposal.
www.absoluteastronomy.com /reference/illinois_and_michigan_canal   (825 words)

 Chicago: 1848 Illinois & Michigan Canal Completed
In 1827 Congress donated to the state a quantity of land "equal to one-half of five sections in width (about ninety feet), on each side of the canal, reserving each alternate section to the United States from one end of the canal to the other." The state legislature passed the canal bill in 1823.
The city council of Chicago donated $2,500,000 in 1865 to deepen the canal to increase the current and dispose of city sewage.
The Illinois and Michigan Canal was the last major canal constructed in the United States.
www.chipublib.org /004chicago/timeline/canal.html   (222 words)

 DNR   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Due to the fragility of the trail and canal embankment, other motorized vehicles and equestrian use is prohibited.
The canal became the final link in an all-water route between the east coast and the Gulf of Mexico.
Built between 1836 and 1848, the canal helped transform Illinois from a sparsely settled wilderness to a prosperous, populous state.
dnr.state.il.us /lands/landmgt/parks/i&m/main.htm   (206 words)

 ILLINOIS AND MICHIGAN CANAL   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The topic we chose was the Illinois and Michigan Canal.
One of the hardships was digging the canal by hand.
The canal was finally finished on April 7, 1848.
www.d118.s-cook.k12.il.us /South/palosbday/illmich   (267 words)

 American Experience | Chicago: City of the Century | People & Events
The capital to actually dig the canal was raised from Wall Street brokers and their agents, like William Butler Ogden.
The legislature considered relocating the canal to a point south of Chicago, where it would be easier to dig a canal to the Des Plaines River, but local Chicago backers pointed out that such a project would create a major city in Indiana, rather than Illinois.
As part of the process, the canal was redredged, and the excavated soil used to fill the streets up to the level of the sewer.
www.pbs.org /wgbh/amex/chicago/peopleevents/e_canal.html   (871 words)

 Detroit, Michigan - Hutchinson encyclopedia article about Detroit, Michigan
The Ford plant in Detroit, Michigan, USA, in the early 1900s.
Situated 29 km/18 mi above Lake Erie, Detroit is the busiest port in Michigan and is linked to the Atlantic Ocean via the Saint Lawrence Seaway (opened 1959); the Detroit–Windsor tunnel is a major gateway to Canada.
This information should not be considered complete, up to date, and is not intended to be used in place of a visit, consultation, or advice of a legal, medical, or any other professional.
encyclopedia.farlex.com /Detroit,+Michigan   (561 words)

 The Growth of Cities
OVERVIEW: The growth in the population of towns in the northeastern part of Illinois was dramatic before, during, and after the opening of the Illinois and Michigan Canal.
In 1818 on the eve of Illinois admittance to the Union, the dispute over Illinois¦ northern boundary was caught in the middle of hot debate on the issue of slavery.
Once northeastern Illinois became more heavily settled, it became obvious to those in power that the land that was commonly know as the Chicago Portage would make a valuable transportation route if, as visualized by many in the past, a canal could be built.
www.coe.ilstu.edu /iga/IMCanal/IMCanal/LPGROWTH.htm   (2717 words)

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