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Topic: Indigenous minority

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  NGO Forum on Cambodia - Indigenous Minority Rights Project
The Indigenous Minorities Rights Project commenced in September 2004 and has significantly contributed to a better coordination of the advocacy activities of NGOs, increasing indigenous peoples’ awareness of their rights and the development of indigenous peoples’ networks.
That the Cambodian Government continues to work towards a Sub-Decree on the registration of indigenous collective title, and related legislation on the recognition of indigenous people’s communities (recognised community by-laws), and is receptive to input from indigenous communities in the development of this legislation.
It is important that there be a coherent national policy that allows for indigenous people to guide their own development, and the Government should be encouraged to properly consider all comments submitted and to adopt this Policy as soon as possible.
www.ngoforum.org.kh /Land/Indigenous/background.htm   (1801 words)

 Seminar on Minorities and Indigeneous People in Africa   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
He said that indigenous and local communities were among the poorest in Africa and referred to the Batwa of Burundi and Rwanda, the Bambuti of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the Baka-Aka in Cameroon, the Hadzabe and Maasai of Kenya and Tanzania as some of the most disadvantaged.
It was suggested that the concepts of minorities and indigenous peoples were often used pragmatically and politically to assist groups to advance their interests.
In differentiating between indigenous peoples and minorities it was suggested that indigenous peoples had an attachment to a particular land or territory and/or had a way of life (e.g., pastoralists, hunter/gathers, nomadic or other) which was threatened by current state policy and affected by the shrinking of their traditional resource base.
www.icescolombo.org /Research/Minority/MIPAfrica/MIPAReport.htm   (4925 words)

 Working paper on the relationship and distinction between the rights   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The draft indigenous declaration goes much further: it proposes in its article 3 that indigenous peoples shall have the right of self-determination and by virtue of that right be entitled freely to determine their political status and freely pursue their economic, social and cultural development.
Minority rights are formulated as the rights of individuals to preserve and develop their separate group identity within the process of integration.
Minorities and indigenous peoples share very similar experiences of oppression and displacement, but using the factor of aboriginality accords greater rights to groups that managed to remain physically in possession of their original territories.
www.unhchr.ch /Huridocda/Huridoca.nsf/0811fcbd0b9f6bd58025667300306dea/e2bb9e4b569ae37fc12569290050ae93?OpenDocument   (4492 words)

  Indigenous Minorities and the Shadow of Injustice Past
Furthermore, to be sure, indigenous and other minority populations may have other grounds for claims to territory, use of the land, or special control over decisions, in addition to past injustice - eg based on the need to maintain culture as developed by Kymlicka (1995, 220).
Indigenous minorities had established a community on land later included in the current state often by unjust means.
Past control over territory suggests that the present rights of indigenous minorities should include not only control over the integration of their culture into the mainstream, but also powers to ensure the maintenance of their culture and indigenous decision-making institutions (I defend this view in Føllesdal 1996).
www.arena.uio.no /publications/wp98_7.htm   (6014 words)

 United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues
Indigenous women in the developing world face many common threats: poverty, with little or no access to health care and education; armed conflicts; pollution; large-scale mining and logging; invasions of illegal miners; unsympathetic governments; loss of their lands; and human trafficking, to name just a few.
Indigenous women around the world, from both traditional and non-traditional societies, agree on one of their greatest mutual concerns: the negative impact of their exclusion from decision-making processes that affect them, whether involving local, governmental, intergovernmental or civil society institutions.
Indigenous women have an important contribution to make at all levels of negotiation and planning having to do with their families and communities — in peacetime and in times of conflict.
www.un.org /hr/indigenousforum/women.html   (3663 words)

 Defining 'Indigenous People'
The very term indigenous peoples is confusing because most people in the world are "indigenous" to their countries in the sense of having been born in them and being descended from people who were born in them.
Indigenous peoples are clearly native to their countries in this sense too, but they also make another claim, namely that they were there first and are still there and so have rights of prior occupancy to their lands.
Indigenous peoples are always marginal to their states and they are often tribal [in the sense that they belong to small-scale preindustrial societies that live in comparative isolation and manage their own affairs without the centralized authority of a state].
www.nativeweb.org /info/indigenousdefined.html   (1033 words)

