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Topic: Immigration to Palestine and Israel

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Palestine was among the several former Ottoman Arab territories which were placed under the administration of Great Britain under the Mandates System adopted by the League of Nations pursuant to the League's Covenant (Article 22).
The exception was Palestine where, instead of being limited to "the rendering of administrative assistance and advice" the Mandate had as a primary objective the implementation of the "Balfour Declaration" issued by the British Government in 1917, expressing support for "the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people".
During the years of the Palestine Mandate, from 1922 to 1947, large-scale Jewish immigration from abroad, mainly from Eastern Europe took place, the numbers swelling in the 1930s with the notorious Nazi persecution of Jewish populations.
www.un.org /Depts/dpa/ngo/history.html   (684 words)

 MidEast Web - Brief History of of Palestine, Israel the Israel-Palestine Conflict
Israel strongly opposed the PLO because of its terrorist acts against Jews and because of its charter aims of destroying the state of Israel and expelling Jews who had arrived after 1917.
Israel withdrew from the Sinai Peninsula in 1982.
Israel at first agreed to the investigation, but later backtracked and blocked it, claiming that the composition and procedures of the investigation would be unfair to Israel, and that the UN had reneged on initial agreements about the investigation.
www.mideastweb.org /briefhistory.htm   (17821 words)

 Background to the Israel-Palestine Crisis by Stephen R. Shalom
Israel's supporters argue that although Israel fired the first shots in this war, it was a justified preventive war, given that Arab armies were mobilizing on Israel's borders with murderous rhetoric.
Israel argued that because resolution 242 called for Israeli withdrawal from "territories," rather than "the territories," occupied in the recent conflict, it meant that Israel could keep some of them as a way to attain "secure" borders.
Israel has carried out targeted assassinations (sometimes the targets were probably connected to terrorism, sometimes not, but all of these extrajudicial executions have been condemned by human rights groups).
www.thirdworldtraveler.com /Israel/Background_I_P_Crisis.html   (6817 words)

 Israel and Palestine
Hamas is committed to a "holy war" for the liberation of Palestine and the establishment of an Islamic Palestine "from the Mediterranean Sea to the Jordan River".
The conflict is the result of a unique history of immigration and emigration of two groups with very distinct religious and cultural traditions which occurred during the past century.
Historically, Israel's Arab neighbors have opposed its very existence but the reality of Israel as a viable military and economic power in the area with a large population base is now generally recognized.
www.newsbatch.com /israel2.htm   (4523 words)

 British Mandate of Palestine   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
The British Mandate of Palestine was a swathe of territory in the Middle East, formerly belonging to the Ottoman Empire, which the League of Nations entrusted to the United Kingdom to administer in the aftermath of World War I as a Mandate Territory.
The United Kingdom was granted control of Palestine by the Peace Conference of Versailles which established the League of Nations in 1919 and appointed Herbert Samuel, a former Postmaster General in the British cabinet who was instrumental in drafting the Balfour Declaration, as its first High Commissioner in Palestine.
The Palestine Mandate was an explicit document regarding Britain's responsibilities and powers of administration in Palestine including: "secur[ing] the establishment of the Jewish national home", and "safeguarding the civil and religious rights of all the inhabitants of Palestine".
www.infoslurp.com /information/British_Mandate_of_Palestine   (2373 words)

 The Smoking Gun: Arab Immigration into Palestine, 1922-1931 - Middle East Quarterly - Winter 2003   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
The importance of Jewish immigration to the Jewish population of Palestine in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century is undisputed.
This illegal immigration was not only going on from the Sinai, but also from Trans-Jordan and Syria, and it is very difficult to make a case out for the misery of the Arabs if at the same time their compatriots from adjoining states could not be kept from going in to share that misery.
His dismissal of Arab immigration into Palestine during the mandate period is based on a set of assumptions concerning illegal immigration that is both restrictive and unsubstantiated.
www.meforum.org /article/522   (5068 words)

 immigration_to_palestine_and_israel   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Immigration to Palestine and Israel describes the history of Jewish immigration ( Hebrew : Aliyah) to Palestine and later Israel since the rise of political Zionism.
Immigration to Palestine and Israel :''Main article: State of Israel.'' ---- Immigration to Palestine and Israel : This article describes the history of Jewish immigration to Palestine and later Israel...
Immigration to Palestine and Israel describes the history of Jewish immigration ( Hebrew : Aliyah) to Palestine and later Israel since the...
immigration_to_palestine_and_israel.networklive.org   (305 words)

 Immigration: The Early Years -- Israel Record
In contrast to the early pioneers who came to Palestine with socialist principles to work the land, a wave of Yemenite Jews came to Palestine for purely religious reasons.
By 1936, the Jewish population of Palestine was close to 400,000.
In her memoirs she recalled her inner struggles in Russia and what motivated her to immigrate to Palestine during the Second Aliyah.
www.adl.org /Israel/Record/immigration-to-48.asp   (479 words)

