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Topic: Inductive reasoning

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  Inductive reasoning - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Inductive reasoning is the complement of deductive reasoning.
Induction or inductive reasoning, sometimes called inductive logic, is the process of reasoning in which the premises of an argument support the conclusion but do not ensure it.
Inductive arguments are never binding but they may be cogent.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Inductive_reasoning   (1934 words)

 NationMaster - Encyclopedia: Inductive reasoning   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Reasoning is the act of using reason to derive a conclusion from certain premises.
An (inductive) analogy proceeds from known similarities between two things to a conclusion about an additional attribute common to both things: Analogy is either the cognitive process of transferring information from a particular subject (the analogue or source) to another particular subject (the target), or a linguistic expression corresponding to such a process.
Inductive reasoning aptitude is often counter-indicated in fields like sales where toleration is very important, because highly inductive people tend to be good at seeing faults in others.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Inductive-reasoning   (4862 words)

 Inductive reasoning aptitude - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Inductive reasoning is a measurable aptitude for how well a person can identify a pattern within a large amount of data.
Inductive reasoning is very useful for scientists, auto mechanics, system integrators, lawyers, network engineers, medical doctors, system administrators and members of all fields where substantial diagnostic or data interpretation work is needed.
Inductive reasoning aptitude is also useful for learning a graphical user interface quickly, because highly inductive people are very good at seeing others' categorization schemes.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Inductive_reasoning_aptitude   (283 words)

 [No title]
Broadly, the argument put forth for the FBI method being inductive is, since the FBI relies on data collected from interviews with serial murderers, as a foundation for developing their profiles, then their reasoning must be inductive.
The 'truth' of the conclusions reached by deductive profiling is a contingent truth; that is, it depends upon the truth, or the basis for the truth, for theories formed when the investigator first arrives on scene or during interviews.
Inductive reasoning is from the specific to the general.
www.investigativepsych.com /inductive.htm   (1011 words)

 inductive reasoning   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
It is usually contrasted with deduction, the reasoning process in which the conclusion logically follows from the premises, and in which the conclusion has to be true if the premises are true.
In inductive reasoning, on the contrary, there is no logical movement from premises to conclusion.
Inductive reasoning is used when generating hypotheses, formulating theories and discovering relationships, and is essential for scientific discovery.
www.csun.edu /~vceed002/ref/reasoning/inductive_reasoning/inductive_reasoning.html   (137 words)

 Inductive reasoning   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Induction or inductive reasoning, sometimes called inductive logic, is theprocess of reasoning in which a general rule is inferred from some set ofspecific observations.
In contrast to deductive reasoning, conclusions arrived at by inductive reasoning donot necessarily have the same validity as the initial assumptions.
Inductive arguments are never binding but they may be cogent.Inductive reasoning expresses the truth-value of its inferences in terms of probability rather than necessity.
www.therfcc.org /inductive-reasoning-8469.html   (348 words)

 Question Corner -- Deductive and Inductive Reasoning
"Inductive reasoning" (not to be confused with "mathematical induction" or and "inductive proof", which is something quite different) is the process of reasoning that a general principle is true because the special cases you've seen are true.
In summary, then: inductive reasoning is part of the discovery process whereby the observation of special cases leads one to suspect very strongly (though not know with absolute logical certainty) that some general principle is true.
The "inductive reasoning" mentioned above is nothing to do with the "principle of induction", which says that if you know something is true for the number 1, and if whenever it is true for one number it is also true for the next number, it is then true for every positive integer.
www.math.toronto.edu /mathnet/questionCorner/deductive.html   (738 words)

 Probe Answers Our E-Mail: Inductive Reasoning
Induction: The reasoning process in which generalizations, laws, or principles are formed from the observation of particular cases; reasoning that moves from the part to the whole, from the particular to the general.
From this he reasoned (inductively) that perhaps they were all related and the specific differences were due to initial variations present in the first tortoises that occupied each island.
Inductive reasoning takes the observations (facts) and reasons to a possible or general conclusion that is more tentative.
www.leaderu.com /orgs/probe/docs/e-inductive.html   (658 words)

 Inductive reasoning
Inductive reasoning, or induction, is reasoning from a specific case or cases and deriving a general rule.
Inductive arguments are always open to question as, by definition, the conclusion is a bigger bag than the evidence on which it is based.
Inductive reasoning is also called Generalizing as it takes specific instances and creates a general rule.
www.changingminds.org /disciplines/argument/types_reasoning/induction.htm   (418 words)

