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Topic: Industrial unionism

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  Industrial unionism - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Industrial unionism is a labor union organizing method through which all workers in the same industry are organized into the same union -- regardless of skill or trade -- thus giving workers in one industry, or in all industries, more leverage in bargaining and in strike situations.
Industrial unionism contrasts with craft unionism, which organizes workers along lines of their specific trades, even if leads to multiple union locals (with different contracts) in the same workplace.
Verity Burgmann asserts in Revolutionary industrial unionism that the IWW in Australia provided an alternate form of labour organising, to be contrasted with the Laborism of the Australian Labor Party and the Bolshevik Communism of the Communist Party of Australia.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Industrial_unionism   (413 words)

 Craft unionism - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
It contrasts with industrial unionism, in which all workers in the same industry are organized into the same union, regardless of differences in skill.
Craft unionism is perhaps best exemplified by many of the construction unions that formed the backbone of the old American Federation of Labor (which later merged with the industrial unions of the Congress of Industrial Organizations to form the AFL-CIO).
Craft unionism has not, however, disappeared: it is still the norm in the airline industry, survives despite much upheaval in the construction industry, and even appears, in very muted form, in some mass production industries, such as automobile manufacturing, where skilled trades employees have pressed their own agendas within the union.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Craft_unionism   (1464 words)

 1913: Industrial Unionism
Industrial Unionism, free from optical illusions, is clear upon the goal the substitution of the political State with the Industrial Government.
The Industrial Union hearkens to the command of social evolution to cast the nation, and, with the nation, its government, in a mold different from the mold in which class rule casts nations and existing governments.
Accordingly, the Industrial Union is at once the battering ram with which to pound down the fortress of Capitalism, and the successor of the capitalist social structure itself.
www.marxists.org /archive/deleon/works/1913/130120.htm   (811 words)

 Industrial Unionism   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
An industrial union is one which, for organizational purposes, includes all workers in a particular industry (eg, steel, automobile, textile) regardless of whether they are skilled or unskilled.
The first significant attempt to organize on an industrial basis was undertaken in the 1880s by the KNIGHTS OF LABOR, which advocated unity of the producing classes and opposed employer fllists and discrimination.
The difficult task of organizing the bulk of the industrial labour force was not accomplished in Canada until WWII by the Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO), in co-operation with its Canadian counterpar, the CANADIAN CONGRESS OF LABOUR (CCL).
www.thecanadianencyclopedia.com /PrinterFriendly.cfm?ArticleId=A0003990   (391 words)

 Hoxie, Trade Unionism in the United States: Library of Economics and Liberty
Though unionism itself is so pragmatic and therefore so protean as to warrant the rejection of all attempts to characterize and judge it as a whole, it has seemingly developed along certain fairly distinct general lines giving rise thus to types sufficiently definite to allow of legitimate generalization in regard to them.
This variety of unionism is one in which the constituent craft or amalgamated craft unions retain their individual sovereignty, yet appear and act as a single organization with respect to designated affairs of common interest.
Uplift unionism varies greatly in degree of inclusiveness and in form of government, but the tendency seems to be toward the greatest practicable degree of mutuality and democracy.
www.econlib.org /LIBRARY/Essays/JPE/hxTUUS1.html   (4096 words)

 Concession Bargaining and the Decline of Industrial Unionism in the 1980s by Kim Moody; From Kim Moody, An lniury to ...
Concession Bargaining and the Decline of Industrial Unionism in the 1980s    by  Kim Moody;  From Kim Moody, An lniury to All: The Decline of Industrial Unionism (London: Verso, 1988) pp.
In these industries, the specific problem was the growth of a nonunion, substandard sector within an industry that had become competitive in the domestic market.
Industrial unionism was egalitarian in that all workers performing similar work received the same package of wages and benefit standardized through the mechanism of pattern bargaining....
www.niu.edu /~td0raf1/history261/nov2615.htm   (6531 words)

