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Topic: Industrial biotechnology

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  Biotechnology - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Biotechnology is technology based on biology, especially when used in agriculture, food science, and medicine.
Biotechnology is also used to recycle, treat waste, clean up sites contaminated by industrial activities (bioremediation), and produce biological weapons.
Modern biotechnology is often associated with the use of genetically altered microorganisms such as E.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Biotechnology   (678 words)

 Environmental and Industrial Biotechnology in Developing Countries
The target areas for industrial biotechnologies can be seen as falling into three main categories: industrial supplies (biochemicals, enzymes and reagents for industrial and food processing); environmental (pollution diagnostics, products for pollution prevention and bioremediation); and energy (fuels from renewable resources).
Industrial processing refers to chemicals, pulp and paper, textiles and leather, while environmental applications relate mostly to the effects of the metal and mineral industries.
One factor that should be remembered is that often "dirty" industrial processes arise from the tendency of foreign investors to engage in ventures with high yields in the short term so as to avoid economic and political volatility (Newell, 2001).
www.ejbiotechnology.info /content/vol4/issue3/issues/03   (2248 words)

 Biotechnology - Open Encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-29)
One section of biotechnology is the directed use of organisms by humans for production (beer, milk-products, skin).
Although biotechnology is publicly associated with cloning and genetic engineering, the goal of biotechnology is to advance the tools of medicine and solve problems related to the production of biologically derived products, not the whimsical manipulation of life.
Today, biotechnology, or modern biotechnology, is often associated to the use of genetically altered microorganisms such as E. coli or yeast for producing substances like insulin or antibiotics.
open-encyclopedia.com /Biotechnology   (564 words)

 Industrial biotechnology   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-29)
Industrial biotechnology (also known as white biotechnology) is the practice of using cells to generate industrially -useful product s.
Biotechnology at Iowa State University Research, educational, industrial and bioethics resources.
Biotechnology for the 21st Century: New Horizons 1995 report by the Biotechnology Research Subcommittee of the (U.S.) National Science and Technology Council describes major areas of biotechnology application and identifies research priorities in the field.
www.serebella.com /encyclopedia/article-Industrial_biotechnology.html   (429 words)

 BioMatNet Item: Publications - Belgium - Industrial Biotechnology and Sustainable Chemistry
Also, industrial biotechnology may contribute significantly to the future of European agriculture, and as such is very relevant for the sustainable development of our society.
Also, efforts to increase the public's awareness about industrial biotechnology are needed, with the added benefit that this is likely to improve the public's perception of biotechnology as a whole, in view of the clear link between industrial biotechnology and the sustainable development of our society.
The use of biotechnology and renewable raw materials as an alternative for conventional chemistry based on fossil resources is only one aspect within the broad concept of sustainable chemistry, in which the numerous interactions between the ecosphere (nature as the supplier of raw materials and energy).
www.biomatnet.org /secure/Other/F1792.htm   (1183 words)

 Industrial biotechnology -- Facts, Info, and Encyclopedia article   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-29)
The Economist also suggested it might enable (additional info and facts about economies) economies to become less dependent on (Fuel consisting of the remains of organisms preserved in rocks in the earth's crust with high carbon and hydrogen content) fossil fuels.
A significant problem in (additional info and facts about industrial biotechnology) industrial biotechnology is waste production.
A cell may be used to generate desirable (A heavy odorless colorless gas formed during respiration and by the decomposition of organic substances; absorbed from the air by plants in photosynthesis) carbon dioxide, other cells, and other molecules.
www.absoluteastronomy.com /encyclopedia/i/in/industrial_biotechnology.htm   (247 words)