Deduction: reasoning from general premises, which are known or presumed to be known, to more specific, certain conclusions.
involves reasoning from known premises, or premises presumed to be true, to a certain conclusion.
Inductive reasoning is found in the courtroom, the boardroom, the classroom, and throughout the media
commfaculty.fullerton.edu /rgass/newpage22.htm   (382 words)

 Rhodes Writing Center   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Induction is the process of reasoning from the specific to the general—from particular facts or instances to arrive at general principles.
Inductive conclusions are considered reliable or unreliable, not true or false because inductive thinking is, of necessity, based only on a sampling of the facts.
An inductive conclusion is held to be reliable or unreliable in relation to the quantity and quality of the evidence.
www.rhodes.edu /writingcenter/group_b/inductive_reasoning.html   (222 words)

 Inductive reasoning : Inductive logic
Inductive reasoning is the process of reasoning from the specific to the general.
Inductive logic expresses the truth-value of its inferences in terms of probability rather than necessity.
The nature of inductive reasoning, with examples, is discussed further at cogency.
www.fastload.org /in/Inductive_logic.html   (335 words)

 Pharmacy Times: Of White Swans, Bigfoot, and Drug Interactions
Inductive reasoning is useful, but it also can be abused, especially when people use it to come to firm conclusions based on a limited number of observations.
Nevertheless, inductive reasoning can be useful as a guide to making decisions (as opposed to divining "the truth") if the number of observations is high enough.
Inductive reasoning based on personal clinical experience has serious limitations as a guide to the clinical importance of most drug-drug interactions.
www.pharmacytimes.com /article.cfm?ID=1889   (797 words)

Inductive reasoning is the development of a theory or a conclusion after consideration of several empirical observations.
Inductive reasoning is based on, or characterized by induction; using a method of induction.
Deductive means of or pertaining to deduction; of the nature of or characterized by deduction; reasoning from the general to the particular.
sociologyindex.com /inductive_reasoning.htm   (79 words)

 Inductive Reasoning
Unlike deductive reasoning which derives its conclusion by reasoning from the major (i.e., general) premise to the minor (i.e., particular) premise, inductive reasoning reaches its conclusion in just the opposite manner.
Inductive reasoning works by asserting a series of minor (i.e., particular) premises to support the conclusion, a major (i.e., general or universal) premise.
However, the problem in this example is not with the inductive reasoning that was used; it is with the limited number of cases that were examined.
www.samford.edu /schools/netlaw/dh2/logic/inductive.htm   (596 words)

 Research - InfoSearchPoint.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Induction or inductive reasoning, sometimes called inductive logic, is the process of reasoning in which a general rule is inferred from some set of specific observations.
For every action, there is an equal and opposite re-action Some philosophers consider the term "inductive logic" a misnomer because the validity of inductive reasoning is not dependent on the rules of formal logic which is by definition only deductive, not inductive.
In contrast to inductive reasoning, the conclusions of deductive reasoning are as valid as the initial assumption.
www.infosearchpoint.com /display/Research   (720 words)

 What Is Inductive Bible Study?
Inductive Bible Study involves the use of inductive reasoning to study the Bible.
The inductive method says that one will study, observe, and gather evidence (the specific part) on whatever topic and then draw conclusions(the general part) based on the observations.
By using inductive reasoning with the same passage, we would take the whole context of the passage.
www.geocities.com /Heartland/Valley/6135/inductive2.htm   (567 words)

 Deduction & Induction
Inductive reasoning works the other way, moving from specific observations to broader generalizations and theories.
In inductive reasoning, we begin with specific observations and measures, begin to detect patterns and regularities, formulate some tentative hypotheses that we can explore, and finally end up developing some general conclusions or theories.
Inductive reasoning, by its very nature, is more open-ended and exploratory, especially at the beginning.
www.socialresearchmethods.net /kb/dedind.htm   (350 words)

 Inductive Solutions, Inc. - INDUCE-IT Case Based Reasoning
Case-based reasoning is appropriate for applications that require the representation and storage of actual experiences.
Case-based reasoning retrieves and adapts cases from a case database, based on the similarity of past cases to a goal problem case.
Case-based reasoning is inductive (based on measuring case similarity), rather than deductive (based on logic and consistency).
www.inductive.com /softcase.htm   (1042 words)

