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Topic: Infectious

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  Infectious Diseases - Encyclopedia.WorldSearch   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
In medicine, infectious disease or communicable disease is disease caused by a biological agent (e.g.
One way of proving that a given disease is "infectious", is to satisfy Koch's postulates (Robert Koch), which demand that the infectious agent is identified in patients and not in controls, and that patients who contract the agent also develop the disease.
For infectious diseases it help to determine if a disease outbreak is sporadic (occasional occurrence), endemic (regular cases often occurring in a region), epidemic (an unusually high number of cases in a region), or pandemic (a global epidemic).
encyclopedia.worldsearch.com /infectious_diseases.htm   (1103 words)

 eMedicine - Infectious Mononucleosis : Article by Burke A Cunha, MD
Pharyngitis observed in EBV infectious mononucleosis is caused by the proliferation of EBV-infected B lymphocytes in the lymphatic tissue of the oropharynx.
Pharyngitis is one of the cardinal manifestations of EBV infectious mononucleosis.
CMV infectious mononucleosis is characterized by its prolonged course and prominent liver involvement.
www.emedicine.com /med/topic1499.htm   (8743 words)

 Bacteria, Viruses Can Cause Infectious Arthritis
Depending on the location of the joint and the severity of the inflammation, treatment might also include draining the joint of pus, particularly in the case of the hip, which is more sensitive to damage from inflammation.
Infectious arthritis caused by Lyme disease does not usually require joint drainage, and only oral antibiotics are necessary for treatment.
Since many cases of infectious arthritis begin with a skin injury, good wound care is essential to avoid future problems.
healthlink.mcw.edu /article/1021053502.html   (747 words)

 Wing-N-Wave Labradors Vaccines, Infectious Diseases and the Canine Immune System
Once the infectious material is destroyed, the mature B lymphocyte, or plasma cell, remains in circulation as a "memory cell".
Canine infectious diseases are caused by organisms which gain access to the body, multiply, and in the process of their life cycles cause severe and in some cases irreparable damage to the cells which make up organs and tissues of the body.
Since the incubation period of most infectious diseases is of shorter duration than the amount of time required for a vaccine to produce a sufficient antibody level required for protective immunity, vaccinating a dog shortly before, during or after it is exposed to an infectious disease will not protect the dog from contracting the disease.
www.labbies.com /immun.htm   (7683 words)

 Mononucleosis   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Discovery of serologic diagnosis of infectious mononucleosis employing the nonspecific heterophile antibody was reported in 1932, but it was not until 1968 that Ebstein-Barr virus (EBV) was identified as the cause of infectious mononucleosis.
Infectious mononucleosis is one of the most common infection seen during adolescence.
The clinical diagnosis of infectious mononucleosis is supported by characteristic laboratory findings: modest peripheral leukocytosis with total white blood count up to 20,000/mm3, lymphocytes account for more than 50% (or greater than 4,500/mm3) of the leukocytes, and at least 10% (or greater than 1,000/mm3) are atypical lymphocytes also known as Downy cells.
home.coqui.net /myrna/mono.htm   (1840 words)

 Addressing Infectious Disease Threats   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Infectious diseases are human illnesses caused by viruses, bacteria, parasites, fungi and other microbes.
The yearly price tags of other infectious diseases are $30 billion for intestinal infections, $17 billion for influenza, $1 billion for salmonella, and $720 million for Hepatitis B. Altogether, the cost of treatment and lost productivity associated with illness from infectious agents tops $120 billion each year.
Since many infectious diseases cannot be prevented by vaccines or treated effectively once established, the only line of defense is often education so communities and individuals can take preventive measures.
www.astdhpphe.org /infect/infectintro.html   (1422 words)

 mononucleosis, infectious on Encyclopedia.com
(mŏnand180;enooand180;klēō´sĬs), acute infectious disease of older children and young adults, occurring sporadically or in epidemic form, also known as mono, glandular fever, and kissing disease.
Pseudo-outbreak of infectious mononucleosis - Puerto Rico, 1990.
Infectious mononucleosis complicated by necrotizing epiglottitis, dysphagia, and pneumonia.
www.encyclopedia.com /html/m1/mononucl.asp   (358 words)

 Infectious Waste Disposal In Oregon   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
There are many types of infectious wastes, including blood and other body fluids; laboratory culture dishes and vaccines; used syringes, needles, and lancets; biopsy and autopsy materials; wastes generated from surgical and/or obstetrical procedures; animal carcasses exposed to human pathogens; and intravenous tubing having needles attached.
The law requires infectious waste generators to properly contain infectious waste; keep it separate from household garbage; and make sure containers are clearly marked.
or less of infectious waste in any calendar month, you are exempt from portions of the law having to do with storage, temperature, and holding times for infectious waste as established by OHD, as well as from storing red plastic bags in secondary containers, and from specific handling requirements related to secondary containment.
www.deq.state.or.us /wmc/solwaste/infectiouswaste.html   (894 words)