 Palestine and Israel   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Palestine, but the fact remains that the land of Palestine was not the property of the UK to give away.
In 1919, President Wilson sent the Crane-King Commission to investigate the preferences of the inhabitants of Palestine as to mandates to be awarded by the League of Nations.
2) All official declarations on Palestine in any way discriminating for or against a segment of the population shall be formally repudiated; in their place shall be a renewed pledge of full freedom of religious expression and equality for all in Palestine.
www.eurolegal.org /neoconwars/ispal.htm   (2937 words)

 Historical Background and Timeline
Their optimism inspired the immigration to Palestine of Jews from many countries, particularly from Germany when Nazi persecution of Jews began.
Britain and the United States, in a joint effort to examine the dilemma, established the "Anglo-American Committee of Inquiry." In April 1946, the committee submitted recommendations that Palestine not be dominated by either Arabs or Jews.
This committee recommended that the British mandate over Palestine be ended and that the territory be partitioned into two states.
www.trumanlibrary.org /israel/timeline.htm   (614 words)

 Israel: Colonization, Illegal Immigration, Terrorism
The contradiction between the letter of the Covenant and the policy of the Allies is even more flagrant in the case of the independent nation of Palestine than in that of the independent nation of Syria.
For in Palestine we do not propose even to go through the form of consulting the wishes of the present inhabitants of the country, though the American [King-Crane] Commission has been going through the form of asking what they are.
It was not until the state of Israel was founded in 1948 that the way was opened for them to enter.
hierographics.org /Israel--Colonization_Illegal_Immigration.html   (1700 words)

In modern times, immigration to Palestine began in earnest in the 1880's.  Prior to that, most immigrants were traditional religious Jews who had little interest in creating a nation.
World War I ended in 1918.  As immigration to the Untied States decreased significantly after the war, Aliyah to Palestine increased.  Between 1919 and 1926 almost 100,000 Jews immigrated to a Palestine that was a demoralized, impoverished community at the time.
Chiam Ajzenberg, third son of Dov Berel and Elka, with his wife Libby/Liba, were the first Ajzenbergs from Telekhan to immigrate to Palestine.  The year was 1922 during the third Aliyah, not long after the end of World War I.  They settled in Hadera.
www.ajzenberg.com /Book/185.htm   (834 words)

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Jewish immigration to Palestine was relatively limited until the 1930s,.when Hitler came to power.
By the mid-1970s, however, the international consensus -- rejected by Israel and the United States -- was expanded to include support for a Palestinian state in the West Bank and Gaza, perhaps with insignificant border adjustments.
Much of the weaponry Israel has been using in its attacks on Palestinians either was made in the United States (F-16s, attack helicopters, rockets, grenade launchers, Caterpillar bulldozers, airburst shells, M-40 ground launchers) or made in Israel with U.S. Department of Defense research and development funding (the Merkava tank).
www.zmag.org /shalom-meqa.htm   (7569 words)

 History of Israel and Palestine in VERY Easy To Understand Maps   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
The Jews had already begun mass immigration into Palestine in the 1880's in an effort to rid the land of swamps and malaria and prepare for the rebirth of Israel.
Most of the Arabs living within the boundaries of the newly declared "ISRAEL" were encouraged to leave by the invading Arab armies to facilitate the slaughter of the Jews and were promised to be given all Jewish property after the victorious Arab armies won the war.
Most importantly was the return to Israel of its holy 3,000 year old capitol city of Jerusalem along the western edge of the West Bank...
www.masada2000.org /historical.html   (3028 words)

 Palestine-Israel Timeline : Learn About : Palestinian-Israeli Conflict : AFSC
1968-1970 Israel begins to establish Jewish settlements in newly occupied territories; PLO adopts goal of a democratic secular state in all of Mandate Palestine; Arafat named chairman of PLO; War of Attrition between Israel and Egypt, Israel and Syria.
1988 Jordanian disengagement from West Bank; emergence of Hamas; declaration of the State of Palestine at the Palestine National Council meeting in Algiers; Arafat condemns terrorism, accepts U.N., Security Council resolutions 242 and 338, and recognizes the State of Israel; U.S. opens direct discussions with PLO.
1993 Israel drastically restricts Palestinian movement between Occupied Palestinian Territories (except East Jerusalem) and Israel; Israel and the PLO sign Declaration of Principles (the " Oslo Accords ") on interim self-government arrangements.
www.afsc.org /israel-palestine/learn/timeline.htm   (1370 words)

 Immigration Table of Contents
The Cold War’s Strangest Bedfellows, review of The Ransom of the Jews: The Story of The Extraordinary Secret Bargain Between Romania and Israel by Radu Ioanid
Immigration to Israel By Country (1948-April 2004) [table]
Immigration to Israel By Period of Immigration and Last Continent of Residence [table]
www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org /jsource/Immigration/immigtoc.html   (76 words)

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