 Report Finds Industrial Biotechnology is Sparking a New and Cleaner Industrial Revolution
For instance, if an industrial biotechnology process is used to bleach paper pulp it can reduce the amount of chlorine chemicals used during production by 10 to 15 percent, and, if used industry-wide, it can reduce bleaching-related energy uses by 40 percent.
Industrial biotechnology -- the use of genetically enhanced microorganisms (GEMs) and enzymes -- offers a new cost-effective way to prevent the creation of pollution in the first place.
The report discusses the evolution of industrial biotechnology, pollution prevention policy and the increasing potential for industrial biotechnology to offer new and revolutionary ways to foster sustainable economic development, as well as possible environmental policy changes that can enhance the adoption of this technology.
www.prnewswire.com /cgi-bin/stories.pl?ACCT=104&STORY=/www/story/06-03-2004/0002186655&EDATE=   (765 words)

 Read about Biotechnology at WorldVillage Encyclopedia. Research Biotechnology and learn about Biotechnology here!   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-29)
Biotechnology is any technological application that uses biological systems, living organisms, or derivatives thereof, to make or modify products or processes for specific use.
bacteria are utilized by the mining industry in bioleaching.
Curiously, "biotechnology companies" need not employ "biotechnology" as it is defined by scientists or the UN.
encyclopedia.worldvillage.com /s/b/Biotechnology   (462 words)

At a hearing on industrial biotechnology where the other witnesses are important figures at some of the companies that are leading the revolution in the biotechnology industry, it may be useful for me to first present the subcommittee with an overview of the Center for Advanced Research in Biotechnology (CARB).
A second goal is to foster advancement of local and national biotechnology industry through collaboration and cooperation with visiting scientists, and by cultivating a basic research environment that is beneficial to industry.
At this stage, the biotechnology industry is in desperate need of experimental tools, models and data on the enzymes involved in these pathways, and their transformations, to allow the field to mature from an empirical-oriented endeavor to a knowledge-based, engineering-like discipline.
www.house.gov /science/eisenstein_09-17.htm   (1552 words)

 Ethical and Ecological Aspects of Industrial Property Rights in the Context of Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology - ...
Where genetic engineering and biotechnology in food crops of developing countries is concerned this category of risks is not of importance, as the farmers who grow food crops are not in danger of being threatened by genetically engineered substitutes for their crops.
If genetic engineering and biotechnology were oriented to a greater extent on the needs of the poor people in the developing countries, particularly on those of smallhold farmers, they could become indispensable to the whole development effort.
Biotechnology is "the integrated application of biochemistry, microbiology and process technology with the objective of turning to technical use the potential of micro-organisms and cell and tissue cultures as well as parts thereof".
www.syngentafoundation.com /genetic_engineering_biotechnology.htm   (9205 words)

 Careers in industrial microbiology and biotechnology   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-29)
Industrial microbiology or microbial biotechnology is the application of scientific and engineering principles to the processing of materials by microorganisms (such as bacteria, fungi, algae, protozoa and viruses) or plant and animal cells to create useful products or processes.
Industrial microbiology also deals with products associated with the food and dairy industries, with the prevention of deterioration of processed or manufactured goods and with waste disposal systems.
Industrial applications of enzymes include the production of cheese, the clarification of apple juice, the development of more efficient laundry detergents, pulp and paper production and the treatment of sewage.
www.simhq.org /html/careersIndustrial.html   (1547 words)

 BioMatNet Item: Publications - Industrial (White) Biotechnology
Industrial (or white) biotechnology, the use of biotecinology in industrial processes, is a subject that rapidly gains priority in the agendas of industry, politics, academia and NGOs.
Industrial biotechnology, also known as white or environmental biotechnology is the application of nature's toolset to the production of bio-based chemicals, materials and fuels.
Europe has considerable assets in the field of industrial biotechnology: for instance 70% of the world enzyme industry is European and a high level of knowledge in the field of food tecnnoloqy and fine chemistry is located in Europe.
www.biomatnet.org /secure/Other/S1780.htm   (1058 words)

