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Topic: Iran-Iraq War


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 Iran iraq war - Hutchinson encyclopedia article about Iran iraq war
War between Iran and Iraq (1980–88), claimed by the former to have begun with the Iraqi offensive on 21 September 1980, and by the latter with the Iranian shelling of border posts on 4 September 1980.
Iraq and Iran in early April 1998 finished repatriating more than 5,500 prisoners from their 1980–88 war, according to the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC), which supervised the exchange.
The war's course was marked by offensive and counter-offensive, interspersed with extended periods of stalemate.
encyclopedia.farlex.com /Iran+iraq+war   (398 words)

  
 Iran-Iraq War - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Iran's embassy in London was subsequently attacked by Iraqi-sponsored terrorist forces a few months prior to the war in 1980, in what came to be known as The Iranian Embassy Siege.
The Iran-Iraq War, also called the First Persian Gulf War, or the Imposed War (جنگ تحمیلی, Jang-e-tahmīlī) in Iran and Saddām's Qādisiyyah (قادسيّة صدّام, Qādisiyyat Saddām) in Iraq, was a war between the armed forces of Iraq and Iran lasting from September 1980 to August 1988.
Iraq showed reluctance in fulfilling existing agreements with Iran, especially after the death of Egyptian President Gamāl `Abd an-Nāsir and the rise of the Ba`th Party, when Iraq decided to take on the role of "leader of the Arab world".
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Iran-Iraq_War   (5734 words)

  
 Iran-Iraq War - MSN Encarta
More recently, when Iraq was made a separate state in the aftermath of World War I (1914-1918), Iraq and Iran disagreed sharply over the precise border between them, especially in the area of the Shatt al Arab, a river channel providing Iraq's only outlet to the sea, via the Persian Gulf.
Iran-Iraq War, armed conflict that began when Iraq invaded Iran in September 1980 and ended in August 1988 after both sides accepted a cease-fire sponsored by the United Nations (UN).
Despite the conflict's length and cost, neither Iran nor Iraq made significant territorial or political gains, and the fundamental issues dividing the countries remained unresolved at the end of the war.
encarta.msn.com /encyclopedia_761580640/Iran-Iraq_War.html   (1393 words)

  
 Iran-Iraq War
War between Iran and Iraq, lasting from 1980 to 1988.
The background for the war was disagreement about the border between the two countries, stemming back to 1971, when Iran occupied a couple of Iraqi islands in the Persian Gulf near the outlet at Shatt El Arab.
Iraq was also objecting to the Islamist propaganda that was transmitted from Iran to Iraq, and Iraq's government feared that there might be a revolution among the Iraqi Shi'is in the south.
i-cias.com /e.o/iranirqw.htm   (319 words)

  
 Iran-Iraq War (1980-1988)
Iran agreed to the release of 5,584 Iraqi POW's in April 1998, and news organizations reported intermittent meetings throughout the remainder of the year between Iranian and Iraqi government officials toward reaching a final agreement on the remaining POW's held by each side.
Iraq launched seven air attacks on the Iranian nuclear reactor at Bushehr between 1984 and 1988 during the Iran-Iraq War, ultimately destroying the facility.
Iraq and Iran accepted a 1984 UN-sponsored moratorium on the shelling of civilian targets, and Tehran later proposed an extension of the moratorium to include Gulf shipping, a proposal the Iraqis rejected unless it were to included their own Gulf ports.
www.globalsecurity.org /military/world/war/iran-iraq.htm   (8087 words)

  
 BBC NEWS World Middle East Iran-Iraq war veterans: Head-to-head
It is ridiculous to suggest Iran started the war when, on the first day, over 150 Iraqi jet planes simultaneously bombed every airport in Iran, including that of the capital city just before divisions of the Iraqi army, amassed at the border, started their push into Iranian territory.
Saddam Hussein claimed Iraq was engaged in the war because of "Iran's interventions".
The Iran-Iraq War was one of the darkest episodes of the late 20th century.
news.bbc.co.uk /1/hi/world/middle_east/4265058.stm   (1989 words)

  
 History of Iran: Arming Iraq: A Chronology of U.S. Involvement
"The use of gas [during the Iran-Iraq war] on the battle field by the Iraqis was not a matter of deep strategic concern...
In the last major battle with of the war, 65,000 Iranians are killed, many with poison gas.
Iraq, with the blessing and official approval of the US government, purchased computer controlled machine tools, computers, scientific instruments, special alloy steel and aluminum, chemicals, and other industrial goods for Iraq's missile, chemical, biological and nuclear weapons programs.
www.iranchamber.com /history/articles/arming_iraq.php   (1194 words)

