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Topic: Instrumental case

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  Instrumental case
In linguistics, the instrumental case indicates that a noun is the instrument or means by which the subject achieves or accomplishes an action.
The instrumental case appears in Old English, Georgian, Sanskrit, and the Balto-Slavic languages.
An instrumental/comitative case is arguably present in Turkish and other Altaic languages.
www.brainyencyclopedia.com /encyclopedia/i/in/instrumental_case.html   (258 words)

 instrumental - Definitions from Dictionary.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
(in case grammar) pertaining to the semantic role of a noun phrase that indicates the inanimate, nonvolitional, immediate cause of the action expressed by a verb, as the rock in The rock broke the window or in I broke the window with the rock.
Serving as a means or agency; implemental: was instrumental in solving the crime.
Grammar Of, relating to, or being the case used typically to express means, agency, or accompaniment.
dictionary.reference.com /search?q=instrumental   (354 words)

  Epiq Noun Cases
Summary: The dative case is used for the beneficiaries of class 1 and class 4 verbs, for the indirect objects or beneficiaries of class 2 verbs, and for the subjects of class 3 verbs.
The dative case is used to mark both the beneficiary and the indirect object of a class 2 verb.
The instrumental case is used to mark the object of a postposition in the ablative mode.
dedalvs.free.fr /epiq/ncases.html   (3024 words)

 Burning Down the House: A Case Study in Forensic Instrumental Analysis - Case Teaching Notes - Case Study Collection - ...
In reading the case, students find themselves in the middle of a scenario in which they must determine both the nature of a fire and any criminal accusations which may be raised as a result of their findings.
Students come to understand that a fire investigator is being accused of burning down her ex-husband’s house in a fit of rage, and it is up to them to validate or refute the suspicions of police investigators by analyzing ash samples collected from the scene.
Armed with the information that the detection of accelerants at or near the “point of origin” is a strong case for arson, students should pay particular attention to unknown #3, or whichever sample the instructor chooses to correspond to the point of origin.
www.sciencecases.org /burning_house/burning_house_notes.asp   (1989 words)

 Using Case Study Methodology in Nursing Research
Case study method can be used as a creative alternative to traditional approaches to description, emphasizing the patient's perspective as central to the process.
Case study methodology can be used as a creative alternative to traditional approaches to description, emphasizing the patient's perspective as being central to the process.
1995) the case study researcher may be somewhat of a biographer focused on a phase or segment of the life of an individual.
www.nova.edu /ssss/QR/QR6-2/zucker.html   (3971 words)

 Noun: Case System | Learn Online   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
The genitive case in Russian is an equivalent of the English phrases with the preposition "of".
The instrumental case is used to denote the means by which the action is performed.
The instrumental case is also used to describe one's job: он работает продавцом (he works as a seller), мой о тец был моряком (my father was a sailor).
www.wordstutor.com /russian/noun-case-system   (517 words)

 Instrumental case - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The instrumental case (also called the fifth case) is a grammatical case used to indicate that a noun is the instrument or means by or with which the subject achieves or accomplishes an action.
Though exceptions exist, the instrumental case in Russian can generally be distinguished by the -ом ("-om") suffix for most masculine and neuter nouns, the -oй ("-oy") suffix for most feminine nouns and -ами for either gender in the plural.
In Classical Greek, for example, the dative case is used as the instrumental case.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Instrumental_case   (702 words)

 Instrumental Case
The most commonly used prepositional which uses the instrumental is the preposition "с" ("with" -- note that the same preposition, if it is followed by the genitive case, means "from").
Below is a chart of the instrumental case endings, with nouns listed first, and adjectives second in each gender.
The adjective, of course, remains the standard feminine instrumental case adjective.
www.du.edu /langlit/russian/instr.htm   (511 words)

 Researchers in the Field
Case study is the study of the particularity and complexity of a single case, coming to understand its activity within important circumstances.” (xi, Stake).
Instrumental case study- “This use of case study is instrumental to understand something else.
Thus case study research is thought to have little pay-off in the advancement of social practice by some.
www.people.iup.edu /rhml/qualCaseStdy.htm   (1647 words)

Instrumental is used to indicate what an action is done by means of (for example, I stabbed John with a knife).
Simple instrumentals (that is, single, unmodified, nouns in the instrumental case) are often incorporated into verbs, that is, made into a part of the verb.
Instrumental also covers language used (for example, he spoke in Uatakassi), and the subject of a few verbs (such as lasta, to prophecy).
members.tripod.com /~Nik_Taylor/Conlang/Case.html   (708 words)