 [No title]
Industrial biotechnology applies the techniques of modern molecular biology to improve the efficiency and reduce the environmental impacts of processes in industries like grain, cleaning, textiles, paper and pulp and specialty chemicals.
Industrial biotechnology companies develop biocatalysts, such as enzymes, to be used in chemical synthesis.
Biotechnology can also produce genetically engineered cotton that has the texture of cotton, but is warmer and has increased strength, improved dye uptake and retention, enhanced absorbency and wrinkle- and shrink-resistance.
www.d230.org /cs/ritchey/Biotechnology/industry.htm   (1480 words)

 Industrial Biotechnology   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-29)
Biotechnology is one of the leading industries that is expected to propel our economy into the 21st Century.
Biotechnology and industrial biotechnology, in particular, may provide powerful new alternatives to the traditional practices of the past.
CARB is the collaborative research center of the University of Maryland Biotechnology Institute and the National Institute of Standards and Technology devoted to solving fundamental problems in biotechnology with special emphasis on theoretical and experimental approaches to the structure and function of biological macromolecules.
commdocs.house.gov /committees/science/hsy260170.000/hsy260170_0.htm   (8530 words)

 Encyclopedia: Biotechnology
Millennium Pharmaceuticals is a biotechnology company based in the Boston,Massachusetts area of the United States of America.
An intein is a segment of a protein that is able to excise itself and rejoin the remaining portions (the exteins) with a peptide bond.
This article or section should be merged with Bionics (engineering) Biomimetics (also known as bionics and biognosis) is the application of methods and systems found in nature to modern technology.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Biotechnology   (3835 words)

 Industrial Biotechnology
Industrial Biotechnology is the only journal to cover all areas of bioresearch for industrial commercial applications, bridging early-stage RandD with commercialization in order to advance sustainable, cost- and eco-efficient production of chemicals, materials, consumer goods, and alternative energy sources.
Industrial Biotechnology Reviews should be balanced, to focus beyond the research, product, or platform of a single company or laboratory and instead contextualize other technologies/discoveries in the particular area being reviewed (e.g., reviewers should indicate competitor products/platforms in discussions and/or tables or lists).
Industrial Biotechnology publishes, in excerpt or whole, important industry, government, or institute reports from international sources on science and market trends and opportunities.
www.liebertpub.com /manuscript.aspx?pub_id=140   (2153 words)

 Biotechnology:Topic   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-29)
Biotechnology is having an increasingly important impact on a number of sectors and disciplines.
The OECD Working Party on Biotechnology will review what could best be done to advance the efficiency, utility and use of genomic knowledge for the delivery of safer medicinal products and better health.
This free booklet describes how biotechnology and genomics science can be used to fight neglected infectious diseases as well as reviewing the challenges facing governments to overcome market failure in supply of products.
www.oecd.org /topic/0,2686,en_2649_37437_1_1_1_1_37437,00.html   (763 words)

Biotechnology, will be one of the driving forces in tomorrow's economy.
Industrial Platforms are technology-driven industrial groupings established on the initiative of industry around Biotechnology RTD areas.
Since the first Industrial Platform was created at the onset of the BRIDGE programme (1990-1993), its value has been recognised: participation from industry in the Biotechnology programme has increased significantly and the number of platforms has risen to 14.
europa.eu.int /comm/dg12/biotech/ip1.html   (266 words)

 Industrial biotechnology - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
An example would be that of industries growing fungus to produce anitbiotics, e.g.
A significant problem in industrial biotechnology is waste production.
A cell may be used to generate desirable carbon dioxide, other cells, and other molecules.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Industrial_biotechnology   (207 words)

 SUBCOMMITTEE ON TECHNOLOGY   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-29)
Industrial biotechnology can be defined as the use of modern biological life sciences in process industries.
Industrial biotechnology has applications in the chemicals, food processing, cleaning and textiles industries, to name a few.
Industrial biotechnology may also play an important role in reducing emissions and increasing efficiencies in the industrial manufacturing process.
www.house.gov /science/charter_tech_09-17.htm   (330 words)

