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Topic: Irish Republican Army


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In the News (Wed 17 Apr 19)

  
  IRISH REPUBLICAN ARMY
The IRA, initially as an informal group of Irish insurgents, first engaged in guerrilla fighting in the war for independence (1916–21).
The IRA gave qualified approval to the resulting peace plan, which was endorsed by voters in Northern Ireland and the Irish Republic in May 1998; not until November 1999, however, did the organization agree to take part in talks on surrendering its weapons, as required by the accord.
While the IRA maintained the cease-fire, several splinter organizations, including a group calling itself the Real IRA, continued to promote the nationalist cause by violent means.
www.history.com /encyclopedia.do?articleId=212888   (852 words)

  
  Irish Republican Army
All claim descent from the orginal 'Irish Republican Army', the 'army' of the Irish Republic declared by Dáil Éireann in 1919.
It is important to differentiate what is termed the 'Old IRA' or the 'Official IRA' from the Provisional IRA (PIRA), a splinter-group which formed in the late 1960s in the wake of the anti-Catholic pogroms, riots and murders (mainly in Belfast and Derry), and which led to the virtual extinction of the original group.
The Irish delegation was led by Arthur Griffith, after de Valera, newly upgraded to a full 'President of the Republic' by the Dáil on his request in August 1921, then insisted that as head of state he could not attend of King George was not leading the British delegation.
www.ebroadcast.com.au /lookup/encyclopedia/ir/Irish_Republican_Army.html   (1852 words)

  
  Irish Republican Army - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
In theory, the IRA was responsible to the Dail and was the army of the Irish Republic.
The IRA was to retain its arms and the British Army was to remain in barracks for the duration of peace negotiations.
Irish Republican Army (Army of the Irish Republic) (1919–1922)
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Irish_Republican_Army   (5647 words)

  
 Encyclopedia :: encyclopedia : Irish Republican Army   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The earliest of these was recognised by the First Dáil as the legitimate army of the Irish Republic, as proclaimed in the Easter Rising in 1916 and reaffirmed by the Dáil in January 1919.
Physical force Irish republicanism had a long history, from the Ribbonmen of the late 18th century to the 1798 and 1803 rebellions, the Young Irelander rebellion of 1848 and the Irish Republican Brotherhood of 1865.
However the term Irish Republican Army in its modern sense was first used in the second decade of the 20th century from the merger of the Irish Volunteers and the Irish Citizens Army after the Easter Rising.
www.hallencyclopedia.com /Irish_Republican_Army   (4376 words)

  
 Irish Republican Army - MSN Encarta
The IRA became the self-proclaimed defender of the Catholic minority against sectarian attack, due to the failure of the police and the army to control the situation.
The term IRA was later adopted by the Irish Volunteers who fought against British forces between 1919 and 1921, during the latter stages of the Irish Revolution.
By early 1914, Irish society and politics had been militarized by the two volunteer armies and there was the imminent possibility of a civil war over the issue of home rule.
encarta.msn.com /encyclopedia_761575144/Irish_Republican_Army.html   (1181 words)

  
 Irish Republican Army - MSN Encarta
The anti-Treaty IRA, or the Irregulars, disagreed with the terms of the Treaty, which made the Irish Free State a dominion within the British Commonwealth; they wanted an independent republic and disputed the authority of the negotiators and the Dáil to conclude such a treaty that did not grant this status.
The IRA was a marginal political and military force between de Valera’s electoral success, and the outbreak of the Northern Ireland “Troubles” in the 1960s.
IRA members, known as volunteers, are concentrated in Northern Ireland, although a smaller number are based in the Republic of Ireland; there are also small cells in the rest of the United Kingdom, and some have operated overseas.
uk.encarta.msn.com /encyclopedia_761575144/Irish_Republican_Army.html   (1710 words)

  
 Irish Republican Army information - Search.com
In theory, the IRA was responsible to the Dail and was the army of the Irish Republic.
The IRA was to retain its arms and the British Army was to remain in barracks for the duration of peace negotiations.
Irish Republican Army (Army of the Irish Republic) (1919–1922)
www.search.com /reference/Irish_Republican_Army   (5615 words)

  
 HighBeam Encyclopedia - Irish Republican Army   (Site not responding. Last check: )
With the establishment of the Irish Free State in 1922, the IRA became the stronghold of intransigent opposition to Ireland's dominion status and to the separation of Northern Ireland.
In July, 2005, the IRA announced it was ending its armed campaign, and an independent report (Sept., 2005) that stated the IRA had decommissioned its weapons was greeted with praise and hope by the British and Irish governments (and with disbelief by hard-line Protestant unionists).
Ireland on the brink.(end of the Irish Republican Army ceasefire in Northern Ireland)
www.encyclopedia.com /html/I/IrishR1ep.asp   (710 words)