 CDC - About the Emerging Infectious Diseases journal
Infectious diseases whose incidence in humans has increased in the past 2 decades or threatens to increase in the near future have been defined as "emerging." These diseases, which respect no national boundaries, include:
Provides swift updates of infectious disease trends and research: new methods of detecting, characterizing, or subtyping pathogens; developments in antimicrobial drugs, vaccines, and prevention or elimination programs; case reports.
Publishes reports of interest to researchers in infectious diseases and related sciences, as well as to public health generalists learning the scientific basis for prevention programs.
www.cdc.gov /ncidod/eid/about.htm   (653 words)

 Infectious - Vancouver Web Design Company for Entertainment and Communications
Infectious is a small, full-service creative studio, based in Vancouver, Canada.
Infectious can be your "go-to" for all your marketing material needs, or we can work alongside your existing agency to provide services they don't offer - we play well with others.
Infectious Communications launches the Zixx: Level Two website in conjunction with the airing of the first episode of season two on YTV.
infectious.ca   (191 words)

 The Winn Feline Foundation - Feline Infectious Peritonitis (FIP)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
While the first description of feline infectious peritonitis was reported by Dr. Jean Holzworth in 1963, there are reports of clinical cases that are likely FIP going back to1914.
The inheritance of susceptibility to feline infectious peritonitis in purebred catteries.
Feline infectious peritonitis, in Norsworthy GD et al (ed): The Feline Patient: Essentials of Diagnosis and Treatment, Williams and Wilkins, Baltimore, 1998, pp.
www.winnfelinehealth.org /health/FIP.html   (2565 words)

 Infectious diseases in the news: What's your risk? - MayoClinic.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Infectious diseases have made a splash in the news in recent years.
Of greater threat than infectious diseases you might learn about in the news are those disease-causing organisms lurking in your immediate vicinity.
Despite the risks that infectious diseases can pose, catching an infectious disease may not be the biggest threat to your health.
www.mayoclinic.com /invoke.cfm?objectid=7DDB626F-6408-4764-8A7FB6F98500CD94   (1364 words)

 Nat'l Academies Press: Infectious Diseases in an Age of Change: The Impact of Human Ecology and Behavior on Disease ...
Twenty-first century progress against infectious diseases is threatened by urbanization, population growth, war refugees, changing sexual standards, and a host of other factors that open doors to the transmission of deadly pathogens.
Infectious Diseases in an Age of Change reports on major infectious diseases that are on the rise today because of changing conditions and identifies urgently needed public health measures.
Infectious Diseases in an Age of Change will be important to public health policymakers, administrators, and providers as well as epidemiologists and researchers.
www.nap.edu /catalog/4772.html   (299 words)

 Laboratory Sharps Waste Management Procedure :: Infectious Waste Management :: EHRS   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Infectious Waste Sharps Containers: Containers that are non-breakable, leakproof, impervious to moisture, rigid, tightly lidded, puncture resistant, red in color and marked with the universal biohazard symbol.
The following items (whether contaminated with infectious material or not) are considered sharps at Penn and must be disposed in infectious waste sharps containers and discarded as infectious waste.
Glassware or plasticware contaminated with infectious material and glassware or plasticware with sharp edges or points contaminated with infectious material must be disposed into an infectious waste sharps container including:
www.ehrs.upenn.edu /resources/waste/bio/usedsharps.html   (489 words)

 ENLmedical.com: Conditions And Concerns: Medical Encyclopedia: Infectious mononucleosis (EB)
Infectious mononucleosis may begin slowly with fatigue, malaise, headache, and sore throat.
Mononucleosis is an infectious disease usually thought of as causing fatigue and swollen lymph nodes.
Infectious mononucleosis causes a sore throat, enlarged lymph nodes, and fatigue.
www.enlmedical.com /article/000591.htm   (1046 words)

 Division of Infectious Diseases
Outpatient consultations are performed in the pediatric infectious diseases clinic and in the various other subspecialty clinics.
Teaching activities of the division are centered on the interaction of the infectious disease faculty with the housestaff and medical students during inpatient and outpatient consultations, didactic lectures and informal slide presentations.
division of infectious diseases is staffed by three physicians and an administrative assistant.
www.mc.uky.edu /chuk/pediatric_diseases.html   (187 words)

 MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia: Infectious endocarditis
Infectious endocarditis is an infection of the lining of the heart chambers and heart valves caused by bacteria, viruses, fungi, or other infectious agents.
Infectious endocarditis is an inflammation of the heart valves.
The infection may be bacteremia (bacteria in the blood), which is common during dental, upper respiratory, urologic, and lower gastrointestinal diagnostic and surgical procedures.
www.nlm.nih.gov /medlineplus/ency/article/000681.htm   (859 words)

 PDD NTSC-7 Addressing the Threat of Emerging Infectious Diseases
Strengthen the domestic infectious disease surveillance and response system, both at the Federal, State, and local levels and at ports of entry into the United States, in cooperation with the private sector and with public health and medical communities.
Research will include the development of new mechanisms for the control and prevention of zoonotic infectious agents, which are derived from domesticated and wild animals, and the health effects of climate change.
In addition, the policy calls for strengthening research activities to improve diagnosis, treatment and prevention of emerging infectious diseases; ensuring the availability of the drugs, vaccines, and diagnostic tests needed to combat emerging infectious diseases; and promoting public awareness of emerging infectious diseases through cooperation with nongovernment organizations and the private sector.
www.fas.org /irp/offdocs/pdd_ntsc7.htm   (1782 words)

