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Topic: Infectious disease


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In the News (Fri 19 Apr 19)

  
  Infectious disease - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
In medicine, infectious disease or communicable disease is disease caused by a biological agent such as by a virus, bacterium or parasite.
Infectious diseases are the invasion of a host organism by a foreign replicator, generally microorganisms, often called microbes, that are invisible to the naked eye.
For infectious diseases it helps to determine if a disease outbreak is sporadic (occasional occurrence), endemic (regular cases often occurring in a region), epidemic (an unusually high number of cases in a region), or pandemic (a global epidemic).
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Infectious_disease   (1676 words)

  
 Infectious Disease
Infectious disease is classified as acute (occurs over a relatively short time period like a cold or the flu) or chronic (when the pathogen evades the immune system and persists in the body for months to years as in Lyme disease or tuberculosis).
Diseases are spread in characteristic ways depending on the part of the body infected and the biology of the pathogen.
Infectious diseases are diagnosed by culture and biochemical characteristics, immunological tests for antigen types, and PCR and nucleic acid hybridization for genotype similarity.
microvet.arizona.edu /Courses/MIC419/Tutorials/infectiousdisease.html   (2270 words)

  
 Infectious Disease
Infectious conjunctivitis is highly contagious and can be spread from one eye to the other or from one person to another by sharing towels or makeup.
Anyone who has a chronic disease or is taking corticosteroids (cortisone, prednisone, and so forth) or is pregnant, and is exposed to chickenpox, should immediately see a physician to find out if a shot of a specific blocking immunoglobulin is recommended for protection against the disease.
Infectious mononucleosis is a relatively contagious infection caused by the Epstein-Barr (EB) virus, which is found in saliva and other bodily secretions.
www.sportsdoctor.com /chg/infection.html   (12264 words)

  
 Infectious Disease
Not only is this disease most prevalent in the Long Island area, but the first isolation from patients of the spirochetal bacterium that causes Lyme disease, and the antibiotic regimen to combat it, were both achieved here.
Scientists at the Center for Infectious Diseases are studying how this microbe interacts with the blood and other tissues of the patient to learn more about the way it spreads in the body, and how it causes diseases of the skin, heart, joints, and nervous system.
Scientists at the Center for Infectious Diseases are at the forefront in the study of how these intestinal and urinary tract microbes interact with their hosts to cause disease.
www.cmm.sunysb.edu /infectiousdiseas.html   (414 words)

  
 Policy for Control of Infectious Disease   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Creighton University will request persons afflicted with an infectious disease to disclose their medical condition to other members of the community with whom they have had or are to have contact which could pose a risk of transmission of the disease.
Control of an infectious disease can be conceptualized as involving any of three factors: a microorganism, a person susceptible to disease caused by that microorganism, and a means of transmitting the microorganisms to the person.
An example of the control of an infectious disease by control of the population of persons susceptible to that disease is the near-elimination of poliomyelitis from the United States.
pharmacy.creighton.edu /spahp/student_affairs/policies/univeristy_policies/cu_infdisease.asp   (3078 words)

  
 Department of Medicine - Infectious Disease   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The Infectious Diseases Fellowship is a two-year program in which the fellows gain a broad experience in the field of Infectious Diseases.
During this period of time, they have the opportunity to evaluate children with infectious diseases and to learn some of the aspects of infectious diseases that are unique to the pediatric population.
Experts in various aspects of Infectious Diseases are invited to speak to house staff, fellows, and the attendings in Infectious Diseases on a monthly basis.
www.lij.edu /lijh/medicine/infectious_diseases/infectious_diseases.html   (1157 words)

  
 Emerging infectious disease definition - Medical Dictionary definitions of popular medical terms
Emerging infectious disease: An infectious disease that has newly appeared in a population or that has been known for some time but is rapidly increasing in incidence or geographic range.
Another example of an emerging infectious disease is the new variant of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, which was first described in 1996.
The agent is considered to be the same as that causing bovine spongiform encephalitis, a disease which emerged in the 1980s and affected thousands of cattle in the UK and Europe.
www.medterms.com /script/main/art.asp?articlekey=22801   (318 words)

  
 Infectious diseases: How they spread, how to stop them - MayoClinic.com
Infectious diseases spread in many ways, but you can minimize your risk of infection.
The most common way for infectious disease to spread is through the direct transfer of bacteria, viruses or other germs from one person to another.
Tuberculosis and SARS are two infectious diseases usually spread through the air, in both particle and droplet forms.
www.mayoclinic.com /health/infectious-disease/ID00004   (1178 words)

