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Topic: Inca

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  Inca Religion
The Incas were a very hierarchical society, and although the Inca(the king) was the son of the sun, his religious power was divided with hullac umac (the high priest, chosen from a noble lineage) to whom the priests of all shrines were submitted.
Inca culture was formed from the evolution of various Andean cultures that can be traced back up to twenty thousand years ago when hunters and Neolithic agriculturists lived there.
In the year 1532 the Inca empire was destroyed by the Spaniards, who also forbade the practice of the Inca religion, especially since their religious practices permeated all aspects of Public life.
philtar.ucsm.ac.uk /encyclopedia/latam/inca.html   (883 words)

 Inca Empire - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Inca leadership encouraged the worship of their gods, the foremost of which was Inti, the sun god.
For instance, the Chimú used money in their commerce, while the Inca empire as a whole had an economy based on exchange and taxation of luxury goods and labour (it is said that Inca tax collectors would take the head lice of the lame and old as a symbolic tribute).
The Inca Emperor Atahualpa and his army fought fiercely against the Spanish conquistadors during the Battle of Cajamarca, but could not simultaneously face the technology of the Spanish (particularly firearms and cannon) and rebellion among subject tribes.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Inca   (3577 words)

 Inca - Hutchinson encyclopedia article about Inca
Inca society was very religious and worshipped many gods, among them gods of the sun, moon, stars, earth, and sea.
The ruling Inca was regarded as the son of the Sun, the chief god, to whom both human and animal sacrifices were made.
Every Inca was assigned work according to his status in the hierarchy, for example a worker would be told to work specifically in the maize fields or on building a road.
encyclopedia.farlex.com /Inca   (1345 words)

 Inca Empire - Encyclopedia.WorldSearch   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
The Inca Empire (called Tawantinsuyu in modern spelling Aymara and Quechua, or Tahuantinsuyu in old spelling Quechua) was an empire located in South America from 1438 CE to 1533 CE.
For instance, the Chimú used money in their commerce, while the Inca empire as a whole had an economy based on exchange and taxation of luxury goods and labor (It is said that the Inca tax collectors would take lice of the head of an lame and old as a symbolic tribute).
The portions of the Chachapoya that had been conquered were almost openly hostile to the Inca, and the Inca nobles rejected an offer of refuge in their kindom after their troubles with the Spanish.
encyclopedia.worldsearch.com /tahuantinsuyu.htm   (3811 words)

Their territory was very diverse both in climate and in terrain, for it included the high peaks and fertile valleys of the Andes mountains, the tropical forests on the eastern edges of the mountains and a long strip of drought-stricken desert along the western coast.
The mighty empire of the Incas collapsed abruptly in 1532 with the arrival of a small band of Spanish conquerors led by Pizarro.
Beneath the Inca were the royal family, several levels of nobility, priests, the administrators and government experts, and the large mass of common people - craftsmen, farmers and soldiers.
lsa.colorado.edu /~lsa/texts/Incas.html   (1448 words)

 Peru - The Inca
Other select groups in conquered lands who were willing to cooperate with their new leaders became "Incas by privilege." The majority of the empire's able-bodied citizens sustained its economy with the mita, or service tax in the form of agricultural work or of labor in government-owned mines, and on bridges, buildings, and roads.
The use of Quechua, the Inca language, as the common tongue of administration helped to unify the patchwork population, as did commerce and the institution of the Inca pantheon as the official state religion.
Often the Inca himself, borne on a golden litter, traveled along the roads, followed by an elaborate entourage of courtiers, entertainers, soothsayers and concubines.
www.travelvantage.com /per_inca.html   (842 words)

 NOVA Online | Ice Mummies of the Inca | Lost Empire
At the height of its existence the Inca Empire was the largest nation on Earth and remains the largest native state to have existed in the western hemisphere.
The wealth and sophistication of the legendary Inca people lured many anthropologists and archaeologists to the Andean nations in a quest to understand the Inca's advanced ways and what led to their ultimate demise.
The Inca state's domain was unprecedented, its rule resulting in a universal language - a form of Quechua, a religion worshipping the sun, and a 14,000 mile-long road system criss-crossing high Andean mountain passes and linking the rulers with the ruled.
www.pbs.org /wgbh/nova/peru/worlds   (415 words)

 Tupac Amaru: The Life, Times, and Execution of the Last Inca by James Q. Jacobs
Using the justification that the Incas had "broken the inviolate law observed by all nations of the world regarding ambassadors" (Murua 1, 246) the new Viceroy, Francisco de Toledo, decided to attack and conquer Vilcabamba.
The "trial of the Inca was hurried and was manifestly unjust." (Hemming 445) Tupac Amaru was convicted of the murder of Friar Diego Ortiz and others, of which he was certainly innocent.
In another report, based on Salazar, the Inca is reported to have renounced Incan religion and admitted to the crowd that he had become a Christian.
www.jqjacobs.net /andes/tupac_amaru.html   (3746 words)