  
 Provisional Irish Republican Army   (Site not responding. Last check: )
However, a minority of republicans argued that the army of the Republic was still the pre-1969 Irish Republican Army, itself the lineal descendant of the defeated faction in the Irish Civil War of 1922-23.
Although the Provisional IRA had a political wing (Provisional Sinn Féin, which split with Official Sinn Féin at the same time as the split in the IRA), the early Provisional IRA was extremely suspicious of political activity, arguing rather for the primacy of armed struggle.
IRA sources continue to claim she was an informer despite the Police Ombudsman recently stating that this was not the case.
www.tocatch.info /en/Provisional_Irish_Republican_Army.htm   (9257 words)

  
 Irish Republican Army Abandons Terror - October 5, 2006 - The New York Sun
Instead, it said, the IRA is committed to supporting Sinn Fein's march into mainstream politics.
The commission said IRA commanders had sanctioned no killings over the previous 12 months, were cracking down on members involved in criminal rackets, and had cut off members' financial stipends as it trims its rank and file.
Crucially, the experts said, the IRA shut down three departments that for decades oversaw the recruitment and training of members, arms smuggling from overseas, and construction of bombs and other weapons.
www.nysun.com /article/40972   (484 words)

  
 [No title]
The Real IRA is a hard-line splinter group that broke away from the Irish Republican Army (IRA) in November 1997 on the background of the Northern Ireland Peace Process.
Physical force Irish republicanism as an ideology had a long history, from the United Irishmen of the 1798 and 1803 rebellions, to the Young Irelander rebellion of 1848 and the Irish Republican Brotherhood of 1867.
The Irish Republican Army (IRA) exploded two bombs in the British Army Headquarters, Thiepval Barracks, Lisburn, County Antrim (responsibility for the bombs was claimed on 8 October 1996).
www.lycos.com /info/irish-republican-army.html   (580 words)

  
 Irish Republican Army. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05
With the establishment of the Irish Free State in 1922, the IRA became the stronghold of intransigent opposition to Ireland’s dominion status and to the separation of Northern Ireland.
During the troubled early years of the Free State, the IRA was responsible for numerous bombings, raids, and street battles on both sides of the Irish border.
In 1969 the IRA split into two groups, the majority, or “officials,” advocating a united socialist Ireland but disavowing terrorist activities, and the “provisionals,” claiming terrorism as a necessary catalyst for unification.
www.bartleby.com /65/ir/IrishRep.html   (545 words)

  
 The Irish Republican Army
LONDON -- The Irish Republican Army has destroyed it’s arsenal of weapons, that it used to fight for equality in Northern Ireland voted on by the majority of the population in establishing the GFA (Good Friday Agreement).
The desperate men and women in the IRA have seen the injustice championed by the occupying forces and are devoted to establishing a united and sovereign state of Ireland.
It is the goal of the IRA to bring democracy, self-determination, justice, unity and freedom to all the inhabitants of Ireland.
www.noraid.com /IRA.htm   (3041 words)

  
 [No title]
The Provisional IRA was initially a splinter group of the 'Official' IRA, which claimed descent from the Old IRA: the guerrilla army of the 1919-1922 Irish Republic.
The Official IRA moved to a Marxist analysis of Irish partition, eventually leading to its refusal to defend Catholic communities from the attacks of Protestant mobs for fear of being seen as sectarian, in the mid 1960s.
The name, the "Provisional" IRA arose when those who were unhappy with the IRA's Army Council formed a "Provisional Army Council" of their own, echoing in turn the "Provisional Government" proclaimed during the Easter Rising of 1916.
www.lycos.com /info/irish-republican-army--attacks.html   (628 words)

  
 The IRISH REPUBLICAN ARMY   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The Irish Volunteers became the Army of the Republic, under the Ministry of Defence and pledging its allegiance to Dáil Eireann.
Three mayors of Irish cities, all members of the IRA, were killed by the British; martial law was declared through nearly half of the country; streets, shops and factories in many towns were burnt to the ground; there were executions in prisons and torture in internment camps.
In July 1972 republican leaders were flown to London for talks with British government ministers during a Truce between the IRA and the British army.
users.westnet.gr /~cgian/irahist.htm   (2418 words)

  
 Urban Dictionary: Irish republican army
Irish republican army ira ireland northern ireland republicans
Friend: The IRA [Irish Republican Army] are Marxist idiots.
The Irish Republican Army are Ignorant Racist Anarchists.
www.urbandictionary.com /define.php?term=Irish+republican+army   (184 words)

  
 Irish Republican Army (IRA)
Both republican and loyalist paramilitary groups continued to engage in vigilante "punishment" attacks, although there was a decrease in the number of such incidents even before the July cease-fire.
The IRA conducted attacks until its cease-fire in 1997 and agreed to disarm as a part of the 1998 Belfast Agreement, which established the basis for peace in Northern Ireland.
The IRA, sometimes referred to as the PIRA to distinguish it from RIRA and CIRA, is organized into small, tightly-knit cells under the leadership of the Army Council.
www.fas.org /irp/world/para/ira.htm   (641 words)