 SparkNotes: Inductive and Deductive Reasoning: Inductive Reasoning
Inductive reasoning is the process of arriving at a conclusion based on a set of observations.
Inductive reasoning is used in geometry in a similar way.
The observer could inductively reason that in all rectangles, the diagonals are congruent.
www.sparknotes.com /math/geometry3/inductiveanddeductivereasoning/section1.html   (440 words)

In the inductive example, the nature of the situation and the use of the indicator word probably in the conclusion show that the author's intent cannot be to prove beyond a shadow of a doubt that there are no hummingbirds in the forest.
Suppose we also had a reasonable assurance that the barrel was not tampered with, the authoritative testimony of a microbiologist, and appeals to independent inductions as to the nature of spoilage in a barrel like this.
You are inductively reasoning that, given your past experience, it is unlikely that someone has tricked you at this moment by replacing a normal chair with a fake chair.
www.hcc.hawaii.edu /~pine/Book2/chap3EL.htm   (14665 words)

 What is Inductive Bible Study
Indeed we may reasonably define it as the operation of the mind of Christ in us, by which through this system we infer from that which is known true (the Word of God), upon that which to us is an unknown (what the scripture means), to come to sound conclusions.
Inductive Bible study is superior to deductive study in that (unlike deductive) there is no hypothesizing, supposition, or assuming, and no inference by reasoning from the general to the specific.
That is inductive reasoning where the truth of interpretation is induced by the Biblical facts of the old and new testament scriptures.
members.aol.com /twarren17/inductive.html   (3039 words)

 Epinions.com - Deductive vs. Inductive Reasoning
Deductive reasoning is "deductive" because you make a point and use your writing to prove, or deduce, that point.
Inductive reasoning is different, as you first start by laying out some key facts, then delay tying them up together until the very end.
Also, by its very nature, an inductive essay can have surprises; you may even want to interject some humor here and there, which would not be so nice in a deductive essay because the thesis and your points give the humor away beforehand.
www.epinions.com /user-review-7878-86D6178-397D025C-prod1   (1181 words)

 Inductive Reasoning   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
The classical example used to illustrate inductive reasoning is the "fact" that all human beings are mortal.
However, through inductive reasoning, we can conclude that there is an extremely high probability that all human beings are mortal.
The weakness with inductive reasoning, then, is that it relies on partial knowledge to draw conclusions about "truth".
www.blairchiropracticsoc.org /Class%202.htm   (782 words)

 Inductive Reasoning in Philosophy   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
(Not all empirical conclusions are literally inductive: at the least, the axioms of existence, identity, and causality are based in fact, but they are the basis of induction, not derived from it).
Rand's approach to reasoning is not "purely inductive." But induction is essential to it and induction enters her philosophy in every argument.
Her full philosophy is a system of inductive generalizations and deductive connections.
www.objectivistcenter.org /cth--1260-Inductive_Reasoning_in_Philosophy.aspx   (405 words)

 selling waves: I Proved all Odds are Prime - with Inductive Reasoning
Now, the concept of inductive reasoning is pretty straightforward, as it is basically a natural extension of how we view the world.
Basically, when you're reasoning inductively, you're observing that a lot of things in a certain class of things have a particular characteristic and then concluding that all things in that class must have that characteristic.
It is because most of its conclusions are based on this sort of inductive reasoning that physics is constantly being revised; as better methods of observation are made possible by technological advances, physicists are able to observe phenomena that were inaccessible to their predecessors and therefore are not covered in the old theories.
www.sellingwaves.com /archives/2003/11/03/i_proved_all_odds_are_prime_with_inductive_reasoning/index.html   (1401 words)

 Inductive Logic
Similarly, in a good inductive argument the premises should provide some degree of support for the conclusion, where such support means that the truth of the premises indicates with some degree of strength that the conclusion is true.
The point is that a full account of inductive logic should not be limited to enumerative induction, but should also explicate the logic of hypothetical reasoning through which hypotheses and theories are tested on the basis of their predictions about specific observations.
The idea was that the likelihoods might reasonably be specified in terms of logical form; so if logical form might be made to determine the values of prior probabilities as well, then inductive logic would be fully “formal” in the same way that deductive logic is formal.
plato.stanford.edu /entries/logic-inductive   (12753 words)

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