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Topic: Immanuel Kant

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  Immanuel Kant - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Kant enrolled in the University of Königsberg in 1740, at the age of 16.
Kant's most powerful and revolutionary effect on philosophy, which changed forever its meaning, modes of thinking, and language(s), was not "positive" in the sense of producing specific assertions about the world that have become accepted truths, as in the positive sciences.
Kant saw this revolution, in turn, as being part of "Enlightenment" (as conceived of in the Age of Enlightenment) and the creation of an enlightened citizenry and society freed from dogmatism and irrational authority.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Immanuel_Kant   (4539 words)

 IMMANUEL KANT - LoveToKnow Article on IMMANUEL KANT   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Kant was anxious to avoid the error of Leibnitz, who had taken sense and understanding to differ in degree only, not in kind; but in avoiding the one error he fell into another of no less importance.
Kant is not always in his language faithful to his view of the sense-manifold, but the theory as a whole, together with his own express definitions, is unmistakable.
Kant has pointedly declared that it would be a gross absurdity to suppose that in his view separate, distinct things-in-themselves existed corresponding to the several objects of perception.
51.1911encyclopedia.org /K/KA/KANT_IMMANUEL.htm   (14651 words)

 Immanuel Kant -- Metaphysics [Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Kant argues that the blank slate model of the mind is insufficient to explain the beliefs about objects that we have; some components of our beliefs must be brought by the mind to experience.
Kant's answer to the question is complicated, but his conclusion is that a number of synthetic a priori claims, like those from geometry and the natural sciences, are true because of the structure of the mind that knows them.
Kant's argument that the mind makes an a priori contribution to experiences should not be mistaken for an argument like the Rationalists' that the mind possesses innate ideas like, "God is a perfect being." Kant rejects the claim that there are complete propositions like this one etched on the fabric of the mind.
www.utm.edu /research/iep/k/kantmeta.htm   (9445 words)

 Island of Freedom - Immanuel Kant
Immanuel Kant, widely acknowledged to have been one of the greatest of all philosophers, was born in Königsburg, East Prussia.
Kant's thought was mainly influenced by the rationalism of Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz and Christian Wolff and the empiricism of David Hume.
Kant defines beauty as "the form of purposiveness in so far as it is perceived apart from the presentation of a purpose." The unity of aesthetic experience is due to the interplay of the faculties of perception and imagination with the faculty of understanding.
www.island-of-freedom.com /KANT.HTM   (1383 words)

 Kant, Immanuel. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05
Kant was educated in his native city, tutored in several families, and after 1755 lectured at the Univ. of Königsberg in philosophy and various sciences.
Kant’s ethics centers in his categorical imperative (or moral law)—“Act as if the maxim from which you act were to become through your will a universal law.” This law has its source in the autonomy of a rational being, and it is the formula for an absolutely good will.
Kant influenced English thought through the philosophy of Sir William Hamilton and T. Green, and some Kantian ideas are found in the pragmatism of William James and John Dewey.
www.bartleby.com /65/ka/Kant-Imm.html   (968 words)

 Immanuel Kant (1724-1804).
Kant was born in Königsberg; he spent his life there; he died there.
At the age of forty-six, Kant received an appointment as a professor of logic and metaphysics at his alma mater the University of Königsberg.
The existence of God was, for Kant, but one of three postulates of morality, the other two being freedom of the will, and immortality of the soul.
www.blupete.com /Literature/Biographies/Philosophy/Kant.htm   (636 words)

 CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Philosophy of Immanuel Kant
Kant's philosophy is generally designated as a system of transcendental criticism tending towards Agnosticism in theology, and favouring the view that Christianity is a non-dogmatic religion.
Kant, therefore, proposes to pass all knowledge in review in order to determine how much of it is to be assigned to the a priori, and how much to the a posteriori factors, if we may so designate them, of knowledge.
Kant, of course, does not deny the existence of God, neither does he deny the immortality of the soul or the ultimate reality of matter.
www.newadvent.org /cathen/08603a.htm   (3893 words)