  
 Iran-Iraq war - Intro
The war of religious Iran-Iraq was schisms with several facets and to include, is in conflict of the border, and the political differences.
Iraq and Iran had clung to the shocks of the border by much of years and had reconstituted the Arab conflict of the channel of the inactive one of Shatt in 1979.
Iraq required the channel with 200-kilometer to the Iranian border like its territory, while Iran insisted on the fact that the lower part of the valley -- a line which functions under the center of the channel -- finally negotiated in 1975, was the official border.
www.geocities.com /iran_iraq_war   (1369 words)

  
 Crimes Of War Project > The Book
Iraq repeatedly complained its prisoners of war were “liquidated,” kept incommunicado, or, in the case of Shia soldiers, brainwashed and compelled to join the “Badr Brigade’s” special turncoat military units organized at Iranian instigation to fight one day for an Islamic Republic in their motherland.
Both Iran and Iraq frustrated the ICRC’s tracing of prisoners of war and the identification of the missing and dead, thus enormously complicating postwar efforts to sort out who had survived and delaying repatriation.
In the decades preceding the war Washington outfitted the Shah of Iran with state-of-the-art weapons, military bases, and technicians and anointed him de facto gendarme of the Gulf.
www.crimesofwar.org /thebook/iran-iraq-war.html   (2163 words)

  
 Iran-Iraq War
IRAQ, Basra,10/2002Memorial of soldiers killed in the Iran-Iraq war pointing torwards nearby Iran.All pictures in Iraq were taken under the controll of a Iraqi Information Ministry minder.
Iran-Iraq War, 1980–88, protracted military conflict between Iran and Iraq.
In its war effort, Iran was supported by Syria and Libya, and received much of its weaponry from North Korea and China, as well as from covert arms transactions from the United States.
www.infoplease.com /ce6/history/A0825449.html   (661 words)

  
 BBC NEWS Middle East The Iran-Iraq war: 25 years on
Iraq invaded Iran on 22 September 1980, triggering a bitter eight-year war which destabilised the region and devastated both countries.
Iraq's economic plight was one of the factors that led Saddam to take the fateful decision to invade Kuwait in 1990.
In the "war of the cities", both sides pounded their adversary's civilian population from the air.
news.bbc.co.uk /2/hi/middle_east/4260420.stm   (586 words)

  
 THE UNITED STATES AND THE IRAN-IRAQ WAR
Iraq responded to Iranian victories on the ground by making use of its advantage in technology: it escalated the tanker war, employed chemical weapons, and launched attacks on civilian targets.
The Iran-Iraq war was not a conflict between good and evil.
As a proclaimed neutral in the Iran-Iraq war, the United States was not supposed to supply weapons to either side.
www.zmag.org /zmag/articles/ShalomIranIraq.html   (8076 words)

  
 Iran - Facts and Figures
The ancient nation of Iran was historically known to the West as Persia until March 21, 1935 (see also History of Persia, History of Levant).
Many dynasties have ruled Iran, the first of which was under the Achaemenids (559 - 330 BC), a dynasty founded by Cyrus the Great.
The sixth millennium BC saw a fairly sophisticated agricultural society and proto-urban population centers.
www.netiran.com   (188 words)

  
 Rhinocrisy
Militias in Southern Iraq might not have access to the seemingly endless supply of explosives available to those in central Iraq, so they might have to import them, and Iran is the natural place to smuggle them from.
In the linked CNN story, he said that arms shipments from Iran (the place, not necessarily the government) were found in Southern Iraq.
It makes no kind of sense for Iran to be supporting a Sunni insurgency directed primarily against other Shi'a Muslims and a friendly government.
rhinocrisy.blogspot.com /2005/08/iraniraq-war.html   (827 words)