The Ablative Case is historically a conflation of three other cases: the true ablative or case of separation ("from"); the associative-instrumental case ("with" and "by"); and the locative case ("in").
Caesare duce: Similarly, this kind of ablative absolute may be analyzed as a temporal ablative (that is, a metaphorical extension of the locative case) or as an associative-instrumental ablative (for instance, in the sense of "with Caesar being the leader").
When a thing (or even a person) is used as an instrument or tool by another, it is placed in the ablative case without a preposition and it is translated, "by" or "by means of".
omega.cohums.ohio-state.edu /latin/grammar/ablative_case.htm   (1040 words)

 The Eclectorium: Degaspregos: The Case System
The majority of Degaspregos's cases are grammatical in nature; that is to say, the majority are not simply relexifications of English prepositions, merely stuck on the end instead of the beginning.
Essentially, the predicative case is used to show that one word is based upon another, just as the direct object of a sentence is based upon the subject's action.
The case ending for it is -kis; the same sentence as above could be made in this way: "The man gave the money for the child" (i.e., the child may not have received, but someone else did).
www.angelfire.com /tx/eclectorium/degacases.html   (2259 words)

 Reasoning About Ends
We shall find that instrumental reasoning, proceeding from a normal set of motivations, can lead to an over-arching ultimate end, including within itself other ends, sought or pursued for their own sakes, and that among these are practices expressive of enduring traits of character.
Since the benefits or advantages are to be taken into account as reasons for living a virtuous life, they have to be in a form that can be understood by the agent, prior to her acquisition and practice of the virtues.
The question for the troublesome case is how such traits are elicited, and the answer appears straightforward: the development or possession of the traits is rewarded in various ways, with praise, honor or respect, as well as with the more tangible and often, though indirectly, associated rewards in such forms as wealth and influence.
personal.bgsu.edu /~roberth/eud.html   (12729 words)

 Lingua Mongolia - Case
The nominative case is the basic uninflected form of the noun.
The nominative case can be marked by the particle ber but this is generally only used to avoid ambiguity and is therefore not as widely used as the nominative particles of other languages.
The genitive case is used to show possession and is placed immediately after the first member of a genitive construction.
www.linguamongolia.co.uk /case1.html   (389 words)

 The Russian Noun Case System
The Accusative Case serves primarily to indicate the direct object of the verb, the noun to which something is done.
The Genitive Case is the 'of' case in that it translates English prepositional phrases beginning with 'of'.
The pattern in Declension IV is for the accent to fall on the stem in the nominative-accusative and on the ending in the remaining four cases.
www.alphadictionary.com /rusgrammar/case.html   (1696 words)

 [No title]
The first section provides the rationale for employing a critical instrumental case study design of the analysis of the ideology on which institutions of higher education are based and the effect that ideology has on retention programs for Native American students.
The instrumental case study design was useful because it served the purpose of illuminating the issue (Creswell, 2005).
Case studies are smaller scale, problem-centered endeavors which allow for a focused examination of “a bounded system” in order to gain understanding of a broader situation (Creswell, 1998; Merriam, 1988; Stake, 1995) and to illustrate an issue (Creswell, 1998).
www.uidaho.edu /mcnair/documents/vntch3diss.doc   (2967 words)

 Possessive / Instrumental Cases   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
The possessive case is added to nouns to indicate that the noun has ownership or possession of something.
The possessive case may also be formed by adding the suffix -இன்.
The instrumental case is added to nouns to mean "with the use of", "because of", or "by means of".
www.ibiblio.org /tamil/paadanool/unicode/lesson25.html   (138 words)

 Zhyler Noun Cases
In this case, the noun in the genitive (which is the possessor) comes first, and the noun in the possessive (which is the possessed noun) comes second.
The state or condition, in Zhyler, is expressed with the nominative case, and the object (that is, the one who's left in that state) is expressed with the comitative.
As opposed to the caritive case, which is used with instruments that an action is completed without, and the privative case, which is used with individuals that an action is completed without, the abessive is used for possessions or persons (e.g., relatives) that one doesn't have.
dedalvs.free.fr /zhyler/ncases.html   (4416 words)

