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Topic: Ioannis Metaxas


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In the News (Thu 18 Apr 19)

  
  Britain.tv Wikipedia - Ioannis Metaxas
Ioannis Metaxas (Greek Ιωάννης Μεταξάς, April 12, 1871 – January 29, 1941) was a Greek General and the Prime Minister of Greece from 1936 until his death in 1941.
Ioannis Metaxas, architect of the famous Greek "No"?title=against Italian dictator Mussolini, with King George II of Greece, crown prince Paul of Greece and General Alexander Papagos at the successful Albanian Campaign against invading fascist Italy during World War II.
Metaxas died in Athens on January 29 of a phlegmon of the pharynx which subsequently led to uncurable toxaemia.
www.britain.tv /wikipedia.php?title=Ioannis_Metaxas   (781 words)

  
 Ioannis Metaxas   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
Ioannis Metaxas (Greek Ιωάννης Μεταξάς, April 12, 1871 – January 29, 1941) was a Greek General and the Prime Minister of Greece from 1936 until his death in 1941.
Ioannis Metaxas, architect of the famous Greek "No" against Italian dictator Mussolini, with King George II of Greece, crown prince Paul of Greece and General Alexander Papagos at the; successful Albanian Campaign against invading fascist Italy during World War II.
Metaxas died in Athens on January 29 of a phlegmon of the pharynx which subsequently led to uncurable toxaemia.
en.encyclopediahome.com /wiki/Ioannis_Metaxas   (783 words)

  
 Ioannis Metaxas   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
Metaxas left Greece with the king and neither returned until 1920.
When the monarchy was displaced in 1922 Metaxas moved into politics and founded the Party of Free Opinion in 1923.
Metaxas died in Athens on January 29 and was succeeded by Alexandros Korizis.
bopedia.com /en/wikipedia/i/io/ioannis_metaxas.html   (517 words)

  
 Joannis Metaxas
Ioannis Metaxas (April 12, 1871 - January 29, 1941) was a Greek soldier and the dictatorial leader of Greece from 1936 until his death.
In foreign policy Metaxas was caught in a dilemma.
Metaxas died in Athens on January 29 and was succeeded by Alexandros Koryzis[?].
www.ebroadcast.com.au /lookup/encyclopedia/jo/Joannis_Metaxas.html   (502 words)

  
 Ioannis Metaxas Encyclopedia Article @ TaxCove.net (Tax Cove)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
Ioannis Metaxas, architect of the famous Greek "No" against Italian dictator Mussolini, with King George II of Greece, crown prince Paul of Greece and General Alexander Papagos at the successful Albanian Campaign against invading fascist Italy during World War II.
Metaxas adopted the title of Arhigos, Greek for "leader" or "chieftain", and claimed a "Third Hellenic Civilization" based upon ancient Greece and the Greek Byzantine Empire of the Middle Ages.
He demanded occupation rights to strategic Greek sites and was met with a curt reply by Metaxas "Alors, c'est la guerre" ("then it is war"), which was encapsulated in Greek popular feeling in the single word "No".
www.taxcove.net /encyclopedia/Ioannis_Metaxas   (951 words)

  
 Greece metaxa, Metaxas of Greece, Greek Metaxas, Metaxas in Greece, Kommunistikon Komma Ellados
Greece metaxa, Metaxas of Greece, Greek Metaxas, Metaxas in Greece, Kommunistikon Komma Ellados
Metaxas, always a foe of Venizelos and a participant in several coup attempts, had been a minor character on the extreme right of the Greek political spectrum in the 1920s.
Metaxas used the opportunity to declare a state of emergency, dissolve parliament for an indefinite period, and suspend human rights articles of the constitution.
greece.russiansabroad.com /country_page.aspx?page=74   (409 words)

  
 Ioannis Metaxas
Born in Ithaca, Metaxas was a career soldier, first seeing action in 1897 fighting the Turkish army in the Thessalian campaign.
Ioannis Metaxas with King George II of Greece, crown prince Paul of Greece and General Alexander Papagos at the successful Albanian Campaign against invading fascist Italy during World War II.
He is reviled by some for his dictatorial state, and admired by others for his popular policies, patriotism, defiance to aggression, and he is associated with the military victory of the Greeks against Italy.
www.mlahanas.de /Greece/History/Portraits/IoannisMetaxas.html   (775 words)

  
 Ioannis Metaxas - Gnorx.com, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
Allied support and 60,000 Cretan soldiers, the king was deposed and Venizelos empowered, declaring war on June 29, 1917.
fascist regime), Metaxas banned political parties, arrested his opponents (around 15,000 Greeks were imprisoned and tortured or exiled for political offences by the Metaxas regime), criminalized strikes and introduced widespread censorship of the media.
Metaxas is a controversial figure in Greek history.
www.gnorx.com /Ioannis_Metaxas   (522 words)