  
 Subject: CW USE IN IRAN-IRAQ WAR
Subject: CW USE IN IRAN-IRAQ WAR Not Finally Evaluated Intelligence TO FACILITATE ELECTRONIC ACCESS, THIS DOCUMENT HAS BEEN REFORMATTED TO ELIMINATE INFORMATION THAT DOES NOT PERTAIN TO GULF WAR ILLNESS ISSUES OR THAT IS CLASSIFIED.
IN 1986, CW RELEASE AUTHORITY WAS DELEGATED TO CORPS- LEVE COMMANDERS AS THE RESULT OF IRAQI LOSSES DURING THE AL FAW AND MEBRAN CAMPAIGNS AND AFTER THE MILITARY APPARENTLY CONVINCED PRESIDENT HUSAYN TO EARLY TO MID-1970s, WELL BEFORE ITS WAR WITH IRAN.
IRAN AND IRAQ HAVE DEVELOPED CHEMICAL WEAPONS AND HAVE EMPLOYED THEM IN THEIR CONFLICT SINCE THE EARLY 1980S.
www.fas.org /irp/gulf/cia/960702/72566_01.htm   (1397 words)

  
 Reference.com/Encyclopedia/Iran-Iraq War
The Iran-Iraq War, also called the First Persian Gulf War, or the Imposed War (جنگ تحمیلی) in Iran, was a war between the armed forces of Iraq and Islamic Iran that lasted from September 22, 1980, until August 20, 1988.
Iraq accepted, since the Iraqi economy and population had suffered from the war for 8 years, and they wanted to solidify their position.
Iraq's army was primarily armed with weaponry it had purchased from the Soviet Union and its satellites in the preceding decade.
www.reference.com /browse/wiki/Iran-Iraq_War   (3159 words)

  
 Iran-Iraq War
IRAQ, Basra,10/2002Memorial of soldiers killed in the Iran-Iraq war pointing torwards nearby Iran.All pictures in Iraq were taken under the controll of a Iraqi Information Ministry minder.
In its war effort, Iran was supported by Syria and Libya, and received much of its weaponry from North Korea and China, as well as from covert arms transactions from the United States.
Khomeini's troops captured the oil-rich Majnoon Islands from Iraq in Feb., 1984, and southern Iraq's Fao peninsula in early 1986.
www.infoplease.com /ce6/history/A0825449.html   (661 words)

  
 Reagan's WMD Connection to Saddam Hussein
Iraq was then getting Western support for its war against Iran, which at the time was regarded as the main threat to stability in the oil-rich Gulf region.
A covert American program during the Reagan administration provided Iraq with critical battle planning assistance at a time when American intelligence agencies knew that Iraqi commanders would employ chemical weapons in waging the decisive battles of the Iran-Iraq war, according to senior military officers with direct knowledge of the program.
The transfers came in the 1980s, when the United States backed Iraq in its war against Iran.
www.fff.org /comment/com0406g.asp   (2031 words)

  
 Iraq's Occupation of Kuwait (from Persian Gulf War) --  Britannica Student Encyclopedia
The war began on September 22, 1980, when Iraqi armed forces invaded western Iran along the countries' joint border.
Iraq had fought an eight-year war with Iran, a war
The war led to the rapid defeat of Iraqi military and paramilitary forces and the occupation of Iraq.
www.britannica.com /ebi/article-206291?ct=   (1003 words)

  
 AllRefer.com - Kuwait - Impact of the Iran-Iraq War, 1980-88 Kuwaiti Information Resource
The Role of the United Arab Emirates in the Iran-Iraq War and the Persian Gulf War
Full-scale warfare erupted in September 1980 as Iraqi military units swept across the Shatt al Arab waterway--which forms the confluence of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers--into the province of Khuzestan, Iran's richest oil-producing area.
The war began after a period of deteriorating relations between these two historic rivals, dating from the fall of Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi in 1979 and his replacement as Iranian leader by Ayatollah Sayyid Ruhollah Musavi Khomeini.
reference.allrefer.com /country-guide-study/kuwait/kuwait46.html   (734 words)

  
 Shaking Hands with Saddam Hussein
When their discussion turned to the Iran-Iraq war, Aziz said that his country was satisfied that "the U.S. analysis of the war's threat to regional stability is 'in agreement in principle' with Iraq's," and expressed thanks for U.S. efforts to cut off international arms sales to Iran.
The U.S. was officially neutral regarding the Iran-Iraq war, and claimed that it armed neither side.
Hamdoon said that Iraq strongly preferred a Security Council presidential statement to a resolution, and wanted the response to refer to former resolutions on the war, progress toward ending the conflict, but to not identify any specific country as responsible for chemical weapons use.
www.gwu.edu /~nsarchiv/NSAEBB/NSAEBB82   (7873 words)

  
 Iran-Iraq War - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Iraq launched a full-scale invasion of Iran on September 22, 1980, claiming as a pretext an assassination attempt on Foreign Minister Tariq Aziz blamed it on Iran.
Iraq's army was primarily armed with weaponry it had purchased from the Soviet Union and its satellites in the preceding decade.
The schools were a key venue for generating support for the war, as teachers proclaimed the importance of the war effort and the atrocities of the enemy to students.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Iran-Iraq_War   (4459 words)