 IDRAP : Minority
The definitions of both minority and different types of minorities (indigenous, national, regional, territorial, immigrant, etc.) are notoriously difficult.
minorities are defined so as to give national or regional minorities more rights than to immigrants and refugees (who, by definition, are considered non-national and non-regional).
In most definitions of minority, minority rights thus become conditional on the acceptance by the State of the existence of a minority in the first place, i.e., only exo-definitions (see this definition entry) of minorities are accepted.
www.idrap.or.id /en/d_minority.htm   (1055 words)

 South Asian Media Net - ARTICLE OF THE MONTH
People belonging to different minorities, ethnic, religious, linguistic, and social groups, and indigenous tribes/communities are engaged in struggles against the state and other groups for the protection and preservation of their social, cultural, and economic rights.
Minorities and indigenous peoples are separate concepts but interlinked by the shared context of discrimination and powerlessness.
The safeguards for minorities’ economic and political rights provided in the draft constitution (1947-49) were dropped with the assurance that the majority would be fair and generous to the minorities (Sammadar 2004).5 There is no state religion; all were to be treated equally.
www.southasianmedia.net /index_forum.cfm?country=main&id=230   (8568 words)

 The Head Heeb: The national minority solution
Nations having indigenous groups were called upon to "creat[e] possibilities of national integration to the exclusion of measures tending towards the artificial assimilation of these populations," and to provide equal access to education and employment with a view toward eventual integration.
In those States in which ethnic, religious or linguistic minorities exist, persons belonging to such minorities shall not be denied the right, in community with the other members of their group, to enjoy their own culture, to profess and practise their own religion, or to use their own language.
Indigenous peoples were accorded "the right to decide their own priorities for the process of development" and to participate in all "plans and programmes for national development which may affect them directly," as well as an implied right to their own representative institutions.
headheeb.blogmosis.com /archives/014995.html   (5087 words)

 Wallmapu: A 'New Deal' for Indigenous Groups
The four-volume report also calls for recognition of the right of indigenous peoples to be guaranteed representation in parliament, form part of regional governments, adopt their own forms of organisation, and have a say over laws, policies and programmes that affect their cultures, territory, institutions or natural resources.
Human rights groups say the indigenous activists, who were protesting logging on land they claim as their own, have been imprisoned on the basis of trumped-up charges of setting fire to forestry plantations in the south.
The Commission underlined that indigenous peoples in Chile have lost the economic, social and cultural use of their ancestral land and sources of water, which are utilised by mining companies in the north and by forestry and hydroelectric companies in the south.
www.mapuche-nation.org /english/html/news/n-65.htm   (1564 words)

 The Anglican Communion Observer at the United Nations
The current Anglican Observer, Archdeacon Taimalelagi Matalavea, an indigenous person from Samoa, was recently quoted on the website of the Anglican Indigenous People’s Network (AIN) in saying that indigenous minority issues at the United Nations are one of her priorities.
Although indigenous peoples have been making their voices heard there for over 75 years, their concerns became especially prominent in 1993, which the UN proclaimed as the "International Year for the World¹s Indigenous People." The purpose of that designated year was to create a "new partnership" between the UN, its member States, and indigenous peoples.
The question of adequate and equitable financial compensation is crucial here, as well as the basic human right of preserving that knowledge as part of, their own cultural tradition Also, the preservation of this cultural knowledge and the vitality of the people who hold it are crucial to the sustainability of those ecosystems.
www.anglicancommunion.org /un/critical_indigenous.htm   (736 words)

This relationship is still apparent especially in indigenous, minority, and local societies that maintain close material and spiritual ties with their environments.
Local, minority, and indigenous languages are repositories and means of transmission of this knowledge and the related social behaviors, practices, and innovations.
Forcing this cultural and linguistic conversion on indigenous and other traditional peoples not only violates their human rights, but also undermines the health of the world's ecosystems and the goals of nature conservation.
www.terralingua.org   (294 words)