 Immanuel Kant, 1724-1804
The greatest member of the idealist school of German philosophy, Immanuel Kant was born at Königsberg, where he spent his entire life, the son of a saddler, reputedly of Scottish origin.
Hence, Kant's famous claim that "though our knowledge begins with experience, it does not follow that it arises out of experience." This has the corollary which Kant likened to a Copernican revolution in philosophy, that instead of presuming that all our knowledge must conform to objects, it is more profitable to suppose the reverse.
Kant was an ardent admirer of J. Rousseau (a portrait of Rousseau hung in Kant's study) and the French Revolution (though not the Terror).
www.historyguide.org /intellect/kant.html   (608 words)

 Immanuel Kant
Kant's most original contribution to philosophy is his "Copernican Revolution," that, as he puts it, it is the representation that makes the object possible rather than the object that makes the representation possible.
Kant's position, however, was still only a Privatdozent, which meant he was only paid by the student, and carried an academic teaching load that today would only be found in a community college.
Kant therefore understood that Hume's problem was not with the quid facti, that there were causes and effects, and necessary connection, but with the quid juris, the epistemic justification of the principle.
www.friesian.com /kant.htm   (9772 words)

 Philosophers : Immanuel Kant   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
According to Kant, his reading of Hume woke him from his dogmatic slumber and led him to become the "critical philosopher," synthesizing the rationalism of Leibniz and the skepticism of Hume.
Kant proposed that objective reality is known only insofar as it conforms to the essential structure of the knowing mind.
Kant's Ethics centers in his categorical imperative, or absolute moral law, "Act as if the maxim from which you act were to become through your will a universal law." His Critique of Judgment (1790) considered the concepts of beauty and purposiveness as a bridge between the sensible and the intelligible worlds.
www.trincoll.edu /depts/phil/philo/phils/kant.html   (271 words)

 The Pillars of Unbelief - Kant
Kant's devoted servant, Lumppe, is said to have faithfully read each thing his master published, but when Kant published his most important work, “The Critique of Pure Reason,” Lumppe began but did not finish it because, he said, if he were to finish it, it would have to be in a mental hospital.
Kant thought religion could never be a matter of reason, evidence or argument, or even a matter of knowledge, but a matter of feeling, motive and attitude.
Kant's strategy was essentially the same as that of Rudolf Bultmann, the father of “demythologizing” and the man who may be responsible for more Catholic college students losing their faith than anyone else.
catholiceducation.org /articles/civilization/cc0011.html   (1509 words)

 Immanuel Kant
Kant's aim was to make philosophy, for the first time, truly scientific, but his jargon made his central writings nearly impossible for the uninitiated to understand.
Kant firmly believed that there is an independent reality outside the world of all possible experience, calling this the world of the noumenal, the world of things as they are in themselves, and of reality as it is in itself.
Thus Kant's conclusion was, that cognition is restricted to the realm of phenomena.
www.kirjasto.sci.fi /ikant.htm   (1982 words)

 Immanuel Kant Philosophy: WSM Explains Kant's Metaphysics 'synthetic a priori'. Quotes Immanuel Kant
Immanuel Kant is the most famous metaphysicist throughout the history of philosophy, and there is no doubt that his 'Critique of Pure Reason' is the most comprehensive analysis of Metaphysics since Aristotle's pioneering work which founded this subject.
Immanuel Kant clearly realized the unique importance of Space as being a priori (necessary) for us to be able to experience and sense the world around us, and that Metaphysics (and thus Physics) depend upon this a priori knowledge.
Thus Kant's problem, which he cannot solve, is that he does not know 'what exists' thus he does not know how we are 'necessarily connected' to Matter in the Space around us, as we must be (and Kant acknowledges this) if we are to be able to sense these 'external' objects.
www.spaceandmotion.com /Philosophy-Immanuel-Kant-Philosopher.htm   (8944 words)

 Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) - By Miles Hodges   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Kant also saw himself as answering Hume's skepticism about ever knowing with any degree of certainty the truth of transcendent ideas, such as moral laws or ethical principles.
Born in 1724 in Königsberg, Kant was brought up in that town in a financially humble and devoutly pietistic family (and he continued to possess throughout his life a pietistic nature).
Kant was beginning to view this with the skepticism of a classic anti-scholastic (such as Ockham)--for it seemed fallacious to Kant to build a logical system of "truths" on the assertion that the opposite of a proposition proven to be false must automatically be true.
www.newgenevacenter.org /biography/kant2.htm   (1581 words)

