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Topic: Inca Empire

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In the News (Wed 17 Jul 19)

  Inca Empire - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Inca Empire was conceived like an ambitious and audacious civilizing project, based on a mythical thought, in which the harmony of the relationships between the human being, nature and Gods was truly essential.
For instance, the Chimú used money in their commerce, while the Inca empire as a whole had an economy based on exchange and taxation of luxury goods and labour (it is said that Inca tax collectors would take the head lice of the lame and old as a symbolic tribute).
Subjects of the empire were allowed to worship their ancestral gods as long as they accepted the supremacy of Inti, the sun god, which was the most important god worshipped by the Inca leadership.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Inca   (2926 words)

 Inca Empire - Printer-friendly - MSN Encarta
Inca society was strictly organized, from the emperor and royal family down to the peasants.
The Incas called their empire Tawantinsuyu, a Quechuan word meaning “Land of the Four Quarters.” One suyu, the Antisuyu, stretched to the east of Cuzco and contained deep, forest-covered valleys that gradually descended into the jungles of the Amazon basin.
The Incas also worshiped the sun god, Inti, from whom the royal family was believed to be descended, and a number of other nature gods that were vital to the success of their crops.
encarta.msn.com /text_761560004___4/Inca_Empire.html   (3038 words)

 Spanish conquest of the Inca Empire - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
At that moment, the Inca Empire was sunk in a five years war between two princes: Huáscar and Atahualpa.
On November 16, 1532, while the natives were in a celebration in Cajamarca, the Spanish Pizarro took the Inca Atahualpa prisoner by surprise, causing a great consternation between the natives and conditioning the future course of the fight.
It was at this critical moment in the empire's history that the Spanish conquistadors under Francisco Pizarro arrived and after three long expeditions had already established the first Spanish settlement in northern Peru, calling it San Miguel de Piura on July of 1532.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Spanish_conquest_of_the_Inca_Empire   (2494 words)

 Inca Empire - MSN Encarta
Inca Empire, vast kingdom in the Andes Mountains of South America that was created by the Quechua, a Native American people, in the 15th century.
The Inca Empire was conquered by the Spanish in the early 16th century.
Although the Incas lacked both a written language and the concept of the wheel, they accomplished feats of engineering that were unequalled elsewhere in the Americas.
uk.encarta.msn.com /encyclopedia_761560004/Inca_Empire.html   (1595 words)

 NOVA Online | Ice Mummies of the Inca | Lost Empire
At the height of its existence the Inca Empire was the largest nation on Earth and remains the largest native state to have existed in the western hemisphere.
Consolidation of a large empire was to become a continuing struggle for the ruling Inca as their influence reached across many advanced cultures of the Andes.
The Inca state's domain was unprecedented, its rule resulting in a universal language - a form of Quechua, a religion worshipping the sun, and a 14,000 mile-long road system criss-crossing high Andean mountain passes and linking the rulers with the ruled.
www.pbs.org /wgbh/nova/peru/worlds   (415 words)

 Inca Empire   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Twelvw million or more worshipful people rendered abundant tribute to the Incas and paid their taxes in work: a billion man-hours a year to build temples, fortresses, agricultural terraces, and roads- all for the grandeur of the realm.
The Incas, "loved to retreat, and solace themselves with the society of their favorite concubines, wandering amidst groves and airy gardens, that shed around their soft, intoxicating odors and lulled the senses to voluptuous repose.
To Incas, gold was "the sweat of the sun," and it reflected the glory of their Sun God who, they believed, had entrusted them with its safekeeping.
www.geocities.com /CapitolHill/6502/incaempi.htm   (580 words)

At the end of the 14th century the empire began to expand from its initial territory in the Cuzco area, the southern Andean mountains of South America.
Incas called their territory Tawantinsuyu, what in Quechua, the Inca language, means The Four Parts.
Inca emperors were considered the descendants of the god Sun and were worshiped as divinities.
www.tierra-inca.com /peru/incas.php?lg=en   (485 words)

The foundation of the Empire was attributed to Inca Manco Cápac in the XIII century.
The Inca emperors could maintain and to develop their extensive domain, due to the concern for the well-being and the happiness of their citizens; it was not known the hunger neither the sharp injustices, of there that it has been denominated paternalistic, very well organized Empire.
The Inca empire whose capital was Cuzco, extended for a great part of SouthAmerica in the XV century and first quarter of the XVI.
library.thinkquest.org /C006206F/incas_i.htm   (670 words)