 Cases in Indo-European Languages: an article by Cyril Babaev   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
Case is a grammar category of nominal parts of speech which expresses their syntactic relation to other words of the sentence.
Though they could all be declined in the same cases, they all played their own roles in the sentence and in the language.
Nominative was the case of the subject in the sentence.
indoeuro.bizland.com /archive/article10.html   (2973 words)

 Representation(Case Study)
Generally case study is consiered as a research design that is descriptive and nonexperimental.
Inductive: A case study is based on the data that emerge from the study.
Instrumental case study: A researcher uses a case study to understanding something else.
www.msu.edu /~parkyon8/930L/case.html   (349 words)

 Noun Cases
There is also the instructive case, which is given by linguist and Livonian specialist Eduard Vääri as a form possible for a limited amount of words.
This is especially noticeable in the simplification of locative expressions, as well as, the combination of the once independent translative and comitative cases into a single case, the instrumental.
The partitive is used as the direct object case in Livonian, as well as with a number of prepositions.
homepage.mac.com /uldis/livonia/nouncases.html   (630 words)

 Instrumental - definition from Biology-Online.org   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
Acting as an instrument; serving as a means; contributing to promote; conductive; helpful; serviceable; as, he was instrumental in conducting the business.
Applied to a case expressing means or agency; as, the instrumental case.
instrumental errors, those errors in instrumental measurements, etc, which arise, exclusively from want of mathematical accuracy in an instrument.
www.biology-online.org /dictionary/Instrumental   (220 words)

 The Russian Prepositions (Instrumental Case)
The basic function of the instrumental is to indicate the means by which an action is carried out.
However, the instrumental is also associated with the sense of accompaniment in many languages and Russian is one of them.
This is a crucial distinction in Russian for the instrumental alone (without a preposition) expresses the former sense and the preposition с(о)+Ins marks only the second, sociative meaning.
www.departments.bucknell.edu /russian/language/prepins.html   (526 words)

 E-Intro to Old English - 4. Case   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
Case is the inflection of nouns, pronouns and adjectives to signal their functions in sentences and clauses.
In all of the Germanic languages the dative case is an amalgam of several older cases that have fallen together: dative, locative, ablative, and instrumental.
With other prepositions the case may be either dative or accusative, depending on the writer's dialect or the meaning of the preposition.
www.wmich.edu /medieval/research/rawl/IOE/case.html   (1699 words)

 The Lord of The Rings - Learning Elvish Lesson 16-20
In the case of nouns with special stem-forms ending in consonant clusters, a connecting vowel must be inserted before the ending -nen; the instrumental form of nís (niss-) "woman" may be something like nissenen.
The two instrumental forms occurring in Namárië Tolkien translated as phrases involving the preposition "in"; yet it is clear from the context that the instrumental does not really intrude on the area otherwise covered by the locative.
The second example of the instrumental case in Namárië is similar, involving the noun lírë, líri- "song": Quoting from the prose version in RGEO, reference is made to Vardo...tellumar, yassen tintilar i eleni ómaryo lírinen, that is, "Varda's...domes, in which the stars twinkle by the song of her voice" (ómaryo lírinen = "her voice's song-by").
www.thelordoftherings.ca /elvish/lesson4.html   (14912 words)

 Engl401 | Lessons | The Four Main Cases: Masculine and Neuter Strong Nouns
(sé fæder is in nominative case, and þone fæder is in accusative case).
For masculine strong nouns, the demonstrative pronoun alone signals the case: it is sé in the singular.
Unlike masculine nouns for which the demonstrative changes in the accusative (the object case, in the sentences we saw in Lesson 2) to þone, the neuter demonstrative does not change from nominative to accusative: it remains þæt, so word order alone may indicate which noun is the subject and which the object.
www.ucalgary.ca /UofC/eduweb/engl401/lessons/casestmn.htm   (770 words)

 Declensions and Cases
To show that a word is in the nominative case, (i.e., the word functions as the subject of a clause), modern English speakers put that word in front of a verb.
To show that a word is in the accusative case (functioning as a direct objective), modern English speakers put that word after the verb.
Interjective Case: Words in the interjective case are outbursts or exclamations separate from the rest of the sentence's syntax.
web.cn.edu /kwheeler/declensions.html   (655 words)

 Russian Grammar - Nouns: Instumental Case - Russian Language Lessons
In Russian, the instrumental case is used to indicate how something is done.
You would use the instrumental in a sentence like "we went there by car".
The phrase "if stressed" in this case, means if the end of the word is stressed.
www.russianlessons.net /grammar/nouns_instrumental.php   (128 words)

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