 Apr 21 -- Henry C.K. Liu -- [M-L L] Re: How do we defeat the reformist ideology ? (reply to Keithand George)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Trade Unionism struggles for the welfare of the members of a guild and is antagonistic to labor in general.
Industrial Unionism, since the advent of globalization, has been unable and unwilling to shift its traditional universal struggle on behalf of all labor in the domestic arena to an universal struggle on behalf of global labor.
Relying on industrial and post industrial workers for waging the revolution is bound to end in disappointment, for their revolutionary zeal declines directly in proportion to concessions from management.
www.leninism.org /stream/99/mll/0421-2-henliu.asp   (1981 words)

Another tendency leading towards industrial unionism was part of the movement for nationalization of industry which the unions indorsed after the war.
Necessarily restricted, the I. attack against the A. of L. unions stressed, first, that the industrial unionism of the A. of L. was a sham and not a genuine variety, and second, that the A. of L. did not carry on the class struggle.
In the early days of the Industrial Workers of the World, the socialists were able to induce the organization to include a political clause in its preamble which called upon the unions to carry on the fight in the political as well as in the economic field.
www.weisbord.org /conquest15.htm   (8630 words)

 Monthly Review: Crisis economy: born-again labor movement?
The transformation of the industrial economy in the early decades of the twentieth century virtually destroyed the craft unionism that had been the principal basis of the American labor movement.
The triumph of industrial unionism in the late 1930s and 1940s was made possible by specific developments in American capitalism.
Industrial specialization concentrated large numbers of workers from particular industries around large industrial cities--auto workers in Detroit, St. Louis, and Cleveland; rubber workers in Akron; steel workers in Pittsburgh and Chicago.
www.findarticles.com /p/articles/mi_m1132/is_v35/ai_3153390   (1406 words)

 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
To understand changing industrial relations systems it is important to consider it as a system of multiple social actors, who interpret, act and interact with other actors in accordance with their position, strategic outlook and perception of the concrete situation.
The industrial relations laws regulating collective bargaining between trade unions and employers and their federations were tightened until the 1980s, providing for an enterprise regime, where management prerogatives prevailed and an elaborated system of compulsory conciliation and arbitration was developed, based on employment legislation and registered collective agreements.
The turnaround of the industry and the economy in 1999 was caused by several factors in sequence or combination: the early crisis management led by finance minister, Anwar Ibrahim; the controversial currency and capital control policy, led by the prime minister Mahathir Mohamad and his chief economic adviser, Daim Zainuddin.
iisg.nl /~clara/publicat/clara12.doc   (12427 words)

 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The old unionism is organised on the basis of the identity of interests of the capitalist and working classes.
In the Industrial Workers you are co-related to all other workers in the plant, and thus you develop the embryonic structure of the co-operative commonwealth.
The working class consists of a mass of human beings, men, women, and children, in enforced competition with one another, in all of the circling hours of day and night, for the sale of their labor power, and in the severity of the competition the wage sinks gradually until it touches the point of subsistence.
www.cat.org.au /aprop/indus.txt   (5597 words)

 William Z. Foster, Bankruptcy, 1922
Dual unionism is a malignant disease that sickens and devitalizes the whole labor movement.
The I. is a monument to the folly of dual unionism.
Its general attitude was to favor industrial unionism, but not to tell its members how to achieve this form of organization, whether through the development of the old unions or the establishment of new ones.
www.marxists.org /archive/foster/1922/ch03.htm   (4118 words)

 The Industrial Workers of the World in Aotearoa - Aotearoa / Pacific islands History of anarchism - Anarkismo   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Although there are differences between Industrial Unionism and Syndicalism the terms are for all practical purposes interchangeable.
Industrial Unionism wasn't new to this country and has its origins in South Canterbury, with the formation of the shearers unions in the 1880's.
The industrial unions were seen as the building blocks for a future co-operative society.
www.anarkismo.net /newswire.php?story_id=184&print_page=true   (2914 words)