 Bangladesh - Human Rights Congress for Bangladesh Minorities (HRCBM)
Minority Girl lynched to death ta Sreenagar, Munshiganj: A HRCBM Report
Housewives of minority families raped en masse in Bangladesh: Mukto-Mona
Minority Girl gang raped in Rupganj, Bangladesh -A HRCBM special report
www.hrcbm.org   (872 words)

 Discrimination against Indigenous and Minority Languages in Nigeria
The implication of this is that the rest languages are to founder and die.
The National Language Policy discriminates against Indigenous Peoples and ethnic minorities' languages to the point that it confers special status on the development and study of the languages of the three ethnic majority languages.
They have to be achieved in each member states, by the joint efforts of their governments and people" which includes Indigenous peoples that continue to be on the fringe of educational development in their respective countries.
www.unpo.org /article.php?id=2538   (741 words)

 World Council of Churches - 19-09-00 Workshop on women and racism in Asia
Taiwan, which has about 30 indigenous or aboriginal tribes who have lived there for over a thousand years, is an appropriate place for the meeting and for encounter with aboriginal communities both in the countryside and around the city.
Minority women are also vulnerable to other forms of violence due to poverty and lack of education, such as trafficking, sexual slavery and forced marriage.
We affirm the right of women and indigenous peoples to cultural expression, to participation in decision-making, to chart their own destiny, to liberation from the triple burden of race, class and gender, and to participate in the creation of a just, sustainable and peaceful society.
www.wcc-coe.org /wcc/what/jpc/taiwanreport.html   (960 words)

 Eesti Rahva Muuseum
The expectations of the Northern indigenous minority nations to maintain and develop their traditional life and environment, which is the basis of their existence, language, ethnic culture and self-identification, are connected with the implementation of legal acts, concerning land and natural resources.
Such territorial organisation for the traditional use of nature was conceived for the protection of the ancient life environment of the indigenous peoples of the North, for the maintenance and revival of traditional ways of life and spiritual culture of the indigenous peoples of the North.
For the indigenous peoples of the North, the traditional ways of obtaining the means of existence in modern conditions involve a number of problems — it can be the heritage from Soviet times or brought to life due to the new socio-economic situation.
www.erm.ee /?node=193   (2579 words)

 The Itsekiris Ijaws Urhobos and the political control of Warri territory   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Indigenous peoples have the right to maintain and strengthen their distinct political, economic, social and cultural characteristics, as well as their legal system while retaining their rights to participate fully, if they so choose, in the political, economic, social and cultural life of the State.
Indigenous peoples have the collective right to live in freedom, peace and security as distinct peoples and to full guarantees against genocide or any other act of violence, including the removal of indigenous children from their families and communities under any pretext.
Indigenous peoples have the right to participate fully, if they so choose, at all levels of decision-making in matters which may affect their rights, lives and destinies through representatives chosen by themselves in accordance with their own procedures, as well as to maintain and develop their own indigenous decision-making institutions.
www.nigerdeltacongress.com /iarticles/itsekiris_ijaws_urhobos_and_the.htm   (1817 words)

 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
"Indigenous peoples have achieved conservation as a result of their cosmovision; that's why respecting and learning from their cultures is fundamental," he said.
Chávez learned to respect indigenous cultures during his teenage years when, as a soul-searching young man in the throes of the late-'60s cultural revolution, he worked his way around Mexico on a self-prescribed mission to encounter people and circumstances that would help him discover his own values.
The Huichols are one of Mexico's most successful indigenous groups when it comes to preserving their traditions, partly because the rugged mountains they inhabit have blocked encroachment and Western-style development.
www.changemakers.net /journal/02february/nauman.cfm   (4835 words)