  
 Infectious Disease
Viral enteritis is a disease of the small intestine, and bacterial colitis is usually a disease of the colon.
In the immunosuppressed patient, CMV disease, whether acquired primarily or a result of reactivation may be a disseminated, fulminant, and lethal disease with multiorgan involvement.
Is PML a disease of the immunocompetent or immunosuppressed population; what is the approximate incidence of the disease in AIDS patients?
pathcuric1.swmed.edu /PathDemo/indqs/indqs.htm   (3459 words)

  
 Infectious Disease Workshop   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Disease Prevention (Part 3) Here’s what you need to know about every disease out there that can be prevented by an immunization, from polio and meningitis to smallpox and chickenpox.
Stigma and Infectious Diseases People with infectious diseases are often unfairly and illegally stigmatized, even when their infection poses no risk to others.
Ages Adult Assess your own beliefs about those with infectious diseases, learn how vulnerable we all are to infections and examine the timeline of AIDS to watch how public health policy has worked – and failed – to protect the public.
www.pkids.org /idw.htm   (2130 words)

  
 Infectious Disease
The dog may succumb to the disease before the immune system can get rid of the infection, or in cases where the infection is eliminated, death may still occur as a result of damage to the body.
Leptospirosis is a bacterial disease that usually affects the kidneys and other organs of the body.
Rabies is a scary disease that is spread mainly through the wild animal population in an area.
bakaridobes.westhost.com /publiceducation/PECInfection.html   (1375 words)

  
 LabCorp Services - Infectious Disease
This virus is transmitted effectively after close contact and causes a wide spectrum of diseases, including erythema infectiosum ("fifth disease"), aplastic crisis in patients with hemolytic anemias, hydrops fetalis, acute arthritis, and persistent anemias and neutropenia in immunocompromised patients.
The availability of antiviral therapy and the high mortality associated with CNS disease (encephalitis) emphasizes a need for a prompt and accurate diagnosis; therefore, the availability of sensitive, specific, and rapid laboratory test support is crucial to effective patient management.
The disease is rapidly fatal and contributes significantly to mortality in individuals with AIDS.
www.labcorp.com /services/hcp/infectious_disease   (934 words)

  
 Information on infectious disease outbreak after a hurricane on MedicineNet.com
Rare and deadly exotic diseases, such as cholera or typhoid fever, do not suddenly break out after hurricanes and floods in areas where such diseases do not naturally occur.
Communicable disease outbreaks of diarrhea and respiratory illness can occur when water and sewage systems are not working and personal hygiene is hard to maintain as a result of a disaster.
Unless a disease is brought into a disaster area from elsewhere, any outbreaks that occur are almost always from diseases that were already in the disaster-affected area before the disaster struck.
www.medicinenet.com /script/main/art.asp?articlekey=53289   (451 words)

  
 Biopeer: Infectious disease   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The disease is also present in eight other countries including, Yemen, Indonesia and Somalia, where it had previously been eradicated before being imported again from one of the endemic countries.
This study is particularly important for the African and developing countries due to the large incidence of Vitamin D deficiency present amongst the poor population in those countries.
It directly attacks the slow moving mycobacterium that cause the disease unlike the normal drugs, which target a broad array of non-pathogenic organisms that enables the TB virus to mutate in long term and become drug resistant.
www.biopeer.com /biopeer/infectious_disease   (9295 words)

  
 PBS - THE WEST - Lesson Plans Index
During the 1800s, there were a variety of diseases that found their way to this soil.
Cholera, which had been almost completely wiped out, has re-emerged as an infectious disease in those countries where deficient food regulations exist and/or water and sanitation systems are not maintained.
Working in groups of four, students discuss a recent outbreak of their infectious disease, where the outbreak occurred, what led to the outbreak, and how it was contained.
www.pbs.org /weta/thewest/lesson_plans/lesson09.htm   (1560 words)

  
 Infectious Disease
To reiterate (Latin for "to journey again"), infectious disease is best controlled by prevention; acquiring clean livestock and running it through a proper acclimation and quarantine procedure.
Is a viral disease that looks like white to grayish cauliflower-like clumps, typically at the base of fish fins.
Fungal diseases are rare; most are mis-identified bacterial problems, or if truly fungal, the result of a post moribund event; i.e.
www.wetwebmedia.com /infectio.htm   (1077 words)

  
 CDC Hurricanes | Infectious Disease
Although infectious diseases are a frightening prospect, widespread outbreaks of infectious disease after hurricanes are not common in the United States.
Rare and deadly exotic diseases, such as cholera or typhoid, do not suddenly break out after hurricanes and floods in areas where such diseases do not naturally occur.
Communicable disease outbreaks of diarrhea and respiratory illness can occur when water and sewage systems are not working and personal hygiene is hard to maintain as a result of a disaster…more
www.bt.cdc.gov /disasters/hurricanes/infectiousdisease.asp   (309 words)