 The Negro and Industrial Unionism
Before the outbreak of the warfare between the industrial and the craft unions, the position of the Negro in organized labor had reached a desperate state.
Unlike craft unionism which seeks to organize laborers according to the process in which they are engaged, industrial unionism organize the workers according to the product manufactured.
In its very essence, then, industrial unionism denies segregation and it is for this reason that leading Negro Labor men favor it.
www.nathanielturner.com /negroandindustrialunionism.htm   (986 words)

 Establishment of industrial unionism (from organized labour) --  Encyclopædia Britannica   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Breakup of the postwar settlement: Inflation, neocorporatism, and restructuring
Convinced that social revolution could be accomplished only by class-conscious industrial workers, the group's founders broke with the Narodnaya Volya and devoted themselves to translating works by Marx and Engels and to writing their own works...
Examples of the types of issues regulated by labor and industrial law are: hours of labor, child labor, minimum wage, workers' compensation, unemployment insurance, worker safety and health, disability compensation, the rights of collective bargaining...
www.britannica.com /eb/article-66944?tocId=66944   (922 words)

 Bisbee Deportation: Industrial Unionism, Exhibit 131   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
It is a "unionism" that may have been good enough in its day, when learning a trade was necessary and the vast majority of the workers were required to be craftsmen.
All the local industrial unions of a given general industry are banded together in the National Industrial Union.
Industrial Unionists disdain to lower the history and ideals of the working class by entering into contracts or agreements with employers whereby the conditions that are generally forced by the stronger economic power are made a basis for any stated period.
digital.library.arizona.edu /bisbee/docs/131.php   (3494 words)

 PACKINGHOUSE WORKERS RETURNED TO THE JUNGLE   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
By industrial unionism we mean establishing national goals, bargaining on a national basis, defending national standards reached at the bargaining table, establishing Master Agreements, involving the rank-and-file via national chains and a National Packinghouse Committee, and finally engaging in a national strategy of striving for mutual objectives and protection.
Anderson was a staunch defender of industrial unionism and throughout his 10 years as UFCW Packinghouse Director was constantly under siege by both the industry's employers and the UFCW International leadership who embraced local by local union bargaining.
IBP is one of the largest employers in the industry and the Dakota City plant one of the largest plants in the industry, right across the Missouri River from the struck Morrell plant in Sioux City and 70 miles from the struck Sioux Falls Morrell plant.
www.reapinc.org /Briefing_Papers/Packinghouse_Workers(BP6).htm   (4898 words)

 Readers Speak Out on Teachers and Unions - Vol 13 No 1 - Rethinking Schools Online
The proponents of the "new teacher unionism" speak to teachers' continuing desire to work in schools that tap their knowledge and judgment, to participate in decision-making that, despite collective bargaining, has remained beyond their reach.
But the "new teacher unionism," like the management-labor collaboration in private industry that it imitates, proposes to cede important protections, like seniority, for no real power in deciding the most fundamental aspects of school life.
New unionism, in either its mainstream or "social justice" versions, works as a brake on progressive goals for education and social justice.
www.rethinkingschools.org /archive/13_01/letters.shtml   (840 words)

 | Reviews / Comptes Rendus | Labour/Le Travail, 52 | The History Cooperative
Unlike earlier studies that paid close attention to the institutional rise of industrial unionism, or the more recent literature dedicated to local working-class communities, Rose focuses on the shop-floor relations of a single workplace: the Duquesne Works of US Steel, located South of Pittsburgh in the Monongahela River Valley.
In their formulation of the "radical and localized activity of workers early in the depression," (5) Lynd and others have argued that a spontaneous upsurge of working-class militancy (or "community unionism") was suppressed by the nationally organized CIO.
There is, as Rose points out, a tendency to let the recent failures of industrial unionism and labour law shape our view of the rise of industrial unionism during the 1930s.
www.historycooperative.org /journals/llt/52/br_19.html   (1045 words)