 Minority Rights Group International : Homepage : Homepage
MRG's Head of International Advocacy, Clive Baldwin, said: "MRG welcomes the fact that member states responded to the desires of minorities, for a more effective mechanism at the UN to discuss and begin to address their needs." More...
Minority Rights Group International applauds the adoption of the United Nations Declaration on Indigenous Peoples - a move that follows more than two decades of pressure from indigenous organisations worldwide.
During her official mission to France, the United Nations Independent Expert on minority issues, Ms Gay J. McDougall, found that serious discrimination is experienced by members of minority communities in France.
www.minorityrights.org   (288 words)

 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
This form of education is also called submersion education because it is accomplished by submersing the children of Indigenous and minority peoples in the culture and (official) language of the dominant society using a whole array of strategies, both subtle (carrots) and blatant (sticks), and expecting the children to sink-or-swim.
This extinction of most of the world’s indigenous languages is a direct consequence of linguicism (the unequal division of power between linguistic groups) and linguicide (the killing or murder of languages) wherein the agents involved are identifiable— the powerful economic, social, educational, political, and techno-military systems of the world.
Thus, when Indigenous parents and grandparents do not use their language with children and grandchildren, it is not generally seen as a consequence of the punishment, shame, and indoctrination they experienced as dominated peoples in schools taught through the medium of English or French.
malagigi.cddc.vt.edu /pipermail/lnc/attachments/20051109/bef46219/AndreaRevisedRationalesforImmersion-0001.doc   (2796 words)

 Foundation For Endangered Languages. Home
A major question is whether indigenous community members are able to make informed choices about the forms and functions of their schools.
Indigenous or native peoples tend to approach it from a political point of view because for them, language revitalization is counter-hegemonic; it signals the end of de-indigenization and the beginning of re-indigenization.
Finally, I think we are beginning to see a shift in who speaks about indigenous issues, with many of the authors of these papers who are themselves indigenous people speaking about their own communities.
www.ogmios.org /55.htm   (2590 words)

 Indigenous People of the Arctic - All Things Arctic
There are now approximately 4 million people in the Arctic, with the indigenous population ranging from 80 per cent in Greenland to 15 per cent in Arctic Norway and as little as 3-4 per cent in Arctic Russia.
Simultaneously, the indigenous people are blending many parts of western civilization into their lifestyle.The outcome of these impacts is still unclear but will undoubtedly have major consequences for the local and national economy, the livelihood of native people, and the environment.
In the Russian Federation, the Russian Association of Indigenous Peoples of the North, Far East and Siberia is working to link 30 indigenous minority groups and present a united voice to official, Moscow-led, governance.
www.allthingsarctic.com /people/index.aspx   (434 words)

 [No title]
Some indigenous minority communities live close to the provincial roads or villages and are likely to benefit from the project in terms of improved access to markets and new opportunities for income generation.
The largest ethnic minority groups in Cambodia include people of Vietnamese and Chinese descent, Muslim Chams and ethnic Lao, all of whom, although (b), (c), and (d) above are present, are generally not considered to be indigenous to the area where they live in Cambodia, and therefore not covered under the OD 4.20.
In the PRIP project the purpose of the Framework is to ensure culturally appropriate consultation with indigenous minorities (where present), an opportunity to participate in the project, and additional SUppolrt needed for coping with the impact of improved access.
www-wds.worldbank.org /servlet/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2003/04/25/000094946_03041604045531/Rendered/INDEX/multi0page.txt   (1655 words)

 [No title]
As disputes between states and minority communities escalate, respective positions polarise, and it becomes difficult for either side in the dispute to explore the merits of possible forms of autonomy and self-government.
The project aims at raising awareness among minority and indigenous people's communities and leaders on the use of autonomous arrangements as a means of reaching to reach a peaceful coexistence among groups within the framework of the existing state.a country.
The department "Minorities and autonomies" of the European Academy is the active partner in the project on Combating Racism, xenophobia, and discrimination against ethnic minorities and indigenous people.
www.safhr.org /Minority_brochure.doc   (1374 words)

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