 The Inca Empire   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The title "Inca Empire" was given by the Spanish to a Quechuan-speaking Native American population that established a vast empire in the Andes Mountains of South America shortly before its conquest by Europeans.
This conquest gave rise to an empire that, at its zenith in the early 16th century; consisted of an estimated 10 million subjects living within some 350,000 square miles from Colombia in the north to Chile in the south, and between the coastal deserts of the west and the Amazonian rain forest to the east.
The growth of this empire was facilitated by three main contributing factors: the building of an intricate 14,000-mile road system that connected the different regions, the imposition of a common language known as Quechua, and a common religion.
www.lclark.edu /~woodrich/Bean_incaempire.html   (986 words)

 Inca Empire
Although the Incas lacked both a written language and the concept of the wheel, they accomplished feats of engineering that were unequaled elsewhere in the Americas.
These leaders brought Inca civilization to its peak: They made the capital city of Cusco into the center of Inca society and government, developed a state religion, and set up an elaborate administrative system to control their widely scattered subjects and territories.
The Incas called their empire Tahuantinsuyu, a Quechuan word meaning "Land of the Four Quarters." One suyu, the Antisuyu, stretched to the east of Cusco and contained deep, forest-covered valleys that gradually descended into the jungles of the Amazon basin.
autocww.colorado.edu /~blackmon/E64ContentFiles/HistoryOfTheAmericas/IncaEmpire.html   (3977 words)

 The Inca Empire - The Great Unknown, The Great Explorers
Cuzco, is the archaeological capital of the Inca Empire, it is also the continent's oldest inhabited city and the hub of the South America.
According to legend, the city was founded in the 12th century by the first Inca, Manco Capac, the son of the Sun and Mama Occllo, the daughter of the moon, both of them materialized on the islands of the Sun and Moon in Lake Titicaca and journeyed together to Cuzco.
The empire's main expansion occurred prior to the arrival of the conquistadors.
www.phfawcettsweb.org /empire.htm   (1077 words)

The Inca empire proved short-lived: by AD 1533, Atahualpa, the last Inca emperor, called a Sapa Inca, was killed on the orders of the conquistador Francisco Pizarro, marking the beginning of Spanish rule.
In 1572 the last Inca stronghold was discovered, and the last ruler, Túpac Amaru, Manco's son, was captured and executed, bringing the Inca empire to an end.
Inca education was divided into two distinct categories: vocational education for common Inca and highly formalized training for the nobility.
www.solarnavigator.net /history/incas.htm   (4060 words)

 A Brief Introduction to the Inca Empire   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The Inca Empire was actually quite short-lived, lastingonly about 100 years, from ca.1438AD, when the Inca ruler Pachacuti andhis army began conquering the neighbors of the Inca heartland of Cuzco,until the coming of the Spaniards in 1532.
In Quechua, the language of the Incas, the empire wasknown as Tawantinsuyu, which, loosely translated, means "land of thefour quarters." As the name implies, the realm was divided into fourparts, coming together at the capital of Cuzco: Chinchasuyu to the northwest,Condesuyu to the southwest, Antisuyu to the northeast, and Collasuyu tothe southeast.
Inca architecture is well-known for its finely workedstones which, as the cliché goes, are fitted together so well, withoutthe use of mortar, that you cannot fit a knife blade between the stones.As travellers to the Andes know well, that is indeed the case.
www.millville.org /Workshops_f/Acker_Inca/inca.htm   (924 words)

 Inca Empire - Peru, History
The Inca, sometimes called peoples of the sun, were originally a warlike tribe living in a semiarid region of the southern sierra.
By 1500 the Inca Empire stretched from the Pacific Ocean east to the sources of the Paraguay and Amazon rivers and from the region of modern Quito in Ecuador south to the Maule River in Chile.
Conditions were favorable to conquest, for the empire was debilitated by a just-concluded civil war between the heirs to the Inca throne, Atahualpa and Huascar, each of whom was seeking to control the empire.
www.angelfire.com /realm/shades/nativeamericans/peru.htm   (1199 words)

 The Aztec & Inca Empire
The Incan Empire was only the last in a series of empires and, similar to the Aztecs, drew upon a cultural heritage that had been developed by earlier societies.
The empire was linked by a vast road network which ran and the coast, with smaller roads linking small towns and communities to the main thoroughfares.
Inca, government officials, either members of the ruling families of Cuzco or, at lesser levels, the native elite of other provinces, preformed judicial and administrative functions throughout the empire.
www.globaled.org /nyworld/materials/inca4.html   (1111 words)

 Inca Empire
Although the Inca Empire was extremely short-lived, being cut down in its prime by the Spaniards in the mid-16th century, it is nevertheless the culture which we know most about because of descriptions from Spanish missionaries and soldiers.
The Inca language became the official language, and worship of the Sun (with the Inca as its incarnation) was the official religion.
If she was chosen to have sex with the Inca, she could not then go back to the convent but would either become a royal lady-in-waiting or be sent back to her village richly endowed.
www.knowledge4africa.co.za /worldhistory/inca13.htm   (1369 words)