  
 CBC News Indepth: Iraq
A major American motivation for aid to Iraq during this period was the Iran-Iraq War started by Saddam in 1980.
During the Cold War, the United States needed an Islamic ally strong enough to counterbalance Gamal Abdel Nasser's Egypt, and by 1956 the U.S. began sending technical and military assistance to Iraq.
Today the country and its people are scarred by more than two decades of war: an eight-year conflict with Iran that cost a million lives, the failed invasion of Kuwait in 1990 and the crushing attack by U.S.-led forces in 2003.
www.cbc.ca /news/background/iraq   (4459 words)

  
 The History Guy: The Persian Gulf War (1990-1991)
This war began with an Iraqi invasion of Iran and degenerated into a bloody form of trench warfare as the Iranians slowly drove Saddam Hussein's armies back into Iraq.
Following the end of the war, relations between Iraq and Kuwait deteriorated; with a lack of gratitude from the Baghdad government for help in the war and the reawakening of old issues regarding the border and Kuwaiti sovereignty.
Kuwait and many other Arab nations supported Iraq against the Islamic Revolutionary government of Iran, fearful that Saddam's defeat could herald a wave of Iranian-inspired revolution throughout the Arab world.
www.historyguy.com /GulfWar.html   (1929 words)

  
 Iraq war - TheBestLinks.com - Iraq War, History of Iraq, Iran-Iraq War, June 28, ...
Iraq War, Iraq war, History of Iraq, Iran-Iraq War, June 28, Kuwait...
Iraq war - TheBestLinks.com - Iraq War, History of Iraq, Iran-Iraq War, June 28,...
For some of the wars in Iraq, see also Gulf War (disambiguation) and History of Iraq.
www.thebestlinks.com /Iraq_War.html   (154 words)

  
 Iraq Timeline
Iraq retaliates against the Kurds for supporting Iran during the Iran-Iraq war, and through "Operation Anfal" slaughters civilians or forces them to relocate.
Iraq fights in the Arab-Israeli War (The Yom Kippur War) and participates in the oil boycott against Israel's supporters.
Iraq agrees to unconditional cooperation with the UN inspectors (Nov. 14), but by a month later, chief UN weapons inspector Richard Butler reports that Iraq has not lived up to its promise (Dec. 15).
www.factmonster.com /spot/iraqtimeline1.html   (934 words)

  
 The Saddam in Rumsfeld’s Closet
With the Iran-Iraq war escalating, President Ronald Reagan dispatched his Middle East envoy, a former secretary of defense, to Baghdad with a hand-written letter to Iraqi President Saddam Hussein and a message that Washington was willing at any moment to resume diplomatic relations.
In March of 1984, with the Iran-Iraq war growing more brutal by the day, Rumsfeld was back in Baghdad for meetings with then-Iraqi Foreign Minister Tariq Aziz.
Throughout the period that Rumsfeld was Reagan’s Middle East envoy, Iraq was frantically purchasing hardware from American firms, empowered by the White House to sell.
www.commondreams.org /views02/0802-01.htm   (1235 words)

  
 THE UNITED STATES AND THE IRAN-IRAQ WAR
Iraq responded to Iranian victories on the ground by making use of its advantage in technology: it escalated the tanker war, employed chemical weapons, and launched attacks on civilian targets.
It was Iraq that started the tanker war in the Gulf proper in 1981, and that continued these attacks into 1984 without a parallel Iranian response at sea.
As a proclaimed neutral in the Iran-Iraq war, the United States was not supposed to supply weapons to either side.
www.zmag.org /zmag/articles/ShalomIranIraq.html   (1235 words)

  
 CBC News Indepth: Iraq
Today the country and its people are scarred by more than two decades of war: an eight-year conflict with Iran that cost a million lives, the failed invasion of Kuwait in 1990 and the crushing attack by U.S.-led forces in 2003.
During the Cold War, the United States needed an Islamic ally strong enough to counterbalance Gamal Abdel Nasser's Egypt, and by 1956 the U.S. began sending technical and military assistance to Iraq.
With its infrastructure all but destroyed and its leader deposed, Iraq is now the centre of a tug of war between the U.S. coalition and opposition forces.
www.cbc.ca /news/background/iraq   (2756 words)

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