  
 4th of August Regime - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Metaxas thought Hellenic nationalism was to galvanize "the heathen values of ancient Greece, specifically those of Sparta, along with the Christian values of the Medieval empire of Byzantium" (Clogg, Richard; A Concise History of Greece; 1992).
Metaxas' policies such as prohibited strikes were common policies adopted in the US and UK, while other policies such as widespread censorship of the media and banning of political parties, copied contemporary European authoritarian regimes.
Metaxas was firmly opposed to the irredentist factions of the Slavophones of northern Greece (consisting of Slavophone Greeks and Bulgarians mainly in Macedonia and Thrace), some of whom underwent political persecution due to advocacy of irredentism with regard to neighboring countries.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/4th_of_August_Regime   (1689 words)

  
 National Youth Organization (Greece, 1936-1941)
Metaxas was voted to the premiership by a Greek parliament in 1936 but dissolved that same parliament on 4 August 1936 with the King's consent and from then on ruled by decree.
On the death of prime minister Demertzig in April 1936, General John Metaxas obtained the consent of the Chamber to an adjournment for five months, governing meanwhile by decree.
He met with obstruction from the political parties, and the Communist Party became stronger, and threatened a national strike, which was an excuse to convince the king that constitutional monarchy was impossible in Greece and to get his consent to decrees dissolving the Chamber and declaring martial law (4 August 1936).
www.allstates-flag.com /fotw/flags/gr}eon.html   (590 words)

  
 Highbeam Encyclopedia - Search Results for Metaxas,
Metaxas, John METAXAS, JOHN [Metaxas, John], 1871-1941, Greek general and statesman.
A career soldier, he served in the Greco-Turkish War of 1897 and in the Balkan Wars of 1912-13, in which he was assistant chief of staff.
E*TRADE Names John Metaxas as Chief Corporate Communications and Government Affairs Officer.
www.encyclopedia.com /SearchResults.aspx?Q=Metaxas,   (362 words)

  
 Amazon.ca: Popular Autocracy in Greece, 1936-41: A Political Biography of General Ioannis Metaxas: Books: P. J. ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
This is a political biography of General Ioannis Metaxas, who assumed dictatorial power in Greece in 1936 and oversaw the resistance to the Italian invasion in World War II.
Ioannis Metaxas is a frustrating figure because he was so big a so transformative a leader (to pin Mac Gregor Burn's taxonomy of leadership onto him) that every other biography I have read has become reduced to simply the author's bias and idiosyncratic interpretation of him
This is an excellent book about the life and career of Metaxas still portrayed by some historians as a cruel and heartless tyrant.
www.amazon.ca /Popular-Autocracy-Greece-1936-41-Political/dp/0714644455   (410 words)

  
 Greece Metaxas Takes Power - Flags, Maps, Economy, Geography, Climate, Natural Resources, Current Issues, International ...
King George chose General Metaxas to head a new government in 1936, and Metaxas's dictatorial regime finally restored public order.
Metaxas sought to reduce labor unrest by raising wages and improving working conditions in industry and by raising agricultural prices and absorbing farmers' debts.
Metaxas's "Third Hellenic Civilization" (the first being ancient Greece and the second the Byzantine Empire) lacked the broad base of popular support enjoyed by the dictatorships of Hitler and Mussolini--Greek fascism was not a mass movement, nor was it based on a coherent ideology or racist dogma.
workmall.com /wfb2001/greece/greece_history_metaxas_takes_power.html   (497 words)

  
 WW2DB: Ioannis Metaxas
Ioannis Metaxas (Ιωάννης Μεταξάς) was born in Ithaca, Greece.
In Jun 1917, Eleftherios Venizelos overthrew the Greek monarch King Constantine I. Metaxas followed the king into exile, but when Greece abandoned its monarchy system, he returned to Greece and became active in politics.
In 1935, Greece became a monarchy again, and King George II appointed Minister of War Metaxas to the position of Prime Minister.
ww2db.com /person_bio.php?person_id=263   (281 words)

  
 Metaxas Ioannis
AIoannis Metaxas was born in Ithaca, Greece, on 12th April, 1871.
Metaxas, a supporter of the pro-German King Constantine I, opposed intervention in the war.
Metaxas was appointed prime minister in April 1936.
www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk /GREmetaxas.htm   (381 words)

  
 Ioannis Metaxas   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
Ioannis Metaxas, a general in the Greek army and a student and admirer of German Military order, having studied at the Prussian Military Acadamy was a minor politician who was appointed by King George as minister of war in 1936.
Though Metaxas wanted to remain neutral during the war, Italy's invasion and ultimatum led to the famous
He died just two months before the German invasion that was made necessessary by the Italian army's defeat at the hands of the Greeks.
www.ahistoryofgreece.com /biography/metaxas.htm   (314 words)