Between 1200 and 1535 AD, the Inca population lived in the part of South America extending from the Equator to the Pacific coast of Chile.
The Inca society was arranged by a strict hierarchical structure.
By 1535, the Inca society was completely overthrown, and Pizzaro moved the capital from Cuzco to Lima.
www.mnsu.edu /emuseum/prehistory/latinamerica/south/cultures/inca.html   (763 words)

Each of these tribes was ruled independently by a council of elders; the tribe as a whole gave its allegiance to the ruler, or "Inca." The "Inca" was divine; he was the descendant of the sun-god.
The Incas cultivated corn and potatoes, and raised llama and alpaca for food and for labor.
In 1521, Herman Cortés conquered the Aztecs; this conquest inspired Francisco Pizzarro to invade the Incas in 1531.
www.wsu.edu /~dee/CIVAMRCA/INCAS.HTM   (785 words)

 Inca Civilization
The incredibly rapid expansion of the Inca Empire began with Viracocha's son Pachacuti, who was one of the great conquerors, and one of the great men in the history of the Americas.
The Inca sovereign, lord of the Tahuantinsuyo, the Inca empire, was held to be sacred and to be the descendant of the sun god.
Thus, the legend of the origin of the Incas tells how the sun god sent his children Manco Capac and Mama Ocllo (and in another version the four Ayar brothers and their wives) to found Cuzco, the sacred city and capital of the Inca empire.
www.crystalinks.com /incan.html   (4455 words)

The Incas from the viewpoint of the conquistador, Pedro de Cieza de Léon.
Discovery of Inca ruins at the Headwaters of the Río Timpía
The rise and fall of the Incas, from their origin to the eventual conquest by the Spanish.
www.ontalink.com /archaeology/inca   (531 words)

 European Voyages of Exploration: The Inca Empire
Once in Tumbez it was evident to Pizarro that the Incas were engaged in a civil war and that they were suffering from the first smallpox epidemic to reach the region.
Two of the emperor's sons laid claim to the throne: Huáscar was selected by the court elite to rule from Cuzco, the traditional Inca capital, and Atahualpa had control of his father's professional army and the newly conquered regions of Ecuador and Columbia.
The two half brothers were soon embroiled in a civil war that ravaged Inca cities, wreaked havoc on the economy, and decimated the population.
www.ucalgary.ca /applied_history/tutor/eurvoya/inca.html   (611 words)

 Inca Empire
When the Spanish conquered the Inca in 1532, they were a small ethnic group based in Cusco, ruling more than 12 million from 100 different cultures and speaking at least 20 languages.
The Inca Empire was ruled with efficiency in part because of a superb highway system that included intermittently paved roads up to 24 feet wide, tunnels, bridges, and stepped pathways cut into living rock.
Ironically, the very roadways that made it possible for the Inca to control their vast empire, rapidly moving an army to quell a rebellion, were the avenue of the empire's downfall, giving the Spanish conquistadors under Pizarro direct access to the heart of the kingdom.
www.du.edu /~ajenniso/IncaEmpire.html   (338 words)

 CNN.com - Inca Empire dazzled, then died - March 7, 2002
The Inca Empire in South America was known for its huge reserves of gold and silver and its highly crafted stone architecture.
Though the Incas were very innovative, they eventually fell prey to their own sense of superiority when it came face to face with the Spanish conquistadors.
The emperor of the civilization was known as the "Inca." Later the entire population would inherit that name.
cnnstudentnews.cnn.com /2001/fyi/news/10/26/inca.overview/index.html   (817 words)

 Andean History   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
At the time of the arrival of the first Europeans in the last years of the fifteenth century, the native population of the South America, was estimated to have numbered 10 to 15 million, more than half of whom lived in the the northern and central Andes and adjacent areas.
The Inca empire was the largest and most advanced empire on the American continent before its discovery by Europeans.
At its height, the empire extended from northern Ecuador to central Chile and from the Andes to the coast.
www.ddg.com /LIS/aurelia/andhis.htm   (969 words)

 CULTUREFOCUS: Peru photos. Pictures from Cuzco and Inca history.
The Inca culture was the last to arise in Peru before the arrival of adventurers and plunderers from overseas...
In the fifteenth century, the Inca state began to expand under the rule of the emperor Pachacutec.
A colonial church sits on the walls of the sacred Inca temple Koricancha, the Temple of the Sun.
www.culturefocus.com /peru.htm   (696 words)

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