 Human Intelligence: Immanuel Kant
Immanuel Kant was one of the greatest philosophers of all time, and had more influence on other renounced thinkers than any other philosopher of the 18th century.
Kant considered psychology to be an empirical inquiry into the laws of mental operations.
Kant's authoritative opinion retarded the development of psychology as an experimental science.
www.indiana.edu /~intell/kant.shtml   (293 words)

 Ethics Updates - Kant and Kantian Ethics
Probably the most influential of Kant's works in ethics is his Groundwork of a Metaphysics of Morals; H. Paton has done an excellent translation and commentary, published as The Moral Law (London: Hutchinson University Press, 1948); it is also available on-line.
Kant completed it with two works: his Metaphysical Elements of Justice, translated by John Ladd (Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1965) and his Doctrine of Virtue, translated by Mary Gregor (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1964).
Use Kant's notion of a maxim to show what, if anything, is wrong with cheating on the final exam in a course that you do not like and feel you will not benefit from.
ethics.sandiego.edu /theories/Kant   (1593 words)

 Immanuel Kant at Erratic Impact's Philosophy Research Base
Andrew Carpenter wrote his dissertation, "Kant's Earliest Solution to the Mind/Body Problem", under the direction of Professors Hannah Ginsborg and Daniel Warren at the University of California at Berkeley.
He focuses on four topics: Kant's criticism of the Wolffian notion of vis motrix, his solution to the "heterogeneity problem," his attempts to locate the soul in space, and his understanding of role of the body in cognition.
He also uses the recently-published Lectures on Metaphysics to explore Kant's responses to three problems that plagued his early philosophy of mind: a contradiction in his rational psychology; the lack of a criterion for distinguishing material and immaterial simples; and possessing no consistent explanation of how souls act in space.
www.erraticimpact.com /~modern/html/modern_immanuel_kant.htm   (1450 words)

Immanuel Kant was born in the East Prussian city of Königsberg, studied at its university, and worked there as a tutor and professor for more than forty years, never travelling more than fifty miles from home.
Although his outward life was one of legendary calm and regularity, Kant's intellectual work easily justified his own claim to have effected a Copernican revolution in philosophy.
From his analysis of the operation of the human will, Kant derived the necessity of a perfectly universalizable moral law, expressed in a categorical imperative that must be regarded as binding upon every agent.
www.philosophypages.com /ph/kant.htm   (746 words)

 Immanuel Kant - Wikiquote
Immanuel Kant (22 April 1724 - 12 February 1804) Prussian philosopher; born Emanuel Kant.
Kant's supreme moral principle or "categorical imperative"; Variant translations: Act only on that maxim which you can at the same time will that it should become a universal law.
Act as if the maxim of thy action were to become by thy will a universal law of nature.
en.wikiquote.org /wiki/Immanuel_Kant   (1695 words)

 Kant Links
Kant page including links to texts, images, other philosophers, and a brief biography of Kant
Kelley Ross's Overview of Kant with a concentration on Kant's view of space; Dr. Ross teaches philosophy at Los Angeles Valley College
Vis activa is not vis motrix: Kant's critique of Wolffian Mechanics" -->
comp.uark.edu /~rlee/semiau96/kantlink.html   (887 words)

 Open Directory - Society: Philosophy: Philosophers: K: Kant, Immanuel   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Kant, Immanuel : Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy - Introduction to the philosophy of the German thinker.
Kant's Transcendental Idealism - Summary of the Transcendental Aesthetic and Transcendental Logic, as put forth in the Critique of Pure Reason.
North American Kant Society - Scholarly association devoted to the study of this thinker and his ideas.
dmoz.org /Society/Philosophy/Philosophers/K/Kant,_Immanuel   (193 words)

 Immanuel Kant - Wikimedia Commons
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en: Immanuel Kant (April 22, 1724–February 12, 1804) was a Prussian philosopher, generally regarded as the last major philosopher of the Enlightenment, having a major impact on the Romantic and Idealist philosophies of the 19th century, and as one of history's most influential thinkers.
This page was last modified 17:21, 13 March 2006.
commons.wikimedia.org /wiki/Immanuel_Kant   (87 words)

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