 Infectious Mononucleosis - Medical and health information on the common cold and flu
Infectious mononucleosis, "mono," and "kissing disease" are all terms popularly used for the very common illness caused by the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV).
Saliva is the primary, but not exclusive, method of transmitting "mono." Infectious mononucleosis developed its common name of "kissing disease" from this prevalent form of transmission among teenagers.
A person with "mono" can also pass the disease by coughing or sneezing, causing small droplets of infected saliva and/or mucous to be suspended in the air which can be inhaled by others.
www.medicinenet.com /infectious_mononucleosis/article.htm   (444 words)

 UT Admin Code R315-316. Infectious Waste Requirements.
(1) Infectious waste shall not be transported in the same vehicle with other waste unless the infectious waste is contained in a separate, fully enclosed leak-proof container within the vehicle compartment or unless all of the waste is to be treated as infectious waste in accordance with this section.
(1) Infectious waste shall be treated or disposed as soon as possible but not to exceed 30 days after generation, and shall be treated or disposed at a facility with a permit or other form of approval allowing the facility to treat or dispose infectious waste.
(4) Infectious waste may be discharged to a sewage treatment system that provides secondary treatment of waste but only if the waste is liquid or semi-solid and if approved by the operator of the sewage treatment system.
www.rules.utah.gov /publicat/code/r315/r315-316.htm   (1775 words)

 Feline Infectious Diseases   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
FelineLeukemia Virus is another infectious disease for which there exists avaccine but it is not as easily transmitted to cats as the upper respiratorydiseases.
Feline Leukemia (FeLV) is an infectious disease transmitted from cat to cat in aclose and intimate setting.
Vaccination is an event that begins acomplicated process within the cat or kitten to encourage the cat's immunesystem to recognize the various foreign proteins (antigens) present in thevaccine and produce protective biological forces, including proteins calledantibodies, against those antigens.
www.tica.org /deseases.htm   (928 words)

 Paediatric Infectious Diseases Web / PID Web
This procedure is conducted in collaboration with all major professional societies and expert committees in the area of infectious diseases in the UK.
The WHO Infectious Diseases Site is similarly structured and offers information about anything from African trypanosomiasis to yellow fever.
ISID is committed to improve the care of patients with infectious diseases, the training of clinicians and researchers in ID and microbiology, and the control of ID around the world.
www.paediatric-infectious-diseases.com   (5249 words)

 Technical Safety Office - Infectious Waste Manual Chapter 3
Infectious Waste, also known as “bio-hazardous waste” or “medical waste,” is biological wastes capable of producing an infectious disease in humans.
In other words, to be classified as an infectious waste it must contain a sufficient quantity of a pathogenic organism with sufficient virulence to cause an infection in a susceptible host.
Waste that could potentially contain infectious materials shall be treated as infectious waste.
www.physics.isu.edu /health-physics/tso/bioch3.html   (549 words)

 Infectious and Non Infectious Waste   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Another example of mixed infectious and hazardous waste is a partially administered IV bag that still contains a P-listed or U-listed chemotherapy drug.
In the IV example, separate the infectious component (the sharp and T-interlock) from the non-infectious component (the tubing and reservoir).
If you have mixed infectious / hazardous waste that meets the definitions of Washington state’s conditional exclusion, contact your vendor or solid-waste incinerator to find out if this waste is accepted and how to prepare it for the facility.
www.ecy.wa.gov /programs/hwtr/pharmaceuticals/pages/infect.html   (409 words)

 Journal Watch Infectious Disease: About our Editorial Board
He is Co-Director of the Pediatric Tuberculosis Clinic and of the Training Program in Pediatric Infectious Diseases at Yale-New Haven Children's Hospital and is also a member of the Committee on Infectious Diseases of the American Academy of Pediatrics (the "Red Book" Committee).
Prior to assuming that position in June 2004, he served as the Director of the Division of Infectious Diseases at the University of Iowa for the preceding 10 years.
Gl├╝ck is senior lecturer in medicine and co-chief of the Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, University of Regensburg, Germany.
infectious-diseases.jwatch.org /misc/board_about.shtml   (889 words)

 Open Directory - Health: Conditions and Diseases: Infectious Diseases   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Infectious Disease Epidemiology and Surveillance - Factsheets and news releases related to diseases and various health topics.
Mediscover - Infectious Diseases - Content includes topical news from the world or research, recent releases from the world of clinical practice - antivirals, antibiotics and vaccines, regular feature articles, specialist resources.
National Foundation for Infectious Diseases - NFID supports research into the causes, cures, and prevention of infectious diseases and sponsors public and professional education programs.
dmoz.org /Health/Conditions_and_Diseases/Infectious_Diseases   (1388 words)

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