  
 INFECTIOUS DISEASES
Since ancient times, physicians have known that many diseases are transmissible, but because of the subtle and idiosyncratic ways in which infections seem to travel, the early-modern physicians thought the responsible particles must be much smaller than our cells (correct) and closer in size to atoms (not correct).
The study of infectious disease is especially interesting because the etiologies of most of these diseases is clear -- damage by an invader.
The manifestations of Lyme disease are protean and unpredictable.
www.pathguy.com /lectures/infect.htm   (12850 words)

  
 Infectious Disease - Fellowship Programs
Under her leadership, the program has grown to be one of the largest and most renowned Pediatric Infectious Disease Sections in the United States.
With a long history of training qualified Infectious Disease experts, the faculty was pleased to receive accreditation by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) in 1998.
Given the size of the Pediatric Infectious Disease Division and the vast diversity of research expertise at Baylor College of Medicine, the potential research projects for Fellows are many.
www.bcm.edu /pediatrics/index.cfm?This_Template=pedi_fellowship.cfm&Realm=99992436   (1037 words)

  
 OBGYN.net - Infectious Disease in Gynecology
The goals of Emerging Infectious Diseases (EID) are to promote the recognition of new and reemerging infectious diseases and to improve the understanding of factors involved in disease emergence, prevention, and elimination.
EID has an international scope and is intended for professionals in infectious diseases and related sciences.
This disease is associated with considerable morbidity, producing urethritis, epididymitis, and proctitis in men, and painful pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) in women.
www.obgyn.net /english/gyn/general/cdc.htm   (504 words)

  
 Infectious Disease
Hopefully they've gotten to a hospital before this stage, but sometimes the disease progresses so rapidly that the person can be fine in the ER and then crash in an hour and even die.
The CDC (Centers for Disease Control) takes all samples of infectious particles (bacteria, viruses, whatever) very seriously, as would (I hope) all institutions who wished to do scientific research on all fatal substances with potential for biogenic warfare.
In both cases, particularly when a patient is very sick, an infectious disease specialist should be consulted for advice on how to proceed.
www.geocities.com /Hollywood/Academy/8097/cascadehospital/infectious.html   (5491 words)

  
 Infectious Diseases | NACCHO
NACCHO is dedicated to strengthening local health departments infectious disease infrastructure.
As the challenges to LHD's infectious and communicable disease programs grow, NACCHO will address critical issues such as epidemiology capacity and availability of appropriate preparedness funding targeted to local jurisdictions.
Assisted LHDs in meeting the Healthy People 2010 goal of preventing disease, disability, and death from infectious diseases.
www.naccho.org /topics/infectious/index.cfm   (79 words)

  
 Burroughs Wellcome Fund: Infectious Disease
The Burroughs Wellcome Fund has supported research in infectious disease since 1981, when it began funding modern molecular approaches to understanding what have been called the great neglected diseases – malaria, the pathogenic fungi, and human parasites –; that primarily affect people in underdeveloped countries.
In 2000, the Fund decided to turn its attention to the larger issues of human-pathogen interactions in these infectious diseases and others, opening the door for funding work in bacterial and viral diseases.
BWF’s Investigators in Pathogenesis of Infectious Disease program is designed to incorporate elements of previously funded areas of research, and to focus primarily on the interaction of pathogens with their human hosts.
www.bwfund.org /programs/infectious_disease   (136 words)

  
 Infectious Disease Center - MayoClinic.com
Understand infectious disease, from the spread of infectious disease to vaccine protection.
Explore treatment of common infectious diseases, such as cold and flu, and more selective infections, such as STDs and hepatitis.
Mayo Clinic infectious disease specialist James Steckelberg, M.D., and colleagues answer select questions from readers.
www.mayoclinic.com /health/infectious-disease/ID99999   (182 words)

  
 Transplant Infectious Disease - Journal Information
Transplant Infectious Disease is a forum for presenting the most current information on the prevention and treatment of infection complicating organ and bone marrow transplantation.
The point of view of the journal is that infection and allograft rejection (or graft-versus-host disease) are closely intertwined, and that advances in one area will have immediate consequences on the other.
The interaction of the transplant recipient with potential microbial invaders, the impact of immunosuppressive strategies on this interaction, and the effects of cytokines, growth factors, and chemokines liberated during the course of infections, rejection, or graft-versus-host disease are central to the interests and mission of this journal.
www.blackwellpublishing.com /journal.asp?ref=1398-2273   (276 words)

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