 Bio-2--Careers in Biotechnology
A high school guidance or career counselor, the admissions office of a college or university, the personnel office of a biotechnology industry, and career handbooks found in the reference section of the local library can be used to determine the specific educational requirements for a chosen career.
Biotechnology's impact on human health, the food industry, and the other areas discussed in this brochure means that everyone will have to make decisions about the use of biotechnology products.
Biotechnology can also be used to improve the enzymes and microorganisms used in the treatment of wastewater to make the process cheaper and more efficient.
www.biotech.iastate.edu /biotech_info_series/bio2.html   (2665 words)

 McKinsey & Company - Industrial Biotechnology: Turning the Potential Into Profits
In contrast to earlier attempts to use biotechnology broadly for industrial production, the odds that it will deliver on its promise this time are high - the underlying technologies have become tremendously powerful and the need for action is more urgent than ever.
The challenges faced by companies, and the questions that they must answer if they are to capture the potential of industrial biotechnology vary according to the stage of biotech development and the business model they use.
Due to the novelty of biotechnology and the uncertainties involved, classical project approaches that rely on fact-based analyses alone are just as inadequate as management decisions based on gut feelings.
www.mckinsey.com /clientservice/chemicals/potentialprofit.asp   (1858 words)

 Truth About Trade & Technology - Industrial Biotechnology Gaining Speed, Has Many Applications   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-29)
Industrial biotechnology is starting to attract attention but still remains complex and little known, according to a report from the Biotechnology Industry Organization (BIO).
Industrial applications of biotechnology could reduce water pollution and use while conserving energy, producing clean fuels and reducing greenhouse gases, according to an assessment by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) cited in the report.
There have also been efforts outside the government to promote biotechnology, the report said, including the idea that industrial biotechnology is a “a sustainable development industry," according to one source.
www.truthabouttrade.org /article.asp?id=4209   (823 words)

Advances in agricultural, pharmaceutical and industrial biotechnology are resulting in improved crop yields, healthier food products, new and more effective medicines, and next generation materials derived from renewable resources.
Industrial biotechnology, in the early stages of development, holds the promise of new approaches to pollution prevention and resource conservation, and could reduce the world’s dependence on hydrocarbons.
Dow is active in several promising areas of agricultural, pharmaceutical and industrial biotechnology.
www.dow.com /commitments/debates/biotech   (276 words)

 Westfalia Separator Industry - Industrial Biotechnology   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-29)
The importance of biotechnology is comparable to that of microelectronics and computer technology.
It will probably play a role similar to that played by the chemical industry for the industrial development of the 20th century.
In the pharmaceutical industry, yeast is an important raw material supplier which is used for developing a wide range of pharmaceutical products such as inosin, adenin and insulin.
www.westfalia-separator.com /en/products/industry_ind_biotech.htm   (651 words)

 Biotechnology Industry Organization Announces the First Annual Industrial Biotechnology Analyst and Investor Briefing
WASHINGTON, Dec. 16 /PRNewswire/ -- The Biotechnology Industry Organization (BIO) is pleased to announce the First Annual Industrial Biotechnology Analyst and Investor Briefing to be held January 23, 2003 in New York City.
The briefing is a half-day educational event, entitled "The Third Wave of Biotechnology," and will focus solely on industrial biotechnology and emphasize the progress this sector has made and the growing industrial enzyme, bioenergy and biobased materials markets, which are rapidly transforming multiple products and industries.
About BIO The Biotechnology Industry Organization (BIO) represents more than 1,000 biotechnology companies, academic institutions, state biotechnology centers and related organizations in all 50 U.S. states and 33 other nations.
www.prnewswire.com /cgi-bin/stories.pl?ACCT=104&STORY=/www/story/12-16-2002/0001858767&EDATE=   (434 words)

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