 Inca Art
Inca expansion was slow until about the middle of the fifteenth century, when the pace of conquest began to accelerate, particularly under the rule of the great emperor Pachacuti Inca Yupanqui (1438-71)...
The Inca also built a complex drainage infrastructure consisting of channels and outlets that are integrated into the architecture; a main drain to collect runoff from the channels and carry it away from the city; and a subsurface drainage system in the agricultural terraces and urban plazas.
In many ways, this Inca installation presents to us a framework from which we can understand the life of this priest, revealing to us some of the critical components of how he was able to persevere in religious life amidst many challenges and turmoil.
www.ifip.com /Inca-Art.htm   (734 words)

 A Brief Introduction to the Inca Empire   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
The Inca Empire was actually quite short-lived, lastingonly about 100 years, from ca.1438AD, when the Inca ruler Pachacuti andhis army began conquering the neighbors of the Inca heartland of Cuzco,until the coming of the Spaniards in 1532.
In Quechua, the language of the Incas, the empire wasknown as Tawantinsuyu, which, loosely translated, means "land of thefour quarters." As the name implies, the realm was divided into fourparts, coming together at the capital of Cuzco: Chinchasuyu to the northwest,Condesuyu to the southwest, Antisuyu to the northeast, and Collasuyu tothe southeast.
Inca architecture is well-known for its finely workedstones which, as the cliché goes, are fitted together so well, withoutthe use of mortar, that you cannot fit a knife blade between the stones.As travellers to the Andes know well, that is indeed the case.
www.millville.org /Workshops_f/Acker_Inca/inca.htm   (924 words)

 The Inca   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
The Inca civilization of the Andes mountains is one of many pre-Columbian societies that arose in western South America.
Because the Inca were the dominant group at the time of European discovery and subsequent conquest by Francisco Pizzaro in 1532, we know more about them then all of their predecessors.
The Sapa Inca was believed to be the Son of the Sun and a divine being himself.
www.snowcrest.net /goehring/inca   (189 words)

Each of these tribes was ruled independently by a council of elders; the tribe as a whole gave its allegiance to the ruler, or "Inca." The "Inca" was divine; he was the descendant of the sun-god.
The Incas cultivated corn and potatoes, and raised llama and alpaca for food and for labor.
In 1521, Herman Cortés conquered the Aztecs; this conquest inspired Francisco Pizzarro to invade the Incas in 1531.
www.wsu.edu /~dee/CIVAMRCA/INCAS.HTM   (785 words)

 ON THE ROLE OF CREATION AND ORIGIN MYTHS   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
The main god of the Inca state religion was the sun god Inti, who might have been a nature totem of the Quechua or a god of a certain tribe.
Another significant deity in the Inca pantheon was the thunder god Illapu who was apparently distinctive from the Tiahuanaco sky god, but was named after a thunder god of the central Peruvian tribes.
Finally, these origin myths also reveal the ethnocentric world-view of the Quechuans: the Inca believed in the inherent superiority and wisdom of their own people, thinking they were destined to refine the mankind whether other peoples accepted it or not.
haldjas.folklore.ee /folklore/vol12/inca.htm   (2840 words)

 Inca Son ~ Music and Dance of the Andes   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Manco Capac was recognized as the king and Inca of the valley.
VI Inca Roca - crushed the remaining partisans of Capac Yupanqui; abandoned the Inticancha in the Hurin Cusco y (or lower Cusco) and constructed his own palace in the Hana Cusco (or lower Cusco)
It belonged to the Sun, to the Inca and to the ayllu or community.
www.incason.com /html/peru.shtml   (1075 words)

 Grade 6 Inca Projects & Resources
There is a section on the conquest of the Incas and growth of the Inca Empire.
Topics include: An Overview of the First Eight Inca Rulers which describes many famous Inca rulers with illustrations by Poma de Ayala, The Year of 1532, Children of the Sunm Inca Tupac Amaru II and more.
Incas and the Fall of the Inca Empire, Aztec Mythology: Quetzalcoatl, and Quetzalcoatl and Viracocha: How These Myths Resulted in the Downfall of the Aztec and Inca Tribes.
www.internet-at-work.com /hos_mcgrane/inca/eg_inca_intro.html   (861 words)

The Incas from the viewpoint of the conquistador, Pedro de Cieza de Léon.
Discovery of Inca ruins at the Headwaters of the Río Timpía
The rise and fall of the Incas, from their origin to the eventual conquest by the Spanish.
www.ontalink.com /archaeology/inca   (531 words)

 European Voyages of Exploration: The Inca Empire
Once in Tumbez it was evident to Pizarro that the Incas were engaged in a civil war and that they were suffering from the first smallpox epidemic to reach the region.
Two of the emperor's sons laid claim to the throne: Huáscar was selected by the court elite to rule from Cuzco, the traditional Inca capital, and Atahualpa had control of his father's professional army and the newly conquered regions of Ecuador and Columbia.
The two half brothers were soon embroiled in a civil war that ravaged Inca cities, wreaked havoc on the economy, and decimated the population.
www.ucalgary.ca /applied_history/tutor/eurvoya/inca.html   (611 words)