  
 Irish Republican Army (IRA) - Reviews on RateItAll
The IRA was formed in 1969 as a clandestine armed wing of Sinn Fein, a legal political movement dedicated to removing British forces from Northern Ireland and unifying Ireland.
The IRA as founded in the wake of the Easter Rising in 1916, was an organization that used terror to fight an oppressor, and ultimately won a partial victory.
The IRA is not interested in slowly destroying the Western World, but rather its one and only goal is to recclaim the lands taken from it some 800 years ago.
www.rateitall.com /i-25066-irish-republican-army-ira.aspx   (2363 words)

  
 CAIN: IRA: Statements by the Irish Republican Army (IRA)
Irish Republican Army (IRA) Easter statement, (released 5 April 2007).
(2006) Irish Republican Army (IRA) statement on the Abduction and Killing of Mrs Jean McConville in December 1972, (8 July 2006).
(2005) Irish Republican Army (IRA) statement on the shooting of Kathleen Feeney on 14 November 1973, Quarry Street, Derry, (23 June 2005).
cain.ulst.ac.uk /othelem/organ/ira/statements.htm   (1058 words)

  
 The Irish Republican Army - Blamed for Starting the War; Blamed for Not Ending It, by Thomas W. McKeon
The Irish people were so divided by the decision regarding partition that they engaged in a vicious civil war, in which many Irish men and women fought on against the British to defeat partition.
The IRA and their many supporters want peace, but they do not want to be defenseless against the RUC and British army (no longer seen as friendly), should the peace process collapse, as it is now.
The IRA engaged, and the general in charge, Gen. John de Chastelain from Canada, reported that the IRA was acting in good faith.
radified.com /IRA/peace_collapse.htm   (4041 words)

  
 Irish Republican Army
The chief common factor shared by Sinn Fein and the IRA is the aim of a united Ireland.
The official wing sought reunification by political means, while the Provisional IRA, or Provos as they became known, carried on with terrorist activities, their objective being the expulsion of the British from Northern Ireland.
The left-wing Irish Republican Socialist Party, with its paramilitary wing, the Irish National Liberation Army, split from the IRA in 1974.
www.tiscali.co.uk /reference/encyclopaedia/hutchinson/m0018737.html   (341 words)

  
 Irish Republican Army (IRA)
Both republican and loyalist paramilitary groups continued to engage in vigilante "punishment" attacks, although there was a decrease in the number of such incidents even before the July cease-fire.
The Provisional Irish Republican Army (PIRA) was formed in 1969 as the clandestine armed wing of Sinn Fein, a legal political movement dedicated to removing British forces from Northern Ireland and unifying Ireland.
The Official IRA declared a ceasefire in the summer of 1972, and subsequently the term IRA has been used for the organisation that had developed from the 'Provisional' IRA.
www.globalsecurity.org /military/world/para/ira.htm   (897 words)

  
 Irish Republican Army, Oliver Cromwell, and Political Terrorism and Violence
The colonial Americans who came to populate General George Washington's citizen-soldier army, for example, originally coached their objections to the arbitrary taxes and governance of the King by claiming their rights as Englishmen as elucidated in the Revolution of 1688.
This in honor of Eamon Collins, beaten to death by the Irish Republican Army and dumped at a roadside near Newry, North Ireland on January 27, 1999.
Collins, a one-time member of the IRA, was murdered for writing an unflinching exposé of life inside the Irish Republican Army which refuted his former colleagues and their cause.
www.rjgeib.com /thoughts/terrorist/response1.html   (1718 words)

  
 Irish Republican Army Turns in Weapons as Step Towards Peace
Retired Canadian General de Chastelain heads the international commission that oversaw the disarmament of the Irish Republican Army.
Many analysts say this move by the I.R.A. could help restart the peace process aimed at ending three decades of violence between the largely Roman Catholic I.R.A and mostly Protestant loyalists who want Northern Ireland to remain a part of the United Kingdom.
Gerry Adams, the leader of the I.R.A's political wing Sinn Fein, praised the disarmament as bold and brave.
www.voanews.com /english/2005-09-27-voa32.cfm   (446 words)

  
 Provisional Irish Republican Army (U.K., separatists) - Council on Foreign Relations
The provisional Irish Republican Army [IRA] is an outgrowth of a group that fought for and won independence from Britain during the years 1916-1921, when Ireland was partitioned and the six northern counties reconstituted as the British province of Ulster or Northern Ireland.
The provisional IRA emerged during the late 1960s styling itself as the defenders of the Roman Catholic minority in the North whose efforts to win civil rights peacefully were met by force by the Protestant "unionist" majority.
One milestone in the conflict was the 1981 deaths of ten IRA prisoners led by Bobby Sands, all of whom died during hunger strikes.
www.cfr.org /publication/9240   (1326 words)

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