  
 [ The Metaxas Project ] Inside Fascist Greece (1936-1941)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
This online-based project focuses on the history and philosophy of the fascist regime which existed in Greece in the 1930s called "The Fourth of August" and which was lead by General Ioannis Metaxas.
The website is now over 5 years old, and brings forth a reliable, in-depth and voluminous database covering most of Metaxas' dictatorship.
The Website is constantly updated, so those interested in the period of fascism in Greece are strongly encouraged to access the website on a regular basis.
www.metaxas-project.com   (187 words)

  
 [No title]
In April 1936 he was appointed premier and in August, with the Army’s support and in order to prevent a “Communist-inspired republican coup”, he persuaded the King (George II) to suspend key articles of the constitution, dissolve the parliament and impose a “quasi-Fascist” dictatorship under his control.
Metaxas abolished civil liberties and freedom of press, declared a state of martial law and forbade all political parties except his Free Opinion Party.
Even today General Ioannis Metaxas is very respected in Greece because of the way he handled the war and the economic situation.
www.markham.edu.pe /Captain/Metaxas.doc   (1908 words)

  
 DOMESTIC POLICY
The Parliament was dissolved, the activity of political parties was prohibited and the opponents of the Regime were sent to exile.
By removing the latter from the political scene, Ioannis Metaxas established himself, despite his limited impact on a popular basis.
The rejection by Ioannis Metaxas of the Italian ultimatum, on 28 October 1940, marked the involvement of the country in the swirl of a destructive war.
www2.fhw.gr /chronos/14/en/1923_1940/domestic_policy/facts/11.html   (254 words)

  
 St. Irene Chrysovalantou | The Pride of OXI   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
The story begins in 1935, when King George II was restored to the Greek throne by a rigged plebiscite, where he made the right-wing general Ioannis Metaxas prime minister.
Nine months later, Metaxas assumed dictatorial powers with the king’s consent under the pretext of preventing a communist-inspired republican coup.
On that cherished day in Greek history, prime minister Ioannis Metaxas not only rejected Italy's ultimatum, he chose the road of resistance, and thus saved his reputation as a dictator.
www.stirene.org /Archives/October/1028-History_of_OXI.htm   (329 words)

  
 Metaxas’ ‘no’ vs the ‘no’ in the referendum
They gave lessons of bravery and heroism to a continent that surrendered without a fight to the iron divisions of two evil empires.
Some say that it was the Greek people who said ‘no’; and not Metaxas, dictator and tyrant of the Greeks.
That morning of October 28th, the Italian ambassador was standing face to face with Metaxas, when he delivered his insolent ultimatum.
www.lobbyforcyprus.org /press/press2004/sim_281004_metaxas.htm   (613 words)

  
 The Metaxas Myth (1845110374) PETRAKIS - Tauris Academic Studies
The Metaxas Myth is the first detailed account of General Ioannis Metaxas's attempts to portray himself as the "savior" of the Greek nation in an effort to build his power base as dictator following the dissolution of parliament in 1936 up to his death in 1941.
Metaxas used every media outlet available to promote his great myth: newspapers, periodicals, cinema, theatre and radio.
Marina Petrakis analyses the nature of Metaxas's shortcomings: the errors made and the policies that eventually bred not loyalty, but at best apathy and at worst hostility towards his would-be autocracy.
www.palgrave-usa.com /catalog/product.aspx?isbn=1845110374   (615 words)

  
 Oxi Day - Phantis
At the start of the Second World War, Mussolini delivered an ultimatum to the then Greek Prime Minister, Ioannis Metaxas, demanding that Greece allow Italian troops to occupy the country, or Italy would declare war and invade.
After reading the demands in the early morning hours of 28 October 1940, Metaxas rejected the ultimatum and replied with a simple Greek word: Oxi!
This has since become a Greek battle cry that resurfaces defiantly every 28 October on walls throughout Greece and Cyprus and indeed amongst the thousands of Greek communities around the world (which number about six million).
wiki.phantis.com /index.php/Oxi_Day   (178 words)

  
 A Short History of the Jews of Greece:The Occupation and the Final Solution
Greece became involved in the Second World War on October 28, 1940, when the Italians simultaneously invaded Albania and presented an ultimatum to the Greeks.
The Greek dictator, Ioannis Metaxas, who had been in power since 1936, responded with an adamant ‘ochi’, no, and moved the army north to meet the attack.
What Mussolini had seen as a war of a few weeks became a grinding stalemate.
www.greecetravel.com /jewishhistory/occupation.html   (264 words)

  
 Amazon.ca: Popular Autocracy in Greece, 1936-41: A Political Biography of General Metaxas: Books: P. J. Vatikiotis   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
Amazon.ca: Popular Autocracy in Greece, 1936-41: A Political Biography of General Metaxas: Books: P. Vatikiotis
Publisher: learn how customers can search inside this book.
Popular Autocracy in Greece, 1936-41: A Political Biography of General Metaxas (Hardcover)
www.amazon.ca /Popular-Autocracy-Greece-1936-41-Political/dp/0714648698   (393 words)

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