 Inca Poetry
The eleven hymns, or jaillis, in Quechua verse, were sung to the accompaniment of instruments during the annual Inca ceremony of the Situa Raymi, held at the first new moon after the Spring equinox.
Traditions of poetry and song were deeply engraved in Inca culture, encompassing both sacred and secular forms, shared by the common people and the aristocracy.
Inca Priests greeted each sunrise and sunset singing jaillis, usually accompanied by music, beseeching Tijsi Wiracocha (The Creator), Inti (the Sun), Illapa (Thunder-Lightning), Pachamama (The Earth Mother), Mamaquilla (the Moon), and all the huacas (spirits of places) to grant health, prosperity and happiness for the people, the Inca and the empire.
www.red-coral.net /Pach.html   (888 words)

 Inca Digital Printers - Company Information
Inca's long anticipated autoload system is now available for demonstration.
Inca was given Queen's Awards for Innovation and International Trade.
Inca's latest machine has a bed size equal to that of a Inca Columbia printer and produces the same satin finish.
www.incadigital.com   (239 words)

Between 1200 and 1535 AD, the Inca population lived in the part of South America extending from the Equator to the Pacific coast of Chile.
The Inca society was arranged by a strict hierarchical structure.
By 1535, the Inca society was completely overthrown, and Pizzaro moved the capital from Cuzco to Lima.
www.mnsu.edu /emuseum/prehistory/latinamerica/south/cultures/inca.html   (763 words)

 INCA   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
INCA runs BLAST on the starter sequence and then runs BLAST on the matching sequences.
INCA also uses Entrez in a limited capacity, to access the FASTA format of sequences.
INCA does not work on all platforms, so before you try to run INCA, or download INCA, please read the instructions and the record of known incompatibilities.
itsa.ucsf.edu /~gram/home/inca   (405 words)

 NOVA Online | Ice Mummies of the Inca | The High Mummies
There may be hundreds of Inca children, sacrificed in Inca times nearly 500 years ago, entombed in graves of ice atop the western hemisphere's highest peaks.
In essence they were the protectors of the Inca people, the keepers of life who reached up toward the skies where the sacred condor soared.
Near such routes, the Incas chose high peaks, climbed them, built their platforms, and made sacrifices, sometimes human, to assure safe continued passage and to bless the roads.
www.pbs.org /wgbh/nova/peru/mummies/high1.html   (544 words)

 100 Inca Links
Incas and the Fall of the Inca Empire by Shannon N. White At the time of the Spanish conquest of what is now Peru, the empire that the Incas had built up was the largest and most sophisticated to be found in the New World.
http://www.peru-explorer.com/valley.htm The Sacred Valley of the Incas This beautiful and mystical valley between the towns of Pisaq and Ollantaytambo was greatly apreciated by the ancient Peruvians for its mild climate, fertile lands and the Willcamayu or Sacred River.
The name Inca may specifically refer to the emperor, but is generally used to mean the empire or the people.Extent and Organization of the EmpireCentered at Cuzco, Peru, the empire at the time of the Spanish conquest (1532) dominated the...
www.mysteries-megasite.com /main/bigsearch/inca.html   (3924 words)

 Andean History   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
At the time of the arrival of the first Europeans in the last years of the fifteenth century, the native population of the South America, was estimated to have numbered 10 to 15 million, more than half of whom lived in the the northern and central Andes and adjacent areas.
The Inca empire was the largest and most advanced empire on the American continent before its discovery by Europeans.
At its height, the empire extended from northern Ecuador to central Chile and from the Andes to the coast.
www.ddg.com /LIS/aurelia/andhis.htm   (969 words)

 CULTUREFOCUS: Peru photos. Pictures from Cuzco and Inca history.
The Inca culture was the last to arise in Peru before the arrival of adventurers and plunderers from overseas...
In the fifteenth century, the Inca state began to expand under the rule of the emperor Pachacuti.
A colonial church sits on the walls of the sacred Inca temple Koricancha, the Temple of the Sun.
www.culturefocus.com /peru.htm   (738 words)

 Machu Picchu, Machu Pichu, Peru, The Inca Trail, Inca Trail, Cusco, Lake Titicaca and Lima.
Machu Picchu, Machu Pichu, Peru, The Inca Trail, Inca Trail, Cusco, Lake Titicaca and Lima.
The fertile valleys, mountain peaks, and coastal desert areas nurtured 21 major pre-Columbian cultures, culminating with the Inca civilization centered in Cusco.
The amazing part is that he hadn't even seen Machu Pichu, arguably the most impressive and spectacular accomplishment of the Inca Empire.
www.destination360.com /lostcities.htm   (333 words)

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