 Education Next: The knowledge guild: teachers will learn that industrial-style unionism and genuine professionalism ...
Second, the unions that bargain these terms are modeled not on professional associations, but on the industrial unions of the early and mid-20th century.
The right model for the teacher unions is the medieval craftsman guilds, the hallmarks of which were professional ability and demonstrated accomplishment.
Ford's workforce was made up of internal migrants (from the countryside to the city) and immigrants from overseas, workers who were neither skilled nor socialized to the emerging industrial era.
www.findarticles.com /p/articles/mi_m0MJG/is_1_4/ai_111734751   (1414 words)

 CIO and Industrial Unionism in America   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The industrial unions organized by the CIO profoundly affected the conduct of the American business community; no longer could decisions affecting millions of American workers be made unilaterally by corporate officials.
The CIO’s campaign in the steel industry is exceptionally well documented, including several thousands of pages of records for the Steel Workers’ Organizing Committee (SWOC), which in large part was financed by the UMWA and which recruited many of its chief organizers from the ranks of the mine workers’ union.
This latter topic is treated in extensive detail, with rich material on the UMWA’s negotiations toward reaffiliation with the older federation in 1946 and Lewis’s subsequent disaffiliation with the AFL in the wake of the federation’s refusal to follow his advice to ignore the anticommunist provisions of the Taft-Hartley Act.
www.lexis-nexis.com /academic/2upa/Al/CIOIndustrialUnionism.asp   (2435 words)

 The IWW
THE INDUSTRIAL Workers of the World (IWW) was one of the first labor organizations in the U.S. to fight for industrial unionism.
They were responding to a crying need in the labor movement--the need to organize the massive and expanding industrial working class across barriers of skill, ethnicity, and race.
Nevertheless, the IWW represented an important step both in the fight for industrial unionism and in the struggle against the conservatism of the Socialist Party of the AFL.
www.socialistworker.org /2004-2/500Supp/500S_198909_IWW.shtml   (1701 words)

 Diagram from syndicalist booklet 'Industrial Unionism', 1920s   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
This diagram is taken from a syndicalist pamphlet entitled 'Industrial Unionism' by T. Smith.
The pamphlet 's author, T. Smith, was general secretary of the Industrial Workers of Great Britain (IWGB), a syndicalist group who believed that all workers should organise as a single class to take possession and control of the machinery of production and abolish the wage system.
The IWGB were patterned after the original Industrial Workers of the World founded at Chicago in 1905.
sites.scran.ac.uk /redclyde/redclyde/rc048.htm   (128 words)

 Greenwood Publishing Group I1   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
This study analyzes the critical factors that have shaped the character of trade unionism in the Commonwealth Caribbean, as well as the major challenges that currently confront trade union practice.
Particular emphasis is placed on the sociological foundations of labor law and the role of the state, in addition to the shape and contours of future industrial relations practice in the region.
This work compels a rethinking of some important questions in industrial relations, including the character and ideological orientation of Caribbean unions, the nature of and fundamental reasons for state involvement in industrial relations and how the future of industrial relations practice may be shaped.
info.greenwood.com /books/0313283/031328380x.html   (273 words)

 IWW - B&R Why Industrial Unionism?   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
In the IWW we have taken the principle of Industrial Unionism and developed it, as far as possible, into a scientific tool for organisation.
Our belief is that all workers in the same industry should be in the same industrial union and that all industrial unions should unite in the IWW into One Big Union of the entire working class.
A centralised union with few real democratic controls, which is not industrial as it now intends to recruit in the private sector in competition with the likes of the MSF (in the computing industry) and BIFU (in banking and insurance, now Unifi).
www.iww.org.uk /br/br2whyind.html   (1287 words)

 Socialist Industrial Unionism   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Although an army is a military power, it is dependent on the industries, hence on the workers who operate the industries.
Our industries, their ownership, and how they are run are far more important to our lives and welfare than any other aspect of our existence.
The industries will be administered democratically from bottom to top by representatives elected directly by the workers in each industry and subject to their control.
www.slp.org /siu_ism.htm   (2066 words)

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